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Fan Z, Li J, Liu T, Zhang Z, Qin W, Qian X. A new tandem enrichment strategy for the simultaneous profiling of O-GlcNAcylation and phosphorylation in RNA-binding proteome. The Analyst 2021 146(4) 33465208
Abstract:
RNA-protein interactions play important roles in almost every step of the lifetime of RNAs, such as RNA splicing, transporting, localization, translation and degradation. Post-translational modifications, such as O-GlcNAcylation and phosphorylation, and their "cross-talk" (OPCT) are essential to the activity and function regulation of RNA-binding proteins (RBPs). However, due to the extremely low abundance of O-GlcNAcylation and the lack of RBP-targeted enrichment strategies, large-scale simultaneous profiling of O-GlcNAcylation and phosphorylation on RBPs is still a challenging task. In the present study, we developed a tandem enrichment strategy combining metabolic labeling-based RNA tagging for selective purification of RBPs and HILIC-based enrichment for simultaneous O-GlcNAcylation and phosphorylation profiling. Benefiting from the sequence-independent RNA tagging by ethynyluridine (EU) labeling, 1115 RBPs binding to different types of RNAs were successfully enriched and identified by quantitative mass spectrometry (MS) analysis. Further HILIC enrichment on the tryptic-digested RBPs and MS analysis led to the first large-scale identification of O-GlcNAcylation and phosphorylation in the RNA-binding proteome, with 461 O-GlcNAc peptides corresponding to 300 RBPs and 671 phosphopeptides corresponding to 389 RBPs. Interestingly, ∼25% RBPs modified by two PTMs were found to be related to multiple metabolism pathways. This strategy has the advantage of high compatibility with MS and provides peptide-level evidence for the identification of O-GlcNAcylated RBPs. We expect it will support simultaneous mapping of O-GlcNAcylation and phosphorylation on RBPs and facilitate further elucidation of the crucial roles of OPCT in the function regulation of RBPs.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
NACAM, SAP18, PLOD2, NOP56, DDX3X, PLXB2, RRP8, SERA, PSMD3, MCA3, PRPF3, TPD54, TIM44, ACTN4, ACSL4, PLOD3, IF2P, ZC11A, SC22B, PR40A, MPPB, CSDE1, U520, NU155, EIF3G, SPF27, RL1D1, CLPX, RTN3, LC7L3, VAPB, SMC2, AP2A1, WIZ, BAG2, TOM40, ACL6A, EGFR, LMNA, TFR1, FRIH, RPN1, RPN2, ITB1, SYEP, HNRPC, SRPRA, VIME, GNAI3, ANXA5, LAMP1, ACADM, TOP1, TOP2A, PABP1, ADT3, TPR, EF2, PDIA4, FPPS, ENPL, ALDR, NDKA, RS2, UBF1, ARF4, NUCL, RAB6A, PSB1, FLNA, SDHB, UBA1, NDKB, ITA6, SFPQ, IF4B, AT2B4, THIL, RS12, PSA4, SYVC, 1433T, MAP4, PSA5, PSB4, NDUS1, ECHM, KCY, AMRP, SDHA, METK2, CPSM, PUR9, HNRH1, 1433S, STIP1, P5CR1, MCM4, HSP74, CTNA1, MYH9, DEK, RL4, SPB5, NUP62, RBMX, TCPZ, ECE1, PRS6B, KI67, RAGP1, ATRX, SYQ, LMAN1, NASP, FAS, AL7A1, SYSC, MCM2, ACADV, NU153, RBP2, DNLI3, MRE11, CPT1A, F10A1, TCPD, RAB7A, IDH3G, HCFC1, DHB4, HDGF, ROA3, 6PGD, NUP98, ACLY, TCP4, SYYC, UBP14, SNAA, IF5, TERA, DSRAD, TPD52, EIF3B, NU107, EPIPL, SC61B, SRP54, B2MG, SMD2, RL23A, YBOX1, NOP14, IF4G2, GTF2I, NUCB2, RT22, HMGN5, RBM10, TFAM, CLH1, SPTB2, SET, CAP1, EXOSX, EWS, ODO1, RL18A, NUCB1, M2OM, LMNB2, SRS11, CALD1, RL18, C1QBP, CKAP4, KHDR1, DHX9, GOGA2, SSRP1, AHNK, AIMP1, ILF3, SRSF5, SRSF6, TIF1B, TCOF, PICAL, SNW1, TRI29, EIF3A, MLEC, CAPR1, SMC1A, RRP1B, GANAB, NUMA1, U5S1, RRS1, ACOX1, PLEC, RNPS1, PUM3, RB11B, SEPT7, DDB1, CDC37, SRSF7, PCKGM, HNRL2, INF2, PDS5A, PREP, RRP12, TOIP1, HP1B3, RBM26, BRE1A, CDKAL, PRP8, ZC3HE, QSOX2, IKIP, TM10C, EIF3M, PABP2, KTN1, CAND1, THOC6, P66A, MISP, CCAR1, PELP1, NDUF2, RM50, PAF1, TXND5, TOIP2, THOC2, TM263, NU133, PDC6I, SCFD1, LMO7, ELYS, RT27, HS105, NU205, RAD50, SMRC1, TNPO1, FUBP1, P5CR2, PTCD3, DDX27, EFGM, IWS1, NIBA2, YMEL1, PSMD1, EIF3C, ROAA, CMS1, MBB1A, GNL3, PDIP3, PININ, ACAD9, SFXN1, CYBP, RM47, RTN4, DDX21, AAAS, CARF, AATF, BCLF1, MYOF, SYLC, NXF1, SEC63, LIMA1, SEPT9, KAD3, RCOR1, ACINU, TMCO1, PPIE, PA2G4, RUVB2, TR150, RT23, CHTOP, TLN1, HYOU1, SAM50, SP16H, UTP18, SRPRB
Species: Homo sapiens
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Ge Y, Ramirez DH, Yang B, D'Souza AK, Aonbangkhen C, Wong S, Woo CM. Target protein deglycosylation in living cells by a nanobody-fused split O-GlcNAcase. Nature chemical biology 2021 17(5) 33686291
Abstract:
O-linked N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) is an essential and dynamic post-translational modification that is presented on thousands of nucleocytoplasmic proteins. Interrogating the role of O-GlcNAc on a single target protein is crucial, yet challenging to perform in cells. Herein, we developed a nanobody-fused split O-GlcNAcase (OGA) as an O-GlcNAc eraser for selective deglycosylation of a target protein in cells. After systematic cellular optimization, we identified a split OGA with reduced inherent deglycosidase activity that selectively removed O-GlcNAc from the desired target protein when directed by a nanobody. We demonstrate the generality of the nanobody-fused split OGA using four nanobodies against five target proteins and use the system to study the impact of O-GlcNAc on the transcription factors c-Jun and c-Fos. The nanobody-directed O-GlcNAc eraser provides a new strategy for the functional evaluation and engineering of O-GlcNAc via the selective removal of O-GlcNAc from individual proteins directly in cells.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
JUN, SP1, JUNB, NUP62
Species: Homo sapiens
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Ramirez DH, Ge Y, Woo CM. O-GlcNAc Engineering on a Target Protein in Cells with Nanobody-OGT and Nanobody-splitOGA. Current protocols 2021 1(5) 33950562
Abstract:
The monosaccharide O-linked N-acetyl glucosamine (O-GlcNAc) is an essential and dynamic post-translational modification (PTM) that decorates thousands of nucleocytoplasmic proteins. Interrogating the role of O-GlcNAc on a target protein is crucial yet challenging to perform in cells. We recently reported a pair of methods to selectively install or remove O-GlcNAc on a target protein in cells using an engineered O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT) or split O-GlcNAcase (OGA) fused to a nanobody. Target protein O-GlcNAcylation and de-O-GlcNAcylation complements methods to interrogate the role of O-GlcNAc on a global scale or at individual glycosites. Herein, we describe a protocol for utilizing the nanobody-OGT and nanobody-splitOGA systems to screen for O-GlcNAc functionality on a target protein. We additionally include associated protocols for the detection of O-GlcNAc and cloning procedures to adapt the method for the user's target protein of interest. © 2021 Wiley Periodicals LLC. Basic Protocol 1: Target protein O-GlcNAcylation of JunB using nanobody-OGT Basic Protocol 2: Target protein deglycosylation of Nup62 using nanobody-splitOGA Alternate Protocol: Verification of the O-GlcNAc state of a tagged target protein through chemoenzymatic labeling Support Protocol: Cloning of new nanobody-OGT/nanobody-splitOGA and target protein pairs.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
JUNB, NUP62
Species: Homo sapiens
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Xie X, Wu Q, Zhang K, Liu Y, Zhang N, Chen Q, Wang L, Li W, Zhang J, Liu Y. O-GlcNAc modification regulates MTA1 transcriptional activity during breast cancer cell genotoxic adaptation. Biochimica et biophysica acta. General subjects 2021 1865(8) 34019948
Abstract:
Chromatin modifier metastasis-associated protein 1 (MTA1), closely associated with tumor angiogenesis in breast cancer, plays an important role in gene expression and cancer cell behavior. Recently, an association between O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT) and MTA1 was identified by mass spectroscopy. However, the potential relationship between MTA1 and O-GlcNAc modification has not yet explored.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
MED19, SBNO1, PGP, DPRX, SMHD1, RGPD3, ZSWM8, P121C, VGLL3, MCRI1, CK098, KIF2A, DX39A, PDLI1, BACH, MYO1C, MYO1F, AIP, SMAP, AP3B1, PSD11, PSD12, PSMD9, SPT5H, TAF4, DFFA, CLIC1, EIF3F, MATN2, LORF2, IPO5, SAP18, IF2B3, DNM1L, RTCA, AGRIN, PLOD2, HMGN4, IMA4, BCL9, PESC, NOP56, DDX3X, PODXL, CCN1, IMA3, NFIB, MA2B1, PDXK, ARI1A, TXND9, G3PT, CTRO, COPE, AP3D1, PDCD5, NHRF1, TPP1, TCRG1, TNPO2, PSA7, GIPC1, HAT1, HGS, MYPT1, HNRDL, XPO1, ZN609, SPTN2, SC16A, PLXB2, SR140, SET1A, LSM1, NPC1, ARC1B, ARPC2, ARPC3, TIF1A, PGRC2, PFD6, NKRF, LAMA5, ZN185, CASC3, OGT1, PMM2, HMGB3, PPM1G, FANCA, EIF3D, EIF3H, HDAC3, IPO8, STX7, NUP42, CLOCK, KDM6A, DHX15, MCES, FLRT2, PRP4, SERA, DC1L2, PSMD3, RFOX2, PAPS1, ZW10, SNUT1, SPIT2, TGFI1, M3K7, MCA3, HNRPR, PRPF3, TPD54, COCH, IF4G3, PPIH, ARK72, E41L2, TGON2, S26A4, FOXO3, DENR, XPOT, PLRG1, RGS10, ZN207, GET3, BUB3, ACTN4, BUD23, HTSF1, AP1G1, SYNC, KRT86, CPSF5, LANC1, AKAP8, CALU, RAD21, DHX16, MED14, SMCA5, JIP4, ZC3H1, TRAK2, AQR, GANP, KDM1A, GSDME, EVI5, SNX3, OGA, HNRPQ, CCNT1, PLOD3, AP180, PLIN3, MAFK, IMA7, UGDH, CTND1, SNX2, USO1, CCD22, PQBP1, DKC1, IF2P, EDF1, DNJA2, BRD4, PFD1, NBN, MCE1, WDR1, CPNE3, BRE1B, ZC11A, CLU, T22D2, PP6R2, CNOT3, CREST, ANR17, ZPR1, DUS11, PDCD6, TBCA, VATG1, H2AY, FLNB, NCOR1, SPAG7, SC22B, DEAF1, PR40A, VP26A, SAP30, MED24, KTNA1, PSIP1, SRS10, BAF, SF3B1, CSDE1, PRKRA, MED6, NPM3, LYPA1, U520, NU155, WDHD1, CRTAP, EIF3G, STAM2, CCNK, PRAF3, PIAS1, PIAS2, SPF27, DNJC8, SPF30, MPDZ, GLRX3, KRT36, RL1D1, CIAO1, SRP72, DDAH1, RECQ4, MTA2, MYO1D, TOX4, SC24D, PHF14, UBXN7, SUN1, PLPHP, ERLN2, PRP6, PCF11, NFAT5, HAUS5, AP2A2, SC31A, HEXI1, SEM3D, UBR5, AGFG2, SCAF4, ZFPL1, EPN2, ZRAB2, LC7L3, KAT7, MPZL1, FKBP9, CELF2, PAPS2, SMC2, LYPA2, IPO7, AGM1, CD2B2, BAG4, AHSA1, PSMG1, SC24A, SC24B, AGRL2, ACSL3, PCNT, CNOT4, CPSF4, EYA4, K2C75, SNP29, OXSR1, HS74L, PTBP3, AP2A1, STAU1, CAVN2, BAG2, M4K4, BPNT1, MBD3, CLPT1, ACL6A, CYB5, ADH1B, ADH1G, LDHA, DHE3, NB5R3, GSHR, SODC, PNPH, HPRT, AATM, EGFR, PGK1, KAD1, LALBA, FA10, TRYP, ASSY, A2MG, LDLR, HLAH, HBA, CO1A1, K1C14, K2C6A, LMNA, CASA1, CASA2, CASB, CASK, FINC, LACB, ALBU, ALBU, TFR1, GLCM, ALDOA, CYTB, ANXA1, GCR, PRIO, KITH, K2C6B, K2C1, G3P, CPNS1, HSPB1, RPN1, RPN2, GNAI2, AT1B1, ALDOB, A4, ARGI1, S10A8, HMGN1, ISG15, IF2A, HMGN2, ICAM1, RLA1, RLA2, JUN, LA, AP2A, ITB1, K1C18, K2C8, MYL1, GELS, PTMA, CDK1, ATPB, S10A6, IF4E, ENOA, PYGL, G6PI, DPOLB, NPM, TPM3, ITAV, LIPL, HEXA, ACBP, FABPL, LDHB, PDIA1, H10, CATD, ANXA2, CAN1, TBB5, TRY1, SAP, HEXB, PROF1, APT, K2C4, SYEP, CATB, HS90A, HNRPC, LAMB1, TPM2, FUMH, TSP1, SP1, ANXA6, DAF, MDR1, 4F2, HS90B, ASNS, ADH4, HEM3, RU2B, MET, RU17, ITA5, NFIC, VIME, RS17, K2C7, K1C13, ANXA5, K1C16, RSSA, CD63, SNRPA, GSTP1, RU1C, LEG1, HMGB1, CLCA, ROA1, RU2A, PARP1, UCHL1, LKHA4, ALDOC, CC175, ATX1L, ZN865, CT45A, HS71B, CALM3, RO60, H14, PTPRF, THIO, PPGB, KAP0, HEM4, ESTD, CH60, BIP, LAMC1, PPAL, HSP7C, GTR1, PYGB, LAMP1, TOP1, TOP2A, G6PD, C1TC, MPRI, ADHX, SRF, PABP1, PCNA, HARS1, IMDH2, TPR, KCRB, ANXA3, ACTN1, XRCC6, XRCC5, LAMP2, RINI, MYH6, ICAM2, AT1A3, EF2, K1C10, K2C5, PDIA4, TCTP, PLST, GYS1, T2FB, CD59, MIF, GLU2B, FPPS, TRI27, AK1A1, KPYM, ENPL, CCNB1, PO2F1, HNRPL, SYDC, ETS1, PLAK, ALDR, AMPN, PVR, ERF3A, EZRI, ATF2, FOSL1, FOSL2, MCP, NQO1, GNS, ZEP1, RS2, TFE2, DESP, RFA2, CD44, ITB4, CBR1, CREB1, BGAL, H15, H13, H12, AT2A2, STMN1, YBOX3, HSP76, HMGA1, JUNB, UBF1, JUND, ATF7, CAN2, PTN2, PYRG1, DDX5, PFKAL, LEG3, PRS6A, TCPA, PTN1, ARF4, RL7, VINC, SON, NELFE, RL17, PGAM1, RCC1, ATF1, XRCC1, CADH2, ML12A, NUCL, HXK1, RO52, SPEE, SL9A1, CSK22, RXRA, NFKB1, IF2B, ANXA7, TBP, BTF3, PSB1, MPRD, LMNB1, ICAL, CD11B, VATC1, CSRP1, FLNA, 5NTD, TAF1, CD9, TGM2, PIMT, FBRL, PUR2, PUR6, UBA1, NDKB, ROA2, RFX1, CBL, EST1, FBLN1, TCEA1, ITA6, SFPQ, PPIB, SYWC, RS3, NFYA, SAHH, COF1, IF4B, KTHY, CCND1, COT2, EF1B, PPAC, RPB1, CDK2, MCM3, NFYB, THTM, LAMA1, RS12, BRD2, TYY1, DNJB1, ATPA, PSA1, PSA3, PSA4, ITA3, MOES, DDX6, CTNA2, DNMT1, PAX6, U2AF2, RL13, HMGB2, PTBP1, SYTC, SYVC, EF1G, 1433T, ARNT, RL10, RFA1, APEX1, PYR1, CALR, MAP4, CALX, PSA5, DPOD1, MK01, RXRB, GRN, PTPRM, T2EA, CCN2, EPHA2, 3MG, KDM5A, TKT, RBMS1, PML, EF1D, ERP29, PRDX6, BLVRB, PRDX5, RL12, KCY, PEBP1, PDIA3, 2AAA, 2AAB, NMT1, HMOX2, PURA2, UFO, PUR8, CLIP1, SORCN, ILEU, RPB2, SDHA, METK2, CPSM, TIA1, ZEP2, DNJA1, AKT1, PUR9, HNRH3, HNRH1, 1433B, 1433S, STIP1, S10AB, L1CAM, PRDX2, OTX1, CDD, ELF1, RL9, KINH, CSTF2, DUT, TTK, MCM4, MCM5, MCM7, HSP74, GPC1, PROF2, CTNA1, CTNB1, PCGF2, SPB6, RADI, RFA3, RFC4, RFC2, RFC1, RL22, T2FA, SPRE, HXD13, CBS, K1C9, FBN2, GDE, MYH9, MYH10, COPB2, BASI, FUS, NU214, DEK, K22E, RL4, PP1G, GNL1, SRBP1, SRP14, NUP62, TAGL2, TALDO, RBMX, COIL, VKGC, GRP75, IF4A3, RS19, RL3, COIA1, OST48, AN32A, FEN1, CAPG, IL6RB, TXLNA, TCPZ, NNMT, PBX2, RL13A, STAT3, MDHC, MDHM, RFC5, IF2G, CETN2, BUD31, NAA10, CSK, GARS, SYIC, EIF1, KPCI, LAP2A, LAP2B, STAT1, MTREX, RS27, HELZ, RL35, CDN2A, PCP, ECE1, LIS1, MUC18, MATR3, MSH2, SSRA, RANG, NAMPT, PRS6B, NKX21, VDAC2, CBX5, UBP5, KI67, RAGP1, RECQ1, NOP2, CRK, CRKL, BAG6, NSF, NOTC1, MP2K3, RL27A, RL5, RL21, RL28, RS9, RS5, RS10, MAP1B, GNPI1, YAP1, UTRN, IQGA1, STT3A, CAPZB, IF1AX, SYQ, RL29, LIMS1, PPCE, RFX2, RFX5, SOX9, COPD, GSH0, PSMD8, PRC2A, TCPE, NEST, HSP13, KC1A, PIPNB, AGRE5, DPOD2, PAXI, RL34, NASP, FAS, CDK8, TCPG, EFTU, SRP09, PCY1A, SYAC, SYCC, SYSC, PRI2, CTCF, PSB2, MCM2, TSP3, YLPM1, TMEDA, RBM25, NUMB, HINT1, NU153, RBP2, GSK3A, GSK3B, TAF6, SPS1, GUAA, DNLI3, MRE11, CRIP1, GDIB, EMD, SERPH, F10A1, VASP, DYN2, CDK9, BCAM, PPT1, RL14, TCPQ, TCPD, ANX11, PAPOA, FXR1, FXR2, RAB5C, RAB7A, DUS3, SMCA4, GALK1, SSRD, HCFC1, UBP11, NR0B1, HDGF, ROA3, 6PGD, HNRPM, IMA1, IMA5, GDIR1, AGFG1, HNRPF, TF2AA, MSH6, ZN131, ZN143, RBM5, SPSY, EFNB2, CAZA1, CRIP2, NUP98, PPP5, ACLY, MAP11, COPB, COPA, CATC, AP2S1, PTTG, SMTN, IST1, SC24C, TCP4, ICLN, SYRC, ATX1, ATN1, SYYC, UBP14, HSP72, BCAT1, AT1B3, RD23B, PRRX1, HMCS2, SNAA, IF5, DRG2, XPO2, TERA, MFAP1, AF10, AF17, NP1L1, ADK, DSRAD, LAMB2, FOXG1, TPD52, SEC13, NH2L1, PSA, HNRH2, SUMO3, EIF3B, GFRA1, SYMC, IF6, CTBP2, TMM33, PCBP3, PCBP4, CORO7, NU107, MTPN, H2B1D, DEF3, ARPC4, SC61G, TPIS, EIF3E, SC61B, PP4C, MYL6, ACTB, IF4A1, RS20, PRPS1, PSA6, S10AA, CDC42, DEST, GMFB, RAB8A, SPCS3, RAB2A, RAB5B, RAB10, UBC12, UBE2N, ARP3, ARP2, ACTZ, CSN2, ABCE1, RS3A, RL26, PSME3, RL15, RL27, RL37A, RHOA, S61A1, LYSC, COPZ1, SUMO2, DCAF7, WDR5, NTF2, HNRPK, 1433G, RS7, PP1A, PP1B, PRS4, PRS8, RS8, RS15A, RS16, UB2G1, 1433E, RS14, RS23, RS18, RS29, RS13, RS11, RUXE, RUXF, RUXG, LSM3, LSM6, SMD1, SMD2, SMD3, TYB4, PRS10, RL7A, RB11A, ERF1, CNBP, RS4X, RL23A, RS6, H4, H2B1C, RAB1A, RAN, RL23, RAP1A, UB2D2, RS24, RS25, RS26, RS28, RS30, GBB1, RBX1, GBB2, RL30, RL31, RL10A, RL32, RL11, RL8, PPIA, FKB1A, RS27A, GRB2, TRA2B, RAC1, AP2B1, 1433Z, RSMN, SUMO1, DYL1, RL38, GBG5, RS21, IF5A1, RACK1, ACTG, SPT4H, UBC9, TYB10, PP2AA, YBOX1, CSK2B, TPM4, UB2L3, EF1A1, ACTS, TBA4A, TBB4B, CSK21, PA1B2, HBB, HBA, F193A, IGBP1, RBM6, IF4G2, RPP30, GTF2I, CNTP1, PHC1, TCPB, KRT85, RAE1L, PRKDC, MT1X, NUCB2, DCD, SSBP2, SARNP, RL24, CBX1, ARF1, ERH, RL19, SRSF3, FOXK1, DAB2, FBLN2, PGBM, RHG04, EFNB1, RBM10, RBM3, 2ABB, PIPNA, MPCP, VIGLN, TF2B, CDK5, CLH1, HSF1, FKBP3, DHSO, HNRPU, U2AF1, SPTB2, TIAR, SET, SRSF2, FOXK2, RUNX1, FABP5, CAP1, NC2B, TFAP4, EXOSX, OTUD4, PFKAP, EWS, TAGL, AK17A, MEF2A, KIF23, NRG1, DSG1, SP4, SP3, RL18A, MP2K1, FKBP4, PLOD1, NUCB1, RL6, TOP2B, DYST, CREM, KMT2A, LMNB2, TF65, UBXN1, GLGB, IF4G1, K1C17, NOTC2, TLE2, TLE4, LGUL, AK1C1, 1433F, CSTF1, PTN12, FAK1, SRS11, EF1A2, CALD1, PTN11, GFPT1, EXOS9, PSME1, SUH, GABPA, GABP1, RING1, PAX8, FMR1, PRDX1, RL18, CKAP4, ZO1, KHDR1, BAX, KLC1, LRP1, SRSF1, SRSF4, DHX9, GOGA2, LG3BP, CD47, PPID, SSRP1, NSUN2, RBBP4, EP300, AHNK, APOBR, HSP7E, MGAT2, GALT2, AP1B1, CPSF1, BST2, WASC5, NU160, SCAP, SRBP2, TBL3, ASPH, TROAP, TROP, SNF5, BPTF, CDC20, FSTL1, GRSF1, SFSWA, CHD3, SF3A3, TP53B, AIMP1, ILF2, ILF3, LMAN2, ELAV2, FOXC1, PP1R8, CSTF3, FLII, COASY, ACACA, CSN1, CAF1B, RED, MTAP, TADBP, ROA0, AIMP2, FADD, PRDX4, PAK2, CBX3, STK3, PSMD2, GPS2, SRSF9, SRSF5, SRSF6, TIF1B, G3BP1, CLN3, PTK7, PABP4, IFIT5, MTA1, EIF3I, 2A5G, CTBP1, UB2V1, DC1I2, ILK, MSLN, PPIG, TCOF, SF3B2, HAP28, ADAM9, FKBP5, SMAD4, PICAL, SQSTM, TBB3, ASAH1, PRP4B, PIN1, RIPK1, HDAC1, KCC2G, DCTN2, SNW1, STIM1, TRA2A, PWP1, CUL1, CUL2, CUL3, CUL4B, ASPP2, DYR1A, TPBG, FHL1, PM2PB, MOGS, CD166, NACA, THOC5, SPTN1, PKP1, DX39B, EXOS2, TBB2A, KLF5, BYST, IDI1, RUNX2, PEBB, NFYC, CDK13, CKAP5, CIRBP, COTL1, HNRPD, SCRB2, NID2, DAG1, VEZF1, DSG2, SAFB2, EIF3A, UBP2L, SCRIB, MLEC, TTL12, FHL2, DCTN1, DYHC1, EI2BA, IF4A2, SRC8, TRI25, FLNC, FA50A, MYPC2, GAMT, CAPR1, RBM39, KT33B, HLTF, PDIA5, DHX8, MCM6, ITPR3, MDC1, EPN4, SMC1A, RRP1B, NCOA6, GSE1, PSF1, UBP10, GANAB, 2A5D, LBR, GOGB1, MEF2D, CHD4, LASP1, NC2A, ZN638, IMB1, NOLC1, NUMA1, GAPD1, K2C72, NAA25, FL2D, SEPT2, SART3, U5S1, S39AE, SETB1, IF4H, BRD3, EEA1, PDIA6, PA1B3, PLEC, NOMO1, IPYR, TEBP, NECT1, NONO, PTPA, RBBP5, RCN1, K1H1, PCBP1, PCBP2, ELOC, SF3B3, DLGP5, RSU1, CNN3, SAFB1, SF3B4, SF3A2, RBMS2, SC23A, SC23B, SF3A1, SSXT, TAF5, TEAD4, TGIF1, NCOA2, NHRF2, TRAM1, SF01, TRIPB, PCH2, MED1, HMGN3, JHD2C, TRIP6, MARE1, ELAV1, ELF2, TAB1, AAAT, MLF2, TOM34, TBCE, UB2V2, STXB2, NEDD8, USF2, VAS1, VPS72, ZFHX3, ZYX, SEPT7, ADRM1, CCDC6, UAP1, AINX, PSMD5, CSRP2, DDB1, CDC37, DPYL2, RBBP7, TAF9, SRSF7, CPSF6, SMN, NRF1, FSCN1, IF16, GLO2, H2B2E, CGT, TRXR1, LY6K, HNRL2, Q1RMN8, PDS5A, QSER1, AAK1, WASC4, PRSR3, TSR1, QRIC1, SMU1, P3H1, MA7D1, CHD9, LSM12, GELS, A1AG, TBB8, GLYR1, FIL1L, AMOT, FA98B, EPC2, RHG29, FND3B, CRTC2, DHB12, GLE1, SNUT2, LACB2, P5CR3, PKHG4, H90B2, R39L5, ZN326, FILA2, BCORL, FIGN, K2026, AG10B, CC038, TGO1, PRC2B, RRP12, TOIP1, PCID2, SPXN3, SMAG2, BRM1L, TM201, NU188, HP1B3, CE170, ZN362, EYS, FKB15, DDX59, ZC3HD, LRIF1, UBR4, UBAP2, KPRP, XP32, RBM26, NT5D1, AHDC1, RPRD2, PR38B, BRE1A, ZN318, BROX, TASO2, ECM29, MBNL2, ZMYM4, K2C79, ARID2, USF3, C19L1, VIR, K1C40, HEAT6, BICRL, ATLA3, CARL2, CPIN1, TWF2, P4R3A, NIPBL, PDE12, LIN54, TET2, TM214, ARMC6, CAVN1, ERAP2, CDC73, TAF2, MED27, EDC4, PRP8, SCYL2, TTC27, GOLM2, NFRKB, MZT2A, CTR9, NCEH1, TRI65, MDEAS, BRAT1, ZC3HE, LARP1, BRWD3, SMRD3, FIP1, CRTC1, SAS6, CSPG4, CWC27, WDR82, ATL4, MCAF1, PACS1, MPRIP, GGYF2, CD109, CERS6, QSOX2, SRCAP, RIPR1, YJ005, UBN2, FGD6, PAXI1, RAPH1, IKIP, H32, LARP4, MED25, TBA1A, H2AV, HAKAI, ASXL2, CCD80, BT2A1, SPT6H, SND1, DDX46, BZW1, RSRC2, CYFP1, KDM3B, OLIG3, PHF5A, ZCCHV, KANL1, NUP54, POGZ, MYH14, NUFP2, CLAP1, PLGT3, HEAT3, HDGR2, EMSY, RAI1, I2BP2, RBBP6, SH3R1, HUWE1, YTHD3, KHDC4, TMED4, CENPV, T179B, Q862S4, KAISO, PATL1, MYPN, PEG10, NOP9, PABP2, MTA70, LDB1, PB1, LYRIC, TLK2, ZN598, KTN1, BCL9L, DTX2, LUZP1, THOC4, GP180, PACS2, CAND1, TSYL5, THOC6, MET16, NIPA, CARM1, PRSR1, MEX3D, DDX42, DAAF5, P66A, HORN, RB6I2, RIOX2, RBM45, PLD3, NUDC3, AHNK2, FOXP4, TEX2, Z3H7A, PHF6, CHERP, ANKH1, SUGP1, CCAR1, SLF2, PHC2, BAP18, RB12B, RAVR1, SPB1, IHO1, SRRM1, SMAP1, P20D2, KATL2, PHAR4, TRM2A, DCP1B, NALCN, MAML2, PELP1, ABI1, PORIM, CCAR2, NUP93, ZN687, CMTR1, LRC47, K2C78, ABD12, PALS1, STAG2, FNBP4, TAB3, DPP10, CPSF7, ARFG1, EMC1, PAF1, UBR7, ENAH, KRI1, PR38A, F184A, KDM1B, NHLC2, GT251, PGLT1, DHB11, TXND5, PAIRB, LEMD2, FA98A, RN214, LS14A, MISSL, TNR6A, PHC3, ABCF1, NGDN, SP20H, VP37A, KMT2C, ZMIZ2, ARI1B, NUP43, NUP37, NUP35, STXB6, KNL1, PLBL2, RLA0L, THOC2, WDR36, SMRC2, NPL4, PUM2, RDH11, STT3B, SPP2A, HM13, ALMS1, C99L2, MK15, BRX1, RBCC1, DOT1L, PO210, GEMI5, PARD3, IPO4, ZN384, K2C79, NOC3L, SCRB1, SMAP2, CCD12, TM263, NU133, PDC6I, GATD1, THEM6, CTF18, NUDC2, SCFD1, HNRLL, UBCP1, PCNP, LMO7, ATX2L, PHIP, PRP31, NELFB, PALLD, SREK1, PSPC1, P66B, DYH7, DNJC9, BBX, CTBL1, KAT6B, ELYS, ZCH14, DDX1, H1X, PSMF1, SMG7, RTF1, NICA, TM131, ELMO1, BAP1, PHF3, MAML1, NDRG1, HS105, CNOT9, ZN592, LAR4B, GCN1, PRP16, NU205, AN32B, NECT2, PRCC, TFG, TAF4B, HDAC2, STAM1, REQU, CBP, KAT6A, SYMPK, RBP56, GGH, DDX17, RAD50, CELF1, OSTF1, UFD1, RENT1, CSN5, GPKOW, SMRC1, SMRD2, FUBP2, TNPO1, NEP1, GLMN, USP9X, UBP7, CUL5, STMN2, LPP, MED12, H2A1C, BHMT1, SMCE1, MYDGF, RL36L, PSMG2, NCLN, UTP4, PP14A, MGN2, FERM2, FUBP1, LRC59, FKB10, PF21A, PPWD1, INT12, FWCH2, KLH29, CC124, AP2M1, REPS1, SNR40, MBD6, RMXL1, SEH1, TCAL4, THA11, GNA1, T3HPD, DAZP1, SAAL1, SGF29, RBM33, TMA16, ZN503, DYL2, CPNE2, THOC1, OTUB1, HMCES, MED8, DUS3L, DCNL1, SMRD1, DDX27, GWL, LIN37, ZCCHL, P121A, PDLI5, ERO1A, C2AIL, MED30, INT4, FUBP3, SPF45, ABHEB, PAWR, THOC3, KIRR1, WNK4, COG3, TMX3, CHAP1, LCOR, PDLI2, ANCHR, ZC3HA, TOPK, SCYL1, EHMT2, ZFR, EP400, PRRC1, FXL18, CCD43, NOL4L, DACH2, NSUN5, RPR1A, IPO9, RBM14, QKI, ALS2, PP1RA, S38A2, VPS35, PURB, PHF12, XPO6, NACC1, CIC, MED15, MCCA, NUDC1, ERBIN, WRIP1, RANB9, MYADM, SRPK1, STRBP, TM209, IWS1, SIN3A, RSF1, RBM15, RUFY1, MINT, PNKP, MMS19, UHRF1, NIBA2, HTF4, TBCB, CNN2, CDC5L, PSMD1, PFD5, RING2, PARK7, EYA3, VAT1, LGMN, NUP88, POP1, MNT, SCAFB, EIF3C, TTC1, DNJC7, KIF2C, RGPD5, ATX2, ROAA, NP1L4, SNAG, TS101, CPNE1, TCPH, EBP2, ARI3A, ANM1, H2A1J, PKP2, SEM3C, VRK1, RBM4B, DDX50, RNZ2, MEP50, TBA1C, MBB1A, COR1B, TXD17, CPPED, PDD2L, PYGO2, LLPH, PSF3, ERP44, GCP2, ESYT1, SEN34, CSN4, WAC, DIDO1, RBM42, MCMBP, DCNL5, RAMAC, AN32E, NDC1, MMTA2, TBB6, HNRL1, PHF23, DDX23, MCRI2, WDR18, MTND, NTM1A, TBB2B, ASHWN, TM109, UT14A, TMED9, NUP58, SELO, DPCD, GNL3, KIFC1, NUP85, ELOV1, THIC, RBM4, GATA5, LS14B, RBM24, TRPM6, NAA15, SRRT, AP1M1, MAK16, ITPA, RTF2, EIF2A, PDIP3, TMPSD, MK67I, YTHD1, WNK3, GTPB4, UACA, CRNL1, TBL1R, PP12C, API5, DPY30, TRIM4, GRB1L, UNK, TB182, AMRA1, TANC1, TTYH3, WDR33, TINAL, NDEL1, PIP30, MKRN2, ILKAP, XRN2, TOLIP, SP130, RGAP1, CSTFT, RAB1B, LMA2L, ING2, I2BPL, TMX4, EPN3, MED28, SH3L3, PPIL3, ADNP, DHX36, PININ, PABP3, CPVL, BOLA2, TMX1, NELFA, PTN23, UN45A, CHM4B, OFUT1, WNK1, AMPB, ZHX3, EHD1, HEAT1, SUV92, CCD86, PRR36, BCAS3, RANB3, PEAK1, SMYD3, WDR26, SDS3, SFR19, KAT8, PHAX, UBE2Z, RMD5A, BRD9, GORS2, JUPI2, GHC1, MED20, CNO10, KANL2, FBRS, SP30L, MLXIP, XPO5, MYG1, CYBP, RC3H2, TENS1, SPC25, TAF9B, GLOD4, NCOA5, MOV10, TNR6C, CHD8, SYF1, SRA1, CHM1A, TM9S3, APMAP, ARFG3, HM20A, SSU72, VTA1, ENY2, CD320, DMAP1, UBN1, DCP1A, MED4, RIC8A, LUC7L, TIGAR, RTN4, RPR1B, EXOS3, PRD10, ANLN, PDLI7, DDX21, SAR1A, SIAS, SHLB2, MBNL1, AAAS, BAZ1A, ADPPT, OSTC, UBQL4, RAB6B, ABC3C, PHP14, HELLS, KRT84, KRT82, SYFB, PLPL3, BMP2K, ATG3, SMC4, OLA1, ZF64B, RBM12, MDN1, STAU2, T106B, SPS2L, CYRIB, DD19A, MRGBP, CC50A, SEP11, MED17, INT13, DDX18, NLE1, RBM22, WDR70, SLTM, LYAR, MED29, NSMA3, THUM1, TRM1, CARF, GAR1, FA53C, BCLF1, TAB2, FKB11, TMOD3, UGGG1, CDK12, GGA3, TLS1, IF2B1, HPBP1, MAT2B, MYOF, ITSN2, BICRA, EHD2, CNOT2, SPN90, LMCD1, CHMP5, COMD9, CWC15, THYN1, HACD3, KCMF1, RAI14, VAPA, H2AW, TMEM9, SEP10, CACO1, DAPLE, RCC2, MBD5, SLAI2, BCCIP, RRBP1, CPSF2, SYLC, MYEF2, RBM27, KANL3, ANFY1, RERE, ATX10, EP15R, SAE1, COPG2, MRC2, ASH2L, DKK3, TRMB, GULP1, VPS29, GRHPR, CATZ, SAE2, NXF1, PEF1, DNJB4, STK39, CNOT8, ABCF2, GTR6, Z3H7B, TCF20, HMGX4, SWP70, SUN2, RLP24, LIMA1, SRP68, CHRD1, SEPT9, UBQL2, CEIP2, S30BP, MED13, PFD2, PUF60, NRBP, TR112, XPO7, LCAP, MBD1, SIX4, CNOT7, PLXA1, MAGL2, TRM6, FOXD3, DBNL, DDX41, VPS28, CCNL1, TASOR, JUPI1, GMEB2, MRT4, CPSF3, GPTC8, NXT1, RCOR1, RALY, TF3C4, ACINU, AGO2, NUP50, ZHX1, CDV3, CNO11, ZN236, PSME2, MCTS1, ASAP1, MRTFB, ZMIZ1, MED23, PRR12, YETS2, HECD1, PKCB1, COR1C, TPX2, AKP8L, MAFF, TMCO1, EPDR1, DD19B, PPT2, PRP19, SYNP2, UBQL1, VPS4A, G3BP2, CHIP, PACN2, MAGD2, SNX6, SSRG, FAF1, EPCR, CSN3, NSF1C, SCAF8, TRI33, TNR6B, ZC3H4, SMAG1, TRAK1, FOXJ3, SRRM2, PA2G4, SPG7, SMC3, SCML2, ZN148, RTRAF, RUVB2, CDYL, EIF3L, PLAP, RUVB1, NUDC, COF2, SYFA, DRG1, NCKP1, OFUT2, PKHA6, WDR37, E41L3, MYH15, R3HD2, KDM2A, RRP44, RCL1, DDX52, TMA7, YBOX2, MAN1, CHSP1, TR150, WBP11, MED16, NOP58, GIT1, ZN281, SGT1, AAR2, NOSIP, MEMO1, LSM2, SHLB1, LC7L2, SBDS, TMED7, SF3B6, ORN, RRP15, NOP16, PPIL1, MED31, KAD6, STRAP, RTCB, FBX7, NOC2L, RL36, CHTOP, SAMH1, PKP3, SALL2, TLN1, TRRAP, ARIP4, MTCL1, MYO5A, CRBG1, HYOU1, ATG4B, TBL2, KLF12, LSM4, RN114, PRC2C, PPME1, RBM7, YTHD2, PAXB1, SP16H, CD2AP, TNPO3, RBM8A, SNX9, NUBP2, HCFC2, TRUA, SERC, NCOR2, SPIN1, COPG1, GMEB1, CLIC4, CFA20, TACC3, MD1L1, BZW2, EPN1, TEST, IF2B2, S4A7, ROBO1, NCOA3, SCC4, ZHX2, S23IP
Ramirez DH, Aonbangkhen C, Wu HY, Naftaly JA, Tang S, O'Meara TR, Woo CM. Engineering a Proximity-Directed O-GlcNAc Transferase for Selective Protein O-GlcNAcylation in Cells. ACS chemical biology 2020 15(4) 32119511
Abstract:
O-Linked β-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) is a monosaccharide that plays an essential role in cellular signaling throughout the nucleocytoplasmic proteome of eukaryotic cells. Strategies for selectively increasing O-GlcNAc levels on a target protein in cells would accelerate studies of this essential modification. Here, we report a generalizable strategy for introducing O-GlcNAc into selected target proteins in cells using a nanobody as a proximity-directing agent fused to O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT). Fusion of a nanobody that recognizes GFP (nGFP) or a nanobody that recognizes the four-amino acid sequence EPEA (nEPEA) to OGT yielded nanobody-OGT constructs that selectively delivered O-GlcNAc to a series of tagged target proteins (e.g., JunB, cJun, and Nup62). Truncation of the tetratricopeptide repeat domain as in OGT(4) increased selectivity for the target protein through the nanobody by reducing global elevation of O-GlcNAc levels in the cell. Quantitative chemical proteomics confirmed the increase in O-GlcNAc to the target protein by nanobody-OGT(4). Glycoproteomics revealed that nanobody-OGT(4) or full-length OGT produced a similar glycosite profile on the target protein JunB and Nup62. Finally, we demonstrate the ability to selectively target endogenous α-synuclein for O-GlcNAcylation in HEK293T cells. These first proximity-directed OGT constructs provide a flexible strategy for targeting additional proteins and a template for further engineering of OGT and the O-GlcNAc proteome in the future. The use of a nanobody to redirect OGT substrate selection for glycosylation of desired proteins in cells may further constitute a generalizable strategy for controlling a broader array of post-translational modifications in cells.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
SBNO1, CNOT1, P121C, DX39A, GTPB1, AP3B1, PGRC1, TAF4, EIF3F, IPO5, IF2B3, NOP56, DDX3X, ARI1A, IRS4, ANM5, TCRG1, PSA7, HGS, MYPT1, HNRDL, XPO1, SET1A, PUR4, NPC1, TIF1A, NKRF, OGT1, PPM1G, EIF3D, EIF3H, DHX15, SERA, HNRPR, IF4G3, E41L2, ZN207, BUB3, ACTN4, HTSF1, AP1G1, SYNC, AKAP8, CALU, SMCA5, JIP4, OGA, HNRPQ, DIAP1, TSN3, SNX2, DKC1, CLAP2, CPNE3, PHF2, ANR17, H2AY, FLNB, NCOR1, CISY, PR40A, SF3B1, CSDE1, U520, EIF3G, PRAF3, SRP72, MTA2, TOX4, SC24D, SC31A, SCAF4, ZRAB2, LC7L3, VAPB, IPO7, SC24B, ACSL3, AP2A1, AIFM1, LDHA, COX2, HPRT, AATM, PGK1, LMNA, TFR1, ALDOA, OAT, G3P, RPN1, RPN2, AT1A1, ADT2, PCCA, IF2A, RLA0, ITB1, ATPB, ENOA, PYGL, G6PI, NPM, LDHB, PDIA1, H10, TBB5, HEXB, PROF1, SYEP, HS90A, HNRPC, 4F2, HS90B, ASNS, ODPA, RU17, RSSA, SNRPA, GSTP1, HMGB1, DLDH, ROA1, PARP1, LKHA4, HS71B, H14, ODP2, THIO, CH60, BIP, HSP7C, EPB41, ODPB, LAMP1, ACADM, TOP1, TOP2A, PYC, C1TC, MPRI, PRPS2, PABP1, PCNA, HARS1, IMDH2, TPR, KCRB, XRCC6, XRCC5, EF2, PDIA4, PLST, GLU2B, KPYM, ENPL, PO2F1, HNRPL, SYDC, PLAK, ALDR, EZRI, GNS, RS2, CREB1, H12, AT2A2, JUNB, PYRG1, DDX5, PRS6A, TCPA, RL35A, RL7, VINC, SON, RCC1, NUCL, HXK1, E2AK2, SPEE, IF2B, ANXA7, LMNB1, FLNA, VDAC1, FBRL, PUR2, PUR6, UBA1, NDKB, ROA2, RFX1, TCEA1, SFPQ, PPIB, RS3, NFYA, SAHH, COF1, IF4B, EF1B, MCM3, BRD2, ATPA, PSA1, PSA3, PSA4, PAX6, U2AF2, RL13, PTBP1, SYTC, SYVC, EF1G, RFA1, APEX1, PYR1, CALR, MAP4, CALX, PSB5, TKT, PRDX6, PRDX5, PRDX3, RL12, PEBP1, PDIA3, 2AAA, CDC27, AMRP, SDHA, QCR1, PUR9, HNRH1, STIP1, PRDX2, RL9, CSTF2, MCM4, MCM5, MCM7, GLYM, HSP74, PHB, MYH9, COPB2, ADDA, BASI, FUS, NU214, DEK, MP2K2, ATPG, RL4, SRP14, NUP62, RBMX, GRP75, IF4A3, RS19, RL3, TXLNA, TCPZ, MDHC, MDHM, ECHA, IF2G, GARS, SYIC, LAP2A, LAP2B, MTREX, RS27, LPPRC, MATR3, RANG, VDAC2, UBP5, KI67, RAGP1, NOP2, CRKL, BAG6, RL27A, RL5, RL21, RL28, RS9, STT3A, COPD, PRC2A, TCPE, AL9A1, RL34, NASP, FAS, TCPG, EFTU, SYAC, SYSC, PSB3, MCM2, YLPM1, TMEDA, RBM25, NU153, RBP2, GSK3A, TAF6, GUAA, MRE11, GDIB, EMD, F10A1, LRBA, RL14, TCPQ, TCPD, ANX11, PAPOA, RAB7A, SMCA4, HCFC1, DHB4, ROA3, 6PGD, HNRPM, IMA1, AGFG1, HNRPF, MSH6, RBM5, NUP98, ACLY, COPB, COPA, MOT1, SC24C, SYRC, SYYC, AT1B3, RD23B, P5CS, IF5, XPO2, TERA, AFAD, DSRAD, PSA, SYMC, CTBP2, NU107, TPIS, ACTB, IF4A1, PSA6, ARF3, ABCE1, RAP1B, RS3A, RL26, RL15, S61A1, HNRPK, RS7, RS8, 1433E, RS14, RS23, RS11, SMD1, RL7A, RS4X, H4, RAN, RL23, GBB2, RL10A, RL11, RL8, PPIA, RL40, TRA2B, AP2B1, IF5A1, RACK1, YBOX1, EF1A1, TBB4B, CSK21, IF4G2, GTF2I, TCPB, PRKDC, RL24, RL19, SRSF3, FOXK1, RBM10, MPCP, CLH1, HNRPU, SPTB2, FOXK2, CAP1, LAT1, EXOSX, EWS, RL18A, FKBP4, RL6, TOP2B, KMT2A, LMNB2,