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Woo CM, Lund PJ, Huang AC, Davis MM, Bertozzi CR, Pitteri SJ. Mapping and Quantification of Over 2000 O-linked Glycopeptides in Activated Human T Cells with Isotope-Targeted Glycoproteomics (Isotag). Molecular & cellular proteomics : MCP 2018 17(4) 29351928
Abstract:
Post-translational modifications (PTMs) on proteins often function to regulate signaling cascades, with the activation of T cells during an adaptive immune response being a classic example. Mounting evidence indicates that the modification of proteins by O-linked N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc), the only mammalian glycan found on nuclear and cytoplasmic proteins, helps regulate T cell activation. Yet, a mechanistic understanding of how O-GlcNAc functions in T cell activation remains elusive, partly because of the difficulties in mapping and quantifying O-GlcNAc sites. Thus, to advance insight into the role of O-GlcNAc in T cell activation, we performed glycosite mapping studies via direct glycopeptide measurement on resting and activated primary human T cells with a technique termed Isotope Targeted Glycoproteomics. This approach led to the identification of 2219 intact O-linked glycopeptides across 1045 glycoproteins. A significant proportion (>45%) of the identified O-GlcNAc sites lie near or coincide with a known phosphorylation site, supporting the potential for PTM crosstalk. Consistent with other studies, we find that O-GlcNAc sites in T cells lack a strict consensus sequence. To validate our results, we employed gel shift assays based on conjugating mass tags to O-GlcNAc groups. Notably, we observed that the transcription factors c-JUN and JUNB show higher levels of O-GlcNAc glycosylation and higher levels of expression in activated T cells. Overall, our findings provide a quantitative characterization of O-GlcNAc glycoproteins and their corresponding modification sites in primary human T cells, which will facilitate mechanistic studies into the function of O-GlcNAc in T cell activation.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
UBA6, ESYT2, HACL2, DEND3, SBNO1, XIRP2, CNOT1, PINLY, MT21E, SWAHB, P121B, TCAF2, MET15, F177B, P121C, GNAT3, MYO1G, SPT5H, TAF4, PK3CD, DNM1L, P3C2A, BT3A1, PSDE, BIN1, PITM1, DDX3X, RNT2, ARI1A, NCKP5, TRAD1, RHG33, ABLM1, KMT2D, IFIT3, HGS, MYPT1, S27A2, GAK, SC16A, SET1A, KDM6B, ARHGB, FYB1, ATX7, SHIP2, EIF3D, EIF3H, TOX3, NUP42, MEFV, DHX15, ZZEF1, PHF1, ZW10, PRPF3, TPD54, EMC8, SYNJ1, IF4G3, E41L2, WIPF1, LAT, OX1R, PLRG1, ZN207, ST1B1, LANC1, AKAP8, PLIN1, ZN292, AQR, GANP, HBP1, LY75, OGA, DIAP1, MAFK, HCN1, CCD22, BRD4, PP1RB, ABCB7, KI21B, LRP4, N4BP1, CPNE3, OBSL1, BRE1B, CAND2, T22D2, PP6R2, ANR17, H2AY, FLNB, NCOR1, PR40A, LRCH4, MPPB, PSIP1, NDUS3, KS6A5, MYCB2, U520, CCNK, CBPD, CYTF, LTN1, TOX4, PHF14, SUN1, PCF11, FRYL, TRI37, SC31A, CE152, AGFG2, SCAF4, SPN1, RTN3, APOL3, ATE1, CELF2, 6PGL, IPO7, CD2B2, ABCA1, SC24A, SC24B, PCNT, CNOT4, HERC2, HS74L, RIGI, M4K4, AIFM1, TXD12, LDHA, COX1, A1AT, FOS, LDLR, LMNA, ALBU, CYTB, GCR, HG2A, K2C1, G3P, HLAA, CPNS1, RPN1, RPN2, GNAI2, AT1A1, RLA2, JUN, ATPB, CD2, NPM, ANXA2, SYEP, TSP1, SP1, ANXA6, MDR1, HS90B, INHBA, ODPA, PTPRC, RU2B, HCK, VIME, GNAI3, ADA2A, HMGB1, ROA1, LKHA4, DERPC, F231L, GLI2, GRAB, RO60, RARB, HSP7C, EGR2, ODPB, LAMP1, SRF, FA5, IMDH2, TPR, SKI, ACTN1, K1C10, CEAM1, PLSL, GLU2B, HCLS1, PO2F1, RAC2, ATF2, FOSL2, PGCA, LEUK, CREB1, GDC, PECA1, MGMT, ZNF25, JUNB, UBF1, JUND, ATF7, PTN2, DDX5, EGR1, PTPRA, SON, RCC1, ATF1, ML12A, PLCG1, NUCL, NFKB1, LMNB1, CAN3, HNF1A, FLNA, TNAP3, PIMT, UBA1, ROA2, RFX1, CBL, QCR2, MAOM, SP100, NFYA, IF4B, AT2B4, RPB1, BRD2, ATPA, DDX6, PTBP1, ARNT, RFA1, APEX1, PYR1, CALR, MAP4, ERCC5, PTN6, SPB3, PDIA3, 2AAA, HLAF, HMOX2, CLIP1, RPB2, COR1A, ZEP2, HNRH3, HNRH1, STIP1, ELF1, KINH, LSP1, PHB1, PTN7, RFC4, MYH9, MYH10, COPB2, ACTN2, SOAT1, ADDA, FUS, NU214, ATP7B, MYH11, GLRX1, PPM1A, K22E, MP2K2, NUP62, GRP75, IF4A3, COIA1, STAT3, MDHM, ECHA, IF2G, PERI, ELK3, LAP2A, LAP2B, STAT1, RHG25, DPP6, HD, MATR3, GPDM, ZAP70, TNR4, VDAC2, MP2K4, NOP2, NOTC1, UTRN, IQGA1, STT3A, NPBW1, COPD, AGRE5, NASP, FAS, EFTU, CENPF, MA2A2, YLPM1, CLK1, NU153, RBP2, TAF6, GUAA, IDH3A, EMD, LRBA, AT1A2, MECP2, HCFC1, CCR3, KS6A3, LUM, ROA3, GDIR2, AGFG1, STAT2, TF2AA, CAZA1, NUP98, FOSB, SUCA, COPA, ITA8, SC24C, ATX1, UBP14, RD23B, EPHB3, AF17, CASP6, DSRAD, PSA, TPIS, SC61B, ACTB, ARF3, HNRPK, RS16, ACTA, GBB1, PPIA, RS27A, AP2B1, 1433Z, IF5A1, RACK1, ACTG, ACTS, TBA1B, TBA4A, PHC1, PRKDC, BTG2, SSBP2, ATL3, TXN4A, FOXK1, RHG04, NFKB2, SPTB2, FOXK2, RUNX1, AMPD2, CAP1, FLI1, OTUD4, PFKAP, SATB1, EWS, MEF2A, SP2, RHAG, SP4, SP3, RL18A, NUCB1, DYST, CREM, KMT2A, TF65, IF4G1, TLE3, TLE4, REL, UBE3A, GABPA, GABP1, CD69, ZO1, TLE5, DHX9, GOGA3, SLFN5, S38AB, RBBP4, NCBP1, AHNK, MN1, FOXO1, TBL3, TF3C1, AKP13, BPTF, NFIA, CHD3, TP53B, ANK3, PP1R8, AKAP6, ROA0, PAK2, TBX2, M3K1, ATM, DC1I2, IKZF1, TCOF, ROCK1, NFAC2, SMAD4, PICAL, PRP4B, SNW1, IQGA2, MTMR1, MTMR3, CUL4A, CUL4B, RUNX3, NFYC, KGP1, CDK13, IL16, CKAP5, CO4A6, VEZF1, MORC3, UBP2L, SCRIB, GIT2, DYHC1, ELOA1, FLNC, CAPR1, CASL, SCN5A, SEM3A, ITPR2, PLSI, LAGE3, PUM1, EPN4, RRP1B, NCOA6, LBR, STAT4, MEF2D, LASP1, NUMA1, GAPD1, SPCS2, SUZ12, ACAP1, R3HD1, SYK, ARHG6, ACAP2, BRD3, PLEC, L2GL1, EPHA7, SF3B3, RYR3, TAF5, MARE2, TSN, SF01, MED1, JHD2C, T22D1, ELF2, NAB2, TAB1, SPEG, USF2, ZFHX3, ZYX, SEPT7, ADRM1, PKN1, DDB1, TAF9, OBF1, NRF1, PTPRO, ZN827, EX3L4, HNRL2, AAK1, CCD57, QRIC1, PRTG, CEA16, TM249, FR1L6, LRRF1, EMAL3, UAP1L, GON4L, LARP7, EPC2, CRTC2, PAR10, TYW2, RHG15, H90B3, BCORL, ZN831, TGO1, DOC11, PRC2B, TOIP1, CEP78, CD158, TDIF2, KMCP1, ZN362, FKB15, ZEP3, ODAD2, MPP7, LRIF1, UBR4, UBAP2, GNTK, RBM26, CE350, RPRD2, AGAP9, MYOME, TASO2, RN213, GL8D1, PDPK2, BICRL,