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Wu C, Shi S, Hou C, Luo Y, Byers S, Ma J. Design and Preparation of Novel Nitro-Oxide-Grafted Nanospheres with Enhanced Hydrogen Bonding Interaction for O-GlcNAc Analysis. ACS applied materials & interfaces 2022 14(42) 36240223
As an essential modification, O-linked β-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) modulates the functions of many proteins. However, site-specific characterization of O-GlcNAcylated proteins remains challenging. Herein, an innovative material grafted with nitro-oxide (N→O) groups was designed for high affinity enrichment for O-GlcNAc peptides from native proteins. By testing with synthetic O-GlcNAc peptides and standard proteins, the synthesized material exhibited high affinity and selectivity. Based on the material prepared, we developed a workflow for site-specific analysis of O-GlcNAcylated proteins in complex samples. We performed O-GlcNAc proteomics with the PANC-1 cell line, a representative model for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. In total 364 O-GlcNAc peptides from 267 proteins were identified from PANC-1 cells. Among them, 183 proteins were newly found to be O-GlcNAcylated in humans (with 197 O-GlcNAc sites newly reported). The materials and methods can be facilely applied for site-specific O-GlcNAc proteomics in other complex samples.
Species: Homo sapiens
Hahne H, Sobotzki N, Nyberg T, Helm D, Borodkin VS, van Aalten DM, Agnew B, Kuster B. Proteome wide purification and identification of O-GlcNAc-modified proteins using click chemistry and mass spectrometry. Journal of proteome research 2013 12(2) 23301498
The post-translational modification of proteins with N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) is involved in the regulation of a wide variety of cellular processes and associated with a number of chronic diseases. Despite its emerging biological significance, the systematic identification of O-GlcNAc proteins is still challenging. In the present study, we demonstrate a significantly improved O-GlcNAc protein enrichment procedure, which exploits metabolic labeling of cells by azide-modified GlcNAc and copper-mediated Click chemistry for purification of modified proteins on an alkyne-resin. On-resin proteolysis using trypsin followed by LC-MS/MS afforded the identification of around 1500 O-GlcNAc proteins from a single cell line. Subsequent elution of covalently resin bound O-GlcNAc peptides using selective β-elimination enabled the identification of 185 O-GlcNAc modification sites on 80 proteins. To demonstrate the practical utility of the developed approach, we studied the global effects of the O-GlcNAcase inhibitor GlcNAcstatin G on the level of O-GlcNAc modification of cellular proteins. About 200 proteins including several key players involved in the hexosamine signaling pathway showed significantly increased O-GlcNAcylation levels in response to the drug, which further strengthens the link of O-GlcNAc protein modification to cellular nutrient sensing and response.