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Dong X, Shu L, Zhang J, Yang X, Cheng X, Zhao X, Qu W, Zhu Q, Shou Y, Peng G, Sun B, Yi W, Shu Q, Li X. Ogt-mediated O-GlcNAcylation inhibits astrocytes activation through modulating NF-κB signaling pathway. Journal of neuroinflammation 2023 20(1) 37349834
Abstract:
Previous studies have shown that Ogt-mediated O-GlcNAcylation is essential for neuronal development and function. However, the function of O-GlcNAc transferase (Ogt) and O-GlcNAcylation in astrocytes remains largely unknown. Here we show that Ogt deficiency induces inflammatory activation of astrocytes in vivo and in vitro, and impairs cognitive function of mice. The restoration of O-GlcNAcylation via GlcNAc supplementation inhibits the activation of astrocytes, inflammation and improves the impaired cognitive function of Ogt deficient mice. Mechanistically, Ogt interacts with NF-κB p65 and catalyzes the O-GlcNAcylation of NF-κB p65 in astrocytes. Ogt deficiency induces the activation of NF-κB signaling pathway by promoting Gsk3β binding. Moreover, Ogt depletion induces the activation of astrocytes derived from human induced pluripotent stem cells. The restoration of O-GlcNAcylation inhibits the activation of astrocytes, inflammation and reduces Aβ plaque of AD mice in vitro and in vivo. Collectively, our study reveals a critical function of Ogt-mediated O-GlcNAcylation in astrocytes through regulating NF-κB signaling pathway.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
TF65
Species: Mus musculus
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Hu Y, Liu Y, Yang Y, Lv H, Lian S, Xu B, Li S. OGT upregulates myogenic IL-6 by mediating O-GlcNAcylation of p65 in mouse skeletal muscle under cold exposure. Journal of cellular physiology 2022 237(2) 34668190
Abstract:
Cold exposure is an unavoidable and severe challenge for people and animals residing in cold regions of the world, and may lead to hypothermia, drastic changes in systemic metabolism, and inhibition of protein synthesis. O-linked-N-acetylglucoseaminylation (O-GlcNAcylation) directly regulates the activity and function of target proteins involved in multiple biological processes by acting as a stress receptor and nutrient sensor. Therefore, our study aimed to examine whether O-GlcNAcylation affected myogenic IL-6 expression, regulation of energy metabolism, and promotion of survival in mouse skeletal muscle under acute cold exposure conditions. Total protein was extracted from C2C12 cells that had been cultured at 32°C for 3, 6, 9, and 12 h. Western blot analysis showed that mild hypothermia enhanced O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT) and O-GlcNAcase (OGA) expression. Furthermore, global OGT-dependent glycosylation and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels peaked 3 h after induction of mild hypothermia. Enhanced activation of the NF-κB pathway was also observed in response to mild hypothermia. Alloxan and Thiamet G were used to reduce and increase global OGT glycosylation levels in C2C12 cells, respectively. Increased O-GlcNAcylation was associated with significant upregulation of IL-6 expression, as well as enhanced activity and nuclear translocation of p65, while decreased O-GlcNAcylation had the opposite effect. In addition, increased O-GlcNAcylation was associated with significantly increased glucose metabolism, and OGT-mediated O-GlcNAcylation of p65. We generated skeletal muscle-specific OGT knockout mice and exposed them to cold at 4°C for 3 h per day for 1 week. OGT deficiency attenuated the O-GlcNAcylation, activity, and nuclear translocation of p65, resulting in downregulation of IL-6 in mouse skeletal muscle of mice exposed to cold conditions. Taken together, our data suggested that O-GlcNAcylation of p65 enhanced p65 activity and nuclear translocation leading to the upregulation of IL-6, which maintained energy homeostasis and promotes cell survival in mouse skeletal muscle during cold exposure.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
TF65
Species: Mus musculus
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Liu Y, Shi H, Hu Y, Yao R, Liu P, Yang Y, Li S. RNA binding motif protein 3 (RBM3) promotes protein kinase B (AKT) activation to enhance glucose metabolism and reduce apoptosis in skeletal muscle of mice under acute cold exposure. Cell stress & chaperones 2022 27(6) 36149580
Abstract:
The main danger of cold stress to animals in cold regions is systemic metabolic changes and protein synthesis inhibition. RBM3, an exceptional cold shock protein, is rapidly upregulated in response to hypothermia to resist the adverse effects of cold stress. However, the mechanism of the protective effect and the rapid upregulation of RBM3 remains unclear. O-GlcNAcylation, an atypical O-glycosylation, is precisely regulated only by O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT) and O-GlcNAcase (OGA) and participates in the signal transduction of multiple cellular stress responses as a "stress and nutrition receptor." Therefore, our study aimed to explore the mechanism of RBM3 regulating glucose metabolism and promoting survival in skeletal muscle under acute cold exposure. Meanwhile, our study verifies whether O-GlcNAcylation mediated by OGT rapidly upregulates RBM3. The blood and skeletal muscle of mice were collected at the end of cold exposure treatment for 0, 2, and 4 h. Changes in levels of RBM3, AKT, glycolysis apoptosis, and OGT were measured. The results show that acute cold exposure upregulated RBM3, OGT, and AKT phosphorylation and increased energy consumption, which enhanced glycolysis and prevent apoptosis. In the 32 °C mild hypothermia model in vitro, overexpression of RBM3 enhanced AKT phosphorylation. Meanwhile, inactivation of AKT by wortmannin resulted in increased apoptosis and decreased glucose metabolism in skeletal muscle under acute cold exposure. In addition, OGT-mediated O-GlcNAcylation of p65 was confirmed in mouse myoblast cell line (C2C12) cells at mild hypothermia. O-GlcNAcylation level affected p65 activity and nuclear translocation. Compared with wild type (WT) mice, RBM3 and p65 phosphorylation were decreased in specific skeletal muscle Ogt (KO) mice, whereas AKT phosphorylation, glycolysis, and apoptosis were increased. Taken together, O-GlcNAcylation of p65 upregulates RBM3 to promote AKT phosphorylation, enhance glucose metabolism, and reduce apoptosis in skeletal muscle of mice under acute cold exposure.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
TF65
Species: Mus musculus
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Nakagawa T, Furukawa Y, Hayashi T, Nomura A, Yokoe S, Moriwaki K, Kato R, Ijiri Y, Yamaguchi T, Izumi Y, Yoshiyama M, Asahi M. Augmented O-GlcNAcylation attenuates intermittent hypoxia-induced cardiac remodeling through the suppression of NFAT and NF-κB activities in mice. Hypertension research : official journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension 2019 42(12) 31409917
Abstract:
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) has been reported to be associated with cardiac remodeling. Although O-GlcNAcylation is known to be elevated in diabetic and ischemic hearts, the effects of O-GlcNAcylation on cardiac remodeling induced by intermittent hypoxia (IH), such as sleep apnea syndrome (SAS), remain unknown. To evaluate the effects, we induced IH in wild-type (WT) and transgenic O-GlcNAc transferase (Ogt-Tg) mice. Two weeks of IH increased O-GlcNAcylation in the heart tissues of both strains of mice, whereas O-GlcNAcylation in Ogt-Tg mice was significantly higher than that i