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Dauphinee SM, Ma M, Too CK. Role of O-linked beta-N-acetylglucosamine modification in the subcellular distribution of alpha4 phosphoprotein and Sp1 in rat lymphoma cells. Journal of cellular biochemistry 2005 96(3) 16052526
The mTOR alpha4 phosphoprotein is a prolactin (PRL)-downregulated gene product that is found in the nucleus of PRL-dependent rat Nb2 lymphoma cells. Alpha4 lacks a nuclear localization signal (NLS) and the mechanism of its nuclear targeting is unknown. Post-translational modification by O-linked beta-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) moieties has been implicated in the nuclear transport of some proteins, including transcription factor Sp1. The nucleocytoplasmic enzymes O-beta-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferase (OGT) and O-beta-N-acetylglucosaminidase (O-GlcNAcase) adds or remove O-GlcNAc moieties, respectively. If O-GlcNac moieties contribute to the nuclear targeting of alpha4, a decrease in O-GlcNAcylation (e.g., by inhibition of OGT) may redistribute alpha4 to the cytosol. The present study showed that alpha4 and Sp1 were both O-GlcNAcylated in quiescent and PRL-treated Nb2 cells. PRL alone or PRL + streptozotocin (STZ; an O-GlcNAcase inhibitor) significantly (P O-GlcNAc/alpha4 ratio above that in control quiescent cells. However, PRL + alloxan (ALX; an OGT inhibitor) or ALX alone did not decrease O-GlcNAcylation of alpha4 below that of controls and alpha4 remained nuclear. In comparison, PRL (+/-ALX/STZ) greatly increased Sp1 protein levels, caused a significant decrease in the GlcNAc/Sp1 ratio (P O-GlcNAc moieties and its nuclear distribution was not affected by siOGT. In summary, alpha4 and Sp1 contained O-GlcNAc moieties, which contributed to their nuclear targeting in Nb2 cells.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
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