REFERENCES



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Chong PA, Nosella M, Vanama M, Ruiz-Arduengo R, Forman-Kay JD. Exploration of O-GlcNAc-transferase (OGT) glycosylation sites reveals a target sequence compositional bias. The Journal of biological chemistry 2023 36963488
Abstract:
O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT) is an essential glycosylating enzyme that catalyzes the addition of N-acetylglucosamine to serine or threonine residues of nuclear and cytoplasmic proteins. The enzyme glycosylates a broad range of peptide sequences and prediction of glycosylation sites has proven challenging. The lack of an experimentally verified set of polypeptide sequences that are not glycosylated by OGT has made prediction of legitimate glycosylation sites more difficult. Here, we tested a number of intrinsically disordered protein regions as substrates of OGT to establish a set of sequences that are not glycosylated by OGT. The negative data set suggests an amino acid compositional bias for OGT targets. This compositional bias was validated by modifying the amino acid composition of the protein Fused in sarcoma (FUS) to enhance glycosylation. NMR experiments demonstrate that the tetratricopeptide repeat (TPR) region of OGT can bind FUS and that glycosylation-promoting mutations enhance binding. These results provide evidence that the TPR recognizes disordered segments of substrates with particular compositions to promote glycosylation, providing insight into the broad specificity of OGT.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
FUS, EWS, ID3, RBP56
Species: Homo sapiens
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Hung YW, Ouyang C, Ping X, Qi Y, Wang YC, Kung HJ, Ann DK. Extracellular arginine availability modulates eIF2α O-GlcNAcylation and heme oxygenase 1 translation for cellular homeostasis. Journal of biomedical science 2023 30(1) 37217939
Abstract:
Nutrient limitations often lead to metabolic stress during cancer initiation and progression. To combat this stress, the enzyme heme oxygenase 1 (HMOX1, commonly known as HO-1) is thought to play a key role as an antioxidant. However, there is a discrepancy between the level of HO-1 mRNA and its protein, particularly in cells under stress. O-linked β-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) modification of proteins (O-GlcNAcylation) is a recently discovered cellular signaling mechanism that rivals phosphorylation in many proteins, including eukaryote translation initiation factors (eIFs). The mechanism by which eIF2α O-GlcNAcylation regulates translation of HO-1 during extracellular arginine shortage (ArgS) remains unclear.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
TVBY1, TX13D, CC195, SPEM3, TVB42, FR1L5, HFM1, CCD66, SBNO1, Z804B, LRRD1, XIRP2, POTEF, PSD1, BDP1, NKX26, SWAHB, F181B, SMCO2, MGT4D, CAN8, EPOP, SMHD1, AKD1B, T200C, AQP73, AXA2L, NTM2B, ZAR1L, AN36A, NEU1B, GG6L6, B2R853, KDM4E, HNRC2, ERVV1, HNRC3, TEX22, TM232, MEIOS, CK098, SO1B7, TEX46, KIF2A, BACH, MYO1C, AP3B1, IKBE, HIP1, TULP1, WASL, PDE2A, SAP18, DNM1L, IFRD1, ZN593, FAAH1, PESC, SDCB1, MPP10, NOP56, DDX3X, CCN1, PLPP3, NCKP5, AGRB1, AP3D1, IDLC, CHD1, CHD2, PDCD5, ANM5, H17B6, FPGT, TCRG1, KIF3C, GEMI2, ML12B, CLGN, MYPT1, S27A2, XPO1, AT2A1, PLXB2, SR140, PER2, GRRE1, MCF2L, NACAD, ATS3, ANR28, VILL, LAMA5, MATN3, ATX7, INP4B, TRI18, GPR37, RPA34, MAGB3, PER1, KDM6A, DHX15, TTI1, PRP4, SERA, ADA12, IRAK2, ZW10, SNUT1, SPIT2, SRGP3, VIP2, PRPF3, GRID2, TGON2, LAT, SYT7, PLRG1, BUB3, PLPP2, PI15, ACTN4, SCO2, IDH3B, CALU, AGRB3, MED14, FGF17, PRKN, JIP4, KIF5C, ZC3H1, KATIP, OPA1, KIF1B, NMD3B, PEPL, PLXC1, ADCY9, HNRPQ, TPST1, RNBP6, CCNT1, FAIM3, ANM3, HCN1, RT14, HNRC1, H2B1K, PQBP1, PRAF2, DKC1, IF2P, TRI13, DNJA2, BRD4, NBN, IGSF3, DEN4B, ADA23, MFA3L, CLAP2, OBSL1, BRE1B, RFIP3, KDM4A, DJC13, ANR17, ZPR1, NIPS2, HMMR, ZN217, SC22B, PR40A, DPOLQ, ZN254, PSIP1, ERLN1, ECI2, KHDR3, TADA3, SF3B1, MED6, FOXH1, SPB7, U520, UTP20, TCEA3, SPI2, KLF7, MMP23, RASF9, CCNK, PRAF3, DYSF, SPF27, ATP5H, TRIO, RL1D1, NEBL, OCTN2, PDE9A, SRP72, B3GA3, UBP1, SLIT2, TOM70, MICA2, NFASC, FARP2, ERLN2, PRP6, GLSK, RNF37, WDR47, AP2A2, CE152, HEXI1, UBE4B, CSPG5, LETM1, LC7L3, KIF4A, GOSR1, KAT7, MRP6, TNKS1, KCNK5, VAPB, IPO7, M3K6, UTS2, CD2B2, FMNL1, SGPL1, G6PE, SC24A, ACSL3, DUS4L, ZBT11, CPSF4, K2C75, HERC2, SNP29, AP2A1, WIZ, STAU1, BAG2, ONEC2, TOP3B, APCL, PX11B, PAK4, LDHA, NB5R3, F13A, MOS, PGK1, TRYP, OVAL, IGHG1, IGHG2, IGHG3, IGHG4, HLAH, HBE, LMNA, ALBU, VTDB, TRFE, FRIH, MIS, VTNC, TDT, ALDOA, ANXA1, APOB, OAT, K2C1, SEMG1, TBB4A, G3P, NTRK1, P53, HSPB1, RPN1, RPN2, B3A2, AT1A1, CP17A, ITB2, HMGN1, CFAI, PCCA, IF2A, HMGN2, RLA1, RLA2, RLA0, AP2A, INSR, AGAL, RB, CDK1, ATPB, ENOA, NPM, TPM3, H2B1J, LDHB, H10, CATD, ANXA2, CO8A, TBB5, PROF1, HS90A, HNRPC, TPM2, GLI1, ACM2, CEL2A, HS90B, SRPRA, ODPA, CO4A2, MET, RU17, VIME, RS17, K2C7, ANXA5, K1C16, RSSA, GSTP1, RU1C, VILI, HMGB1, TPM1, WNT2, ROA1, C1S, PARP1, H2BFM, ATX1L, MYZAP, ZCC18, POTEI, POTEJ, SP9, UBB, UBC, MPC1L, ST1A4, HS71B, C1C1L, IGG1, D130B, M14OS, TBA3D, PR20G, TZAP, ACRO, H14, ODP2, THIO, PPGB, CH60, THA, BIP, HSP7C, ODPB, PYGB, PYGM, BCR, SPTB1, TOP1, PYC, DMD, C1TC, PABP1, K2C3, CO6A2, SKI, FETUA, ACTN1, MYH7, XRCC6, XRCC5, EF2, K1C10, K1C13, K2C5, TNNT1, COBA2, SUIS, KPYM, ENPL, CCNB1, HNRPL, MYOD1, EZRI, AREG, NQO1, RS2, CD44, H15, H13, H12, YBOX3, ZNF18, ZN182, ZNF43, HSP76, HMGA1, ZNF8, KPCA, CXA1, UBF1, DESM, NEUM, CR1, IBP3, TCPA, ITB5, RL7, SON, RL17, SDC1, K2C4, NUCL, E2AK2, CSK22, NCF2, FST, IF2B, ANXA7, CD33, BTF3, TNR1B, RAB3B, CAN3, ICAL, CO5A1, PHOS, CD11B, CSRP1, FLNA, PERL, TENX, PUR6, UBA1, H1T, ROA2, SAV, FBLN1, TCEA1, ITA6, SFPQ, PPIB, RS3, PTPRE, H2B1O, COF1, IF4B, CPT2, CCND1, RAE1, KPCL, THIL, RPB1, LAMA1, DNJB1, ATPA, DDX6, CTNA2, DNMT1, U2AF2, RL13, S10A4, HMGB2, PTBP1, HGFL, STOM, PON1, 1433T, RL10, CALR, MAP4, CALX, PSA5, ABCD3, LYOX, HXD10, PTPRM, PTN4, T2EB, EPHA2, EPHA8, TKT, LMOD1, EF1D, RL12, PDIA3, 2AAA, MPIP3, BKRB2, NKTR, KPYR, SDHA, HXA10, HXA9, GBRA5, DNJA1, AKT1, HNRH1, 1433B, S10AB, P5CR1, IFNA8, DSG3, RL9, KINH, CP2CI, H2B1B, EVI2B, HS71L, HSP74, PHB1, MERL, RADI, RL22, T2FA, SCN1A, K1C9, FBN1, FBN2, IRS1, MYH9, MYH10, COPB2, SOAT1, FUS, DEK, CYLC1, MYH11, AHR, K22E, ACHA7, RL4, LONM, ACV1B, SRP14, ZEB1, TAGL2, BRCA1, VATA, GRP75, RS19, RL3, OST48, FEN1, TXLNA, TCPZ, ARL1, UBP8, RFC3, ECHA, IF2G, PERI, BUD31, NAA10, KDM5C, GARS, SYIC, NBL1, LAP2A, LAP2B, EPS15, RS27, LPPRC, RL35, PF2R, MUC18, MATR3, GPDM, RANG, NAMPT, EFTS, KI67, RAGP1, ATRX, IF2M, BAG6, RL27A, RL5, RL21, RS9, RS5, RS10, MAP1B, IQGA1, IF1AX, OMP, RL29, ATPO, TCPE, K2C6C, KC1A, MASP1, HSP77, TCPG, EFTU, SRP09, SYAC, SYCC, SYSC, YLPM1, TMEDA, RBM25, TSC2, GUAA, ENTP1, MEOX1, ST1A1, ST1A2, GATM, SERPH, KNTC1, CDK9, R144A, RL14, TCPQ, TCPD, FXR1, RAB7A, ZNF83, SSRD, AL3A2, DHB4, PSMD7, CCL11, ZNF41, ROA3, MYOM1, HNRPM, IMA1, IMA5, MP2K6, HNRPF, MSH6, HMGA2, CRIP2, COPB, COPA, CRBB1, SMTN, MOT1, IST1, SC24C, TCP4, SYRC, ATX3, TERF1, SYYC, HSP72, ATNG, EPHA4, GYS2, DRG2, XPO2, MFAP1, PAR2, BRPF1, NP1L1, ANM2, PSA, EIF3B, SYMC, HDAC4, IF6, RP1, NRG3, H2BFS, UBS3A, WDR4, SNX16, SELB, SESN2, H2B1D, NAL11, DJB13, TPIS, MYPR,