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Papanicolaou KN, Jung J, Ashok D, Zhang W, Modaressanavi A, Avila E, Foster DB, Zachara NE, O'Rourke B. Inhibiting O-GlcNAcylation impacts p38 and Erk1/2 signaling and perturbs cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. The Journal of biological chemistry 2023 299(3) 36642184
Abstract:
The dynamic cycling of O-linked GlcNAc (O-GlcNAc) on and off Ser/Thr residues of intracellular proteins, termed O-GlcNAcylation, is mediated by the conserved enzymes O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT) and O-GlcNAcase. O-GlcNAc cycling is important in homeostatic and stress responses, and its perturbation sensitizes the heart to ischemic and other injuries. Despite considerable progress, many molecular pathways impacted by O-GlcNAcylation in the heart remain unclear. The mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) pathway is a central signaling cascade that coordinates developmental, physiological, and pathological responses in the heart. The developmental or adaptive arm of MAPK signaling is primarily mediated by Erk kinases, while the pathophysiologic arm is mediated by p38 and Jnk kinases. Here, we examine whether O-GlcNAcylation affects MAPK signaling in cardiac myocytes, focusing on Erk1/2 and p38 in basal and hypertrophic conditions induced by phenylephrine. Using metabolic labeling of glycans coupled with alkyne-azide "click" chemistry, we found that Erk1/2 and p38 are O-GlcNAcylated. Supporting the regulation of p38 by O-GlcNAcylation, the OGT inhibitor, OSMI-1, triggers the phosphorylation of p38, an event that involves the NOX2-Ask1-MKK3/6 signaling axis and also the noncanonical activator Tab1. Additionally, OGT inhibition blocks the phenylephrine-induced phosphorylation of Erk1/2. Consistent with perturbed MAPK signaling, OSMI-1-treated cardiomyocytes have a blunted hypertrophic response to phenylephrine, decreased expression of cTnT (key component of the contractile apparatus), and increased expression of maladaptive natriuretic factors Anp and Bnp. Collectively, these studies highlight new roles for O-GlcNAcylation in maintaining a balanced activity of Erk1/2 and p38 MAPKs during hypertrophic growth responses in cardiomyocytes.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
M3K7, CREB1, MK03, MP2K2, HSPB1, MK01, MK14, MP2K1, CDC37
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Narayanan B, Zahra F, Reeves RA, Aggarwal A, O'Meally RN, Henry RK, Craven M, Jacobson A, Cole RN, Kohr MJ, Umapathi P, Zachara NE. Differential Detection of O-GlcNAcylated proteins in the heart using antibodies. Analytical biochemistry 2023 678 37507081
Abstract:
Thousands of mammalian intracellular proteins are dynamically modified by O-linked β-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc). Global changes in O-GlcNAcylation have been associated with the development of cardiomyopathy, heart failure, hypertension, and neurodegenerative disease. Levels of O-GlcNAc in cells and tissues can be detected using numerous approaches; however, immunoblotting using GlcNAc-specific antibodies and lectins is commonplace. The goal of this study was to optimize the detection of O-GlcNAc in heart lysates by immunoblotting. Using a combination of tissue fractionation, immunoblotting, and galactosyltransferase labeling, as well as hearts from wild-type and O-GlcNAc transferase transgenic mice, we demonstrate that contractile proteins in the heart are differentially detected by two commercially available antibodies (CTD110.6 and RL2). As CTD110.6 displays poor reactivity toward contractile proteins, and as these proteins represent a major fraction of the heart proteome, a better assessment of cardiac O-GlcNAcylation is obtained in total tissue lysates with RL2. The data presented highlight tissue lysis approaches that should aid the assessment of the cardiac O-GlcNAcylation by immunoblotting.