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Li F, Yang G, Tachikawa H, Shao K, Yang Y, Gao XD, Nakanishi H. Identification of novel O-GlcNAc transferase substrates using yeast cells expressing OGT. The Journal of general and applied microbiology 2021 67(1) 33229814
Abstract:
O-GlcNAc modification mediated by O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT) is a reversible protein modification in which O-GlcNAc moieties are attached to target proteins in the cytosol, nucleus, and mitochondria. O-GlcNAc moieties attached to proteins can be removed by O-GlcNAcase (OGA). The addition of an O-GlcNAc moiety can influence several aspects of protein function, and aberrant O-GlcNAc modification is linked to a number of diseases. While OGT and OGA are conserved across eukaryotic cells, yeasts lack these enzymes. Previously, we reported that protein O-GlcNAc modification occurred in the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae when OGT was ectopically expressed. Because yeast cells lack OGA, O-GlcNAc moieties are stably attached to target proteins. Thus, the yeast system may be useful for finding novel OST substrates. By proteomic analysis, we identified 468 O-GlcNAcylated proteins in yeast cells expressing human OGT. Among these proteins, 13 have human orthologues that show more than 30% identity to their corresponding yeast orthologue, and possible glycosylation residues are conserved in these human orthologues. In addition, the orthologues have not been reported as substrates of OGT. We verified that some of these human orthologues are O-GlcNAcylated in cultured human cells. These proteins include an ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme, UBE2D1, and an eRF3-similar protein, HBS1L. Thus, the yeast system would be useful to find previously unknown O-GlcNAcylated proteins and regulatory mechanisms.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
MBF1, HIS2, TRP, SYDC, CDC25, ERF3, NOT3, SC160, SIR3, GCR1, PBS2, PT111, MET3, SYIC, SWI1, CDC16, SPS4, HSF, CDC24, FUS1, SIR4, ERF1, WHI2, RT13, EI2BD, KIN1, KIN2, DPOA, ACOX, YAK1, NSP1, CYC8, STI1, UBC5, DPOG, TUP1, SNF5, GLN3, MED15, SFL1, KICH, NUP1, ACE2, VPS1, SNF2, XRN1, NPR1, RM20, SAN1, VPS34, SIN3, NAA38, SPA2, KC11, MBR1, GRR1, SWI4, RBSK, PUF4, STE50, SNT1, BUD3, SRO9, MRC1, SYP1, PAT1, SRB8, MSH1, PHO91, URK1, SPT5, MIG1, IDH2, KIP2, HIBCH, IDH1, HRR25, MCM4, PUS3, PSK1, HS104, MLF3, GLPK, MED16, TREA, SMY1, SFP1, APE2, ISF1, NUP2, PAN1, MED22, SWI3, PT127, YEF3, PMD1, CHD1, NRP1, SLA1, SLX5, NGR1, SEC8, UGPA1, RGT1, BEM3, HFA1, SKG6, SMY2, VPS17, BCK2, BUD2, SEC3, PRP8, PACC, NIP80, MSN4, DCA13, STE13, MKS1, YBZ4, EDE1, PIN4, SEF1, LST4, MTC2, SEG2, FAB1, SCD5, WHI3, NOT4, GCS1, MPE1, DOA1, EAP1, RRN3, YKH1, YK03, DBP7, SA190, SET3, YK20, PET10, PXL1, PAM1, VRP1, BOB1, CDC27, AP2A, RIB1, AKL1, TAF5, ISW1, SEA4, RTG3, ECM21, STU1, MUM2, AIM3, YSW1, AMN1, MED8, CENPU, SDS24, YB75, BIT2, SAF1, TPS3, TSL1, SIC1, KSP1, KIC1, YHR2, RIM4, RRF1, TRM5, YHP7, YHS7, RT107, KEL1, 2A5D, SSN2, SEC31, HAL5, UME6, MPT5, TCPD, RGA1, CAJ1, PIK1, CAT8, YM11, PHO90, MBP1, NUP60, SEN34, ECM1, NPR2, PTI1, IF4F1, IF4F2, PAC2, RSP5, UBP5, BEM2, TOG1, KC13, BOI2, YEI6, GEA2, EDC3, MIT1, RSMB, PCL6, DOT6, GLE2, PEA2, WRIP1, YM24, MED3, SEC9, NAGS, 6P21, YIP2, MLP2, VHS2, POG1, NU159, PRK1, SDS3, SPO22, YIF5, AGE2, ACA2, VID28, YIU0, RLP7, MKT1, GTS1, AZF1, DIM1, BNI1, REF2, VNX1, STB1, GZF3, LAM5, MOB2, RIM15, WWM1, LSB3, IRC5, RMD8, STU2, SUM1, TAF1, AP3B, TRS85, FYV8, ALY2, NET1, BBC1, YJ12A, YJ12B, CDT1, PTK2, ACF4, JSN1, MET7, CENPK, IML1, BCA2, ASK10, SEC16, BUL1, YPT11, CLA4, BRO1, NUP42, NU145, YG51, PSP2, ATP22, SPT20, PSP1, PHO23, NBP1, SCY1, PAN2, PSD2, VID30, ARO8, MCM6, MDS3, INO80, ITC1, PRP43, SLD3, DUO1, YGD4, PIB2, YG3A, PBP1, RT102, SOK2, THO2, MSO1, SNF12, ZRG17, BRE5, CA120, FOL1, CWC25, ELOA1, YNS4, BNI5, INN1, DMA2, NST1, VAC7, SLM2, ARK1, GPD1, PTA1, BCK1, UBP3, MDM1, SKO1, UTP6, MLP1, NU116, LGE1, LEE1, OAZ, ROD1, MUK1, SYH1, INA17, HOS3, YP113, GDE1, GIP3, DIG1, SVL3, RLI1, HOT1, PKH3, TRS31, DIG2, RMD1, TR732, STE20, TDA1, WAR1, TCB3, SKY1, PLB2, NAB6, TAF12, GIR2, YD239, NUP53, MSS11, GIS1, SPO71, YAP6, LIC4, POLH, EIF3G, MUS81, TR120, SIZ1, SEG1, SPO20, PUF6, EUC1, UTP14, TDA9, RSE1, IRC21, RCO1, MFB1, GLU2B, RTN1, NTE1, TAF9, EIS1, HEL2, MSC3, YL225, RGC1, YL177, SKG3, EAF1, RGA2, DCK1, IWS1, IRC20, NDE1, BSP1, RSC3, ECM30, IRC3, VIP1, IMH1, NVJ2, SYT1, EXP1, HBT1, WHI4, YD23B, PUF3, FRA1, YL032, ENT4, YL076, YO036, SGT1, GYP1, YO186, ESA1, HRK1, SOG2, VTS1, NDD1, TCO89, RSA1, AP3D, NEW1, TAF10, RCN2, GGPPS, RTK1, MED2, USV1, YP150, BBP, TIP41, PUF2, KPR5, SMC4, INP53, HER1, GLE1, HSP42, MMP1, STB3, EAF3, RTN2, LAS17, OSH2, CEX1, KCS1, YO22B, LDB19, PAR32, SRF1, DFM1, ADF1, YI31B, YE030, VPS5, YO11A, PNO1, SEY1, PET20
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Ramirez DH, Aonbangkhen C, Wu HY, Naftaly JA, Tang S, O'Meara TR, Woo CM. Engineering a Proximity-Directed O-GlcNAc Transferase for Selective Protein O-GlcNAcylation in Cells. ACS chemical biology 2020 15(4) 32119511
Abstract:
O-Linked β-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) is a monosaccharide that plays an essential role in cellular signaling throughout the nucleocytoplasmic proteome of eukaryotic cells. Strategies for selectively increasing O-GlcNAc levels on a target protein in cells would accelerate studies of this essential modification. Here, we report a generalizable strategy for introducing O-GlcNAc into selected target proteins in cells using a nanobody as a proximity-directing agent fused to O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT). Fusion of a nanobody that recognizes GFP (nGFP) or a nanobody that recognizes the four-amino acid sequence EPEA (nEPEA) to OGT yielded nanobody-OGT constructs that selectively delivered O-GlcNAc to a series of tagged target proteins (e.g., JunB, cJun, and Nup62). Truncation of the tetratricopeptide repeat domain as in OGT(4) increased selectivity for the target protein through the nanobody by reducing global elevation of O-GlcNAc levels in the cell. Quantitative chemical proteomics confirmed the increase in O-GlcNAc to the target protein by nanobody-OGT(4). Glycoproteomics revealed that nanobody-OGT(4) or full-length OGT produced a similar glycosite profile on the target protein JunB and Nup62. Finally, we demonstrate the ability to selectively target endogenous α-synuclein for O-GlcNAcylation in HEK293T cells. These first proximity-directed OGT constructs provide a flexible strategy for targeting additional proteins and a template for further engineering of OGT and the O-GlcNAc proteome in the future. The use of a nanobody to redirect OGT substrate selection for glycosylation of desired proteins in cells may further constitute a generalizable strategy for controlling a broader array of post-translational modifications in cells.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
SBNO1, CNOT1, P121C, DX39A, GTPB1, AP3B1, PGRC1, TAF4, EIF3F, IPO5, IF2B3, NOP56, DDX3X, ARI1A, IRS4, ANM5, TCRG1, PSA7, HGS, MYPT1, HNRDL, XPO1, SET1A, PUR4, NPC1, TIF1A, NKRF, OGT1, PPM1G, EIF3D, EIF3H, DHX15, SERA, HNRPR, IF4G3, E41L2, ZN207, BUB3, ACTN4, HTSF1, AP1G1, SYNC, AKAP8, CALU, SMCA5, JIP4, OGA, HNRPQ, DIAP1, TSN3, SNX2, DKC1, CLAP2, CPNE3, PHF2, ANR17, H2AY, FLNB, NCOR1, CISY, PR40A, SF3B1, CSDE1, U520, EIF3G, PRAF3, SRP72, MTA2, TOX4, SC24D, SC31A, SCAF4, ZRAB2, LC7L3, VAPB, IPO7, SC24B, ACSL3, AP2A1, AIFM1, LDHA, COX2, HPRT, AATM, PGK1, LMNA, TFR1, ALDOA, OAT, G3P, RPN1, RPN2, AT1A1, ADT2, PCCA, IF2A, RLA0, ITB1, ATPB, ENOA, PYGL, G6PI, NPM, LDHB, PDIA1, H10, TBB5, HEXB, PROF1, SYEP, HS90A, HNRPC, 4F2, HS90B, ASNS, ODPA, RU17, RSSA, SNRPA, GSTP1, HMGB1, DLDH, ROA1, PARP1, LKHA4, HS71B, H14, ODP2, THIO, CH60, BIP, HSP7C, EPB41, ODPB, LAMP1, ACADM, TOP1, TOP2A, PYC, C1TC, MPRI, PRPS2, PABP1, PCNA, HARS1, IMDH2, TPR, KCRB, XRCC6, XRCC5, EF2, PDIA4, PLST, GLU2B, KPYM, ENPL, PO2F1, HNRPL, SYDC, PLAK, ALDR, EZRI, GNS, RS2, CREB1, H12, AT2A2, JUNB, PYRG1, DDX5, PRS6A, TCPA, RL35A, RL7, VINC, SON, RCC1, NUCL, HXK1, E2AK2, SPEE, IF2B, ANXA7, LMNB1, FLNA, VDAC1, FBRL, PUR2, PUR6, UBA1, NDKB, ROA2, RFX1, TCEA1, SFPQ, PPIB, RS3, NFYA, SAHH, COF1, IF4B, EF1B, MCM3, BRD2, ATPA, PSA1, PSA3, PSA4, PAX6, U2AF2, RL13, PTBP1, SYTC, SYVC, EF1G, RFA1, APEX1, PYR1, CALR, MAP4, CALX, PSB5, TKT, PRDX6, PRDX5, PRDX3, RL12, PEBP1, PDIA3, 2AAA, CDC27, AMRP, SDHA, QCR1, PUR9, HNRH1, STIP1, PRDX2, RL9, CSTF2, MCM4, MCM5, MCM7, GLYM, HSP74, PHB, MYH9, COPB2, ADDA, BASI, FUS, NU214, DEK, MP2K2, ATPG, RL4, SRP14, NUP62, RBMX, GRP75, IF4A3, RS19, RL3, TXLNA, TCPZ, MDHC, MDHM, ECHA, IF2G, GARS, SYIC, LAP2A, LAP2B, MTREX, RS27, LPPRC, MATR3, RANG, VDAC2, UBP5, KI67, RAGP1, NOP2, CRKL, BAG6, RL27A, RL5, RL21, RL28, RS9, STT3A, COPD, PRC2A, TCPE, AL9A1, RL34, NASP, FAS, TCPG, EFTU, SYAC, SYSC, PSB3, MCM2, YLPM1, TMEDA, RBM25, NU153, RBP2, GSK3A, TAF6, GUAA, MRE11, GDIB, EMD, F10A1, LRBA, RL14, TCPQ, TCPD, ANX11, PAPOA, RAB7A, SMCA4, HCFC1, DHB4, ROA3, 6PGD, HNRPM, IMA1, AGFG1, HNRPF, MSH6, RBM5, NUP98, ACLY, COPB, COPA, MOT1, SC24C, SYRC, SYYC, AT1B3, RD23B, P5CS, IF5, XPO2, TERA, AFAD, DSRAD, PSA, SYMC, CTBP2, NU107, TPIS, ACTB, IF4A1, PSA6, ARF3, ABCE1, RAP1B, RS3A, RL26, RL15, S61A1, HNRPK, RS7, RS8, 1433E, RS14, RS23, RS11, SMD1, RL7A, RS4X, H4, RAN, RL23, GBB2, RL10A, RL11, RL8, PPIA, RL40, TRA2B, AP2B1, IF5A1, RACK1, YBOX1, EF1A1, TBB4B, CSK21, IF4G2, GTF2I, TCPB, PRKDC, RL24, RL19, SRSF3, FOXK1, RBM10, MPCP, CLH1, HNRPU, SPTB2, FOXK2, CAP1, LAT1, EXOSX, EWS, RL18A, FKBP4, RL6, TOP2B, KMT2A, LMNB2, TF65, IF4G1, TLE3, SRS11, PUR1, SUH, GABPA, PRDX1, RL18, C1QBP, KHDR1, SRSF1, DHX9, CD47, SSRP1, RBBP4, AHNK, AP1B1, NU160, BPTF, TP53B, AIMP1, ILF2, ILF3, LMAN2, TRAP1, PP1R8, ACACA, ROA0, PRDX4, CBX3, PSMD2, SRSF6, TIF1B, PTK7, PABP4, EIF3I, TCOF, SF3B2, TMED1, PICAL, RIPK1, HDAC1, CUL4B, CD166, IDI1, NFYC, CKAP5, HNRPD, SCRB2, DSG2, EIF3A, UBP2L, SCRIB, TTL12, DCTN1, DYHC1, SRC8, CAPR1, RBM39, MCM6, MDC1, EPN4, SMC1A, RRP1B, UBP10, GANAB, LBR, ZN638, IMB1, NUMA1, SEPT2, SART3, U5S1, SYK, BRD3, PDIA6, IPYR, TEBP, NONO, PWP2, RCN1, PCBP1, PCBP2, SF3B3, SAFB1, SF3A1, NCOA2, SF01, MARE1, NSDHL, TAB1, AAAT, VAS1, ZYX, CCDC6, PKN2, DDB1, CDC37, SRSF7, CPSF6, NRF1, H31T, QSER1, QRIC1, P3H1, TB10B, AMOT, DHB12, PRC2B, H2B2F, HP1B3, CE170, ZC3HD, RBM26, RIF1, RPRD2, ZN318, ECM29, ZMYM4, MAP1S, LIN54, EDC4, PRP8, SCYL2, NFRKB, ZC3HE, LARP1, FIP1, MCAF1, GGYF2, SPT6H, SND1, DHX30, KDM3B, ZCCHV, NUP54, POGZ, NUFP2, MAVS, I2BP2, RBBP6, HUWE1, YTHD3, CENPV, LYRIC, ZN598, GP180, CAND1, CARM1, DDX42, P66A, ARI3B, MGAP, PHF6, CHERP, ANKH1, SUGP1, CCAR1, SPB1, PHAR4, SPART, CCAR2, NUP93, S11IP, FNBP4, CPSF7, ARFG1, ENAH, AFG2H, TXND5, LS14A, Z280C, TNR6A, SMRC2, TBC15, PNPT1, HM13, PO210, GEMI5, ZN384, SMAP2, NU133, PDC6I, PCNP, CKAP2, ATX2L, P66B, ELYS, DDX1, GBF1, NICA, UBXN4, HS105, LAR4B, NU205, AKAP1, TFG, CBP, DDX17, CELF1, RENT1, SMRC1, FUBP2, TNPO1, UBP7, NCLN, FUBP1, FKB10, KBP, PDLI5, FUBP3, CHAP1, Z512B, ZFR, PRRC1, DOCK7, RBM14, VPS35, CIC, EFGM, SIN3A, MINT, CDC5L, PSMD1, EYA3, ATX2, HCD2, ACON, TS101, TCPH, ANM1, SH3G1, COR1B, DIDO1, HNRL1, DDX23, TMED9, NUP58, RBM4, NAA15, B2L13, YTHD1, UNK, ILKAP, SP130, BRD8, I2BPL, SLK, S6A15, PININ, NELFA, PTN23, WNK1, AMPB, GORS2, CYBP, TAF9B, GLOD4, CBX8, NCOA5, CHD8, APMAP, DCP1A, RTN4, ANLN, GEPH, PDLI7, DDX21, SYFB, SYIM, SMC4, RBM12, DDX18, CARF, UGGG1, CDK12, TECR, IF2B1, HPBP1, ITSN2, CNOT2, HACD3, RCC2, SYLC, SUCB1, UBQL2, PCYOX, S30BP, PUF60, NRBP, DACH1, BAZ2A, BAZ1B, CDC23, TASOR, ACINU, CDV3, MRTFB, YETS2, HECD1, PKCB1, DD19B, PRP19, MAGD2, FAF1, TRI33, SRRM2, PA2G4, RUVB2, RUVB1, VDAC3, E41L3, TR150, NOP58, SHLB1, LC7L2, TMED7, STRAP, RTCB, HBS1L, TLN1, HYOU1, PRC2C, SP16H, COPG1, DC1L1, S23IP
Species: Homo sapiens
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Liu Y, Chen Q, Zhang N, Zhang K, Dou T, Cao Y, Liu Y, Li K, Hao X, Xie X, Li W, Ren Y, Zhang J. Proteomic profiling and genome-wide mapping of O-GlcNAc chromatin-associated proteins reveal an O-GlcNAc-regulated genotoxic stress response. Nature communications 2020 11(1) 33214551
Abstract:
O-GlcNAc modification plays critical roles in regulating the stress response program and cellular homeostasis. However, systematic and multi-omics studies on the O-GlcNAc regulated mechanism have been limited. Here, comprehensive data are obtained by a chemical reporter-based method to survey O-GlcNAc function in human breast cancer cells stimulated with the genotoxic agent adriamycin. We identify 875 genotoxic stress-induced O-GlcNAc chromatin-associated proteins (OCPs), including 88 O-GlcNAc chromatin-associated transcription factors and cofactors (OCTFs), subsequently map their genomic loci, and construct a comprehensive transcriptional reprogramming network. Notably, genotoxicity-induced O-GlcNAc enhances the genome-wide interactions of OCPs with chromatin. The dynamic binding switch of hundreds of OCPs from enhancers to promoters is identified as a crucial feature in the specific transcriptional activation of genes involved in the adaptation of cancer cells to genotoxic stress. The OCTF nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor-1 (NRF1) is found to be a key response regulator in O-GlcNAc-modulated cellular homeostasis. These results provide a valuable clue suggesting that OCPs act as stress sensors by regulating the expression of various genes to protect cancer cells from genotoxic stress.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
RBM47, SBNO1, CNOT1, RGPD3, P121C, PDLI1, MYO1C, AIP, PSD11, PGRC1, TAF4, CLIC1, IPO5, IF2B3, AGRIN, PLOD2, HMGN4, IMA4, PESC, NOP56, DDX3X, PODXL, IMA3, NFIB, ARI1A, G3PT, PDCD5, TCRG1, PSA7, SCAM3, HGS, MYPT1, HNRDL, XPO1, ZN609, SC16A, SR140, SET1A, NPC1, TBX3, ARC1B, TIF1A, PGRC2, PFD6, NKRF, ZN185, OGT1, HMGB3, PPM1G, EIF3D, IPO8, RPA34, NUP42, DHX15, PRP4, SERA, PSMD3, RFOX2, PAPS1, MCA3, HNRPR, PRPF3, TPD54, IF4G3, KLF4, E41L2, DENR, XPOT, PRC1, ZN207, GET3, BUB3, ACTN4, BUD23, SYNC, KRT86, CPSF5, U3IP2, CALU, SAHH2, MED14, SMCA5, ZN862, GANP, KDM1A, ACSL4, SNX3, OGA, HNRPQ, PLOD3, MAFK, IMA7, UGDH, PQBP1, DKC1, IF2P, EDF1, DNJA2, BRD4, PFD1, WDR1, CPNE3, ZC11A, CLU, T22D2, PP6R2, CREST, ANR17, PDCD6, TBCA, H2AY, FLNB, NCOR1, SC22B, PR40A, PSIP1, SRS10, SF3B1, CSDE1, NPM3, U520, NU155, WDHD1, CRTAP, IDHC, CCNK, PIAS2, SPF27, DNJC8, RL1D1, SRP72, MTA2, TOM70, TOX4, SC24D, SUN1, NFAT5, AP2A2, SC31A, SEM3D, AGFG2, ZRAB2, LC7L3, LYPD3, FKBP9, SMC2, IPO7, AHSA1, PSMG1, SC24A, SC24B, CNOT4, OXSR1, HS74L, AP2A1, BAG3, CLPT1, ACL6A, LDHA, AATM, EGFR, PGK1, ASSY, LDLR, K1C14, LMNA, APOA2, FINC, ALBU, TFR1, PROC, ALDOA, CYTB, ANXA1, GCR, KITH, THY1, K2C1, G3P, HSPB1, RPN1, GNAI2, AT1A1, AT1B1, ADT2, IF2A, HMGN2, ICAM1, RLA2, JUN, LA, ITB1, K1C18, K2C8, CDK1, ATPB, S10A6, ENOA, PYGL, G6PI, NPM, TPM3, ITAV, ACBP, LDHB, PDIA1, H10, CATD, ANXA2, TBB5, PROF1, SYEP, HS90A, HNRPC, TSP1, SP1, ANXA6, RHOC, DAF, MDR1, 4F2, HS90B, SRPRA, ASNS, CY1, RU17, ITA5, NFIC, VIME, RS17, K2C7, ANXA5, K1C16, RSSA, SNRPA, GSTP1, LEG1, HMGB1, TPM1, ROA1, RU2A, PARP1, PPBI, UCHL1, ALDOC, ATX1L, HS71B, CALM3, RO60, H14, PTPRF, THIO, ESTD, CH60, BIP, HSP7C, LAMP1, TOP1, TOP2A, PYC, C1TC, MPRI, ADHX, PABP1, PCNA, HARS1, IMDH2, TPR, KCRB, ACTN1, XRCC6, XRCC5, RINI, EF2, K1C10, K2C5, PDIA4, P4HA1, PLST, T2FB, CD59, MIF, GLU2B, CBPM, AK1A1, KPYM, ENPL, CCNB1, PO2F1, HNRPL, SYDC, PLAK, ALDR, AMPN, ERF3A, EZRI, FOSL1, FOSL2, MCP, NQO1, GNS, ZEP1, RS2, DESP, MUC1, CD44, CBR1, CREB1, H15, H13, H12, NCPR, AT2A2, CD36, STMN1, HSP76, HMGA1, JUNB, UBF1, JUND, ATF7, CEBPB, PYRG1, DDX5, PFKAL, LEG3, TCPA, PTN1, RL35A, RL7, VINC, SON, RL17, PGAM1, RCC1, ATF1, ML12A, NUCL, SPEE, RXRA, NFKB1, IF2B, ANXA7, BTF3, PSB1, MPRD, LMNB1, CSRP1, FLNA, 5NTD, VDAC1, CD9, TGM2, PIMT, FBRL, PUR2, PUR6, UBA1, NDKB, ROA2, RFX1, CBL, TCEA1, ITA6, SFPQ, PPIB, SYWC, RS3, NFYA, SAHH, COF1, IF4B, KTHY, EF1B, PPAC, CDK2, MCM3, RS12, BRD2, DNJB1, ATPA, PSA1, PSA3, PSA4, S100P, ITA3, MOES, DDX6, DNMT1, PAX6, U2AF2, RL13, S10A4, HMGB2, PTBP1, SYTC, SYVC, EF1G, STOM, 1433T, ARNT, RL10, RFA1, APEX1, PYR1, CALR, MAP4, CALX, TEAD1, GRN, EPHA2, 3MG, TKT, RBMS1, PML, EF1D, ERP29, PRDX6, RL12, KCY, PEBP1, PDIA3, 2AAA, NMT1, PURA2, UFO, SORCN, ILEU, RPB2, METK2, TIA1, ZEP2, DNJA1, PUR9, HNRH3, HNRH1, 1433B, 1433S, STIP1, S10AB, L1CAM, PRDX2, CDD, ELF1, RL9, CD70, KINH, CSTF2, MCM4, MCM5, MCM7, GLYM, HSP74, PROF2, PHB, SPB6, RFC4, RL22, K1C9, MYH9, MYH10, COPB2, BASI, FUS, NU214, DEK, K22E, PRS7, ATPG, RL4, PP1G, GNL1, SRP14, NUP62, TAGL2, TALDO, RBMX, VKGC, GRP75, IF4A3, RS19, RL3, OST48, FEN1, CAPG, TXLNA, TCPZ, RL13A, STAT3, MDHC, MDHM, IF2G, GARS, SYIC, LAP2A, LAP2B, STAT1, MTREX, RS27, LPPRC, RL35, CDN2A, ECE1, LIS1, MUC18, MATR3, MSH2, SSRA, RANG, VDAC2, CBX5, UBP5, KI67, RAGP1, RECQ1, NOP2, BAG6, NOTC1, RL27A, RL5, RL21, RL28, RS9, RS5, RS10, IQGA1, CAPZB, IF1AX, RL29, SOX9, COPD, GSH0, PSMD8, PRC2A, TCPE, PTSS1, K2C6C, AGRE5, PAXI, RL34, LMAN1, NASP, FAS, CDK8, TCPG, EFTU, SYAC, SYSC, MCM2, ACADV, YLPM1, TMEDA, RBM25, HINT1, NU153, RBP2, TAF6, GUAA, CRIP1, GDIB, EMD, SERPH, F10A1, MAP2, RL14, TCPQ, TCPD, ANX11, PAPOA, FXR1, FXR2, RAB7A, SMCA4, SSRD, HCFC1, HDGF, ROA3, 6PGD, HNRPM, IMA1, GDIR1, AGFG1, HNRPF, MSH6, CAZA1, CRIP2, NUP98, ACLY, COPA, SC24C, TCP4, SYRC, ATX1, ATN1, SYYC, UBP14, AT1B3, RD23B, SNAA, IF5, PSMD4, XPO2, TERA, AF10, AF17, NP1L1, ADK, DSRAD, SEC13, NH2L1, PSA, EIF3B, SYMC, IF6, CTBP2, TMM33, NU107, EPIPL, TPIS, EIF3E, SC61B, MYL6, ACTB, IF4A1, RS20, PRPS1, PSA6, S10AA, CDC42, DEST, RAB10, UBC12, UBE2N, ARP3, ABCE1, RS3A, RL26, PSME3, RL15, RL27, RL37A, S61A1, PFD3, B2MG, DAD1, SUMO2, WDR5, NTF2, HNRPK, 1433G, RS7, PP1A, PP1B, RS8, RS15A, RS16, 1433E, RS14, RS23, RS18, RS29, RS13, RS11, RUXE, SMD1, SMD2, SMD3, PRS10, RL7A, ERF1, CNBP, RS4X, RL23A, RS6, H4, RAN, RL23, RAP1A, RS24, RS25, RS26, RS30, GBB2, RL30, RL31, RL10A, RL32, RL11, RL8, PPIA, FKB1A, RS27A, TRA2B, AP2B1, 1433Z, RSMN, SUMO1, DYL1, RL38, RS21, RACK1, UBC9, YBOX1, CSK2B, TPM4, EF1A1, ACTS, TBA1B, TBA4A, TBB4B, CSK21, PA1B2, HBB, HBA, PITX1, GTF2I, PHC1, TCPB, RAE1L, PRKDC, SARNP, RL24, ARF1, ERH, RL19, SRSF3, FOXK1, DAB2, EFNB1, RBM10, RBM3, CYC, MPCP, VIGLN, CLH1, FKBP3, HNRPU, U2AF1, SPTB2, TIAR, SRSF2, FOXK2, RUNX1, FABP5, LAT1, TFAP4, OTUD4, PFKAP, XPC, EWS, MEF2A, SP3, H11, RL18A, FKBP4, PLOD1, RL6, M2OM, DYST, KMT2A, LMNB2, TF65, UBXN1, GLGB, IF4G1, K1C17, TLE3, REL, 1433F, PLP2, CSTF1, SRS11, EF1A2, SUH, GABPA, PAX8, FMR1, PRDX1, RL18, CKAP4, KHDR1, LRP1, SRSF1, DHX9, LG3BP, PPID, SSRP1, NSUN2, RBBP4, EP300, AHNK, HSP7E, GALT2, BST2, NU160, TBL3, ASPH, TROAP, BPTF, NFIA, SF3A3, AIMP1, ILF2, ILF3, LMAN2, TRAP1, FOXC1, MYO1E, CSTF3, ECH1, ACACA, CAF1B, RED, MTAP, TADBP, ROA0, PRDX4, CBX3, PSMD2, GPS2, SRSF9, SRSF5, SRSF6, TIF1B, G3BP1, PTK7, PABP4, EIF3I, TCOF, SF3B2, HAP28, FKBP5, SMAD4, PICAL, TBB3, PRP4B, PIN1, RIPK1, HDAC1, DCTN2, SNW1, TRA2A, CUL4B, DYR1A, TPBG, FHL1, MOGS, CD166, SPTN1, DX39B, TBB2A, KLF5, BYST, RUNX2, CDK13, CKAP5, CIRBP, HNRPD, SCRB2, DAG1, VEZF1, DSG2, EIF3A, UBP2L, SCRIB, TTL12, FHL2, DPYL3, DYHC1, IF4A2, SRC8, TRI25, FLNC, FA50A, CAPR1, RBM39, MCM6, ITPR1, PUM1, MDC1, EPN4, SMC1A, RRP1B, NCOA6, GSE1, UBP10, GANAB, LBR, MEF2D, CHD4, LASP1, ZN638, IMB1, NOLC1, NUMA1, SEPT2, SART3, CND1, ACAP1, U5S1, SYK, IF4H, PDIA6, PLEC, NOMO1, PON2, IPYR, TEBP, NONO, PWP2, RNPS1, PCBP1, PCBP2, SF3B3, KS6A1, SAFB1, SF3A2, RBMS2, SC23A, SC23B, SF3A1, SSXT, NCOA2, TRAM1, SF01, MED1, HMGN3, JHD2C, TRIP6, MARE1, ELAV1, ELF2, TAB1, AAAT, TOM34, UB2V2, NEDD8, ZYX, SEPT7, ADRM1, UAP1, PSMD5, DDB1, CDC37, DPYL2, RBBP7, TAF9, SRSF7, CPSF6, NRF1, FSCN1, IF16, KYNU, H2A2C, H2B2E, TRXR1, HNRL2, PDS5A, QSER1, TSR1, SMU1, P3H1, LSM12, CRTC2, GLE1, H90B2, ZN326, BCORL, TGO1, PRC2B, RRP12, TOIP1, PCID2, NU188, HP1B3, CE170, ZN362, ZC3HD, LRIF1, UBR4, UBAP2, KPRP, RBM26, AHDC1, CROCC, RPRD2, ECM29, MBNL2, ZMYM4, AR6P4, STEA4, ARID2, BICRL, CPIN1, LIN54, TM214, CAVN1, CDC73, EDC4, PRP8, SCYL2, GOLM2, NFRKB, NCEH1, MDEAS, ZC3HE, LARP1, FIP1, CRTC3, SAS6, CSPG4, WDR82, MCAF1, PACS1, SRCAP, RIPR1, UBN2, FBX50, IKIP, H32, LARP4, H2AV, RS27L, HAKAI, SPT6H, SND1, DDX46, BZW1, CYFP1, KDM3B, PHF5A, ZCCHV, NUP54, POGZ, NUFP2, HEAT3, EMSY, RAI1, I2BP2, RBBP6, SH3R1, HUWE1, YTHD3, KHDC4, CENPV, KAISO, MYPN, PEG10, PABP2, KTN1, THOC4, GP180, CAND1, CARM1, PRSR1, DDX42, DAAF5, P66A, RB6I2, CHERP, ANKH1, CCAR1, RAVR1, SPB1, SMAP1, PHAR4, MAML2, PORIM, CCAR2, NUP93, LRC47, MT1M, FNBP4, CPSF7, PR38A, GT251, TXND5, PAIRB, FA98A, TNR6A, PHC3, ABCF1, VP37A, NUP43, NUP37, NUP35, RLA0L, THOC2, WDR36, SMRC2, PUM2, SPP2A, ALMS1, C99L2, DDX54, DLG5, BRX1, DOT1L, PO210, GEMI5, ZN384, SCRB1, ZC3HF, NU133, PDC6I, NUDC2, GLMP, LMO7, ATX2L, PALLD, PSPC1, P66B, DNJC9, ELYS, DDX1, H1X, NICA, TM131, MAML1, HS105, CNOT9, ZN592, LAR4B, GCN1, NU205, TFG, TAF4B, STAM1, CBP, RBP56, DDX17, CELF1, OSTF1, RENT1, SMRC1, SMRD2, FUBP2, TNPO1, NEP1, UBP7, STMN2, LPP, MED12, H2A1C, SMCE1, RL36L, NCLN, FERM2, FUBP1, LRC59, FKB10, PF21A, INT12, FWCH2, AP2M1, REPS1, CMBL, SNR40, SEH1, DAZP1, RBM33, S10AG, OTUB1, HMCES, DDX27, P121A, PDLI5, FUBP3, WNK4, CHAP1, ZC3HA, CLP1L, CNDP2, ZFR, EP400, PRRC1, NOL4L, RBM14, QKI, PLIN4, S38A2, VPS35, CIC, MED15, MCCA, WRIP1, STRBP, TM209, SIN3A, MINT, UHRF1, HTF4, CDC5L, PFD5, RING2, EYA3, NUP88, POP1, MNT, SCAFB, EIF3C, DNJC7, PHB2, ATX2, ROAA, NP1L4, TS101, CPNE1, TCPH, EBP2, ANM1, H2B1M, RNZ2, TBA1C, MBB1A, TXD17, ERP44, ESYT1, WAC, DIDO1, AN32E, TMM43, TBB6, HNRL1, DDX23, TBB2B, TM109, TMED9, NUP58, GNL3, KIFC1, NUP85, RBM4, NAA15, SRRT, PDIP3, YTHD1, WNK3, NOG1, UNK, SLIRP, IF5A2, NAT10, ILKAP, XRN2, SP130, RGAP1, DDX47, I2BPL, PININ, BOLA2, PTN23, WNK1, FA83D, ZHX3, STEEP, RPF2, ZN703, GORS2, JUPI2, MLXIP, CYBP, RC3H2, TENS1, EMAL4, NCOA5, TNR6C, CHD8, APMAP, ENY2, CD320, UBN1, DCP1A, LUC7L, RTN4, RPR1B, NIT2, ANLN, PDLI7, DDX21, SIAS, SHLB2, MBNL1, OSTC, RAB6B, PHP14, SYFB, RBM12, DD19A, LYAR, CARF, BCLF1, TAB2, TMOD3, CDK12, IF2B1, MAT2B, MYOF, ITSN2, BICRA, CNOT2, SEP10, RCC2, BCCIP, RRBP1, RBM27, KANL3, ATX10, MRC2, SAE2, NXF1, ABCF2, TES, TCF20, SUN2, LIMA1, CHRD1, SEPT9, UBQL2, S30BP, MED13, PFD2, PUF60, XPO7, SIX4, DDX41, CCNL1, JUPI1, MRT4, GPTC8, NUDT5, RALY, ACINU, AGO2, NUP50, ZHX1, CDV3, TRPC5, MRTFB, ZMIZ1, YETS2, HECD1, PKCB1, COR1C, TPX2, AKP8L, PRP19, UBQL1, G3BP2, CHIP, PACN2, SSRG, EPCR, SCAF8, TRI33, SRRM2, PA2G4, CD11A, SMC3, RTRAF, RUVB2, EIF3L, RUVB1, NUDC, SYFA, DRG1, E41L3, RRP44, TR150, WBP11, NOP58, ZN281, SGT1, NOSIP, LSM2, LC7L2, SBDS, STRAP, RTCB, NOC2L, RL36, CHTOP, TLN1, ARIP4, HYOU1, PRC2C, PPME1, YTHD2, SP16H, TNPO3, SRPRB, RBM8A, ZN706, NCOR2, NPTN, COPG1, CLIC4, MD1L1, BZW2, IF2B2, SCC4, ZHX2, S23IP
Species: Homo sapiens
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Lee BE, Kim HY, Kim HJ, Jeong H, Kim BG, Lee HE, Lee J, Kim HB, Lee SE, Yang YR, Yi EC, Hanover JA, Myung K, Suh PG, Kwon T, Kim JI. O-GlcNAcylation regulates dopamine neuron function, survival and degeneration in Parkinson disease. Brain : a journal of neurology 2020 143(12) 33300544
Abstract:
The dopamine system in the midbrain is essential for volitional movement, action selection, and reward-related learning. Despite its versatile roles, it contains only a small set of neurons in the brainstem. These dopamine neurons are especially susceptible to Parkinson's disease and prematurely degenerate in the course of disease progression, while the discovery of new therapeutic interventions has been disappointingly unsuccessful. Here, we show that O-GlcNAcylation, an essential post-translational modification in various types of cells, is critical for the physiological function and survival of dopamine neurons. Bidirectional modulation of O-GlcNAcylation importantly regulates dopamine neurons at the molecular, synaptic, cellular, and behavioural levels. Remarkably, genetic and pharmacological upregulation of O-GlcNAcylation mitigates neurodegeneration, synaptic impairments, and motor deficits in an animal model of Parkinson's disease. These findings provide insights into the functional importance of O-GlcNAcylation in the dopamine system, which may be utilized to protect dopamine neurons against Parkinson's disease pathology.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
BIG2, F1712, VIR, AJM1, RPGP1, UBR4, SCN1A, AGRIN, TITIN, KALRN, STPG3, FXL16, TT23L, PTPRS, GRIK3, SCN2A, DLGP4, OSBL8, PTPRZ, PGBD5, GLSK, GCN1, CE350, PI4KA, RYR2, AGRF2, UBE4A, NRX2A, FRY, SYGP1, OTOGL, AT2B1, ANK3, CA2D1, DPYL2, STXB1, DCTN1, U5S1, GFRA2, GALT1, SEM4D, KIF3C, PLCA, PHB2, NCAM2, GRAK, PURB, IMA3, IMA7, PLD3, FOLH1, FKBP8, STX1A, PSDE, VIAAT, AP1B1, C1QBP, SYT3, HNRH1, SATT, CTND2, SDC4, AP3D1, RGS9, RGS7, CSK22, OX2G, AAKG1, CRYM, PROM1, CNTP1, ENTP2, BCKD, SNG1, NIPS1, NIPS2, SEPT7, AT2A2, DHX9, PI51C, PI42A, ITB5, GPX4, NPTX2, GNAZ, WDR1, S4A4, MTX2, CNTFR, ZFR, CSN3, HCN2, HCN1, CTBP1, BSN, MPP3, NOE1, CBPD, LGMN, COR1A, CYB, COX1, COX2, COX3, HPRT, ATP6, THY1, H3C, LAMC1, NU1M, NU2M, NU4M, NU5M, ATP8, GFAP, MBP, PRIO, ALDOA, KAPCA, AATM, TBA1B, TBA3, KIT, LDHA, G6PI, MDR1B, ENPP1, HS90A, ENPL, KCC4, NFL, NFM, RASN, PGK2, ITB1, PPBT, NUCL, PGK1, ACE, LRC4B, UBB, UBC, EF1A1, IF4A2, GSTM1, 4F2, H10, LAMP1, HS90B, L1CAM, ITA5, KCC2A, ITB2, ITPR1, TCPA, PFKAL, CNTN1, NCAM1, AT1B1, C1QB, RS16, RL7, AT1B2, PSMD3, MAP1B, GLNA, CADH2, INSR, NTRK2, KCNC1, SPTB1, H12, KPCE, LDHB, CN37, DDX3L, KCNA1, KCNA3, AMPE, ASSY, SPTN1, G3P, LAMP2, ENOA, AP2A1, AP2A2, HXK1, GTR1, PTPRA, COF1, GNAO, FAS, LAMA1, NFH, COX41, BIP, HEXB, VIME, MTAP2, MAG, GNA11, GNAQ, MDR1A, ACES, GBRG2, AP1G1, GBRD, EIF3A, CXA1, GRIA1, GRIA2, TY3H, RS2, GBRA2, RL3, BRAF, KCC2B, NP1L1, NCKP1, SNAB, KIF2A, KIF3A, PABP1, GBB4, KCRU, GNA14, KAP3, SC6A1, S6A11, MP2K1, GTR3, LA, RASK, SYWC, KIF1A, HYES, RAB3D, RAB5C, RAB6A, RAB21, NMDZ1, ODPA, RET, FBRL, KCNJ2, CD81, GPM6A, GPM6B, GNL1, DYN1, DYN2, GRIK2, CAP1, ABCA2, PURA, HD, EAA2, H14, H15, H13, ITAV, SYT1, NSF, RB11B, AINX, MYO1B, NEDD4, ALDH2, GRM8, CAZA2, CAPZB, MP2K4, PFKAM, RL6, RL29, RL5, GLRB, DCE1, DCE2, CBR1, GSTM5, ADT1, INPP, CDK5, SAHH, GDIA, VATA, VATE1, GBRB1, RAB7A, ACADL, VA0D1, ADT2, EAA3, KCNJ4, KPYM, RAB2A, PRS6B, PTN5, NCAN, ABCD3, RAB8A, ATPK, ATP5E, UBP5, ATPB, CTBP2, EAA1, WFS1, FUS, NICA, ACTN4, ASM3B, EF2, OPA1, DOCK4, IRPL1, ARPC4, MYPR, PLPP, ACTB, MDGA2, NEUG, RAC3, IF4A1, MEGF8, RAB5B, RAB10, RAB8B, ARP2, ACTZ, CSN2, ARF3, ARL1, CAH10, RAP2B, STX1B, RAB6B, RL27, ARF4, GABT, HNRPK, 1433G, RS7, PP1A, RS8, SMD1, KCAB2, ABI2, RB11A, EF1A2, RS4X, PP2AB, RL18A, ACTA, AP2S1, RL23A, VISL1, H4, GBRA1, VATB2, RAB1A, RAB3C, RAN, RAP1A, RS24, GBB1, GBB2, RS3, RL8, RS27A, RL40, RAC1, RAB3A, HSP7C, CH60, VAMP2, NOE3, GBRB3, VATL, PP1G, 1433Z, GBRB2, KCNA2, KCAB1, CRNL1, DYL1, ACTG, ACTH, KPCG, PP2BA, PP2AA, PHB, CSK2B, ACTC, RACK1, ACTS, KAPCB, TBA4A, TBA1A, TBB4B, KPCB, H31, IMB1, PLXA1, PLXA2, PLXA3, DCC, ITPR3, NCHL1, HNRH2, ELAV1, USP9X, IDHG1, LYAG, AT8A1, TCPH, TCPB, TCPD, TCPE, TCPZ, TCPG, TNIK, WNK1, RL36A, ARF1, ARF5, AP2M1, H32, H33, ADCY5, NPTN, RS3A, AT1B3, DPYL1, ZNT3, GRM1, SHPS1, NEO1, FUMH, M4K4, C1QA, TBB5, PDE4D, PDE1B, NMDE2, SC23A, TERA, C1QC, CTNB1, PLAK, EPHA4, MARK3, ATPA, CHLE, KCND1, KCRB, NF1, CDK18, RAC2, MARK2, PGBM, PTPRG, PYC, KCMA1, PADI2, INF2, TRIO, MDGA1, CTP5A, ITB8, PSA, GRM2, PTCD3, PHAR1, LRFN1, SPP2B, HP1B3, NLRX1, PRC2C, TM38A, VGLU1, BIG3, PLXD1, AGAP2, AAK1, TEN4, CAMKV, DOP2, RMD3, SMU1, MCCB, GPD1L, LIGO2, SRBS2, CDKL5, K22O, VPS51, GRM5, CBAR2, SHAN3, UN13A, SE6L2, KCTD8, KCD16, LRC8B, VP13A, C2C4C, S2551, MRS2, DIRA2, CYFP2, TM1L2, RHG44, MYO1D, RABL6, DJC11, UIMC1, ICAM5, FLOT2, HNRPD, PTPRN, CSK21, KHDR1, IGF1R, CLD11, SPB6, ARHG2, VDAC2, VDAC3, VDAC1, ABCB7, ASTN1, P3C2A, CAC1E, LAMB2, CTNA2, SC6A3, CNTN2, PGCB, NEP, KCNA4, CD166, 5NTD, GSLG1, EWS, AP180, FSCN1, GDIB, GRIK5, GRID1, DDX5, HS105, ITIH3, IL1AP, CD47, KINH, KIF3B, LASP1, MYH10, MOG, NPM, PCBP2, CSPG2, DDX3Y, DLG4, RHOC, DAG1, DDX3X, SYPH, TICN1, NDUA4, NPTX1, NUP62, OMGP, HECAM, AOFA, ARP3B, SURF4, SYN2, CP3AD, H2B1H, GLPK, SDC3, GPDM, H2A2C, H2B2B, GRM7, GRM4, CLH1, K1549, GIT1, PKP4, PPR29, CNTN4, NLGN2, SV2C, THS7A, CE170, UBP7, BRNP2, SCMC3, LIGO3, DGKB, RPRD2, DPP10, S23IP, PPRC1, 2ABA, TNPO3, SIK3, U520, S39AA, TTYH3, XPO1, SPCS, KCRS, CSKI1, NRX3A, BCR, SARM1, PRRT3, TEFF1, RAB35, CA2D2, KCC2D, AT1A3, AT1A2, GNAS1, SDK2, WDFY3, NTRK3, RAD9B, DGLA, KCD12, MTMR5, UBE2O, CAND1, UBP34, RS9, 2ABB, H2B1C, TLN2, CSPG5, 2AAA, NP1L4, MTCH2, OPALI, CYFP1, TBB2A, HUWE1, IGS21, ROBO2, ACTN1, IGSF1, TR143, TPPP, OTUB1, KPBB, PP6R1, MAP6, ELP1, RRAGD, MRCKB, GABR2, CSMD3, EPT1, VAT1L, LRRC7, CAPS1, CYLD, AGRL1, AGRL3, CLAP1, AUXI, DAAM2, MADD, MFN2, NU214, UBE3C, PLXA4, FBX2, KCMF1, CBPM, GSTM7, AGFG2, LRC8A, HPLN4, VAC14, UBP2L, C2C2L, LRRT4, BDH, MK15, CNKR2, TENA, ASTN2, NEGR1, RAP2A, THEM6, SLIK5, SLIK4, SLIK3, SLIK2, NFASC, NRCAM, RHG32, SRGP3, EFTU, VGLU3, ERLN2, ROA3, SV2B, MIRO1, EFR3A, LRRT2, U2AF4, ENPP6, SYAC, FLRT3, CBLN2, LRTM2, HPCL4, COR2B, CMC1, ATLA1, NU107, RB39B, RB39A, ZN526, ANS1B, DLGP2, AHSA1, IPO5, NCEH1, LSAMP, CADM2, NOE2, ODP2, RBGPR, ECHA, SPA2L, SYNC, RL24, DAAM1, DMXL2, RLGPB, CLAP2, VMAT2, ARF2, NDRG4, ENPP4, HSDL1, RAP2C, GEPH, VATH, PMGT2, TTC12, AOFB, LRFN5, PIGT, CTL2, TENR, NLGN3, LRRT3, DYN3, LRC4C, ARHGA, SYFA, SI1L1, LCAP, EXOG, CERS6, SEP11, IKZF4, GP158, CWC22, VPS52, SCAI, ANK2, PDE10, PGM2L, SHFL, MIC60, WDR37, ABI1, SYNPO, T132C, GLT13, NED4L, RPB2, TCRG1, GNAL, H2B1K, H2B1P, H2A1F, H2A1H, H2A1K, OGT1, SYNJ1, SEPT8, MBOA7, PGP, NGEF, PYGB, COPA, MARK4, DOCK3, PLXB1, TXTP, AGRL2, TRHDE, R4RL1, RTN1, HS12A, K319L, DNM1L, AGRG1, PACS1, ABCF3, SDHA, HACD3, AGFG1, PAF1, IPO11, CCM2, MATR3, ATAT, LRRT1, LGI3, RPTOR, COL12, NAC2, THIL, EIF3L, MARE2, HNRPL, K0513, IQEC1, CACB4, SCPDL, BPHL, SNG3, EIF3C, H2AJ, DC1L1, S35A3, AP3M2, MUC18, UBQL1, PSPC1, NUP58, IGSF8, EXOC1, CACB1, CADM4, NUP85, SNP47, ACTY, WASF1, AMPB, MICU1, PSMD2, AT1A1, CDIPT, GD1L1, CC50A, HNRPU, REM2, MPCP, MARK1, CSPG4, SORC3, IPO4, SFPQ, BACH, S12A5, RAB14, SFXN3, ACLY, NDUS1, ITM2C, RMXL1, MIC25, ATPG, DDX1, MLP3A, UBAP2, ACSL6, NDUS2, ERLN1, DLG2, PI42C, IPO9, NDUV1, GRHPR, SRGP2, SRGP1, RAB4B, LRP1, WDR7, BRNP1, SYDC, TBB6, PDK3, TSN2, PDE2A, RPAB3, CSMD1, KCC2G, 2ABD, ATAD3, SFXN5, MYO5A, G37L1, RAP1B, SFXN1, NLGN1, NONO, RRAGC, TIP, MLF2, GAK, CDS2, NDUAA, ETFA, TNPO2, PTPRT, DNJA3, T121B, SF3B1, RIMS1, CNTP4, NTRI, PRP8, COX6C, MGST3, CNTP2, 6PGL, QCR8, NDUB4, RAB5A, GLRX3, AT5F1, S2546, MLP3B, 1433B,