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Farach AM, Galileo DS. O-GlcNAc modification of radial glial vimentin filaments in the developing chick brain. Brain cell biology 2008 36(5-6) 19132533
We examined the post-translational modification of intracellular proteins by beta-O-linked N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) with regard to neurofilament phosphorylation in the developing chick optic tectum. A regulated developmental pattern of O-GlcNAcylation was discovered in the developing brain. Most notably, discernible staining occurs along radial glial filaments but not along neuronal filaments in vivo. Immunohistochemical analyses in sections of progressive stages of development suggest upregulation of O-GlcNAc in the ependyma, tectofugal neuron bodies, and radial glial processes, but not in axons. In contrast, double-label immunostaining of monolayer cultures made from dissociated embryonic day (E) 7 optic tecta revealed O-GlcNAcylation of most axons. Labeling of brain sections together with Western blot analyses showed O-GlcNAc modification of a few discrete proteins throughout development, and suggested vimentin as the protein in radial glia. Immunoprecipitation of vimentin from E9 whole brain lysates confirmed O-GlcNAcylation of vimentin in development. These results indicate a regulated pattern of O-GlcNAc modification of vimentin filaments, which in turn suggests a role for O-GlcNAc-modified intermediate filaments in radial glia, but not in neurons during brain development. The control mechanisms that regulate this pattern in vivo, however, are disrupted when cells are placed in vitro.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
Species: Gallus gallus
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