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Morales MM, Pedowitz NJ, Pratt MR. O-GlcNAc modification of MYPT1 modulates lysophosphatidic acid-induced cell contraction in fibroblasts. The Journal of biological chemistry 2021 296 34019870
Abstract:
Thousands of proteins have been found to be modified by O-GlcNAc, a common glycosylation modification of serine and threonine residues throughout the cytosol and nucleus. O-GlcNAc is enzymatically added and removed from proteins, making it a potential dynamic regulator of cell signaling. However, compared with other posttranslational modifications like phosphorylation, relatively few O-GlcNAc-regulated pathways have been discovered and biochemically characterized. We previously discovered one such pathway, where O-GlcNAc controls the contraction of fibroblasts initiated by the signaling lipid sphingosine-1-phosphate. Specifically, we found that O-GlcNAc modification of the phosphatase MYPT1 maintains its activity, resulting in dephosphorylation and deactivation of the myosin light chain of the actinomyosin complex. Another signaling lipid that leads to contraction of fibroblasts is lysophosphatidic acid, and this signaling pathway also converges on MYPT1 and actinomyosin. We therefore rationalized that O-GlcNAc would also control this pathway. Here, we used a combination of small molecule inhibitors, 2D and 3D cell cultures, and biochemistry to confirm our hypothesis. Specifically, we found that O-GlcNAc levels control the sensitivity of mouse and primary human dermal fibroblasts to lysophosphatidic acid-induced contraction in culture and the phosphorylation of MLC and that MYPT1 O-GlcNAc modification is responsible. These findings further solidify the importance of O-GlcNAc in regulating the biology of fibroblasts in response to procontractile stimuli.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
MYPT1
Species: Homo sapiens
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Xie X, Wu Q, Zhang K, Liu Y, Zhang N, Chen Q, Wang L, Li W, Zhang J, Liu Y. O-GlcNAc modification regulates MTA1 transcriptional activity during breast cancer cell genotoxic adaptation. Biochimica et biophysica acta. General subjects 2021 1865(8) 34019948
Abstract:
Chromatin modifier metastasis-associated protein 1 (MTA1), closely associated with tumor angiogenesis in breast cancer, plays an important role in gene expression and cancer cell behavior. Recently, an association between O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT) and MTA1 was identified by mass spectroscopy. However, the potential relationship between MTA1 and O-GlcNAc modification has not yet explored.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
MED19, SBNO1, PGP, DPRX, SMHD1, RGPD3, ZSWM8, P121C, VGLL3, MCRI1, CK098, KIF2A, DX39A, PDLI1, BACH, MYO1C, MYO1F, AIP, SMAP, AP3B1, PSD11, PSD12, PSMD9, SPT5H, TAF4, DFFA, CLIC1, EIF3F, MATN2, LORF2, IPO5, SAP18, IF2B3, DNM1L, RTCA, AGRIN, PLOD2, HMGN4, IMA4, BCL9, PESC, NOP56, DDX3X, PODXL, CCN1, IMA3, NFIB, MA2B1, PDXK, ARI1A, TXND9, G3PT, CTRO, COPE, AP3D1, PDCD5, NHRF1, TPP1, TCRG1, TNPO2, PSA7, GIPC1, HAT1, HGS, MYPT1, HNRDL, XPO1, ZN609, SPTN2, SC16A, PLXB2, SR140, SET1A, LSM1, NPC1, ARC1B, ARPC2, ARPC3, TIF1A, PGRC2, PFD6, NKRF, LAMA5, ZN185, CASC3, OGT1, PMM2, HMGB3, PPM1G, FANCA, EIF3D, EIF3H, HDAC3, IPO8, STX7, NUP42, CLOCK, KDM6A, DHX15, MCES, FLRT2, PRP4, SERA, DC1L2, PSMD3, RFOX2, PAPS1, ZW10, SNUT1, SPIT2, TGFI1, M3K7, MCA3, HNRPR, PRPF3, TPD54, COCH, IF4G3, PPIH, ARK72, E41L2, TGON2, S26A4, FOXO3, DENR, XPOT, PLRG1, RGS10, ZN207, GET3, BUB3, ACTN4, BUD23, HTSF1, AP1G1, SYNC, KRT86, CPSF5, LANC1, AKAP8, CALU, RAD21, DHX16, MED14, SMCA5, JIP4, ZC3H1, TRAK2, AQR, GANP, KDM1A, GSDME, EVI5, SNX3, OGA, HNRPQ, CCNT1, PLOD3, AP180, PLIN3, MAFK, IMA7, UGDH, CTND1, SNX2, USO1, CCD22, PQBP1, DKC1, IF2P, EDF1, DNJA2, BRD4, PFD1, NBN, MCE1, WDR1, CPNE3, BRE1B, ZC11A, CLU, T22D2, PP6R2, CNOT3, CREST, ANR17, ZPR1, DUS11, PDCD6, TBCA, VATG1, H2AY, FLNB, NCOR1, SPAG7, SC22B, DEAF1, PR40A, VP26A, SAP30, MED24, KTNA1, PSIP1, SRS10, BAF, SF3B1, CSDE1, PRKRA, MED6, NPM3, LYPA1, U520, NU155, WDHD1, CRTAP, EIF3G, STAM2, CCNK, PRAF3, PIAS1, PIAS2, SPF27, DNJC8, SPF30, MPDZ, GLRX3, KRT36, RL1D1, CIAO1, SRP72, DDAH1, RECQ4, MTA2, MYO1D, TOX4, SC24D, PHF14, UBXN7, SUN1, PLPHP, ERLN2, PRP6, PCF11, NFAT5, HAUS5, AP2A2, SC31A, HEXI1, SEM3D, UBR5, AGFG2, SCAF4, ZFPL1, EPN2, ZRAB2, LC7L3, KAT7, MPZL1, FKBP9, CELF2, PAPS2, SMC2, LYPA2, IPO7, AGM1, CD2B2, BAG4, AHSA1, PSMG1, SC24A, SC24B, AGRL2, ACSL3, PCNT, CNOT4, CPSF4, EYA4, K2C75, SNP29, OXSR1, HS74L, PTBP3, AP2A1, STAU1, CAVN2, BAG2, M4K4, BPNT1, MBD3, CLPT1, ACL6A, CYB5, ADH1B, ADH1G, LDHA, DHE3, NB5R3, GSHR, SODC, PNPH, HPRT, AATM, EGFR, PGK1, KAD1, LALBA, FA10, TRYP, ASSY, A2MG, LDLR, HLAH, HBA, CO1A1, K1C14, K2C6A, LMNA, CASA1, CASA2, CASB, CASK, FINC, LACB, ALBU, ALBU, TFR1, GLCM, ALDOA, CYTB, ANXA1, GCR, PRIO, KITH, K2C6B, K2C1, G3P, CPNS1, HSPB1, RPN1, RPN2, GNAI2, AT1B1, ALDOB, A4, ARGI1, S10A8, HMGN1, ISG15, IF2A, HMGN2, ICAM1, RLA1, RLA2, JUN, LA, AP2A, ITB1, K1C18, K2C8, MYL1, GELS, PTMA, CDK1, ATPB, S10A6, IF4E, ENOA, PYGL, G6PI, DPOLB, NPM, TPM3, ITAV, LIPL, HEXA, ACBP, FABPL, LDHB, PDIA1, H10, CATD, ANXA2, CAN1, TBB5, TRY1, SAP, HEXB, PROF1, APT, K2C4, SYEP, CATB, HS90A, HNRPC, LAMB1, TPM2, FUMH, TSP1, SP1, ANXA6, DAF, MDR1, 4F2, HS90B, ASNS, ADH4, HEM3, RU2B, MET, RU17, ITA5, NFIC, VIME, RS17, K2C7, K1C13, ANXA5, K1C16, RSSA, CD63, SNRPA, GSTP1, RU1C, LEG1, HMGB1, CLCA, ROA1, RU2A, PARP1, UCHL1, LKHA4, ALDOC, CC175, ATX1L, ZN865, CT45A, HS71B, CALM3, RO60, H14, PTPRF, THIO, PPGB, KAP0, HEM4, ESTD, CH60, BIP, LAMC1, PPAL, HSP7C, GTR1, PYGB, LAMP1, TOP1, TOP2A, G6PD, C1TC, MPRI, ADHX, SRF, PABP1, PCNA, HARS1, IMDH2, TPR, KCRB, ANXA3, ACTN1, XRCC6, XRCC5, LAMP2, RINI, MYH6, ICAM2, AT1A3, EF2, K1C10, K2C5, PDIA4, TCTP, PLST, GYS1, T2FB, CD59, MIF, GLU2B, FPPS, TRI27, AK1A1, KPYM, ENPL, CCNB1, PO2F1, HNRPL, SYDC, ETS1, PLAK, ALDR, AMPN, PVR, ERF3A, EZRI, ATF2, FOSL1, FOSL2, MCP, NQO1, GNS, ZEP1, RS2, TFE2, DESP, RFA2, CD44, ITB4, CBR1, CREB1, BGAL, H15, H13, H12, AT2A2, STMN1, YBOX3, HSP76, HMGA1, JUNB, UBF1, JUND, ATF7, CAN2, PTN2, PYRG1, DDX5, PFKAL, LEG3, PRS6A, TCPA, PTN1, ARF4, RL7, VINC, SON, NELFE, RL17, PGAM1, RCC1, ATF1, XRCC1, CADH2, ML12A, NUCL, HXK1, RO52, SPEE, SL9A1, CSK22, RXRA, NFKB1, IF2B, ANXA7, TBP, BTF3, PSB1, MPRD, LMNB1, ICAL, CD11B, VATC1, CSRP1, FLNA, 5NTD, TAF1, CD9, TGM2, PIMT, FBRL, PUR2, PUR6, UBA1, NDKB, ROA2, RFX1, CBL, EST1, FBLN1, TCEA1, ITA6, SFPQ, PPIB, SYWC, RS3, NFYA, SAHH, COF1, IF4B, KTHY, CCND1, COT2, EF1B, PPAC, RPB1, CDK2, MCM3, NFYB, THTM, LAMA1, RS12, BRD2, TYY1, DNJB1, ATPA, PSA1, PSA3, PSA4, ITA3, MOES, DDX6, CTNA2, DNMT1, PAX6, U2AF2, RL13, HMGB2, PTBP1, SYTC, SYVC, EF1G, 1433T, ARNT, RL10, RFA1, APEX1, PYR1, CALR, MAP4, CALX, PSA5, DPOD1, MK01, RXRB, GRN, PTPRM, T2EA, CCN2, EPHA2, 3MG, KDM5A, TKT, RBMS1, PML, EF1D, ERP29, PRDX6, BLVRB, PRDX5, RL12, KCY, PEBP1, PDIA3, 2AAA, 2AAB, NMT1, HMOX2, PURA2, UFO, PUR8, CLIP1, SORCN, ILEU, RPB2, SDHA, METK2, CPSM, TIA1, ZEP2, DNJA1, AKT1, PUR9, HNRH3, HNRH1, 1433B, 1433S, STIP1, S10AB, L1CAM, PRDX2, OTX1, CDD, ELF1, RL9, KINH, CSTF2, DUT, TTK, MCM4, MCM5, MCM7, HSP74, GPC1, PROF2, CTNA1, CTNB1, PCGF2, SPB6, RADI, RFA3, RFC4, RFC2, RFC1, RL22, T2FA, SPRE, HXD13, CBS, K1C9, FBN2, GDE, MYH9, MYH10, COPB2, BASI, FUS, NU214, DEK, K22E, RL4, PP1G, GNL1, SRBP1, SRP14, NUP62, TAGL2, TALDO, RBMX, COIL, VKGC, GRP75, IF4A3, RS19, RL3, COIA1, OST48, AN32A, FEN1, CAPG, IL6RB, TXLNA, TCPZ, NNMT, PBX2, RL13A, STAT3, MDHC, MDHM, RFC5, IF2G, CETN2, BUD31, NAA10, CSK, GARS, SYIC, EIF1, KPCI, LAP2A, LAP2B, STAT1, MTREX, RS27, HELZ, RL35, CDN2A, PCP, ECE1, LIS1, MUC18, MATR3, MSH2, SSRA, RANG, NAMPT, PRS6B, NKX21, VDAC2, CBX5, UBP5, KI67, RAGP1, RECQ1, NOP2, CRK, CRKL, BAG6, NSF, NOTC1, MP2K3, RL27A, RL5, RL21, RL28, RS9, RS5, RS10, MAP1B, GNPI1, YAP1, UTRN, IQGA1, STT3A, CAPZB, IF1AX, SYQ, RL29, LIMS1, PPCE, RFX2, RFX5, SOX9, COPD, GSH0, PSMD8, PRC2A, TCPE, NEST, HSP13, KC1A, PIPNB, AGRE5, DPOD2, PAXI, RL34, NASP, FAS, CDK8, TCPG, EFTU, SRP09, PCY1A, SYAC, SYCC, SYSC, PRI2, CTCF, PSB2, MCM2, TSP3, YLPM1, TMEDA, RBM25, NUMB, HINT1, NU153, RBP2, GSK3A, GSK3B, TAF6, SPS1, GUAA, DNLI3, MRE11, CRIP1, GDIB, EMD, SERPH, F10A1, VASP, DYN2, CDK9, BCAM, PPT1, RL14, TCPQ, TCPD, ANX11, PAPOA, FXR1, FXR2, RAB5C, RAB7A, DUS3, SMCA4, GALK1, SSRD, HCFC1, UBP11, NR0B1, HDGF, ROA3, 6PGD, HNRPM, IMA1, IMA5, GDIR1, AGFG1, HNRPF, TF2AA, MSH6, ZN131, ZN143, RBM5, SPSY, EFNB2, CAZA1, CRIP2, NUP98, PPP5, ACLY, MAP11, COPB, COPA, CATC, AP2S1, PTTG, SMTN, IST1, SC24C, TCP4, ICLN, SYRC, ATX1, ATN1, SYYC, UBP14, HSP72, BCAT1, AT1B3, RD23B, PRRX1, HMCS2, SNAA, IF5, DRG2, XPO2, TERA, MFAP1, AF10, AF17, NP1L1, ADK, DSRAD, LAMB2, FOXG1, TPD52, SEC13, NH2L1, PSA, HNRH2, SUMO3, EIF3B, GFRA1, SYMC, IF6, CTBP2, TMM33, PCBP3, PCBP4, CORO7, NU107, MTPN, H2B1D, DEF3, ARPC4, SC61G, TPIS, EIF3E, SC61B, PP4C, MYL6, ACTB, IF4A1, RS20, PRPS1, PSA6, S10AA, CDC42, DEST, GMFB, RAB8A, SPCS3, RAB2A, RAB5B, RAB10, UBC12, UBE2N, ARP3, ARP2, ACTZ, CSN2, ABCE1, RS3A, RL26, PSME3, RL15, RL27, RL37A, RHOA, S61A1, LYSC, COPZ1, SUMO2, DCAF7, WDR5, NTF2, HNRPK, 1433G, RS7, PP1A, PP1B, PRS4, PRS8, RS8, RS15A, RS16, UB2G1, 1433E, RS14, RS23, RS18, RS29, RS13, RS11, RUXE, RUXF, RUXG, LSM3, LSM6, SMD1, SMD2, SMD3, TYB4, PRS10, RL7A, RB11A, ERF1, CNBP, RS4X, RL23A, RS6, H4, H2B1C, RAB1A, RAN, RL23, RAP1A, UB2D2, RS24, RS25, RS26, RS28, RS30, GBB1, RBX1, GBB2, RL30, RL31, RL10A, RL32, RL11, RL8, PPIA, FKB1A, RS27A, GRB2, TRA2B, RAC1, AP2B1, 1433Z, RSMN, SUMO1, DYL1, RL38, GBG5, RS21, IF5A1, RACK1, ACTG, SPT4H, UBC9, TYB10, PP2AA, YBOX1, CSK2B, TPM4, UB2L3, EF1A1, ACTS, TBA4A, TBB4B, CSK21, PA1B2, HBB, HBA, F193A, IGBP1, RBM6, IF4G2, RPP30, GTF2I, CNTP1, PHC1, TCPB, KRT85, RAE1L, PRKDC, MT1X, NUCB2, DCD, SSBP2, SARNP, RL24, CBX1, ARF1, ERH, RL19, SRSF3, FOXK1, DAB2, FBLN2, PGBM, RHG04, EFNB1, RBM10, RBM3, 2ABB, PIPNA, MPCP, VIGLN, TF2B, CDK5, CLH1, HSF1, FKBP3, DHSO, HNRPU, U2AF1, SPTB2, TIAR, SET, SRSF2, FOXK2, RUNX1, FABP5, CAP1, NC2B, TFAP4, EXOSX, OTUD4, PFKAP, EWS, TAGL, AK17A, MEF2A, KIF23, NRG1, DSG1, SP4, SP3, RL18A, MP2K1, FKBP4, PLOD1, NUCB1, RL6, TOP2B, DYST, CREM, KMT2A, LMNB2, TF65, UBXN1, GLGB, IF4G1, K1C17, NOTC2, TLE2, TLE4, LGUL, AK1C1, 1433F, CSTF1, PTN12, FAK1, SRS11, EF1A2, CALD1, PTN11, GFPT1, EXOS9, PSME1, SUH, GABPA, GABP1, RING1, PAX8, FMR1, PRDX1, RL18, CKAP4, ZO1, KHDR1, BAX, KLC1, LRP1, SRSF1, SRSF4, DHX9, GOGA2, LG3BP, CD47, PPID, SSRP1, NSUN2, RBBP4, EP300, AHNK, APOBR, HSP7E, MGAT2, GALT2, AP1B1, CPSF1, BST2, WASC5, NU160, SCAP, SRBP2, TBL3, ASPH, TROAP, TROP, SNF5, BPTF, CDC20, FSTL1, GRSF1, SFSWA, CHD3, SF3A3, TP53B, AIMP1, ILF2, ILF3, LMAN2, ELAV2, FOXC1, PP1R8, CSTF3, FLII, COASY, ACACA, CSN1, CAF1B, RED, MTAP, TADBP, ROA0, AIMP2, FADD, PRDX4, PAK2, CBX3, STK3, PSMD2, GPS2, SRSF9, SRSF5, SRSF6, TIF1B, G3BP1, CLN3, PTK7, PABP4, IFIT5, MTA1, EIF3I, 2A5G, CTBP1, UB2V1, DC1I2, ILK, MSLN, PPIG, TCOF, SF3B2, HAP28, ADAM9, FKBP5, SMAD4, PICAL, SQSTM, TBB3, ASAH1, PRP4B, PIN1, RIPK1, HDAC1, KCC2G, DCTN2, SNW1, STIM1, TRA2A, PWP1, CUL1, CUL2, CUL3, CUL4B, ASPP2, DYR1A, TPBG, FHL1, PM2PB, MOGS, CD166, NACA, THOC5, SPTN1, PKP1, DX39B, EXOS2, TBB2A, KLF5, BYST, IDI1, RUNX2, PEBB, NFYC, CDK13, CKAP5, CIRBP, COTL1, HNRPD, SCRB2, NID2, DAG1, VEZF1, DSG2, SAFB2, EIF3A, UBP2L, SCRIB, MLEC, TTL12, FHL2, DCTN1, DYHC1, EI2BA, IF4A2, SRC8, TRI25, FLNC, FA50A, MYPC2, GAMT, CAPR1, RBM39, KT33B, HLTF, PDIA5, DHX8, MCM6, ITPR3, MDC1, EPN4, SMC1A, RRP1B, NCOA6, GSE1, PSF1, UBP10, GANAB, 2A5D, LBR, GOGB1, MEF2D, CHD4, LASP1, NC2A, ZN638, IMB1, NOLC1, NUMA1, GAPD1, K2C72, NAA25, FL2D, SEPT2, SART3, U5S1, S39AE, SETB1, IF4H, BRD3, EEA1, PDIA6, PA1B3, PLEC, NOMO1, IPYR, TEBP, NECT1, NONO, PTPA, RBBP5, RCN1, K1H1, PCBP1, PCBP2, ELOC, SF3B3, DLGP5, RSU1, CNN3, SAFB1, SF3B4, SF3A2, RBMS2, SC23A, SC23B, SF3A1, SSXT, TAF5, TEAD4, TGIF1, NCOA2, NHRF2, TRAM1, SF01, TRIPB, PCH2, MED1, HMGN3, JHD2C, TRIP6, MARE1, ELAV1, ELF2, TAB1, AAAT, MLF2, TOM34, TBCE, UB2V2, STXB2, NEDD8, USF2, VAS1, VPS72, ZFHX3, ZYX, SEPT7, ADRM1, CCDC6, UAP1, AINX, PSMD5, CSRP2, DDB1, CDC37, DPYL2, RBBP7, TAF9, SRSF7, CPSF6, SMN, NRF1, FSCN1, IF16, GLO2, H2B2E, CGT, TRXR1, LY6K, HNRL2, Q1RMN8, PDS5A, QSER1, AAK1, WASC4, PRSR3, TSR1, QRIC1, SMU1, P3H1, MA7D1, CHD9, LSM12, GELS, A1AG, TBB8, GLYR1, FIL1L, AMOT, FA98B, EPC2, RHG29, FND3B, CRTC2, DHB12, GLE1, SNUT2, LACB2, P5CR3, PKHG4, H90B2, R39L5, ZN326, FILA2, BCORL, FIGN, K2026, AG10B, CC038, TGO1, PRC2B, RRP12, TOIP1, PCID2, SPXN3, SMAG2, BRM1L, TM201, NU188, HP1B3, CE170, ZN362, EYS, FKB15, DDX59, ZC3HD, LRIF1, UBR4, UBAP2, KPRP, XP32, RBM26, NT5D1, AHDC1, RPRD2, PR38B, BRE1A, ZN318, BROX, TASO2, ECM29, MBNL2, ZMYM4, K2C79, ARID2, USF3, C19L1, VIR, K1C40, HEAT6, BICRL, ATLA3, CARL2, CPIN1, TWF2, P4R3A, NIPBL, PDE12, LIN54, TET2, TM214, ARMC6, CAVN1, ERAP2, CDC73, TAF2, MED27, EDC4, PRP8, SCYL2, TTC27, GOLM2, NFRKB, MZT2A, CTR9, NCEH1, TRI65, MDEAS, BRAT1, ZC3HE, LARP1, BRWD3, SMRD3, FIP1, CRTC1, SAS6, CSPG4, CWC27, WDR82, ATL4, MCAF1, PACS1, MPRIP, GGYF2, CD109, CERS6, QSOX2, SRCAP, RIPR1, YJ005, UBN2, FGD6, PAXI1, RAPH1, IKIP, H32, LARP4, MED25, TBA1A, H2AV, HAKAI, ASXL2, CCD80, BT2A1, SPT6H, SND1, DDX46, BZW1, RSRC2, CYFP1, KDM3B, OLIG3, PHF5A, ZCCHV, KANL1, NUP54, POGZ, MYH14, NUFP2, CLAP1, PLGT3, HEAT3, HDGR2, EMSY, RAI1, I2BP2, RBBP6, SH3R1, HUWE1, YTHD3, KHDC4, TMED4, CENPV, T179B, Q862S4, KAISO, PATL1, MYPN, PEG10, NOP9, PABP2, MTA70, LDB1, PB1, LYRIC, TLK2, ZN598, KTN1, BCL9L, DTX2, LUZP1, THOC4, GP180, PACS2, CAND1, TSYL5, THOC6, MET16, NIPA, CARM1, PRSR1, MEX3D, DDX42, DAAF5, P66A, HORN, RB6I2, RIOX2, RBM45, PLD3, NUDC3, AHNK2, FOXP4, TEX2, Z3H7A, PHF6, CHERP, ANKH1, SUGP1, CCAR1, SLF2, PHC2, BAP18, RB12B, RAVR1, SPB1, IHO1, SRRM1, SMAP1, P20D2, KATL2, PHAR4, TRM2A, DCP1B, NALCN, MAML2, PELP1, ABI1, PORIM, CCAR2, NUP93, ZN687, CMTR1, LRC47, K2C78, ABD12, PALS1, STAG2, FNBP4, TAB3, DPP10, CPSF7, ARFG1, EMC1, PAF1, UBR7, ENAH, KRI1, PR38A, F184A, KDM1B, NHLC2, GT251, PGLT1, DHB11, TXND5, PAIRB, LEMD2, FA98A, RN214, LS14A, MISSL, TNR6A, PHC3, ABCF1, NGDN, SP20H, VP37A, KMT2C, ZMIZ2, ARI1B, NUP43, NUP37, NUP35, STXB6, KNL1, PLBL2, RLA0L, THOC2, WDR36, SMRC2, NPL4, PUM2, RDH11, STT3B, SPP2A, HM13, ALMS1, C99L2, MK15, BRX1, RBCC1, DOT1L, PO210, GEMI5, PARD3, IPO4, ZN384, K2C79, NOC3L, SCRB1, SMAP2, CCD12, TM263, NU133, PDC6I, GATD1, THEM6, CTF18, NUDC2, SCFD1, HNRLL, UBCP1, PCNP, LMO7, ATX2L, PHIP, PRP31, NELFB, PALLD, SREK1, PSPC1, P66B, DYH7, DNJC9, BBX, CTBL1, KAT6B, ELYS, ZCH14, DDX1, H1X, PSMF1, SMG7, RTF1, NICA, TM131, ELMO1, BAP1, PHF3, MAML1, NDRG1, HS105, CNOT9, ZN592, LAR4B, GCN1, PRP16, NU205, AN32B, NECT2, PRCC, TFG, TAF4B, HDAC2, STAM1, REQU, CBP, KAT6A, SYMPK, RBP56, GGH, DDX17, RAD50, CELF1, OSTF1, UFD1, RENT1, CSN5, GPKOW, SMRC1, SMRD2, FUBP2, TNPO1, NEP1, GLMN, USP9X, UBP7, CUL5, STMN2, LPP, MED12, H2A1C, BHMT1, SMCE1, MYDGF, RL36L, PSMG2, NCLN, UTP4, PP14A, MGN2, FERM2, FUBP1, LRC59, FKB10, PF21A, PPWD1, INT12, FWCH2, KLH29, CC124, AP2M1, REPS1, SNR40, MBD6, RMXL1, SEH1, TCAL4, THA11, GNA1, T3HPD, DAZP1, SAAL1, SGF29, RBM33, TMA16, ZN503, DYL2, CPNE2, THOC1, OTUB1, HMCES, MED8, DUS3L, DCNL1, SMRD1, DDX27, GWL, LIN37, ZCCHL, P121A, PDLI5, ERO1A, C2AIL, MED30, INT4, FUBP3, SPF45, ABHEB, PAWR, THOC3, KIRR1, WNK4, COG3, TMX3, CHAP1, LCOR, PDLI2, ANCHR, ZC3HA, TOPK, SCYL1, EHMT2, ZFR, EP400, PRRC1, FXL18, CCD43, NOL4L, DACH2, NSUN5, RPR1A, IPO9, RBM14, QKI, ALS2, PP1RA, S38A2, VPS35, PURB, PHF12, XPO6, NACC1, CIC, MED15, MCCA, NUDC1, ERBIN, WRIP1, RANB9, MYADM, SRPK1, STRBP, TM209, IWS1, SIN3A, RSF1, RBM15, RUFY1, MINT, PNKP, MMS19, UHRF1, NIBA2, HTF4, TBCB, CNN2, CDC5L, PSMD1, PFD5, RING2, PARK7, EYA3, VAT1, LGMN, NUP88, POP1, MNT, SCAFB, EIF3C, TTC1, DNJC7, KIF2C, RGPD5, ATX2, ROAA, NP1L4, SNAG, TS101, CPNE1, TCPH, EBP2, ARI3A, ANM1, H2A1J, PKP2, SEM3C, VRK1, RBM4B, DDX50, RNZ2, MEP50, TBA1C, MBB1A, COR1B, TXD17, CPPED, PDD2L, PYGO2, LLPH, PSF3, ERP44, GCP2, ESYT1, SEN34, CSN4, WAC, DIDO1, RBM42, MCMBP, DCNL5, RAMAC, AN32E, NDC1, MMTA2, TBB6, HNRL1, PHF23, DDX23, MCRI2, WDR18, MTND, NTM1A, TBB2B, ASHWN, TM109, UT14A, TMED9, NUP58, SELO, DPCD, GNL3, KIFC1, NUP85, ELOV1, THIC, RBM4, GATA5, LS14B, RBM24, TRPM6, NAA15, SRRT, AP1M1, MAK16, ITPA, RTF2, EIF2A, PDIP3, TMPSD, MK67I, YTHD1, WNK3, GTPB4, UACA, CRNL1, TBL1R, PP12C, API5, DPY30, TRIM4, GRB1L, UNK, TB182, AMRA1, TANC1, TTYH3, WDR33, TINAL, NDEL1, PIP30, MKRN2, ILKAP, XRN2, TOLIP, SP130, RGAP1, CSTFT, RAB1B, LMA2L, ING2, I2BPL, TMX4, EPN3, MED28, SH3L3, PPIL3, ADNP, DHX36, PININ, PABP3, CPVL, BOLA2, TMX1, NELFA, PTN23, UN45A, CHM4B, OFUT1, WNK1, AMPB, ZHX3, EHD1, HEAT1, SUV92, CCD86, PRR36, BCAS3, RANB3, PEAK1, SMYD3, WDR26, SDS3, SFR19, KAT8, PHAX, UBE2Z, RMD5A, BRD9, GORS2, JUPI2, GHC1, MED20, CNO10, KANL2, FBRS, SP30L, MLXIP, XPO5, MYG1, CYBP, RC3H2, TENS1, SPC25, TAF9B, GLOD4, NCOA5, MOV10, TNR6C, CHD8, SYF1, SRA1, CHM1A, TM9S3, APMAP, ARFG3, HM20A, SSU72, VTA1, ENY2, CD320, DMAP1, UBN1, DCP1A, MED4, RIC8A, LUC7L, TIGAR, RTN4, RPR1B, EXOS3, PRD10, ANLN, PDLI7, DDX21, SAR1A, SIAS, SHLB2, MBNL1, AAAS, BAZ1A, ADPPT, OSTC, UBQL4, RAB6B, ABC3C, PHP14, HELLS, KRT84, KRT82, SYFB, PLPL3, BMP2K, ATG3, SMC4, OLA1, ZF64B, RBM12, MDN1, STAU2, T106B, SPS2L, CYRIB, DD19A, MRGBP, CC50A, SEP11, MED17, INT13, DDX18, NLE1, RBM22, WDR70, SLTM, LYAR, MED29, NSMA3, THUM1, TRM1, CARF, GAR1, FA53C, BCLF1, TAB2, FKB11, TMOD3, UGGG1, CDK12, GGA3, TLS1, IF2B1, HPBP1, MAT2B, MYOF, ITSN2, BICRA, EHD2, CNOT2, SPN90, LMCD1, CHMP5, COMD9, CWC15, THYN1, HACD3, KCMF1, RAI14, VAPA, H2AW, TMEM9, SEP10, CACO1, DAPLE, RCC2, MBD5, SLAI2, BCCIP, RRBP1, CPSF2, SYLC, MYEF2, RBM27, KANL3, ANFY1, RERE, ATX10, EP15R, SAE1, COPG2, MRC2, ASH2L, DKK3, TRMB, GULP1, VPS29, GRHPR, CATZ, SAE2, NXF1, PEF1, DNJB4, STK39, CNOT8, ABCF2, GTR6, Z3H7B, TCF20, HMGX4, SWP70, SUN2, RLP24, LIMA1, SRP68, CHRD1, SEPT9, UBQL2, CEIP2, S30BP, MED13, PFD2, PUF60, NRBP, TR112, XPO7, LCAP, MBD1, SIX4, CNOT7, PLXA1, MAGL2, TRM6, FOXD3, DBNL, DDX41, VPS28, CCNL1, TASOR, JUPI1, GMEB2, MRT4, CPSF3, GPTC8, NXT1, RCOR1, RALY, TF3C4, ACINU, AGO2, NUP50, ZHX1, CDV3, CNO11, ZN236, PSME2, MCTS1, ASAP1, MRTFB, ZMIZ1, MED23, PRR12, YETS2, HECD1, PKCB1, COR1C, TPX2, AKP8L, MAFF, TMCO1, EPDR1, DD19B, PPT2, PRP19, SYNP2, UBQL1, VPS4A, G3BP2, CHIP, PACN2, MAGD2, SNX6, SSRG, FAF1, EPCR, CSN3, NSF1C, SCAF8, TRI33, TNR6B, ZC3H4, SMAG1, TRAK1, FOXJ3, SRRM2, PA2G4, SPG7, SMC3, SCML2, ZN148, RTRAF, RUVB2, CDYL, EIF3L, PLAP, RUVB1, NUDC, COF2, SYFA, DRG1, NCKP1, OFUT2, PKHA6, WDR37, E41L3, MYH15, R3HD2, KDM2A, RRP44, RCL1, DDX52, TMA7, YBOX2, MAN1, CHSP1, TR150, WBP11, MED16, NOP58, GIT1, ZN281, SGT1, AAR2, NOSIP, MEMO1, LSM2, SHLB1, LC7L2, SBDS, TMED7, SF3B6, ORN, RRP15, NOP16, PPIL1, MED31, KAD6, STRAP, RTCB, FBX7, NOC2L, RL36, CHTOP, SAMH1, PKP3, SALL2, TLN1, TRRAP, ARIP4, MTCL1, MYO5A, CRBG1, HYOU1, ATG4B, TBL2, KLF12, LSM4, RN114, PRC2C, PPME1, RBM7, YTHD2, PAXB1, SP16H, CD2AP, TNPO3, RBM8A, SNX9, NUBP2, HCFC2, TRUA, SERC, NCOR2, SPIN1, COPG1, GMEB1, CLIC4, CFA20, TACC3, MD1L1, BZW2, EPN1, TEST, IF2B2, S4A7, ROBO1, NCOA3, SCC4, ZHX2, S23IP
Ramirez DH, Aonbangkhen C, Wu HY, Naftaly JA, Tang S, O'Meara TR, Woo CM. Engineering a Proximity-Directed O-GlcNAc Transferase for Selective Protein O-GlcNAcylation in Cells. ACS chemical biology 2020 15(4) 32119511
Abstract:
O-Linked β-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) is a monosaccharide that plays an essential role in cellular signaling throughout the nucleocytoplasmic proteome of eukaryotic cells. Strategies for selectively increasing O-GlcNAc levels on a target protein in cells would accelerate studies of this essential modification. Here, we report a generalizable strategy for introducing O-GlcNAc into selected target proteins in cells using a nanobody as a proximity-directing agent fused to O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT). Fusion of a nanobody that recognizes GFP (nGFP) or a nanobody that recognizes the four-amino acid sequence EPEA (nEPEA) to OGT yielded nanobody-OGT constructs that selectively delivered O-GlcNAc to a series of tagged target proteins (e.g., JunB, cJun, and Nup62). Truncation of the tetratricopeptide repeat domain as in OGT(4) increased selectivity for the target protein through the nanobody by reducing global elevation of O-GlcNAc levels in the cell. Quantitative chemical proteomics confirmed the increase in O-GlcNAc to the target protein by nanobody-OGT(4). Glycoproteomics revealed that nanobody-OGT(4) or full-length OGT produced a similar glycosite profile on the target protein JunB and Nup62. Finally, we demonstrate the ability to selectively target endogenous α-synuclein for O-GlcNAcylation in HEK293T cells. These first proximity-directed OGT constructs provide a flexible strategy for targeting additional proteins and a template for further engineering of OGT and the O-GlcNAc proteome in the future. The use of a nanobody to redirect OGT substrate selection for glycosylation of desired proteins in cells may further constitute a generalizable strategy for controlling a broader array of post-translational modifications in cells.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
SBNO1, CNOT1, P121C, DX39A, GTPB1, AP3B1, PGRC1, TAF4, EIF3F, IPO5, IF2B3, NOP56, DDX3X, ARI1A, IRS4, ANM5, TCRG1, PSA7, HGS, MYPT1, HNRDL, XPO1, SET1A, PUR4, NPC1, TIF1A, NKRF, OGT1, PPM1G, EIF3D, EIF3H, DHX15, SERA, HNRPR, IF4G3, E41L2, ZN207, BUB3, ACTN4, HTSF1, AP1G1, SYNC, AKAP8, CALU, SMCA5, JIP4, OGA, HNRPQ, DIAP1, TSN3, SNX2, DKC1, CLAP2, CPNE3, PHF2, ANR17, H2AY, FLNB, NCOR1, CISY, PR40A, SF3B1, CSDE1, U520, EIF3G, PRAF3, SRP72, MTA2, TOX4, SC24D, SC31A, SCAF4, ZRAB2, LC7L3, VAPB, IPO7, SC24B, ACSL3, AP2A1, AIFM1, LDHA, COX2, HPRT, AATM, PGK1, LMNA, TFR1, ALDOA, OAT, G3P, RPN1, RPN2, AT1A1, ADT2, PCCA, IF2A, RLA0, ITB1, ATPB, ENOA, PYGL, G6PI, NPM, LDHB, PDIA1, H10, TBB5, HEXB, PROF1, SYEP, HS90A, HNRPC, 4F2, HS90B, ASNS, ODPA, RU17, RSSA, SNRPA, GSTP1, HMGB1, DLDH, ROA1, PARP1, LKHA4, HS71B, H14, ODP2, THIO, CH60, BIP, HSP7C, EPB41, ODPB, LAMP1, ACADM, TOP1, TOP2A, PYC, C1TC, MPRI, PRPS2, PABP1, PCNA, HARS1, IMDH2, TPR, KCRB, XRCC6, XRCC5, EF2, PDIA4, PLST, GLU2B, KPYM, ENPL, PO2F1, HNRPL, SYDC, PLAK, ALDR, EZRI, GNS, RS2, CREB1, H12, AT2A2, JUNB, PYRG1, DDX5, PRS6A, TCPA, RL35A, RL7, VINC, SON, RCC1, NUCL, HXK1, E2AK2, SPEE, IF2B, ANXA7, LMNB1, FLNA, VDAC1, FBRL, PUR2, PUR6, UBA1, NDKB, ROA2, RFX1, TCEA1, SFPQ, PPIB, RS3, NFYA, SAHH, COF1, IF4B, EF1B, MCM3, BRD2, ATPA, PSA1, PSA3, PSA4, PAX6, U2AF2, RL13, PTBP1, SYTC, SYVC, EF1G, RFA1, APEX1, PYR1, CALR, MAP4, CALX, PSB5, TKT, PRDX6, PRDX5, PRDX3, RL12, PEBP1, PDIA3, 2AAA, CDC27, AMRP, SDHA, QCR1, PUR9, HNRH1, STIP1, PRDX2, RL9, CSTF2, MCM4, MCM5, MCM7, GLYM, HSP74, PHB, MYH9, COPB2, ADDA, BASI, FUS, NU214, DEK, MP2K2, ATPG, RL4, SRP14, NUP62, RBMX, GRP75, IF4A3, RS19, RL3, TXLNA, TCPZ, MDHC, MDHM, ECHA, IF2G, GARS, SYIC, LAP2A, LAP2B, MTREX, RS27, LPPRC, MATR3, RANG, VDAC2, UBP5, KI67, RAGP1, NOP2, CRKL, BAG6, RL27A, RL5, RL21, RL28, RS9, STT3A, COPD, PRC2A, TCPE, AL9A1, RL34, NASP, FAS, TCPG, EFTU, SYAC, SYSC, PSB3, MCM2, YLPM1, TMEDA, RBM25, NU153, RBP2, GSK3A, TAF6, GUAA, MRE11, GDIB, EMD, F10A1, LRBA, RL14, TCPQ, TCPD, ANX11, PAPOA, RAB7A, SMCA4, HCFC1, DHB4, ROA3, 6PGD, HNRPM, IMA1, AGFG1, HNRPF, MSH6, RBM5, NUP98, ACLY, COPB, COPA, MOT1, SC24C, SYRC, SYYC, AT1B3, RD23B, P5CS, IF5, XPO2, TERA, AFAD, DSRAD, PSA, SYMC, CTBP2, NU107, TPIS, ACTB, IF4A1, PSA6, ARF3, ABCE1, RAP1B, RS3A, RL26, RL15, S61A1, HNRPK, RS7, RS8, 1433E, RS14, RS23, RS11, SMD1, RL7A, RS4X, H4, RAN, RL23, GBB2, RL10A, RL11, RL8, PPIA, RL40, TRA2B, AP2B1, IF5A1, RACK1, YBOX1, EF1A1, TBB4B, CSK21, IF4G2, GTF2I, TCPB, PRKDC, RL24, RL19, SRSF3, FOXK1, RBM10, MPCP, CLH1, HNRPU, SPTB2, FOXK2, CAP1, LAT1, EXOSX, EWS, RL18A, FKBP4, RL6, TOP2B, KMT2A, LMNB2, TF65, IF4G1, TLE3, SRS11, PUR1, SUH, GABPA, PRDX1, RL18, C1QBP, KHDR1, SRSF1, DHX9, CD47, SSRP1, RBBP4, AHNK, AP1B1, NU160, BPTF, TP53B, AIMP1, ILF2, ILF3, LMAN2, TRAP1, PP1R8, ACACA, ROA0, PRDX4, CBX3, PSMD2, SRSF6, TIF1B, PTK7, PABP4, EIF3I, TCOF, SF3B2, TMED1, PICAL, RIPK1, HDAC1, CUL4B, CD166, IDI1, NFYC, CKAP5, HNRPD, SCRB2, DSG2, EIF3A, UBP2L, SCRIB, TTL12, DCTN1, DYHC1, SRC8, CAPR1, RBM39, MCM6, MDC1, EPN4, SMC1A, RRP1B, UBP10, GANAB, LBR, ZN638, IMB1, NUMA1, SEPT2, SART3, U5S1, SYK, BRD3, PDIA6, IPYR, TEBP, NONO, PWP2, RCN1, PCBP1, PCBP2, SF3B3, SAFB1, SF3A1, NCOA2, SF01, MARE1, NSDHL, TAB1, AAAT, VAS1, ZYX, CCDC6, PKN2, DDB1, CDC37, SRSF7, CPSF6, NRF1, H31T, QSER1, QRIC1, P3H1, TB10B, AMOT, DHB12, PRC2B, H2B2F, HP1B3, CE170, ZC3HD, RBM26, RIF1, RPRD2, ZN318, ECM29, ZMYM4, MAP1S, LIN54, EDC4, PRP8, SCYL2, NFRKB, ZC3HE, LARP1, FIP1, MCAF1, GGYF2, SPT6H, SND1, DHX30, KDM3B, ZCCHV, NUP54, POGZ, NUFP2, MAVS, I2BP2, RBBP6, HUWE1, YTHD3, CENPV, LYRIC, ZN598, GP180, CAND1, CARM1, DDX42, P66A, ARI3B, MGAP, PHF6, CHERP, ANKH1, SUGP1, CCAR1, SPB1, PHAR4, SPART, CCAR2, NUP93, S11IP, FNBP4, CPSF7, ARFG1, ENAH, AFG2H, TXND5, LS14A, Z280C, TNR6A, SMRC2, TBC15, PNPT1, HM13, PO210, GEMI5, ZN384, SMAP2, NU133, PDC6I, PCNP, CKAP2, ATX2L, P66B, ELYS, DDX1, GBF1, NICA, UBXN4, HS105, LAR4B, NU205, AKAP1, TFG, CBP, DDX17, CELF1, RENT1, SMRC1, FUBP2, TNPO1, UBP7, NCLN, FUBP1, FKB10, KBP, PDLI5, FUBP3, CHAP1, Z512B, ZFR, PRRC1, DOCK7, RBM14, VPS35, CIC, EFGM, SIN3A, MINT, CDC5L, PSMD1, EYA3, ATX2, HCD2, ACON, TS101, TCPH, ANM1, SH3G1, COR1B, DIDO1, HNRL1, DDX23, TMED9, NUP58, RBM4, NAA15, B2L13, YTHD1, UNK, ILKAP, SP130, BRD8, I2BPL, SLK, S6A15, PININ, NELFA, PTN23, WNK1, AMPB, GORS2, CYBP, TAF9B, GLOD4, CBX8, NCOA5, CHD8, APMAP, DCP1A, RTN4, ANLN, GEPH, PDLI7, DDX21, SYFB, SYIM, SMC4, RBM12, DDX18, CARF, UGGG1, CDK12, TECR, IF2B1, HPBP1, ITSN2, CNOT2, HACD3, RCC2, SYLC, SUCB1, UBQL2, PCYOX, S30BP, PUF60, NRBP, DACH1, BAZ2A, BAZ1B, CDC23, TASOR, ACINU, CDV3, MRTFB, YETS2, HECD1, PKCB1, DD19B, PRP19, MAGD2, FAF1, TRI33, SRRM2, PA2G4, RUVB2, RUVB1, VDAC3, E41L3, TR150, NOP58, SHLB1, LC7L2, TMED7, STRAP, RTCB, HBS1L, TLN1, HYOU1, PRC2C, SP16H, COPG1, DC1L1, S23IP
Species: Homo sapiens
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Liu C, Shi Y, Li J, Liu X, Xiahou Z, Tan Z, Chen X, Li J. O-GlcNAcylation of myosin phosphatase targeting subunit 1 (MYPT1) dictates timely disjunction of centrosomes. The Journal of biological chemistry 2020 295(21) 32295844
Abstract:
The role of O-linked N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) modification in the cell cycle has been enigmatic. Previously, both O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT) and O-GlcNAcase (OGA) disruptions have been shown to derail the mitotic centrosome numbers, suggesting that mitotic O-GlcNAc oscillation needs to be in concert with mitotic progression to account for centrosome integrity. Here, using both chemical approaches and biological assays with HeLa cells, we attempted to address the underlying molecular mechanism and observed that incubation of the cells with the OGA inhibitor Thiamet-G strikingly elevates centrosomal distances, suggestive of premature centrosome disjunction. These aberrations could be overcome by inhibiting Polo-like kinase 1 (PLK1), a mitotic master kinase. PLK1 inactivation is modulated by the myosin phosphatase targeting subunit 1 (MYPT1)-protein phosphatase 1cβ (PP1cβ) complex. Interestingly, MYPT1 has been shown to be abundantly O-GlcNAcylated, and the modified residues have been detected in a recent O-GlcNAc-profiling screen utilizing chemoenzymatic labeling and bioorthogonal conjugation. We demonstrate here that MYPT1 is O-GlcNAcylated at Thr-577, Ser-585, Ser-589, and Ser-601, which antagonizes CDK1-dependent phosphorylation at Ser-473 and attenuates the association between MYPT1 and PLK1, thereby promoting PLK1 activity. We conclude that under high O-GlcNAc levels, PLK1 is untimely activated, conducive to inopportune centrosome separation and disruption of the cell cycle. We propose that too much O-GlcNAc is equally deleterious as too little O-GlcNAc, and a fine balance between the OGT/OGA duo is indispensable for successful mitotic divisions.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
MYPT1
Species: Homo sapiens
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Xu S, Sun F, Wu R. A Chemoenzymatic Method Based on Easily Accessible Enzymes for Profiling Protein O-GlcNAcylation. Analytical chemistry 2020 92(14) 32574038
Abstract:
O-GlcNAcylation has gradually been recognized as a critically important protein post-translational mod