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Wang J, Cao W, Zhang W, Dou B, Zeng X, Su S, Cao H, Ding X, Ma J, Li X. Ac(3)4FGlcNAz is an effective metabolic chemical reporter for O-GlcNAcylated proteins with decreased S-glyco-modification. Bioorganic chemistry 2023 131 36610251
O-GlcNAcylation is a ubiquitous post-translational modification governing vital biological processes in cancer, diabetes and neurodegeneration. Metabolic chemical reporters (MCRs) containing bio-orthogonal groups such as azido or alkyne, are widely used for labeling of interested proteins. However, most MCRs developed for O-GlcNAc modification are not specific and always lead to unexpected side reactions termed S-glyco-modification. Here, we attempt to develop a new MCR of Ac34FGlcNAz that replacing the 4-OH of Ac4GlcNAz with fluorine, which is supposed to abolish the epimerization of GALE and enhance the selectivity. The discoveries demonstrate that Ac34FGlcNAz is a powerful MCR for O-GlcNAcylation with high efficiency and the process of this labeling is conducted by the two enzymes of OGT and OGA. Most importantly, Ac34FGlcNAz is predominantly incorporated intracellular proteins in the form of O-linkage and leads to negligible S-glyco-modification, indicating it is a selective MCR for O-GlcNAcylation. Therefore, we reason that Ac34FGlcNAz developed here is a well characterized MCR of O-GlcNAcylation, which provides more choice for label and enrichment of O-GlcNAc associated proteins.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
Species: Mus musculus
Gonzalez-Rellan MJ, Parracho T, Heras V, Rodriguez A, Fondevila MF, Novoa E, Lima N, Varela-Rey M, Senra A, Chantada-Vazquez MDP, Ameneiro C, Bernardo G, Fernandez-Ramos D, Lopitz-Otsoa F, Bilbao J, Guallar D, Fidalgo M, Bravo S, Dieguez C, Martinez-Chantar ML, Millet O, Mato JM, Schwaninger M, Prevot V, Crespo J, Frühbeck G, Iruzubieta P, Nogueiras R. Hepatocyte-specific O-GlcNAc transferase downregulation ameliorates nonalcoholic steatohepatitis by improving mitochondrial function. Molecular metabolism 2023 75 37453647
O-GlcNAcylation is a post-translational modification that directly couples the processes of nutrient sensing, metabolism, and signal transduction, affecting protein function and localization, since the O-linked N-acetylglucosamine moiety comes directly from the metabolism of glucose, lipids, and amino acids. The addition and removal of O-GlcNAc of target proteins are mediated by two highly conserved enzymes: O-linked N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) transferase (OGT) and O-GlcNAcase (OGA), respectively. Deregulation of O-GlcNAcylation has been reported to be associated with various human diseases such as cancer, diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases. The contribution of deregulated O-GlcNAcylation to the progression and pathogenesis of NAFLD remains intriguing, and a better understanding of its roles in this pathophysiological context is required to uncover novel avenues for therapeutic intervention. By using a translational approach, our aim is to describe the role of OGT and O-GlcNAcylation in the pathogenesis of NAFLD.