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Massman LJ, Pereckas M, Zwagerman NT, Olivier-Van Stichelen S. O-GlcNAcylation Is Essential for Rapid Pomc Expression and Cell Proliferation in Corticotropic Tumor Cells. Endocrinology 2021 162(12) 34418053
Abstract:
Pituitary adenomas have a staggering 16.7% lifetime prevalence and can be devastating in many patients because of profound endocrine and neurologic dysfunction. To date, no clear genomic or epigenomic markers correlate with their onset or severity. Herein, we investigate the impact of the O-GlcNAc posttranslational modification in their etiology. Found in more than 7000 human proteins to date, O-GlcNAcylation dynamically regulates proteins in critical signaling pathways, and its deregulation is involved in cancer progression and endocrine diseases such as diabetes. In this study, we demonstrated that O-GlcNAc enzymes were upregulated, particularly in aggressive adrenocorticotropin (ACTH)-secreting tumors, suggesting a role for O-GlcNAcylation in pituitary adenoma etiology. In addition to the demonstration that O-GlcNAcylation was essential for their proliferation, we showed that the endocrine function of pituitary adenoma is also dependent on O-GlcNAcylation. In corticotropic tumors, hypersecretion of the proopiomelanocortin (POMC)-derived hormone ACTH leads to Cushing disease, materialized by severe endocrine disruption and increased mortality. We demonstrated that Pomc messenger RNA is stabilized in an O-GlcNAc-dependent manner in response to corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH). By affecting Pomc mRNA splicing and stability, O-GlcNAcylation contributes to this new mechanism of fast hormonal response in corticotropes. Thus, this study stresses the essential role of O-GlcNAcylation in ACTH-secreting adenomas' pathophysiology, including cellular proliferation and hypersecretion.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
GPTC8, ITB4, PTPRF, VIR, HMCN2, SETX, RTF1, MYH7B, FSIP2, TITIN, ARGAL, CO6A5, MMRN2, STOX1, PLXB2, AGRG4, F25A2, LOXH1, HMCN1, TM233, PIEZ1, TOPZ1, CE350, M3K19, RYR2, ACACB, RN213, CF251, ARHG5, BICRA, FOXM1, DLDH, PEX5, WRN, CELR1, PROM1, STK10, MYPC3, DTNB, IKKB, ACTN3, ALDOC, RPB1, LMNB1, MAP1B, HVM57, PAI1, MCM3, MIS, RGRF1, MSRE, CTND1, RB22A, ZO1, QOR, ANXA5, MSH6, EVC, KCNN2, DEPD5, NOE3, TBB4B, ROCK1, GSH1, G3BP1, ATS1, TBB5, NF1, PGBM, IF2P, FA8, GDF3, KCMA1, ZCH18, TANC1, NSUN7, SHRM4, FAT4, IGFN1, HMHA1, FA98A, SCRN3, CH048, K22E, SHLD2, BIG3, SDK1, BAHC1, SLMAP, TBCD9, RIMB3, DYH12, ITAD, CKAP2, IGS10, A3LT2, ITA1, HERC2, XIRP2, TR150, IQEC2, LRC8B, FAT2, S39AC, VP13A, MTUS1, GSTCD, TENS3, ACACA, UTP20, KLRA4, PAPOA, STAR3, EWS, KTN1, GRID1, DDX5, CP131, SEM3B, TLL1, MINT, CCPG1, BTF3, TPP2, RBL1, COBA2, TASOR, PDS5A, CE290, NAL14, A2MG, ZZZ3, FREM2, CPSF6, RPRD2, HEAT6, P4R3A, FIL1L, SNX6, GAPD1, PTN23, TRI37, MON1A, MSL1, SARM1, CENPE, DAPLE, TIAM2, UBE2O, KDM3B, SYNE1, CMYA5, FHOD3, TBB2A, MYCB2, SGO2, MCAF1, STAR9, CAPS1, PHF8, CUL9, CLAP1, ST18, SGSM2, TAF1, M18BP, UBP2L, FLNB, OFD1, PTHB1, PDK1, TMCO3, NRDC, MARF1, TM87B, UNC80, TCAF1, KTU, UBP43, CAPS2, ZN609, DOCK2, RHG24, NAKD2, LENG8, UFL1, CD158, CLASR, SSPO, SLTM, NAV1, FBX4, RFWD3, MICA3, STAU2, NEIL3, CCD14, DDX18, UBP45, AL1L1, CCD80, TF2H3, FYCO1, HNRPU, DYH5, DHX36, AGRV1, FLNC, REST, NDUS1, CREL1, CELR3, DYST, BRWD1, GOGA2, PDIA6, TM1L1, RT4I1, CSTN3, PRP19, TARA, UBP16, NOG2, MYO7B, BCDO2, RTN4, RRBP1, ZN318, DHX30, MITOS, RBM33, NARF, KLH35, ACSL3, SYRC, C16L2, NBEA, TBB3, XPO4, RBCC1, LRP1B, CAC1F, PRG4, BIR1B, SRCN1, SHRM3, ING1, MACF1, ACL7A, SMK2B, H17B6, RPGR, RHG07, MAST1, ADA11, TIM, PFKAP, IRAG1, DEMA, P2R3D, SETBP, NEK4, PLD1
Species: Mus musculus
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Burt RA, Dejanovic B, Peckham HJ, Lee KA, Li X, Ounadjela JR, Rao A, Malaker SA, Carr SA, Myers SA. Novel Antibodies for the Simple and Efficient Enrichment of Native O-GlcNAc Modified Peptides. Molecular & cellular proteomics : MCP 2021 20 34678516
Abstract:
Antibodies against posttranslational modifications (PTMs) such as lysine acetylation, ubiquitin remnants, or phosphotyrosine have resulted in significant advances in our understanding of the fundamental roles of these PTMs in biology. However, the roles of a number of PTMs remain largely unexplored due to the lack of robust enrichment reagents. The addition of N-acetylglucosamine to serine and threonine residues (O-GlcNAc) by the O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT) is a PTM implicated in numerous biological processes and disease states but with limited techniques for its study. Here, we evaluate a new mixture of anti-O-GlcNAc monoclonal antibodies for the immunoprecipitation of native O-GlcNAcylated peptides from cells and tissues. The anti-O-GlcNAc antibodies display good sensitivity and high specificity toward O-GlcNAc-modified peptides and do not recognize O-GalNAc or GlcNAc in extended glycans. Applying this antibody-based enrichment strategy to synaptosomes from mouse brain tissue samples, we identified over 1300 unique O-GlcNAc-modified peptides and over 1000 sites using just a fraction of sample preparation and instrument time required in other landmark investigations of O-GlcNAcylation. Our rapid and robust method greatly simplifies the analysis of O-GlcNAc signaling and will help to elucidate the role of this challenging PTM in health and disease.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
IQIP1, A0A0A6YWG7, A0A0G2JF55, A0A0N4SW93, A0A0R4J060, A0A0U1RPL0, A0A140LIW3, A0A140T8K9, A0A1B0GS41, A0A1B0GS91, A0A1D5RMI8, A0A1L1M1J8, A0A1L1SR84, A0A1N9NPH8, A0A1Y7VNZ6, A0A286YDB3, A0JNY3, A2A482, A2A654, TANC2, LZTS3, AJM1, BCORL, A2AUD5, A2AWN8, B1ASA5, B1ATC3, B1AUX2, B2RQL0, CSPP1, B2RY58, B7ZNA5, CTTB2, D3YU22, D3YUV1, D3YWX2, D3YZ21, SHAN1, D3Z5K8, E0CXZ9, E9PU87, E9PUL3, PRRT2, E9PUR0, E9PV26, E9PVY8, SET1A, E9Q0N0, E9Q3E2, E9Q3G8, E9Q4K0, ARI1B, SETD2, E9Q6H8, E9Q6L9, E9Q828, E9Q9C0, E9Q9Y4, E9QAQ7, E9QAU4, E9QAU9, E9QKI2, E9QLZ9, E9QM77, F2Z3U3, F6RQA2, SYGP1, F7C376, BICRA, F8VQL9, F8WIS9, G3UZM1, G3X8R8, G3X928, RFIP2, H3BKF3, H3BKP8, H9KV00, J3QNT7, DPYL2, PRDX6, MNT, NUMBL, PEX5, BMPR2, CTND2, PITM1, ACK1, CAC1B, SYUA, DSG2, SPT5H, E41L2, SP3, KDM6A, CPNS1, ZFR, HCN1, CTBP1, BSN, STAM2, SYN1, MBP, EGR1, NFL, NFM, ITB1, RC3H2, ATX1L, RL7A, MAP1B, VIME, EIF3A, RGRF1, PABP1, FOXK1, EAA2, CBP, RFX1, SOX2, KPYM, CTBP2, GCP3, TB182, GMEB2, PI5PA, DOCK4, PCBP1, LIPA3, RS3, PAX6, KCNJ3, PP2BA, TBA4A, STAM1, NCOA1, CXB6, WNK1, PSME2, WBP2, SHPS1, NRSN1, CTNB1, PLAK, S30BP, NFIA, ZEP1, YES, CAPR2, MITF, GRD2I, Q0VF59, HDX, MA6D1, F171B, ZFHX2, MLXIP, PDLI7, PRC2C, CIART, YETS2, SRBP2, Q3U2K8, GSE1, RREB1, WNK2, DAB2P, ZEP2, AAK1, TNR6A, GRIN1, SRBS2, GRM5, Q3UZG4, RBM44, Q3ZB57, PHAR4, RESF1, Q5EBP8, UNKL, VP13A, COBL, KDM6B, PRSR1, Q5RIM6, SMG7, RBM27, TM1L2, Q5SVJ0, Q5SXC4, SIN3A, GAS7, CAPR1, KLF3, SIX4, AP180, GRID2, PACN1, LASP1, RAI1, NOTC3, SALL3, SPTB2, ARI3A, NUP62, PHC1, TFE3, PAN3, TIF1A, SF01, SYN2, SBNO1, CRTC1, RIPR1, GIT1, PKP4, ABLM3, ARMX2, CE170, Q6AXD2, NIPBL, FBX41, RPRD2, WWC2, Q6P1J1, Q6P5E3, UGGG1, SPRE3, Q6P9N8, AHDC1, PTN23, TRAK1, DLGP3, NYAP1, DHX29, NFRKB, MAGI1, Q6XZL8, CNOT1, SYNE2, IF2A, PICAL, PLPR4, PLPR3, CCNT2, PRC2A, MAP6, MCAF1, RERE, NU214, SESD1, UBP2L, C2C2L, CNKR2, SLIK5, RHG32, LPP, NELFA, C42S2, TB10B, TGO1, RFOX3, SP130, ANS1B, ZC3HE, ZC21A, BAIP2, EMSY, KAT6B, RELL2, LIPA2, CNOT4, TOX4, GASP2, CREST, KDM4A, GRIN3, KAT6A, ZN609, PAK5, A16L1, SI1L1, SH3R3, SKA3, RBM14, Q8C5J0, CNOT2, WDR26, UBA6, ANK2, DIDO1, SYNPO, VCIP1, FHI2A, NUP88, NED4L, SET1B, TNS2, OGT1, NAV1, STAU2, AFG32, S4A8, ZBT20, HS12A, GLT18, UNC5A, AGFG1, FRRS1, KCNQ3, PO121, T2FB, MTSS1, Q8R2E1, NUP35, MAVS, SGIP1, HNRL1, PP16B, CCG8, SFPQ, UBAP2, NCOA5, AJUBA, DCP1A, TWF1, ALS2, ETFD, CIC, GRIP1, GORS2, NONO, ZN281, CT2NL, RN111, ANR17, RTN4, PPP6, RBM7, CYGB, SARNP, DLGP1, SUN1, TM263, GON4L, PLIN3, MYPT1, NBEA, RENT1, ZN704, RBP2, ARHG7, RTN3, NUDT3, TULP4, Q9JIZ5, PAR6G, SCAM5, PRG4, ZN207, SRCN1, ASAP1, DREB, ULK2, ADDA, PCLO, UBQL2, FBX6, PCM1, SYT7, CRY2, FOXO1, MAST1, LYPA2, TEN3, GANP, DEMA, E41L3, ZO2, BAG6, E41L1, RM40, GRIA3, S4R294, V9GWU7, V9GX40
Species: Mus musculus
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Lee BE, Kim HY, Kim HJ, Jeong H, Kim BG, Lee HE, Lee J, Kim HB, Lee SE, Yang YR, Yi EC, Hanover JA, Myung K, Suh PG, Kwon T, Kim JI. O-GlcNAcylation regulates dopamine neuron function, survival and degeneration in Parkinson disease. Brain : a journal of neurology 2020 143(12) 33300544
Abstract:
The dopamine system in the midbrain is essential for volitional movement, action selection, and reward-related learning. Despite its versatile roles, it contains only a small set of neurons in the brainstem. These dopamine neurons are especially susceptible to Parkinson's disease and prematurely degenerate in the course of disease progression, while the discovery of new therapeutic interventions has been disappointingly unsuccessful. Here, we show that O-GlcNAcylation, an essential post-translational modification in various types of cells, is critical for the physiological function and survival of dopamine neurons. Bidirectional modulation of O-GlcNAcylation importantly regulates dopamine neurons at the molecular, synaptic, cellular, and behavioural levels. Remarkably, genetic and pharmacological upregulation of O-GlcNAcylation mitigates neurodegeneration, synaptic impairments, and motor deficits in an animal model of Parkinson's disease. These findings provide insights into the functional importance of O-GlcNAcylation in the dopamine system, which may be utilized to protect dopamine neurons against Parkinson's disease pathology.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
BIG2, F1712, VIR, AJM1, RPGP1, UBR4, SCN1A, AGRIN, TITIN, KALRN, STPG3, FXL16, TT23L, PTPRS, GRIK3, SCN2A, DLGP4, OSBL8, PTPRZ, PGBD5, GLSK, GCN1, CE350, PI4KA, RYR2, AGRF2, UBE4A, NRX2A, FRY, SYGP1, OTOGL, AT2B1, ANK3, CA2D1, DPYL2, STXB1, DCTN1, U5S1, GFRA2, GALT1, SEM4D, KIF3C, PLCA, PHB2, NCAM2, GRAK, PURB, IMA3, IMA7, PLD3, FOLH1, FKBP8, STX1A, PSDE, VIAAT, AP1B1, C1QBP, SYT3, HNRH1, SATT, CTND2, SDC4, AP3D1, RGS9, RGS7, CSK22, OX2G, AAKG1, CRYM, PROM1, CNTP1, ENTP2, BCKD, SNG1, NIPS1, NIPS2, SEPT7, AT2A2, DHX9, PI51C, PI42A, ITB5, GPX4, NPTX2, GNAZ, WDR1, S4A4, MTX2, CNTFR, ZFR, CSN3, HCN2, HCN1, CTBP1, BSN, MPP3, NOE1, CBPD, LGMN, COR1A, CYB, COX1, COX2, COX3, HPRT, ATP6, THY1, H3C, LAMC1, NU1M, NU2M, NU4M, NU5M, ATP8, GFAP, MBP, PRIO, ALDOA, KAPCA, AATM, TBA1B, TBA3, KIT, LDHA, G6PI, MDR1B, ENPP1, HS90A, ENPL, KCC4, NFL, NFM, RASN, PGK2, ITB1, PPBT, NUCL, PGK1, ACE, LRC4B, UBB, UBC, EF1A1, IF4A2, GSTM1, 4F2, H10, LAMP1, HS90B, L1CAM, ITA5, KCC2A, ITB2, ITPR1, TCPA, PFKAL, CNTN1, NCAM1, AT1B1, C1QB, RS16, RL7, AT1B2, PSMD3, MAP1B, GLNA, CADH2, INSR, NTRK2, KCNC1, SPTB1, H12, KPCE, LDHB, CN37, DDX3L, KCNA1, KCNA3, AMPE, ASSY, SPTN1, G3P, LAMP2, ENOA, AP2A1, AP2A2, HXK1, GTR1, PTPRA, COF1, GNAO, FAS, LAMA1, NFH, COX41, BIP, HEXB, VIME, MTAP2, MAG, GNA11, GNAQ, MDR1A, ACES, GBRG2, AP1G1, GBRD, EIF3A, CXA1, GRIA1, GRIA2, TY3H, RS2, GBRA2, RL3, BRAF, KCC2B, NP1L1, NCKP1, SNAB, KIF2A, KIF3A, PABP1, GBB4, KCRU, GNA14, KAP3, SC6A1, S6A11, MP2K1, GTR3, LA, RASK, SYWC, KIF1A, HYES, RAB3D, RAB5C, RAB6A, RAB21, NMDZ1, ODPA, RET, FBRL, KCNJ2, CD81, GPM6A, GPM6B, GNL1, DYN1, DYN2, GRIK2, CAP1, ABCA2, PURA, HD, EAA2, H14, H15, H13, ITAV, SYT1, NSF, RB11B, AINX, MYO1B, NEDD4, ALDH2, GRM8, CAZA2, CAPZB, MP2K4, PFKAM, RL6, RL29, RL5, GLRB, DCE1, DCE2, CBR1, GSTM5, ADT1, INPP, CDK5, SAHH, GDIA, VATA, VATE1, GBRB1, RAB7A, ACADL, VA0D1, ADT2, EAA3, KCNJ4, KPYM, RAB2A, PRS6B, PTN5, NCAN, ABCD3, RAB8A, ATPK, ATP5E, UBP5, ATPB, CTBP2, EAA1, WFS1, FUS, NICA, ACTN4, ASM3B, EF2, OPA1, DOCK4, IRPL1, ARPC4, MYPR, PLPP, ACTB, MDGA2, NEUG, RAC3, IF4A1, MEGF8, RAB5B, RAB10, RAB8B, ARP2, ACTZ, CSN2, ARF3, ARL1, CAH10, RAP2B, STX1B, RAB6B, RL27, ARF4, GABT, HNRPK, 1433G, RS7, PP1A, RS8, SMD1, KCAB2, ABI2, RB11A, EF1A2, RS4X, PP2AB, RL18A, ACTA, AP2S1, RL23A, VISL1, H4, GBRA1, VATB2, RAB1A, RAB3C, RAN, RAP1A, RS24, GBB1, GBB2, RS3, RL8, RS27A, RL40, RAC1, RAB3A, HSP7C, CH60, VAMP2, NOE3, GBRB3, VATL, PP1G, 1433Z, GBRB2, KCNA2, KCAB1, CRNL1, DYL1, ACTG, ACTH, KPCG, PP2BA, PP2AA, PHB, CSK2B, ACTC, RACK1, ACTS, KAPCB, TBA4A, TBA1A, TBB4B, KPCB, H31, IMB1, PLXA1, PLXA2, PLXA3, DCC, ITPR3, NCHL1, HNRH2, ELAV1, USP9X, IDHG1, LYAG, AT8A1, TCPH, TCPB, TCPD, TCPE, TCPZ, TCPG, TNIK, WNK1, RL36A, ARF1, ARF5, AP2M1, H32, H33, ADCY5, NPTN, RS3A, AT1B3, DPYL1, ZNT3, GRM1, SHPS1, NEO1, FUMH, M4K4, C1QA, TBB5, PDE4D, PDE1B, NMDE2, SC23A, TERA, C1QC, CTNB1, PLAK, EPHA4, MARK3, ATPA, CHLE, KCND1, KCRB, NF1, CDK18, RAC2, MARK2, PGBM, PTPRG, PYC, KCMA1, PADI2, INF2, TRIO, MDGA1, CTP5A, ITB8, PSA, GRM2, PTCD3, PHAR1, LRFN1, SPP2B, HP1B3, NLRX1, PRC2C, TM38A, VGLU1, BIG3, PLXD1, AGAP2, AAK1, TEN4, CAMKV, DOP2, RMD3, SMU1, MCCB, GPD1L, LIGO2, SRBS2, CDKL5, K22O, VPS51, GRM5, CBAR2, SHAN3, UN13A, SE6L2, KCTD8, KCD16, LRC8B, VP13A, C2C4C, S2551, MRS2, DIRA2, CYFP2, TM1L2, RHG44, MYO1D, RABL6, DJC11, UIMC1, ICAM5, FLOT2, HNRPD, PTPRN, CSK21, KHDR1, IGF1R, CLD11, SPB6, ARHG2, VDAC2, VDAC3, VDAC1, ABCB7, ASTN1, P3C2A, CAC1E, LAMB2, CTNA2, SC6A3, CNTN2, PGCB, NEP, KCNA4, CD166, 5NTD, GSLG1, EWS, AP180, FSCN1, GDIB, GRIK5, GRID1, DDX5, HS105, ITIH3, IL1AP, CD47, KINH, KIF3B, LASP1, MYH10, MOG, NPM, PCBP2, CSPG2, DDX3Y, DLG4, RHOC, DAG1, DDX3X, SYPH, TICN1, NDUA4, NPTX1, NUP62, OMGP, HECAM, AOFA, ARP3B, SURF4, SYN2, CP3AD, H2B1H, GLPK, SDC3, GPDM, H2A2C, H2B2B, GRM7, GRM4, CLH1, K1549, GIT1, PKP4, PPR29, CNTN4, NLGN2, SV2C, THS7A, CE170, UBP7, BRNP2, SCMC3, LIGO3, DGKB, RPRD2, DPP10, S23IP, PPRC1, 2ABA, TNPO3, SIK3, U520, S39AA, TTYH3, XPO1, SPCS, KCRS, CSKI1, NRX3A, BCR, SARM1, PRRT3, TEFF1, RAB35, CA2D2, KCC2D, AT1A3, AT1A2, GNAS1, SDK2, WDFY3, NTRK3, RAD9B, DGLA, KCD12, MTMR5, UBE2O, CAND1, UBP34, RS9, 2ABB, H2B1C, TLN2, CSPG5, 2AAA, NP1L4, MTCH2, OPALI, CYFP1, TBB2A, HUWE1, IGS21, ROBO2, ACTN1, IGSF1, TR143, TPPP, OTUB1, KPBB, PP6R1, MAP6, ELP1, RRAGD, MRCKB, GABR2, CSMD3, EPT1, VAT1L, LRRC7, CAPS1, CYLD, AGRL1, AGRL3, CLAP1, AUXI, DAAM2, MADD, MFN2, NU214, UBE3C, PLXA4, FBX2, KCMF1, CBPM, GSTM7, AGFG2, LRC8A, HPLN4, VAC14, UBP2L, C2C2L, LRRT4, BDH, MK15, CNKR2, TENA, ASTN2, NEGR1, RAP2A, THEM6, SLIK5, SLIK4, SLIK3, SLIK2, NFASC, NRCAM, RHG32, SRGP3, EFTU, VGLU3, ERLN2, ROA3, SV2B, MIRO1, EFR3A, LRRT2, U2AF4, ENPP6, SYAC, FLRT3, CBLN2, LRTM2, HPCL4, COR2B, CMC1, ATLA1, NU107, RB39B, RB39A, ZN526, ANS1B, DLGP2, AHSA1, IPO5, NCEH1, LSAMP, CADM2, NOE2, ODP2, RBGPR, ECHA, SPA2L, SYNC, RL24, DAAM1, DMXL2, RLGPB, CLAP2, VMAT2, ARF2, NDRG4, ENPP4, HSDL1, RAP2C, GEPH, VATH, PMGT2, TTC12, AOFB, LRFN5, PIGT, CTL2, TENR, NLGN3, LRRT3, DYN3, LRC4C, ARHGA, SYFA, SI1L1, LCAP, EXOG, CERS6, SEP11, IKZF4, GP158, CWC22, VPS52, SCAI, ANK2, PDE10, PGM2L, SHFL, MIC60, WDR37, ABI1, SYNPO, T132C, GLT13, NED4L, RPB2, TCRG1, GNAL, H2B1K, H2B1P, H2A1F, H2A1H, H2A1K, OGT1, SYNJ1, SEPT8, MBOA7, PGP, NGEF, PYGB, COPA, MARK4, DOCK3, PLXB1, TXTP, AGRL2, TRHDE, R4RL1, RTN1, HS12A, K319L, DNM1L, AGRG1, PACS1, ABCF3, SDHA, HACD3, AGFG1, PAF1, IPO11, CCM2, MATR3, ATAT, LRRT1, LGI3, RPTOR, COL12, NAC2, THIL, EIF3L, MARE2, HNRPL, K0513, IQEC1, CACB4, SCPDL, BPHL, SNG3, EIF3C, H2AJ, DC1L1, S35A3, AP3M2, MUC18, UBQL1, PSPC1, NUP58, IGSF8, EXOC1, CACB1, CADM4, NUP85, SNP47, ACTY, WASF1, AMPB, MICU1, PSMD2, AT1A1, CDIPT, GD1L1, CC50A, HNRPU, REM2, MPCP, MARK1, CSPG4, SORC3, IPO4, SFPQ, BACH, S12A5, RAB14, SFXN3, ACLY, NDUS1, ITM2C, RMXL1, MIC25, ATPG, DDX1, MLP3A, UBAP2, ACSL6, NDUS2, ERLN1, DLG2, PI42C, IPO9, NDUV1, GRHPR, SRGP2, SRGP1, RAB4B, LRP1, WDR7, BRNP1, SYDC, TBB6, PDK3, TSN2, PDE2A, RPAB3, CSMD1, KCC2G, 2ABD, ATAD3, SFXN5, MYO5A, G37L1, RAP1B, SFXN1, NLGN1, NONO, RRAGC, TIP, MLF2, GAK, CDS2, NDUAA, ETFA, TNPO2, PTPRT, DNJA3, T121B, SF3B1, RIMS1, CNTP4, NTRI, PRP8, COX6C, MGST3, CNTP2, 6PGL, QCR8, NDUB4, RAB5A, GLRX3, AT5F1, S2546, MLP3B, 1433B, RL14, M2OM, UCRI, MIC19, PRPS2, NRX1A, MICU3, ARPC2, TBB2B, ROA0, CENPV, RL11, ILF2, TECR, RN181, BIEA, QCR1, OLA1, RL15, AL1B1, TOM70, MPC2, ODPB, MMS19, MGRN1, HNRPM, SCOT1, DYL2, RM28, RAB1B, LIGO1, RUFY3, MEII1, ATAD1, CUL5, GBRA4, TBB4A, GHC1, IDH3A, PRPS1, U2AF1, RL4, PSD12, SNAA, ATPO, BTBDH, QCR2, ALG2, AP2B1, RPN2, SUSD2, NDUA9, NDUS7, 6PGD, EIF3F, NDUS3, RAB13, XPO7, IPO7, NBEA, SORC2, VPS35, RPGF4, TBB3, XPO2, RTN3, LRBA, SPN90, TRIM2, DYHC1, LRP1B, LGI1, PRAF2, SV2A, SCAM5, NECT1, HYOU1, EXTL1, SORC1, DCLK1, MTOR, MINK1, ZN207, AP3B2, MY18A, RHOA, HPLN1, FAK2, NAGAB, COPG2, KI21A, SHRM3, PLEC, DREB, CMC2, EHD3, PLXB3, ADDA, DNJA2, GRM3, PCLO, SIA7A, ARP10, DCTN5, PLXC1, COPG1, GPC1, UBQL2, FBX6, SRR, AT2B2, CELR2, DEST, ARC1A, KAD1, GBRG1, GUAD, CBLN1, DGKE, VAS1, ADA22, ADA23, PEPL, CAD13, TEN1, TEN2, CUL1, ATRN, GLPK2, PDC6I, PFKAP, PYGM, SUCA, RBMX, GABR1, GSK3B, FPRP, E41L3, BUB3, CARM1, PSD13, CP46A, APC7, NCDN, ITB6, KCND2, NU160, HNRDL, SAE2, VATC1, VPP1, ARI1, CA2D3, SEPT3, AP3B1, STK39, HNRPC, DPP6, E41L1, SUCB1, SEPT5, GRIA4, GRIA3, HOME1
Species: Mus musculus
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Chuh KN, Batt AR, Zaro BW, Darabedian N, Marotta NP, Brennan CK, Amirhekmat A, Pratt MR. The New Chemical Reporter 6-Alkynyl-6-deoxy-GlcNAc Reveals O-GlcNAc Modification of the Apoptotic Caspases That Can Block the Cleavage/Activation of Caspase-8. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2017 139(23) 28528544
Abstract:
O-GlcNAc modification (O-GlcNAcylation) is required for survival in mammalian cells. Genetic and biochemical experiments have found that increased modification inhibits apoptosis in tissues and cell culture and that lowering O-GlcNAcylation induces cell death. However, the molecular mechanisms by which O-GlcNAcylation might inhibit apoptosis are still being elucidated. Here, we first synthesize a new metabolic chemical reporter, 6-Alkynyl-6-deoxy-GlcNAc (6AlkGlcNAc), for the identification of O-GlcNAc-modified proteins. Subsequent characterization of 6AlkGlcNAc shows that this probe is selectively incorporated into O-GlcNAcylated proteins over cell-surface glycoproteins. Using this probe, we discover that the apoptotic caspases are O-GlcNAcylated, which we confirmed using other techniques, raising the possibility that the modification affects their biochemistry. We then demonstrate that changes in the global levels of O-GlcNAcylation result in a converse change in the kinetics of caspase-8 activation during apoptosis. Finally, we show that caspase-8 is modified at residues that can block its cleavage/activation. Our results provide the first evidence that the caspases may be directly affected by O-GlcNAcylation as a potential antiapoptotic mechanism.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
A2A4A6, A2A5R8, GPTC8, SPD2B, A2ACG7, A2AFQ9, A2AFW6, A2AG46, CKAP5, A2AH75, A2AJ72, MA7D1, A2AL12, A2AMW0, A2AMY5, TPX2, PPIG, LAS1L, A5A4Y9, A6PWC3, A6PWK7, UBP36, B1AT03, B1AT82, B1AU75, B2RQG2, OTUD4, B7ZCP4, B7ZP47, D3YUW8, D3YWF6, D3YWK1, D3YX62, SAFB1, D3YXM7, D3YZ06, D3YZP6, D3Z069, D3Z158, D3Z3F8, D3Z6W2, E0CYM1, E9PUH7, E9PVM7, E9PWG6, E9PWV3, E9PWW9, E9PY48, E9PYT3, E9PZM7, E9Q066, E9Q2X6, E9Q3G8, E9Q450, E9Q4K7, E9Q4Q2, KIF23, BD1L1, NUMA1, E9Q7M2, E9Q986, E9Q9E1, E9Q9H2, E9QKG3, E9QKG6, E9QKZ2, E9QLA5, E9QP49, E9QP59, E9QPI5, F2Z3X7, F6S5I0, F7AA26, F7BQE4, FARP1, F8VQ93, F8VQC7, F8VQE9, F8VQK5, F8WI30, G3UZ44, G3UZX6, G3X8R0, G3X8Y3, G3X928, G3X963, G3X972, G3X9V0, G5E896, G5E8E1, H3BJU7, H3BK31, H3BKK2, H7BX26, I1E4X0, I7HIK9, J3QNW0, DPYL2, GTPB1, AKAP1, TCOF, AIP, HDAC1, RL21, GSH0, KIF1C, DHX15, SC6A6, IF6, ILK, ATX2, NMT1, E41L2, DHB12, SRPK1, ZN326, ZFR, PARG, SPD2A, SP1, CASP8, HPRT, LDHA, G6PI, TYSY, RIR1, GNAI2, ITB1, 4F2, H2B1F, MAP1B, HMOX1, LEG1, G3P, KS6A3, COF1, GNAO, IFRD1, VIME, TPM3, UBL4A, CBX3, CXA1, CATA, IMDH2, IL1RA, MCM3, CDK4, NKTR, FKBP4, CBX2, HMGB2, AIMP1, KAP3, MP2K1, SYWC, KIF4, NEDD1, DPOLA, RANG, UBP4, PTN11, RAB18, PTN1, PTN12, LDLR, DNLI1, CAP1, STAT3, STA5B, PURA, ALD2, RAGP1, NEDD4, STT3A, ALDH2, GSHR, GFPT1, PCY1A, MCM4, ICAL, PLCB3, CDN2A, HDGF, UBP10, KPYM, CCHL, IDHP, DDX6, GOGA3, COX17, ACTN4, GCP3, TB182, EIF3E, ABCE1, PFD3, HNRPK, 1433E, RAP1A, RS25, TCTP, DNJA1, HMGB1, IF5A1, RS17, RS12, UB2L3, HXD13, HDAC2, ELAV1, TP53B, CASP3, PYRG1, TCPB, STIM2, SRSF3, CSRP2, SPTC2, BOP1, SMAD4, M4K4, HNRL2, MARK3, LARP7, CNN2, PP4R2, PEPD, CDCA2, Q3TFP0, GUAA, PDE12, Q3TL72, PRC2C, NOL9, FUBP2, TRADD, CTU2, ZN865, Q3U4W8, Q3UG37, NAT9, NOL8, Q3UJQ9, SC31A, NCBP1, LRRF1, DDX17, LRC47, JIP4, EHMT1, CA050, AAPK1, NSRP1, Q5RL57, Q5SQB0, TENS3, PUR4, Q5UE59, SRC8, SAMH1, KHDR1, GRB10, HELLS, SPB6, RIPK1, CAPR1, ASNS, LAP2A, CDC37, TS101, SNTB2, FNTA, BAP31, PLPP1, FSCN1, FXR1, DDX5, ATRX, HS105, DDX3Y, DDX3X, TGFI1, DBNL, SH3G1, CYTB, SMAD2, NDRG1, ZYX, SQSTM, TPP2, ZN512, LAR4B, F120A, CNDG2, NOP58, LTV1, Q6NV52, Q6NXL1, Q6NZD2, ANKL2, Q6P5B5, XPO1, KIF15, FHOD1, TXLNA, PTN23, JUPI2, NUDC1, TACC1, UBE2O, LARP1, ACAP2, 2AAA, MTCH2, ZN503, CYFP1, HNRPQ, SPAG7, DEK, ACTN1, ATX2L, CKP2L, ZN516, ERBIN, SEPT9, PGRC2, Q80VB6, UBP2L, PI42B, ZN598, SAFB2, Q80ZX0, DLG1, LPP, PEF1, IF4B, Q8BGJ5, FTO, TIPRL, Q8BH80, MISSL, ERC6L, CARF, PRUN1, NUP93, FBX30, HBAP1, AHSA1, RCC2, IPO5, SYLC, CKAP4, MAP11, PALM2, CPNE3, SENP7, CSN7B, NSD2, DPP9, Q8BWW3, KANK2, PXK, PIGT, ITPK1, NHLC2, MAP1S, GWL, PKHH2, CND2, THOP1, SEP11, SKA3, CA198, SEP10, AROS, UBA6, LIPB1, SMAG1, Q8CCM0, ZN276, NAA30, SNX8, SYEP, OGT1, GNL3, PDLI5, FERM2, AGO2, HMCS1, AMERL, SCNM1, DNM1L, NEK9, ANLN, EDC3, MATR3, CHAP1, MEPCE, ERF3A, CC137, TDIF2, VPS18, RFC3, MCMBP, HEXI1, LUZP1, SNP47, TMX1, MAVS, UBXN4, Q8VCQ8, ACSF2, PARN, VIGLN, PSMD2, NAA40, F1142, CBWD1, PAXI, SFPQ, CPIN1, RAB14, IPYR2, PUS7, CSDE1, PIP30, RABE2, CISD1, Q91X76, DUS3L, KCC1A, TTC1, SRGP2, SNX18, RISC, HNRLL, Q921K2, PP6R3, LRC59, UBXN1, DBR1, KCC2G, Q924B0, WAC, SMC6, PAWR, SIAS, STML2, PSIP1, NXF1, PDXD1, NONO, PLST, RRAGC, VMA5A, MAOM, DCTN2, ZN281, CT2NL, GRPE1, ABD12, RTN4, NU155, OGFR, NPM3, NOP16, GLOD4, Q9CQ43, MTAP, IFM3, CYB5B, PAF15, PSMD9, WIPI3, SKA2, VATG1, CHSP1, LRC40, RANB3, SMC1A, MFR1L, ARHGP, DDX47, TBC15, PPIL4, MPPB, CYBP, TECR, PAIRB, ZCHC8, SPCS2, Q9CZP3, CD37L, SSBP3, MMS19, MGRN1, ARPIN, HNRPM, SYRC, MCES, Q9D4G5, ATAD1, F162A, TRIR, IPYR, PHF10, ARFG3, ORN, BOLA1, CNN3, KAP0, PLIN3, AKAP8, XRN2, GNAI3, PUR6, RAI14, SENP3, ARFG1, SIL1, VPS35, DGCR8, SYCC, ELP4, LIMA1, XPO2, RBP2, RTN3, PALLD, TMOD3, STK3, COPB, NUP50, DDX21, SH3L1, DDX20, MBNL1, BAG3, GKAP1, ZN207, TRXR1, PPCE, CAF1A, LIMD1, NDRG3, DNJC7, NFU1, COPG1, NUBP1, SMAP, DEST, ACOT9, PR40A, FOXO1, FIZ1, NFKB2, KAD2, AKA12, PRKRA, PDC6I, CHIP, COR1C, VAPA, NDKM, E41L3, TAGL2, CARM1, MTNB, BCL10, IF2G, P5CS, COG1, MD2L1, EIF3G, SAE2, ILF3, TRIP6, USO1, BAZ1B, HNRPF, KEAP1
Species: Mus musculus
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Alfaro JF, Gong CX, Monroe ME, Aldrich JT, Clauss TR, Purvine SO, Wang Z, Camp DG 2nd, Shabanowitz J, Stanley P, Hart GW, Hunt DF, Yang F, Smith RD. Tandem mass spectrometry identifies many mouse brain O-GlcNAcylated proteins including EGF domain-specific O-GlcNAc transferase targets. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2012 109(19) 22517741
Abstract:
O-linked N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) is a reversible posttranslational modification of Ser and Thr residues on cytosolic and nuclear proteins of higher eukaryotes catalyzed by O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT). O-GlcNAc has recently been found on Notch1 ext