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Hao Y, Li X, Qin K, Shi Y, He Y, Zhang C, Cheng B, Zhang X, Hu G, Liang S, Tang Q, Chen X. Chemoproteomic and Transcriptomic Analysis Reveals that O-GlcNAc Regulates Mouse Embryonic Stem Cell Fate through the Pluripotency Network. Angewandte Chemie (International ed. in English) 2023 36852467
Abstract:
Self-renewal and differentiation of embryonic stem cells (ESCs) are influenced by protein O-linked β-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) modification, but the underlying mechanism remains incompletely understood. Herein, we report the identification of 979 O-GlcNAcylated proteins and 1340 modification sites in mouse ESCs (mESCs) by using a chemoproteomics method. In addition to OCT4 and SOX2, the third core pluripotency transcription factor (PTF) NANOG was found to be modified and functionally regulated by O-GlcNAc. Upon differentiation along the neuronal lineage, the O-GlcNAc stoichiometry at 123 sites of 83 proteins-several of which were PTFs-was found to decline. Transcriptomic profiling reveals 2456 differentially expressed genes responsive to OGT inhibition during differentiation, of which 901 are target genes of core PTFs. By acting on the core PTF network, suppression of O-GlcNAcylation upregulates neuron-related genes, thus contributing to mESC fate determination.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
AMRA1, SETX, SKT, BCORL, AGRIN, MGAP, ARI1A, KANL3, CHD6, PHRF1, ZCH24, EP300, KIF7, KI67, CE350, ANR11, NUMA1, TPR, MORC3, TAF4B, KMT2B, EMD, AKAP1, TCOF, DCTN1, MNT, NCOA3, ATN1, ECP3, DPOD2, CTND2, PIAS3, AF10, ACK1, GET3, DSG2, ESS2, ATX2, PDLI1, ULK1, BARD1, KDM6A, ZN106, NSD1, ZFR, HIPK1, SETB1, LAMC1, MYCN, GCR, EGR1, RC3H2, ATX1L, DERPC, K2C8, HSPB1, JUND, FGFR1, G3P, ATF2, COF1, HEXB, VIME, PO5F1, CBL, CCNB1, PO2F1, RS2, NFKB1, MAX, PABP1, NEDD1, PTN12, FMR1, ELK1, FOXK1, STAT3, SOX15, PLIN2, CBP, NEDD4, YAP1, RFX1, SOX2, LMNA, ROA1, S1PR2, ARNT, RD23A, PLTP, KMT2A, KLF16, FOXP1, TB182, GMEB2, SENP1, YTHD1, MRTFB, DOCK4, STIM1, TBX3, NCOA1, ERF, SIAE, NACAM, ATF1, WNK1, G3BP2, DNLI3, G3BP1, RLA2, GABPA, S30BP, ZEP1, ENAH, SOX13, CAPR2, APLP2, CLUS, TLE3, GATA4, MITF, CHD8, ZCH18, TANC1, CDK12, SAP25, LIN41, MLXIP, HROB, VRTN, CO039, PDLI7, SMCA4, PRC2C, MILK2, MIDN, YETS2, PBIP1, FUBP2, TFPT, SRBP2, GSE1, F117B, ZN865, WDR62, QRIC1, FOXK2, RREB1, TNR6C, DAB2P, TNR6A, RHG17, PKHA7, COBL1, FCHO2, TET1, ARMX5, GARL3, TET2, CDV3, PHAR4, C2CD3, LIN54, NPA1P, TAB3, TASO2, RESF1, NUFP2, UNKL, COBL, KDM6B, PRSR1, SMG7, RBM27, PHF12, ZDBF2, PUR4, SYNRG, UIMC1, SIN3A, NFAC2, SRC8, SKIL, ELF1, KLF4, NCOR1, KLF3, NCOA2, FOXD3, PAPOA, HCFC1, P3C2A, SIX4, ZFHX3, TOB1, AP180, GLI3, ATRX, MAFK, NPM, M3K7, DAG1, SPTB2, TAF6, TIF1B, SPT6H, SH3G1, ARI3A, TLE1, TLE4, IF4G2, MINT, ZIC3, ZYX, NUP62, PHC1, TFE3, TIF1A, SF01, DAZL, RBL1, KNL1, BCL9L, SBNO1, SLAI1, PKP4, CDK13, SH3R1, JHD2C, HECD1, ARMX2, LAR4B, RHG21, HELZ, SCAF8, UTF1, PKHG2, NIPBL, CCD66, F135A, RPRD2, WWC2, ZN532, KRBA1, TAF9B, RBM26, INT1, BCR, AHDC1, PTN23, PAPD7, KDM3A, KMT2D, CHD4, RN220, NUP98, NFRKB, GGYF2, LCOR, TEX2, PF21A, KDM3B, FNBP4, CNOT1, LARP1, RHG26, NU188, CNDD3, PICAL, SPAG5, HUWE1, SMAP2, CPEB3, MYCB2, PRC2B, PRR14, MACOI, ATX2L, CKP2L, PRC2A, MCAF1, SI1L2, KANL1, ERBIN, R3HD2, RERE, PUM2, PUM1, NU214, WNK4, TCAM1, SAS6, CAMP3, UBN2, TNC18, AGFG2, UBP2L, WNK3, ZN598, CTIP, SHAN2, NANOG, DDX42, RHG32, VGLU3, LPP, TET3, MYPT2, IF4B, CNO10, MISSL, TB10B, CARF, TGO1, ZN879, SP130, ZC3HE, ZNT6, SUN2, TNR6B, ARI5B, EMSY, BNC2, KAT6B, KMT2C, CLAP2, CNOT4, SRRM2, TOX4, GEPH, SYP2L, LARP4, KANK2, SALL4, YTHD3, TOIP2, KAT6A, ASXL2, POGZ, SREK1, TAF5, ZHX2, EPC2, SI1L1, CND2, RBM14, SUCO, CNOT2, DIDO1, SMAG1, LENG8, CDAN1, DPPA4, LRIF1, VCIP1, MB214, TAB1, SCYL2, ASPP2, LS14B, SYEP, F193A, BCOR, OGT1, SUGP1, NAV1, SYNJ1, ADNP2, RPGF2, BICRL, EP400, PHC3, VP37A, EPN2, P66A, PDLI5, ELYS, ZBT20, ANLN, AGFG1, MATR3, CASC3, I2BPL, PO121, ALMS1, SF3A1, GRHL2, ATF7, CACL1, DC1L1, MTSS1, SPART, TDIF2, HBP1, NUP58, RFIP5, BRD8, WIPI1, CDK8, CS047, ATX7, NUP35, LUZP1, RPAP2, NDC1, MAVS, AMOT, CSKI2, P66B, TAF9, IPO4, ZCH14, UBAP2, NCOA5, FUBP1, RBM47, AJUBA, VPS36, DCP1A, EGLN2, YTHD2, SRGP2, GRHL1, BCL7B, P4R3B, PLRG1, CIC, WAC, TRPS1, MED1, ACATN, NRBP, RP25L, NONO, TAB2, RBM10, EPN4, DDAH2, NOG2, ZN281, HGS, NASP, ARIP4, ANR17, ZN318, TRI33, MZT2, ZWINT, ECD, YIF1B, ROA0, DHRS7, TPD54, SSBP3, PSRC1, SARNP, BCL9, SP2, NOP56, SH24A, FIP1, PLIN3, MYPT1, KC1D, TCF20, TOR3A, SALL1, ZN704, RBP2, UBE4B, TBX20, AFF4, RBCC1, 4ET, PALLD, ELF2, TSSC4, NUDT3, HAKAI, ADRM1, NCOA6, FANCA, GIT2, BAG3, TOB2, ZN207, SON, TBL1X, PLEC, MACF1, GOGA5, QKI, GAB1, DMRT1, YLPM1, PCM1, RHG07, TAF7, FOXO1, ADA23, AKA12, UXT, MAN1, NCOR2, AKT3, COR1B, TNIP1, GANP, DEMA, CARM1, RGAP1, ITSN2, ZO2, KLF5, ADNP, ARI3B, BCL3, SE1L1, E41L1, ZN292
Species: Mus musculus
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Gonzalez-Rellan MJ, Parracho T, Heras V, Rodriguez A, Fondevila MF, Novoa E, Lima N, Varela-Rey M, Senra A, Chantada-Vazquez MDP, Ameneiro C, Bernardo G, Fernandez-Ramos D, Lopitz-Otsoa F, Bilbao J, Guallar D, Fidalgo M, Bravo S, Dieguez C, Martinez-Chantar ML, Millet O, Mato JM, Schwaninger M, Prevot V, Crespo J, Frühbeck G, Iruzubieta P, Nogueiras R. Hepatocyte-specific O-GlcNAc transferase downregulation ameliorates nonalcoholic steatohepatitis by improving mitochondrial function. Molecular metabolism 2023 75 37453647
Abstract:
O-GlcNAcylation is a post-translational modification that directly couples the processes of nutrient sensing, metabolism, and signal transduction, affecting protein function and localization, since the O-linked N-acetylglucosamine moiety comes directly from the metabolism of glucose, lipids, and amino acids. The addition and removal of O-GlcNAc of target proteins are mediated by two highly conserved enzymes: O-linked N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) transferase (OGT) and O-GlcNAcase (OGA), respectively. Deregulation of O-GlcNAcylation has been reported to be associated with various human diseases such as cancer, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases. The contribution of deregulated O-GlcNAcylation to the progression and pathogenesis of NAFLD remains intriguing, and a better understanding of its roles in this pathophysiological context is required to uncover novel avenues for therapeutic intervention. By using a translational approach, our aim is to describe the role of OGT and O-GlcNAcylation in the pathogenesis of NAFLD.