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Zhang H, Xue K, Li W, Yang X, Gou Y, Su X, Qian F, Sun L. Cullin5 drives experimental asthma exacerbations by modulating alveolar macrophage antiviral immunity. Nature communications 2024 15(1) 38177117
Abstract:
Asthma exacerbations caused by respiratory viral infections are a serious global health problem. Impaired antiviral immunity is thought to contribute to the pathogenesis, but the underlying mechanisms remain understudied. Here using mouse models we find that Cullin5 (CUL5), a key component of Cullin-RING E3 ubiquitin ligase 5, is upregulated and associated with increased neutrophil count and influenza-induced exacerbations of house dust mite-induced asthma. By contrast, CUL5 deficiency mitigates neutrophilic lung inflammation and asthma exacerbations by augmenting IFN-β production. Mechanistically, following thymic stromal lymphopoietin stimulation, CUL5 interacts with O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT) and induces Lys48-linked polyubiquitination of OGT, blocking the effect of OGT on mitochondrial antiviral-signaling protein O-GlcNAcylation and RIG-I signaling activation. Our results thus suggest that, in mouse models, pre-existing allergic injury induces CUL5 expression, impairing antiviral immunity and promoting neutrophilic inflammation for asthma exacerbations. Targeting of the CUL5/IFN-β signaling axis may thereby serve as a possible therapy for treating asthma exacerbations.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
CUL5
Species: Mus musculus
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Zhai L, Yang X, Dong J, Qian L, Gao Y, Lv Y, Chen L, Chen B, Zhou F. O‑GlcNAcylation mediates endometrial cancer progression by regulating the Hippo‑YAP pathway. International journal of oncology 2023 63(2) 37350405
Abstract:
The incidence of endometrial cancer (EC) is rapidly increasing worldwide. The majority of endometrial cancers are diagnosed at an early stage and are associated with a good prognosis; however, patients with advanced‑stage EC have a poor prognosis and present with invasive metastasis. The mechanisms responsible for the invasion and metastasis of endometrial cancer remain unknown. Here, the present study aimed to examine the effects of O‑GlcNAcylation on the malignancy of EC and its association with Yes‑associated protein (YAP). It was found that the expression of O‑GlcNAc transferase (OGT) and O‑GlcNAcylation were increased in EC tissues; the decrease in O‑GlcNAcylation levels was found to lead to the decreased proliferation, migration and invasion of EC cells. Mass spectrometric analysis revealed that OGT knockdown reduced the O‑GlcNAcylation of YAP. Furthermore, it was found that the reduction in the O‑GlcNAcylation of YAP promoted its phosphorylation, which in turn inhibited the access of YAP to the nucleus and downstream target gene activation, demonstrating that the level of O‑GlcNAcylation affects the development of EC. On the whole, the findings of the present study indicate that YAP is a key molecule linking the O‑GlcNAcylation and Hippo pathways, which together regulate the progression of EC.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
YAP1
Species: Homo sapiens
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Dong X, Shu L, Zhang J, Yang X, Cheng X, Zhao X, Qu W, Zhu Q, Shou Y, Peng G, Sun B, Yi W, Shu Q, Li X. Ogt-mediated O-GlcNAcylation inhibits astrocytes activation through modulating NF-κB signaling pathway. Journal of neuroinflammation 2023 20(1) 37349834
Abstract:
Previous studies have shown that Ogt-mediated O-GlcNAcylation is essential for neuronal development and function. However, the function of O-GlcNAc transferase (Ogt) and O-GlcNAcylation in astrocytes remains largely unknown. Here we show that Ogt deficiency induces inflammatory activation of astrocytes in vivo and in vitro, and impairs cognitive function of mice. The restoration of O-GlcNAcylation via GlcNAc supplementation inhibits the activation of astrocytes, inflammation and improves the impaired cognitive function of Ogt deficient mice. Mechanistically, Ogt interacts with NF-κB p65 and catalyzes the O-GlcNAcylation of NF-κB p65 in astrocytes. Ogt deficiency induces the activation of NF-κB signaling pathway by promoting Gsk3β binding. Moreover, Ogt depletion induces the activation of astrocytes derived from human induced pluripotent stem cells. The restoration of O-GlcNAcylation inhibits the activation of astrocytes, inflammation and reduces Aβ plaque of AD mice in vitro and in vivo. Collectively, our study reveals a critical function of Ogt-mediated O-GlcNAcylation in astrocytes through regulating NF-κB signaling pathway.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
TF65
Species: Mus musculus
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Wu J, Liu J, Lapenta K, Desrouleaux R, Li MD, Yang X. Regulation of the urea cycle by CPS1 O-GlcNAcylation in response to dietary restriction and aging. Journal of molecular cell biology 2022 14(3) 35285892
Abstract:
O-linked N-acetyl-glucosamine glycosylation (O-GlcNAcylation) of intracellular proteins is a dynamic process broadly implicated in age-related disease, yet it remains uncharacterized whether and how O-GlcNAcylation contributes to the natural aging process. O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT) and the opposing enzyme O-GlcNAcase (OGA) control this nutrient-sensing protein modification in cells. Here, we show that global O-GlcNAc levels are increased in multiple tissues of aged mice. In aged liver, carbamoyl phosphate synthetase 1 (CPS1) is among the most heavily O-GlcNAcylated proteins. CPS1 O-GlcNAcylation is reversed by calorie restriction and is sensitive to genetic and pharmacological manipulations of the O-GlcNAc pathway. High glucose stimulates CPS1 O-GlcNAcylation and inhibits CPS1 activity. Liver-specific deletion of OGT potentiates CPS1 activity and renders CPS1 irresponsive to further stimulation by a prolonged fasting. Our results identify CPS1 O-GlcNAcylation as a key nutrient-sensing regulatory step in the urea cycle during aging and dietary restriction, implying a role for mitochondrial O-GlcNAcylation in nutritional regulation of longevity.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
CPSM
Species: Mus musculus
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