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Silva-Aguiar RP, Bezerra NCF, Lucena MC, Sirtoli GM, Sudo RT, Zapata-Sudo G, Takiya CM, Pinheiro AAS, Dias WB, Caruso-Neves C. O-GlcNAcylation reduces proximal tubule protein reabsorption and promotes proteinuria in spontaneously hypertensive rats. The Journal of biological chemistry 2018 293(33) 29954945
Hypertensive individuals are at greater risk for developing chronic kidney disease (CKD). Reducing proteinuria has been suggested as a possible therapeutic approach to treat CKD. However, the mechanisms underlying the development of proteinuria in hypertensive conditions are incompletely understood. Cardiac and vascular dysfunction is associated with changes in the O-GlcNAcylation pathway in hypertensive models. We hypothesized that O-GlcNAcylation is also involved in renal damage, especially development of proteinuria, associated with hypertension. Using the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) model, we observed higher renal cortex O-GlcNAcylation, glutamine-fructose aminotransferase (GFAT), and O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT) protein expression, which positively correlated with proteinuria. Interestingly, this was observed in hypertensive, but not pre-hypertensive, rats. Pharmacological inhibition of GFAT decreased renal cortex O-GlcNAcylation, proteinuria, and albuminuria in SHR. Using a proximal tubule cell line, we observed that increased O-GlcNAcylation reduced megalin surface expression and albumin endocytosis in vitro, and the effects were correlated in vivo Moreover, megalin is O-GlcNAcylated both in vitro and in vivo In conclusion, our results demonstrate a new mechanism involved in hypertension-associated proteinuria.
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