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Wang J, Dou B, Zheng L, Cao W, Zeng X, Wen Y, Ma J, Li X. Synthesis of Na2S2O4 mediated cleavable affinity tag for labeling of O-GlcNAc modified proteins via azide-alkyne cycloaddition. Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters 2021 48 34229054
Abstract:
A facile and convergent procedure for the synthesis of azobenzene-based probe was reported, which could selectively release interested proteins conducted with sodium dithionite. Besides, the cleavage efficiency is closely associated with the structural features, in which an ortho-hydroxyl substituent is necessary for reactivity. In addition, the azobenzene tag applied in the Ac4GlcNAz-labled proteins demonstrated high efficiency and selectivity in comparison with Biotin-PEG4-Alkyne, which provides a useful platform for enrichment of any desired bioorthogonal proteomics.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
PGP, EIFCL, KIF2A, PDLI1, BACH, DFFA, CLIC1, EIF3F, IF2B3, RTCA, PSDE, PPP6, RPC1, PSA7, HNRDL, SC16A, RPAC1, NKRF, EIF3H, PAPS1, SNUT1, ARK72, MYO1B, IDH3B, SAHH2, PLIN3, IMA7, UGDH, CTND1, SNX2, BRD4, WDR1, TBCA, FLNB, PR40A, MPPB, NDUS3, ECI2, CSDE1, U520, WDHD1, EIF3G, PSD10, IDHC, GLRX3, RL1D1, CIAO1, PLPHP, ERLN2, GLSK, SC31A, UBR5, ELP1, VAPB, 6PGL, AGM1, AHSA1, PSMG1, SGPL1, AP2A1, STAU1, TTC4, BPNT1, MBD3, TOM40, ACL6A, GSHR, PNPH, CYTB, KITH, P53, TPM3, PROF1, FUMH, ODPA, CY1, SRP19, DLDH, RU2A, UCHL1, ALDOC, THIO, KAP0, ESTD, ODPB, PYGB, ACADM, G6PD, ADHX, CDK4, HARS1, PEPD, P4HA1, ETFA, MIF, AK1A1, CCNB1, GLNA, DESP, FER, UBF1, PRS6A, RL35A, NELFE, RCC1, E2AK2, SPEE, ANXA7, RAB6A, PSB1, IMDH1, GSTM3, VATB2, FLNA, ACOC, SDHB, PIMT, FBRL, NDKB, ADRO, TCEA1, TBG1, MAOM, IF4B, THTM, RS12, BRD2, DNJB1, PSA1, PSA2, PSA4, STOM, PYR1, PSB4, PSB6, NDUS1, DPOD1, AMPL, ERP29, PRDX3, ECHM, PEBP1, PDIA3, HMOX2, PURA2, PUR8, AL1B1, RPB2, GDIA, TIA1, QCR1, HNRH3, STIP1, PRDX2, P5CR1, DUT, PROF2, SPB6, RADI, T2FA, MYH9, MYH10, FUS, PRS7, MP2K2, HEM6, GNL1, ODO2, SRP14, TALDO, ETFB, VATA, IF4A3, TXLNA, BUD31, CSK, THIM, LIS1, NAMPT, PRS6B, RECQ1, NOP2, CRKL, NSF, CAPZB, COPD, IDHP, AL9A1, RL34, FAS, SYCC, PSB3, IDH3A, SERPH, ANX11, FXR1, FXR2, SMCA4, GALK1, ROA3, HNRPM, IMA5, GDIR1, HNRPF, KIF11, THOP1, CAZA1, BIEA, MAP11, SUCA, SC24C, DRG2, ECHB, DSRAD, HNRH2, IF6, CORO7, ARPC4, CD81, SC61B, MYL6, PSA6, CDC42, SRP54, UB2D3, UBC12, ARP3, RL37A, COPZ1, NTF2, 1433G, PP1A, PP1B, SMD2, PRS10, ERF1, CNBP, H4, RAP1A, RS30, GBB1, GBB2, TRA2B, 2ABA, DYL1, RL38, PP2AA, TBA1B, GSTO1, DCD, RT05, RT09, RL36A, H33, VIGLN, FKBP3, DHSO, EXOSX, ODO1, MMSA, TF65, LGUL, 1433F, CSTF1, SRS11, EF1A2, PTN11, PUR1, GFPT1, C1QBP, BAX, SRSF4, RBBP4, ASPH, GRSF1, AIMP1, ILF3, CSN1, RED, MTAP, TADBP, ROA0, STX5, SRSF9, SRSF5, IFIT5, EIF3I, DC1I2, PICAL, ULA1, SNW1, FHL1, BOP1, UBP2L, DYHC1, EI2BA, TRI25, FLNC, GNA13, CAPR1, KPRA, UBP10, CHD4, NUMA1, GAPD1, EMC2, SEPT2, IF4H, IPYR, CNN3, SC23B, SF01, TRIP6, MARE1, ELAV1, TOM34, VAMP3, ADRM1, PKN2, CSRP2, DPYL2, RBBP7, H2B2E, PCKGM, TRXR1, TIM50, FA98B, ZN326, PREP, RRP12, SYAM, EXOS6, CAF17, UBR4, NT5D1, PDE12, JMJD6, CDC73, EDC4, PRP8, RL22L, SYDM, GGYF2, HSDL2, TM10C, ZCCHV, DHX29, DCXR, HUWE1, ACOT1, KTN1, CARM1, STX12, HORN, SPB1, SRRM1, SUV3, TXND5, SCPDL, FA98A, PCAT1, FAD1, UBA3, NEK9, BRX1, ZC3HF, SCFD1, HNRLL, ATX2L, PSPC1, P66B, DNJC9, DDX1, H1X, PSMF1, RT27, LAR4B, ARC1A, RENT1, FUBP1, P5CR2, TRM61, ZCCHL, PGAM5, FUBP3, SPF45, THOC3, ZFR, SNX27, RBM14, PRPK, TBCB, CDC5L, PARK7, HCD2, ROAA, EBP2, VRK1, NIPS1, MEP50, TBA1C, ERP44, NTPCR, DDX23, MTNA, NTM1A, TM109, SYTM, THIC, RBM4, HDHD5, ITPA, EIF2A, PDIP3, MK67I, GTPB4, REN3B, API5, UBE2O, WDR12, SLIRP, NAA50, ILKAP, SLK, PININ, YTDC2, RPF2, QTRT2, ARMT1, CSN7B, ELP3, KT3K, MRM3, GLOD4, MCCB, CWC22, WDR6, VTA1, EXOS4, INO1, LUC7L, TIGAR, XPP1, SIAS, PHP14, HELLS, ECHD1, RBM12, DD19A, SEP11, TBC13, ATD3A, DDX18, PNPO, RBM28, LYAR, DPP3, BCLF1, F120A, HPBP1, MAT2B, RRBP1, GMPR2, GRHPR, TES, CHRD1, SEPT9, EI2BD, DBNL, DDX41, APC7, STML2, MRT4, ACINU, NUP50, PSME2, MYO6, CHIP, CSN3, SRRM2, CD11A, SMC3, RTRAF, PIN4, PLAP, NUDC, COF2, AP3M1, TR150, NOP58, SGT1, SYYM, SBDS, EXOS1, SF3B6, RRP15, RT23, STRAP, CHTOP, SAMH1, TLN1, HYOU1, ATG4B, TBL2, PRC2C, PPME1, YTHD2, SNX9, SERC, CLIC4, DC1L1, S23IP
Species: Homo sapiens
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Boulard M, Rucli S, Edwards JR, Bestor TH. Methylation-directed glycosylation of chromatin factors represses retrotransposon promoters. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2020 117(25) 32522876
Abstract:
The mechanisms by which methylated mammalian promoters are transcriptionally silenced even in the presence of all of the factors required for their expression have long been a major unresolved issue in the field of epigenetics. Repression requires the assembly of a methylation-dependent silencing complex that contains the TRIM28 protein (also known as KAP1 and TIF1β), a scaffolding protein without intrinsic repressive or DNA-binding properties. The identity of the key effector within this complex that represses transcription is unknown. We developed a methylation-sensitized interaction screen which revealed that TRIM28 was complexed with O-linked β-N-acetylglucosamine transferase (OGT) only in cells that had normal genomic methylation patterns. OGT is the only glycosyltransferase that modifies cytoplasmic and nuclear protein by transfer of N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) to serine and threonine hydroxyls. Whole-genome analysis showed that O-glycosylated proteins and TRIM28 were specifically bound to promoters of active retrotransposons and to imprinting control regions, the two major regulatory sequences controlled by DNA methylation. Furthermore, genome-wide loss of DNA methylation caused a loss of O-GlcNAc from multiple transcriptional repressor proteins associated with TRIM28. A newly developed Cas9-based editing method for targeted removal of O-GlcNAc was directed against retrotransposon promoters. Local chromatin de-GlcNAcylation specifically reactivated the expression of the targeted retrotransposon family without loss of DNA methylation. These data revealed that O-linked glycosylation of chromatin factors is essential for the transcriptional repression of methylated retrotransposons.
Species: Homo sapiens
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Zhang W, Liu T, Dong H, Bai H, Tian F, Shi Z, Chen M, Wang J, Qin W, Qian X. Synthesis of a Highly Azide-Reactive and Thermosensitive Biofunctional Reagent for Efficient Enrichment and Large-Scale Identification of O-GlcNAc Proteins by Mass Spectrometry. Analytical chemistry 2017 89(11) 28510447
Abstract:
O-linked β-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) is a ubiquitous post-translational modification of proteins in eukaryotic cells. Despite their low abundance, O-GlcNAc-modified proteins play many important roles in regulating gene expression, signal transduction, and cell cycle. Aberrant O-GlcNAc proteins are correlated with many major human diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease, diabetes, and cancer. Because of the extremely low stoichiometry of O-GlcNAc proteins, enrichment is required before mass spectrometry analysis for large-scale identification and in-depth understanding of their cellular function. In this work, we designed and synthesized a novel thermosensitive immobilized triarylphosphine reagent as a convenient tool for efficient enrichment of azide-labeled O-GlcNAc proteins from complex biological samples. Immobilization of triarylphosphine on highly water-soluble thermosensitive polymer largely increases its solubility and reactivity in aqueous solution. As a result, facilitated coupling is achieved between triarylphosphine and azide-labeled O-GlcNAc proteins via Staudinger ligation, due to the increased triarylphosphine concentration, reduced interfacial mass transfer resistance, and steric hindrance in homogeneous reaction. Furthermore, solubility of the polymer from complete dissolution to full precipitation can be easily controlled by simply adjusting the environmental temperature. Therefore, facile sample recovery can be achieved by increasing the temperature to precipitate the polymer-O-GlcNAc protein conjugates from solution. This novel immobilized triarylphosphine reagent enables efficient enrichment and sensitive detection of more than 1700 potential O-GlcNAc proteins from HeLa cell using mass spectrometry, demonstrating its potential as a general strategy for low-abundance target enrichment.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
A0A024R5Q9, A0A0B4J1V8, A0A0B4J203, GAL3B, RBM47, UBA6, ESYT2, SHOT1, NDUF8, VWA8, GTPBA, A5Y5A3, CNOT1, PGP, TBAL3, SMHD1, LR14B, NCF1B, A8K005, B4DLC0, B4DLN1, B4DQP1, B4E259, EIFCL, B7Z2B5, B7Z532, B7Z5W1, DSA2D, D7RF68, E9PL57, E9PLN8, I1VE18, L0R5A1, S35U4, ADAS, KIF2A, PDLI1, AIP, SMAP, NDUS8, PSD12, PSMD9, SPT5H, DFFA, HIP1, EIF3F, IPO5, SAP18, IF2B3, DNM1L, NDUA4, PSDE, BIN1, NOP56, DDX3X, IMA3, TRI38, SCD, DHSD, TXND9, ACPM, UBFD1, AP3D1, DVL2, CHD1, TOR1A, PTGES, ACOT8, NHRF1, TPP1, RPC1, PSA7, MGST3, HAT1, QCR8, HGS, S27A2, HNRDL, BTAF1, SR140, PUR4, NPC1, DEGS1, SCAM2, ARPC2, ARPC3, BET1, RPAC1, PGRC2, NDUA1, RER1, OGT1, PMM2, HMGB3, EIF3H, ARPC5, DHX15, CYB5B, PRP4, SERA, NDUS4, PAPS1, ZW10, SNUT1, RIPK2, PRPF3, PPIH, E41L2, XPOT, DNPH1, PSCA, TSN6, ZN207, NDUB5, BUB1, BUD23, GATC, HTSF1, SGTA, SYNC, PM34, CPSF5, SCO2, ORC5, TIM8A, DHX16, SMCA5, MAST3, OPA1, TBCD4, OGA, HNRPQ, DIAP1, MOT2, IMA7, CTND1, DPM1, Z354A, RT14, PQBP1, TI17B, DKC1, IF2P, EDF1, MCE1, ABCB7, WDR1, BRE1B, ZC11A, CLU, ANR17, COQ9, NDUS7, NIPS2, VPS4B, CISY, PR40A, NDK6, VP26A, MPPB, PSIP1, ECI2, BAF, SF3B1, CSDE1, PRKRA, NPM3, ERAL1, TIPRL, KS6A4, NU155, XRP2, WDHD1, CRTAP, CMC1, RNH2A, EIF3G, AP1G2, IDHC, CCNK, SPF27, FLOT1, GLRX3, RL1D1, CLPX, CIAO1, SRP72, LTN1, UFL1, UBXN7, PRP6, PCF11, GLSK, SC31A, RPP14, YIF1A, AGFG2, NDUB6, UBE4B, ELP1, NDUB8, LC7L3, KIF4A, MPZL1, 6PGL, PAPS2, TRI16, ARI2, PSMG1, MPC2, ASML, RPP29, HS74L, AP2A1, TTC4, TM50A, BAG2, EMAL2, BPNT1, NDUBA, ACL6A, COX1, COX2, PNPH, AATM, EGFR, ADA, ATP6, RASN, LDLR, HLAB, LMNA, ALBU, NU1M, NU3M, NU4M, KITH, K2C1, G3P, HLAA, TYSY, RPN2, HMGN1, ISG15, LA, K1C18, DCUP, CDK1, NPM, TPM3, HEXA, HYEP, H10, SAP, SYEP, HNRPC, YES, SP1, DAF, PFKAM, HEM3, CY1, RU17, ITA5, RS17, RSSA, RM03, SRP19, RU1C, HMOX1, RU2A, PARP1, LKHA4, ALDOC, F86B2, GSTT2, ST1A3, HS71B, CBSL, RPAC2, ECE2, EFMT4, EFCE2, MYBA, HLAC, ARAF, H14, ODP2, MGST1, ESTD, GTR3, UMPS, ODB2, ACADM, TOP1, TOP2A, G6PD, PYC, C1TC, ADHX, PRPS2, PABP1, ADT1, TPR, KCRB, RINI, K2C5, ACPH, GYS1, ENOB, CD59, MTDC, MIF, CX7A2, CCNB1, CX6B1, PO2F1, SYDC, PLAK, QCR7, ERF3A, EZRI, UCHL3, MCP, PHKG2, RS2, RFA2, CBR1, BGAL, EPCAM, NCPR, AT2A2, UBF1, NDUB7, KAPCA, CAN2, PYRG1, DDX5, LEG3, TCPA, PTN1, RL7, NELFE, PGAM1, RCC1, XRCC1, RPAB1, NDUV2, SPEE, IF2B, BTF3, H2A1D, COX5A, LMNB1, IMDH1, FLNA, ACOC, ODBB, MUTA, OSBP1, PIMT, FBRL, PUR2, HEMH, TCEA1, AT2B4, CPT2, KTHY, RIR1, EF1B, AT5F1, THIL, CDK2, APC, MCM3, THTM, RS12, TYY1, ITA3, DDX6, DNMT1, U2AF2, HMGB2, SYVC, EF1G, AOFB, RL10, RFA1, APEX1, MAP4, CALX, PSA5, NDUS1, RXRB, AMPL, T2EA, T2EB, IMPA1, 3MG, CO4A5, SPB3, ATPD, PDIA3, 2AAB, CDC27, NMT1, PURA2, AMRP, PUR8, CLIP1, GSTT1, SL7A1, AL1B1, RPB2, METK2, RIR2, HNRH3, HNRH1, STIP1, L1CAM, P5CR1, TF2H1, ACSL1, CSTF2, MCM4, MCM5, MCM7, RFC4, RFC2, RL22, T2FA, GDE, SOAT1, BASI, NU214, DEK, K22E, PRS7, HEM6, RL4, LONM, SRP14, NUP62, TALDO, RBMX, COIL, RS19, FEN1, CAP2, TCPZ, NNMT, PSB10, RL13A, PEX19, MDHM, RFC5, RFC3, BUD31, GARS, SYIC, EIF1, LAP2A, LAP2B, MTREX, AK1C3, LPPRC, THIM, MATR3, GPDM, SSRA, SSRB, RANG, PRS6B, EFTS, VDAC2, UBP5, RECQ1, ATRX, IF2M, MP2K3, BRCC3, RL27A, RS10, GNPI1, CAPZB, IF1AX, SYQ, RL29, MAOX, PTSS1, IDHP, PIPNB, DPOD2, TCPG, RM19, INPP, SRP09, SYCC, PSB2, MCM2, ACADV, TMEDA, RBM25, NU153, RBP2, NDUV1, GSK3B, 5NTC, SPS1, GUAA, DNLI3, GDIB, CPT1A, F10A1, DYN2, MAP2, CDK7, CDK9, LRBA, RL14, PAPOA, FXR1, FXR2, RAB7A, RB27A, RT29, SMCA4, SSRD, TPMT, HCFC1, SSDH, DHB4, PSMD7, STA5B, UBP11, DYLT3, CCNH, ROA3, HNRPM, IMA1, NCBP2, MP2K6, KIF11, HXK2, BIEA, PLK1, NUBP1, MAP11, SUCA, MVD1, PGTB2, CATC, CCHL, IST1, TCP4, PMS2, SYYC, UBP14, RD23A, P5CS, IF5, PSMD4, BI1, MFAP1, AFAD, NP1L1, CASP9, ADK, DSRAD, SEC13, HNRH2, SCOT1, EIF3B, ATP5E, IF6, CF298, TMM33, CORO7, SELB, MTPN, YBEY, ARPC4, CD81, SC61B, ROMO1, MYL6, ACTB, IF4A1, PRPS1, PSA6, CDC42, DEST, GMFB, RAB8A, SPCS3, SRP54, RAB5B, UBC12, UBE2K, RAB14, TM258, CSN2, RAP1B, RS3A, VA0D1, NAA20, S61A1, B2MG, COPZ1, UFM1, AP1S1, HNRPK, TIM10, PRS4, RS15A, RS23, RUXE, SMD3, PRS10, ERF1, RS6, RAN, RL23, RS15, RS24, RS25, RS26, RBX1, RL39, RL31, RL10A, RL32, PPIA, TRA2B, AP2B1, DYL1, DYLT1, RL38, SKP1, ACTG, UBC9, CSK2B, UB2L3, EF1A1, CSK21, SERB, IF4G2, RPP38, GTF2I, RAE1L, GSTO1, PRKDC, IN35, RT25, RT35, RT05, RT11, RT15, RT06, RT09, LACTB, RL36A, ARF5, ERH, H33, FOXK1, PRR5, RBM10, TFAM, PIPNA, TF2B, CDK16, NFKB2, FKBP3, HNRPU, U2AF1, SET, GALK2, FABP5, CAP1, HMCS1, IFM3, RL18A, NUCB1, RL6, M2OM, LMNB2, TAP1, TAP2, CEBPZ, TF65, UBXN1, IF4G1, ATP7A, CSTF1, FAK1, SRS11, EF1A2, PUR1, PSME1, GABPA, FMR1, RL18, C1QBP, KHDR1, KLC1, SRSF1, QOR, LG3BP, PPID, SSRP1, CAMP2, NSUN2, RBBP4, NCBP1, HSP7E, BST2, MPPA, WASC5, TBL3, SNF5, STX4, GRSF1, NFIA, SF3A3, TP53B, ILF2, ILF3, PTPRJ, TRAP1, TRAF2, MYO1E, PP1R8, BNIP2, CSTF3, STRN3, RM28, ACACA, CSN1, CAF1B, TADBP, ROA0, AIMP2, PAK2, CBX3, STK3, STX5, SRSF5, SRSF6, TIF1B, PABP4, EIF3I, 2A5G, UB2V1, RM49, DC1I2, ILK, SNTB2, PPIG, TCOF, SF3B2, HAP28, ROCK1, PICAL, SQSTM, PRP4B, HDAC1, DCTN2, SNW1, STIM1, PWP1, MTMR2, CUL2, CUL4A, FCL, RAB31, RAB32, NOG2, TBB2A, BYST, PEBB, HNRPD, IL18, VEZF1, TRI29, TTL12, DPOA2, ICT1, DCTN1, ELOA1, TRI25, FASTK, PDE3A, RBM39, HLTF, MCM6, ITPR1, TRIPC, PUM1, EPN4, SMC1A, RRP1B, PSF1, UBP10, GANAB, LBR, CHD4, NOLC1, NUMA1, PSME4, GAPD1, CND2, SPCS2, EMC2, FL2D, PSMD6, ABRX2, SART3, CND1, EXOS7, U5S1, SYLM, WDR43, ACOX1, EBP, PCM1, NOMO1, PON2, TEBP, NONO, RAB35, RNPS1, PCBP2, ELOC, UBE3C, DHC24, SF3B3, RSU1, SF3B4, SF3A1, SKIV2, MARE2, NHRF2, TSN, SF01, CIP4, TRIPB, PCH2, ELAV1, SMAD2, TBCE, VAMP3, ZYX, SEPT7, CCDC6, UAP1, PSMD5, MK14, RM23, DPYL2, SYPL1, RBBP7, IF16, KYNU, CAH9, NDUA9, PCKGM, HCDH, UGPA, MIC60, HNRL2, INF2, PDS5A, TSR1, ALG11, QRIC1, SMU1, LRRF1, RPA43, LSM12, ACSF3, PPCEL, TB10B, MIX23, RHG29, PDCD4, Q53FH6, DHB12, SNUT2, LACB2, EIPR1, H90B4, TM41B, HERC4, PP6R3, PREP, PSMG4, RRP12, TOIP1, SYAM, PCID2, S27A3, SAMD9, CYTSB, TDIF2, TTC38, EXOS6, NU188, CE170, SNPC4, CHCH9, DDX59, GPTC4, HECD3, SKT, RM02, UBAP2, LCE1C, ACBD5, F102B, RBM26, DCAF8, ATPF1, DDI2, NT5D1, LYRM7, EMC10, RIF1, OBSCN, CE350, AXA81, PR38B, BRE1A, ARHGG, LYPL1, ECM29, MIC13, MAP1S, UTP25, TENS3, INT3, C19L1, CPIN1, SMYD5, PTRD1, CNDH2, MRM1, P4R3A, ACD10, DE10B, SCMC1, TM214, HIBCH, TTI2, DHX57, CDC73, RM14, L2GL2, MET2B, PRP8, TTC27, TTC37, RICTR, LCLT1, WDR82, HACD2, GGYF2, KAT3, UBR3, LARP4, SPT6H, SND1, COX15, DDX46, TM10C, BZW1, EIF3M, MEPCE, CYFP1, ENOF1, FAKD5, MOB1B, KDM3B, HS2ST, K2C74, TRM1L, ZCCHV, NUP54, MAVS, DHX29, COMD6, HDDC2, LIMS2, I2BP2, PATL1, SETD3, PABP2, MTA70, ZN598, AACS, LUZP1, GP180, CAND1, CMTD1, PRSR2, CARM1, COMD2, DDX42, SPAS2, CONA1, NDUAB, DAAF5, STX12, DLP1, P66A, HORN, RB6I2, FABD, CEP97, CTL2, PHF6, UBR1, CHERP, ANKH1, DJC10, NELFD, MIRO1, RB12B, RAVR1, SPB1, SRRM1, CA174, MICU2, TRM2A, PELP1, ABI1, CCAR2, NDUF2, NUP93, LRC47, GPD1L, TOM5, OGFD1, TTC9C, JAGN1, CPSF7, PAF1, ZN433, F241A, ENAH, CL029, NHLC2, SUMF2, UBAC2, RDH13, UXS1, FA98A, NNRE, LS14A, PAPD5, CNNM3, MCU, FBX22, FAD1, NUP35, Q8NFH9, ABHDB, KNL1, OR1M1, ATLA2, MSPD2, DDX55, NCOA7, THOC2, WDR36, G45IP, CX038, FBX30, S35B2, PUM2, KLDC4, UBA3, KISHA, TBC15, RM30, PNPT1, SSH3, GEMI5, IPO4, ABHD5, ZC3HF, TF3C2, TM263, PTPM1, NU133, CHAC2, THEM6, LEO1, CPLX3, NUDC2, TFB1M, SCFD1, HNRLL, CD003, SEN15, SPRY4, TRUB1, LMO7, ARAP3, PRP31, PALLD, CTBL1, DDB2, DDX1, DHB8, PSMF1, RTF1, RT27, AP3S1, LAR4B, GCN1, PRP16, NU205, TFG, RBP56, DDX17, RAD50, CELF1, OSTF1, ARHG1, UFD1, RENT1, SMRC1, FUBP2, ARHG2, UBP13, USP9X, SCAM4, OSBP2, F162A, RM24, SYAP1, EXOC4, FERM2, PBIP1, RPE, EXOS8, OTUL, CHCH1, PPWD1, COA7, TAM41, F136A, P5CR2, DCPS, FAF2, FXRD1, AP2M1, GCP3, F241B, NMD3, RMD1, MSI2H, SNR40, RM38, RRFM, SIR1, YIPF6, KBP, GNA1, RT24, MOCOS, DAZP1, SAAL1, SIM12, DNJA3, TMA16, PTCD3, OTUB1, TRM61, HMCES, DUS3L, OTUD5, VMP1, DCNL1, SMRD1, TOE1, DDX27, MTNB, ZC21A, PGAM5, FUBP3, SPF45, SUCB2, HPDL, ATPMK, BT3L4, CLP1L, SCYL1, SNX27, YTDC1, ZN830, NSUN5, RBM14, UHRF2, PUS7, TRNT1, TEFM, EFGM, NUDC1, PRPK, PIGS, WRIP1, RANB9, NEB2, IWS1, SIN3A, OSBL9, INT14, ZSC10, RUFY1, MMS19, UHRF1, NIBA2, YMEL1, MYCBP, TBCB, PSB7, CNN2, CDC5L, PSMD1, PFD5, MPH6, TSNAX, TTC1, CSN8, KIF2C, MGLL, HCD2, NP1L4, ACON, TCPH, ANM1, VRK1, CND3, ARP5L, DDX50, RNZ2, GRWD1, MACD1, CMS1, MEP50, RT63, TBA1C, MBB1A, FERM1, CG050, PDD2L, MIC25, UQCC2, UTP23, LXN, NTPCR, TACO1, GCP2, SEN34, ALG1, PSMG3, CSN4, DIDO1, RBM42, MCMBP, AASD1, DCNL5, AN32E, P4K2A, MMTA2, TBB6, PAXX, HNRL1, MTNA, WDR18, THUM3, NTM1A, ASHWN, TM109, GNL3, NUP85, ELOV1, IFT27, SYTM, THIC, FUND2, SF3B5, SFXN3, CARD6, OSB10, B2L13, SRRT, HDHD5, HDAC8, RTF2, EIF2A, PDIP3, RM13, RM04, RM01, MK67I, YTHD1, RT26, NEUL, ABCA2, RM37, UACA, WDR11, CRNL1, TBL1R, UBL5, API5, FTO, UBE2O, XPO4, S39A8, WDR12, YIPF3, DERL2, WDR61, SLIRP, EGLN1, UBA5, MKRN2, T126A, PAIP1, CLPB, LSG1, NAT10, ILKAP, XRN2, NSRP1, CSTFT, 5NT3A, GBRL1, DDX47, RM18, SNAB, ATG5, GAN, DPH5, DHX36, IPYR2, SPNS1, RM46, PININ, GPT, GHITM, NELFA, OSGP2, HEAT1, TFB2M, YTDC2, RPAP3, WDR26, CH033, UBE2Z, ANKZ1, ZWILC, MED20, ARMT1, L2HDH, ELP3, RPA2, KT3K, SYCM, PPCS, NJMU, XPO5, GRPE1, RHOF, POPD2, EMAL4, GLOD4, MCCB, MOV10, SYF1, TM9S3, WDR6, TRXR2, SYSM, RT30, M1IP1, UBE2T, NOP10, OSGEP, MED4, RM40, RTN4, RPR1B, RRAGD, PFD4, EXOS3, ANLN, XPP1, BIRC6, ACSA, DBLOH, DDX21, SAR1A, DPOE4, SIAS, SHLB2, EI2BG, MBNL1, PYRG2, DPOE3, CHRC1, COXM2, ABC3C, PNO1, RM17, HELLS, SYFB, SYIM, ATG3, SMC4, OLA1, CUTC, ECHD1, RBM12, MDN1, DECR2, ABHDA, LIN7C, TXLNG, SPS2L, ABCF3, DD19A, UQCC1, EXD2, DJC11, FANCI, ATD3A, ARL8B, ANM7, FAIM1, RT18A, ARMC1, RPC5, SDA1, RBM28, RBM22, DMAC2, WDR70, PK1IP, RM22, CZIB, BABA1, NDUBB, RM16, NHP2, OCAD1, ADPRS, LYAR, MIC19, THUM1, TRM1, PP4R2, DPP3, BCLF1, FKB11, TMOD3, ELOV5, GTSE1, TECR, ERAP1, ARP10, CISD1, F120A, IF2B1, COQ3, HPBP1, MAT2B, CNOT2, OGFR, CNIH4, RM15, THYN1, KCMF1, TM14C, HM20B, RCC2, RELCH, BCCIP, STK26, FPRP, IBTK, RRBP1, SYLC, SUCB1, DPM3, ATX10, TFP11, SAE1, COMD3, MTRR, ASH2L, DHCR7, EIF3K, SAE2, WNT16, CSN7A, QCR9, ZO2, LRWD1, ABCF2, SYWM, SEC63, SRP68, CHRD1, BAP29, S30BP, PFD2, GPN3, PUF60, NRBP, ENOPH, NDUAC, EI2BD, VATH, XPO7, VPS51, CMC2, DCTN4, FBX2, CCNL1, DBR1, FEM1B, DJC12, MRT4, CPSF3, NUDT5, RCOR1, TF3C4, PACN3, ACINU, AGO2, PSME2, PALD, COR1C, AKP8L, ALK, DD19B, PRP19, UBQL1, SNX12, CHIP, PACN2, MAGD2, SNX6, SSRG, FAF1, PPIE, MINP1, SCAF8, TRI33, PHF8, LIMC1, UBP24, SMC3, SCML2, PIN4, PSF2, EIF3L, PLAP, RUVB1, BCS1, SYFA, CNPY2, PKHA6, RRP44, RT07, PDIP2, WBP11, NOP58, SGT1, ACOT9, AAR2, MEMO1, TMX2, LC7L2, DHRS7, RT02, SBDS, TMED5, EXOS1, SF3B6, RM11, RRP15, NOP16, TPRKB, PPIL1, CIA2B, RT16, RT23, PTH2, RTCB, FBX7, NOC2L, RL36, SAMH1, HBS1L, DCAF1, UBP15, TBL2, TELO2, LAS1L, AFG32, ARI1, SAM50, PRC2C, PPME1, AP4S1, YTHD2, CTDP1, SP16H, UTP18, TNPO3, GMPPB, RBM8A, SNX8, FHOD1, SERC, NCOR2, ORNT1, ALG5, RT18B, CLIC4, NFS1, SPCS1, MD1L1, STK24, BZW2, COMDA, DC1L1, TX264, S4A7, NDUB9, MORC2, S23IP
Species: Homo sapiens
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Zhang S, Roche K, Nasheuer HP, Lowndes NF. Modification of histones by sugar β-N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) occurs on multiple residues, including histone H3 serine 10, and is cell cycle-regulated. The Journal of biological chemistry 2011 286(43) 21896475
Abstract:
The monosaccharide, β-N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc), can be added to the hydroxyl group of either serines or threonines to generate an O-linked β-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) residue (Love, D. C., and Hanover, J. A. (2005) Sci. STKE 2005 312, 1-14; Hart, G. W., Housley, M. P., and Slawson, C. (2007) Nature 446, 1017-1022). This post-translational protein modification, termed O-GlcNAcylation, is reversible, analogous to phosphorylation, and has been implicated in many cellular processes. Here, we present evidence that in human cells all four core histones of the nucleosome are substrates for this glycosylation in the relative abundance H3, H4/H2B, and H2A. Increasing the intracellular level of UDP-GlcNAc, the nucleotide sugar donor substrate for O-GlcNAcylation enhanced histone O-GlcNAcylation and partially suppressed phosphorylation of histone H3 at serine 10 (H3S10ph). Expression of recombinant H3.3 harboring an S10A mutation abrogated histone H3 O-GlcNAcylation relative to its wild-type version, consistent with H3S10 being a site of histone O-GlcNAcylation (H3S10glc). Moreover, O-GlcNAcylated histones were lost from H3S10ph immunoprecipitates, whereas immunoprecipitation of either H3K4me3 or H3K9me3 (active or inactive histone marks, respectively) resulted in co-immunoprecipitation of O-GlcNAcylated histones. We also examined histone O-GlcNAcylation during cell cycle progression. Histone O-GlcNAcylation is high in G(1) cells, declines throughout the S phase, increases again during late S/early G(2), and persists through late G(2) and mitosis. Thus, O-GlcNAcylation is a novel histone post-translational modification regulating chromatin conformation during transcription and cell cycle progression.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
H2A1B, H2AZ, H2A1, H2AX, H2B1B, H31, H33, H31T, H2A2C, H2B2F, H2AV, H2A3, H2A2B, H2B1A, H2B1L
Species: Homo sapiens
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Fujiki R, Hashiba W, Sekine H, Yokoyama A, Chikanishi T, Ito S, Imai Y, Kim J, He HH, Igarashi K, Kanno J, Ohtake F, Kitagawa H, Roeder RG, Brown M, Kato S. GlcNAcylation of histone H2B facilitates its monoubiquitination. Nature 2011 480(7378) 22121020
Abstract:
Chromatin reorganization is governed by multiple post-translational modifications of chromosomal proteins and DNA. These histone modifications are reversible, dynamic events that can regulate DNA-driven cellular processes. However, the molecular mechanisms that coordinate histone modification patterns remain largely unknown. In metazoans, reversible protein modification by O-linked N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) is catalysed by two enzymes, O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT) and O-GlcNAcase (OGA). However, the significance of GlcNAcylation in chromatin reorganization remains elusive. Here we report that histone H2B is GlcNAcylated at residue S112 by OGT in vitro and in living cells. Histone GlcNAcylation fluctuated in response to extracellular glucose through the hexosamine biosynthesis pathway (HBP). H2B S112 GlcNAcylation promotes K120 monoubiquitination, in which the GlcNAc moiety can serve as an anchor for a histone H2B ubiquitin ligase. H2B S112 GlcNAc was localized to euchromatic areas on fly polytene chromosomes. In a genome-wide analysis, H2B S112 GlcNAcylation sites were observed widely distributed over chromosomes including transcribed gene loci, with some sites co-localizing with H2B K120 monoubiquitination. These findings suggest that H2B S112 GlcNAcylation is a histone modification that facilitates H2BK120 monoubiquitination, presumably for transcriptional activation.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
A4D0Y7, A4D111, A4D1Q6, A4D1R6, TBAL3, IMA8, HAX1, IMA4, IMA3, HNRDL, XPO1, P4HA2, NUP42, HNRPR, PPIH, CPSF5, HNRPQ, IMA7, HNRC1, PR40A, BAF, U520, NU155, RL1D1, AP2A2, K2C75, LMNA, VTNC, K2C1, HSPB1, H2A1B, RLA1, RLA2, RLA0, K1C18, K2C8, NPM, PDIA1, HNRPC, ODPA, VIME, RS17, K2C7, ROA1, H2AZ, CH60, BIP, HSP7C, PABP1, K1C13, P4HA1, TRI27, FOLR1, RS2, H13, HSP76, RL7, RL17, NUCL, LMNB1, FBRL, ROA2, SFPQ, RS3, H2B1O, RS12, ATPA, U2AF2, RL13, RBMS1, RL12, HNRH1, RL9, H2B1B, HS71L, RL22, NU214, RL4, NUP62, RBMX, GRP75, IF4A3, RS19, RL3, LAP2A, LAP2B, RS27, MATR3, RL27A, RL5, RL21, RS9, RS5, EFTU, RBP2, FXR1, FXR2, NDUA8, ROA3, HNRPM, IMA1, HNRPF, NUP98, HSP72, SEC13, NH2L1, HNRH2, NU107, ACTB, RS3A, RL27, RL37A, RS7, RS16, RS14, RS23, RS13, RUXE, RUXF, SMD1, SMD2, SMD3, RL7A, RS4X, H4, H2B1C, RAN, RL23, RS15, RL30, RL31, RL32, RL11, RL8, TRA2B, EF1A1, RAE1L, ERH, RL19, SRSF3, H33, HNRPU, U2AF1, TIAR, H11, RL18A, RL6, K1C17, SSBP, CSTF1, RL18, KHDR1, SRSF1, DHX9, NCBP1, NU160, SF3A3, ILF3, CSTF3, TADBP, ROA0, SRSF6, G3BP1, PABP4, SF3B2, SPTN1, HNRPD, UBP2L, PUM1, IMB1, U5S1, PDIA6, PLEC, NONO, RCN1, SF3B3, SF3B4, SF3A2, RBMS2, SF3A1, SF01, ELAV1, SRSF7, SMU1, NU188, UBAP2, PRP8, NUP54, K1C28, LYRIC, NUP43, NUP37, NUP35, SMRC2, PUM2, Q8TEA6, PO210, NU133, PRP31, TFG, FUBP2, TNPO1, LRC59, MSI2H, SNR40, SEH1, FUBP3, ZFR, RBM14, STRBP, NUP88, ROAA, EBP2, DDX50, TBA1C, HNRL1, NUP58, NUP85, XRN2, CSTFT, RPF2, NCOA5, NXT2, DDX21, Q9P0H6, DJB11, NXF1, PUF60, MRT4, NXT1, NUP50, PRP19, G3BP2, YBOX2, LSM2, RM11, RL36
Species: Homo sapiens
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