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Huynh DT, Tsolova KN, Watson AJ, Khal SK, Green JR, Li D, Hu J, Soderblom EJ, Chi JT, Evans CS, Boyce M. O-GlcNAcylation regulates neurofilament-light assembly and function and is perturbed by Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease mutations. Nature communications 2023 14(1) 37848414
The neurofilament (NF) cytoskeleton is critical for neuronal morphology and function. In particular, the neurofilament-light (NF-L) subunit is required for NF assembly in vivo and is mutated in subtypes of Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease. NFs are highly dynamic, and the regulation of NF assembly state is incompletely understood. Here, we demonstrate that human NF-L is modified in a nutrient-sensitive manner by O-linked-β-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc), a ubiquitous form of intracellular glycosylation. We identify five NF-L O-GlcNAc sites and show that they regulate NF assembly state. NF-L engages in O-GlcNAc-mediated protein-protein interactions with itself and with the NF component α-internexin, implying that O-GlcNAc may be a general regulator of NF architecture. We further show that NF-L O-GlcNAcylation is required for normal organelle trafficking in primary neurons. Finally, several CMT-causative NF-L mutants exhibit perturbed O-GlcNAc levels and resist the effects of O-GlcNAcylation on NF assembly state, suggesting a potential link between dysregulated O-GlcNAcylation and pathological NF aggregation. Our results demonstrate that site-specific glycosylation regulates NF-L assembly and function, and aberrant NF O-GlcNAcylation may contribute to CMT and other neurodegenerative disorders.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
Species: Homo sapiens
Huo B, Zhang W, Zhao X, Dong H, Yu Y, Wang J, Qian X, Qin W. A triarylphosphine-trimethylpiperidine reagent for the one-step derivatization and enrichment of protein post-translational modifications and identification by mass spectrometry. Chemical communications (Cambridge, England) 2018 54(98) 30379171
We report a new reagent that is capable of both chemical derivatization and selective enrichment of azide-labeled PTM peptides for sensitive identification by mass spectrometry (MS). Facile sample recovery, enhanced ionization and fragmentation in MS of the enriched PTM peptides are achieved, which leads to the identification of 3293 O-GlcNAc peptides and the location of 1706 sites in HeLa cells and efficiently expands the current mapping scale.