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Liu Y, Huang H, Liu M, Wu Q, Li W, Zhang J. MicroRNA-24-1 suppresses mouse hepatoma cell invasion and metastasis via directly targeting O-GlcNAc transferase. Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & pharmacotherapie 2017 91 28499244
Abstract:
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are endogenous non-coding regulatory RNAs involved in multiple cellular processes. Emerging evidences showed that miRNAs are involved in changing the cell surface glycosylation modification and oncogenesis. In this study, the role of miRNA-24-1 in O-GlcNAcylation and metastasis of mouse hepatocarcinoma cells was investigated. miRNAs expression array profiles were obtained from mouse hepatocarcinoma cell lines Hca-P and Hca-F with the low/high lymphatic metastasis potential, respectively. Based on the miRNAs expression array profiles, miRNA-24-1 expression was found to exhibit converse coincidence with metastasis potential, O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT) expression and O-GlcNAcylation. Dual-luciferase reporter assay revealed that miRNA-24-1 specifically binds to 3'-UTR of OGT. Furthermore, transfecting mouse hepatocarcinoma cells with miR-24-1 mimic and antisense oligonucleotide showed miR-24-mediates OGT expression silencing. This silencing is associated with the suppression of cell metastasis potential, down-regulation of the O-GlcNAcylation on c-Myc and decrease of c-Myc expression at the protein level rather than the mRNA level. Collectively, these results suggested that as a tumor suppressor, miR-24-1 may regulate mouse hepatocarcinoma cells migration and invasion, at least partially through targeting OGT, which could regulate the O-GlcNAcylation and the stability of this oncoprotein c-Myc. This may give insight into a novel mechanism and therapy of tumor lymphatic metastasis.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
MYC
Species: Mus musculus
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Zeng Q, Zhao RX, Chen J, Li Y, Li XD, Liu XL, Zhang WM, Quan CS, Wang YS, Zhai YX, Wang JW, Youssef M, Cui R, Liang J, Genovese N, Chow LT, Li YL, Xu ZX. O-linked GlcNAcylation elevated by HPV E6 mediates viral oncogenesis. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2016 113(33) 27482104
Abstract:
High-risk human papillomaviruses (HPVs) are causative agents of anogenital cancers and a fraction of head and neck cancers. The mechanisms involved in the progression of HPV neoplasias to cancers remain largely unknown. Here, we report that O-linked GlcNAcylation (O-GlcNAc) and O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT) were markedly increased in HPV-caused cervical neoplasms relative to normal cervix, whereas O-GlcNAcase (OGA) levels were not altered. Transduction of HPV16 oncogene E6 or E6/E7 into mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) up-regulated OGT mRNA and protein, elevated the level of O-GlcNAc, and promoted cell proliferation while reducing cellular senescence. Conversely, in HPV-18-transformed HeLa cervical carcinoma cells, inhibition of O-GlcNAc with a low concentration of a chemical inhibitor impaired the transformed phenotypes in vitro. We showed that E6 elevated c-MYC via increased protein stability attributable to O-GlcNAcylation on Thr58. Reduction of HPV-mediated cell viability by a high concentration of O-GlcNAc inhibitor was partially rescued by elevated c-MYC. Finally, knockdown of OGT or O-GlcNAc inhibition in HeLa cells or in TC-1 cells, a mouse cell line transformed by HPV16 E6/E7 and activated K-RAS, reduced c-MYC and suppressed tumorigenesis and metastasis. Thus, we have uncovered a mechanism for HPV oncoprotein-mediated transformation. These findings may eventually aid in the development of effective therapeutics for HPV-associated malignancies by targeting aberrant O-GlcNAc.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
MYC, MYC
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