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Shen B, Zhang W, Shi Z, Tian F, Deng Y, Sun C, Wang G, Qin W, Qian X. A novel strategy for global mapping of O-GlcNAc proteins and peptides using selective enzymatic deglycosylation, HILIC enrichment and mass spectrometry identification. Talanta 2017 169 28411811
Abstract:
O-GlcNAcylation is a kind of dynamic O-linked glycosylation of nucleocytoplasmic and mitochondrial proteins. It serves as a major nutrient sensor to regulate numerous biological processes including transcriptional regulation, cell metabolism, cellular signaling, and protein degradation. Dysregulation of cellular O-GlcNAcylated levels contributes to the etiologies of many diseases such as diabetes, neurodegenerative disease and cancer. However, deeper insight into the biological mechanism of O-GlcNAcylation is hampered by its extremely low stoichiometry and the lack of efficient enrichment approaches for large-scale identification by mass spectrometry. Herein, we developed a novel strategy for the global identification of O-GlcNAc proteins and peptides using selective enzymatic deglycosylation, HILIC enrichment and mass spectrometry analysis. Standard O-GlcNAc peptides can be efficiently enriched even in the presence of 500-fold more abundant non-O-GlcNAc peptides and identified by mass spectrometry with a low nanogram detection sensitivity. This strategy successfully achieved the first large-scale enrichment and characterization of O-GlcNAc proteins and peptides in human urine. A total of 474 O-GlcNAc peptides corresponding to 457 O-GlcNAc proteins were identified by mass spectrometry analysis, which is at least three times more than that obtained by commonly used enrichment methods. A large number of unreported O-GlcNAc proteins related to cell cycle, biological regulation, metabolic and developmental process were found in our data. The above results demonstrated that this novel strategy is highly efficient in the global enrichment and identification of O-GlcNAc peptides. These data provide new insights into the biological function of O-GlcNAcylation in human urine, which is correlated with the physiological states and pathological changes of human body and therefore indicate the potential of this strategy for biomarker discovery from human urine.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
TX13C, ESYT2, BICL2, ODAM, SRCRL, SYTC2, Z804B, O2A25, XIRP2, NKX26, SMCO2, MFS2B, O51F1, NCF1B, BTBDB, SRRM4, D11L8, YV023, LEUTX, MEIOS, RB27B, CACB4, SOCS6, CHD1, NDC80, KIF3C, MYPT1, IPP2C, MUSK, MRP3, PA2GX, ARPC5, P2RX6, ZW10, ZN749, KCAB3, ACTN4, VEGFD, BNI3L, ZN292, PI51C, MABP1, CCG3, NOBOX, REV3L, TBL1X, NBN, KI21B, PX11A, UBP2, CAN15, ATRN, SPF30, MYO1D, SUN1, ENDD1, M4K4, CFAB, LV151, K1C14, K2C1, HSPB1, CHLE, SAP, SRPRA, GNAI3, IL6RA, VILI, AT8OS, GLI3, RNAS2, LYAG, SPTB1, PSG2, LAMP2, CSPG2, SC5A1, F261, DPEP1, EPB42, ITB6, LMNB1, NEBU, RYR1, TENX, SP100, ANX13, ADH6, GNA11, NMT1, CPSM, GBRA5, AKT2, I5P2, MYH11, HMGCL, PGM1, CDN1A, MLH1, SATT, DCC, MAGAA, MMP13, ABCG1, MP2K3, UTRN, IDHP, PSB3, RBP2, MRE11, ETV1, IRAK1, ARSD, NEK4, SPSY, COPA, SMTN, ATN1, PMS1, PMS2, ATNG, PRRX1, AF17, NXPH1, NAL12, IF4A1, STX1B, KCNJ2, HPCA, PKD1, REEP5, CAC1D, MMSA, SEMG2, ACY1, P, ZNF91, LG3BP, PDE4C, SCAP, PO4F2, NMDE1, OVGP1, ANK3, NFAC3, AKAP6, CENPR, SF3B2, TRA2A, CUL4B, ALKB1, CO9A2, FA53B, WRN, SLBP, GOGB1, ZN169, ODFP1, FRPD4, MELT, SART3, IF4H, KIF14, PLCL1, PLEC, PSG5, DLGP5, MARE2, ENOX2, CNGA2, AINX, HCDH, CSPP1, QSER1, ZN423, SPKAP, PRSR3, F214A, K2C71, GON4L, GNPTA, LEGL, PAR14, PCDP1, PLCH1, AARD, RHG29, SPIN4, FA76B, CX066, BRM1L, ODR4, SZT2, SYRM, F102B, CE162, CL060, MYOME, ARHGG, CA140, CARL1, ZMYM4, EST4A, F219B, WDR25, F90A2, LAR1B, ATG9B, ARID2, FTM, USF3, KCD16, ZNF57, K1C39, Z518A, URFB1, CV042, RTL6, CAPR2, ADAM5, ZNT6, CA094, VIP1, AGRD1, CC171, KLH24, ABRX1, PAMR1, TM14E, ITIH6, RFIP1, IGS10, WDR87, SHSA6, FGD6, RGMC, NEK10, UBP31, NOL8, MARK2, BEND5, PCAT2, EPMIP, DPH6, OLIG3, TRPM8, CC186, MYCPP, TMC7, Z804A, TAF8, RALYL, RBM23, CC190, PKHL1, GA2L3, TCAM2, STX12, KI18B, RB6I2, ARMC8, K0825, STH, RP1L1, TPH2, F217A, PLPL6, EFC13, CJ067, PSYR, TBC21, DOCK3, AGRF4, SYCE1, CADM3, CP4Z2, CLASR, ZN786, CLIP4, CBPA6, NKAP, TM156, CPSF7, EFNMT, IGS22, LMBL4, ZFP62, PHC3, DDHD1, EXPH5, NAV1, BD1L1, BPIB6, TET1, MYRIP, FBH1, O10K1, ST3L4, CHD6, DMXL2, MIPT3, ES8L3, DOT1L, NAT14, CKAP2, ARAP3, CSKI1, ATRIP, MUC16, ELYS, TITIN, LZIC, PHF3, TBCD5, K0232, PRCC, TFG, SFRP3, COR2A, ARHG2, TATD2, LENG9, FAM3D, ALKB8, CHM4C, LRC58, REPS1, PGBD4, P3IP1, CDCA5, HMCES, DMAC1, IGS21, PAWR, ITCH, M4A14, CLMN, S41A2, HSH2D, TM87B, ZN514, P12L2, C295L, CQ10A, ROBO3, WWAS2, DB118, KI20B, PHF12, SPAG5, OR2M4, HMCN1, RANB9, CCNL2, IWS1, K1C12, NPY6R, S1PR3, LYST, CDC6, EBP2, NIPS1, DDX50, FA83C, PIMRE, NDC1, MTNA, UT14A, NUP85, TDRD1, MSTRO, SETD2, OSBL8, UACA, TSG10, TB182, EGLN1, CRLD2, CSTFT, NKX24, CT191, ESF1, PIEZ2, RANB3, CSR2B, UCK1, ZN556, MLXIP, TNR6C, HMX1, EQTN, PRDM9, TLR8, HELLS, TOPRS, KIF15, RAD18, HOME2, BRWD1, TEN2, CCM2L, FGOP2, MCUB, MIC19, KCTD5, CARF, FAT2, DTL, SACS, KLHL8, CE126, WDR35, NRX2A, DNM3B, COPG2, GCP4, PARP2, TCF20, ASIC3, RABX5, STAG3, NGAP, FBX5, MKLN1, ZBT21, PKHH1, SOX13, LIMC1, EXOC7, CBPC1, TUTLB, XCT, SHOC2, RUVB2, PDE10, PRLD1, FBW1A, DLGP4, WDR37, ZBTB1, NSG2, LSM2, DOP2, C170B, SAM50, PCDBB, PCDA3, TF3C3, CCG2, BIG1, S4A4, PCLO
Species: Homo sapiens
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