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Fan Z, Li J, Liu T, Zhang Z, Qin W, Qian X. A new tandem enrichment strategy for the simultaneous profiling of O-GlcNAcylation and phosphorylation in RNA-binding proteome. The Analyst 2021 146(4) 33465208
Abstract:
RNA-protein interactions play important roles in almost every step of the lifetime of RNAs, such as RNA splicing, transporting, localization, translation and degradation. Post-translational modifications, such as O-GlcNAcylation and phosphorylation, and their "cross-talk" (OPCT) are essential to the activity and function regulation of RNA-binding proteins (RBPs). However, due to the extremely low abundance of O-GlcNAcylation and the lack of RBP-targeted enrichment strategies, large-scale simultaneous profiling of O-GlcNAcylation and phosphorylation on RBPs is still a challenging task. In the present study, we developed a tandem enrichment strategy combining metabolic labeling-based RNA tagging for selective purification of RBPs and HILIC-based enrichment for simultaneous O-GlcNAcylation and phosphorylation profiling. Benefiting from the sequence-independent RNA tagging by ethynyluridine (EU) labeling, 1115 RBPs binding to different types of RNAs were successfully enriched and identified by quantitative mass spectrometry (MS) analysis. Further HILIC enrichment on the tryptic-digested RBPs and MS analysis led to the first large-scale identification of O-GlcNAcylation and phosphorylation in the RNA-binding proteome, with 461 O-GlcNAc peptides corresponding to 300 RBPs and 671 phosphopeptides corresponding to 389 RBPs. Interestingly, ∼25% RBPs modified by two PTMs were found to be related to multiple metabolism pathways. This strategy has the advantage of high compatibility with MS and provides peptide-level evidence for the identification of O-GlcNAcylated RBPs. We expect it will support simultaneous mapping of O-GlcNAcylation and phosphorylation on RBPs and facilitate further elucidation of the crucial roles of OPCT in the function regulation of RBPs.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
NACAM, SAP18, PLOD2, NOP56, DDX3X, PLXB2, RRP8, SERA, PSMD3, MCA3, PRPF3, TPD54, TIM44, ACTN4, ACSL4, PLOD3, IF2P, ZC11A, SC22B, PR40A, MPPB, CSDE1, U520, NU155, EIF3G, SPF27, RL1D1, CLPX, RTN3, LC7L3, VAPB, SMC2, AP2A1, WIZ, BAG2, TOM40, ACL6A, EGFR, LMNA, TFR1, FRIH, RPN1, RPN2, ITB1, SYEP, HNRPC, SRPRA, VIME, GNAI3, ANXA5, LAMP1, ACADM, TOP1, TOP2A, PABP1, ADT3, TPR, EF2, PDIA4, FPPS, ENPL, ALDR, NDKA, RS2, UBF1, ARF4, NUCL, RAB6A, PSB1, FLNA, SDHB, UBA1, NDKB, ITA6, SFPQ, IF4B, AT2B4, THIL, RS12, PSA4, SYVC, 1433T, MAP4, PSA5, PSB4, NDUS1, ECHM, KCY, AMRP, SDHA, METK2, CPSM, PUR9, HNRH1, 1433S, STIP1, P5CR1, MCM4, HSP74, CTNA1, MYH9, DEK, RL4, SPB5, NUP62, RBMX, TCPZ, ECE1, PRS6B, KI67, RAGP1, ATRX, SYQ, LMAN1, NASP, FAS, AL7A1, SYSC, MCM2, ACADV, NU153, RBP2, DNLI3, MRE11, CPT1A, F10A1, TCPD, RAB7A, IDH3G, HCFC1, DHB4, HDGF, ROA3, 6PGD, NUP98, ACLY, TCP4, SYYC, UBP14, SNAA, IF5, TERA, DSRAD, TPD52, EIF3B, NU107, EPIPL, SC61B, SRP54, B2MG, SMD2, RL23A, YBOX1, NOP14, IF4G2, GTF2I, NUCB2, RT22, HMGN5, RBM10, TFAM, CLH1, SPTB2, SET, CAP1, EXOSX, EWS, ODO1, RL18A, NUCB1, M2OM, LMNB2, SRS11, CALD1, RL18, C1QBP, CKAP4, KHDR1, DHX9, GOGA2, SSRP1, AHNK, AIMP1, ILF3, SRSF5, SRSF6, TIF1B, TCOF, PICAL, SNW1, TRI29, EIF3A, MLEC, CAPR1, SMC1A, RRP1B, GANAB, NUMA1, U5S1, RRS1, ACOX1, PLEC, RNPS1, PUM3, RB11B, SEPT7, DDB1, CDC37, SRSF7, PCKGM, HNRL2, INF2, PDS5A, PREP, RRP12, TOIP1, HP1B3, RBM26, BRE1A, CDKAL, PRP8, ZC3HE, QSOX2, IKIP, TM10C, EIF3M, PABP2, KTN1, CAND1, THOC6, P66A, MISP, CCAR1, PELP1, NDUF2, RM50, PAF1, TXND5, TOIP2, THOC2, TM263, NU133, PDC6I, SCFD1, LMO7, ELYS, RT27, HS105, NU205, RAD50, SMRC1, TNPO1, FUBP1, P5CR2, PTCD3, DDX27, EFGM, IWS1, NIBA2, YMEL1, PSMD1, EIF3C, ROAA, CMS1, MBB1A, GNL3, PDIP3, PININ, ACAD9, SFXN1, CYBP, RM47, RTN4, DDX21, AAAS, CARF, AATF, BCLF1, MYOF, SYLC, NXF1, SEC63, LIMA1, SEPT9, KAD3, RCOR1, ACINU, TMCO1, PPIE, PA2G4, RUVB2, TR150, RT23, CHTOP, TLN1, HYOU1, SAM50, SP16H, UTP18, SRPRB
Species: Homo sapiens
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Wang J, Dou B, Zheng L, Cao W, Zeng X, Wen Y, Ma J, Li X. Synthesis of Na2S2O4 mediated cleavable affinity tag for labeling of O-GlcNAc modified proteins via azide-alkyne cycloaddition. Bioorganic & medicinal chemistry letters 2021 48 34229054
Abstract:
A facile and convergent procedure for the synthesis of azobenzene-based probe was reported, which could selectively release interested proteins conducted with sodium dithionite. Besides, the cleavage efficiency is closely associated with the structural features, in which an ortho-hydroxyl substituent is necessary for reactivity. In addition, the azobenzene tag applied in the Ac4GlcNAz-labled proteins demonstrated high efficiency and selectivity in comparison with Biotin-PEG4-Alkyne, which provides a useful platform for enrichment of any desired bioorthogonal proteomics.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
PGP, EIFCL, KIF2A, PDLI1, BACH, DFFA, CLIC1, EIF3F, IF2B3, RTCA, PSDE, PPP6, RPC1, PSA7, HNRDL, SC16A, RPAC1, NKRF, EIF3H, PAPS1, SNUT1, ARK72, MYO1B, IDH3B, SAHH2, PLIN3, IMA7, UGDH, CTND1, SNX2, BRD4, WDR1, TBCA, FLNB, PR40A, MPPB, NDUS3, ECI2, CSDE1, U520, WDHD1, EIF3G, PSD10, IDHC, GLRX3, RL1D1, CIAO1, PLPHP, ERLN2, GLSK, SC31A, UBR5, ELP1, VAPB, 6PGL, AGM1, AHSA1, PSMG1, SGPL1, AP2A1, STAU1, TTC4, BPNT1, MBD3, TOM40, ACL6A, GSHR, PNPH, CYTB, KITH, P53, TPM3, PROF1, FUMH, ODPA, CY1, SRP19, DLDH, RU2A, UCHL1, ALDOC, THIO, KAP0, ESTD, ODPB, PYGB, ACADM, G6PD, ADHX, CDK4, HARS1, PEPD, P4HA1, ETFA, MIF, AK1A1, CCNB1, GLNA, DESP, FER, UBF1, PRS6A, RL35A, NELFE, RCC1, E2AK2, SPEE, ANXA7, RAB6A, PSB1, IMDH1, GSTM3, VATB2, FLNA, ACOC, SDHB, PIMT, FBRL, NDKB, ADRO, TCEA1, TBG1, MAOM, IF4B, THTM, RS12, BRD2, DNJB1, PSA1, PSA2, PSA4, STOM, PYR1, PSB4, PSB6, NDUS1, DPOD1, AMPL, ERP29, PRDX3, ECHM, PEBP1, PDIA3, HMOX2, PURA2, PUR8, AL1B1, RPB2, GDIA, TIA1, QCR1, HNRH3, STIP1, PRDX2, P5CR1, DUT, PROF2, SPB6, RADI, T2FA, MYH9, MYH10, FUS, PRS7, MP2K2, HEM6, GNL1, ODO2, SRP14, TALDO, ETFB, VATA, IF4A3, TXLNA, BUD31, CSK, THIM, LIS1, NAMPT, PRS6B, RECQ1, NOP2, CRKL, NSF, CAPZB, COPD, IDHP, AL9A1, RL34, FAS, SYCC, PSB3, IDH3A, SERPH, ANX11, FXR1, FXR2, SMCA4, GALK1, ROA3, HNRPM, IMA5, GDIR1, HNRPF, KIF11, THOP1, CAZA1, BIEA, MAP11, SUCA, SC24C, DRG2, ECHB, DSRAD, HNRH2, IF6, CORO7, ARPC4, CD81, SC61B, MYL6, PSA6, CDC42, SRP54, UB2D3, UBC12, ARP3, RL37A, COPZ1, NTF2, 1433G, PP1A, PP1B, SMD2, PRS10, ERF1, CNBP, H4, RAP1A, RS30, GBB1, GBB2, TRA2B, 2ABA, DYL1, RL38, PP2AA, TBA1B, GSTO1, DCD, RT05, RT09, RL36A, H33, VIGLN, FKBP3, DHSO, EXOSX, ODO1, MMSA, TF65, LGUL, 1433F, CSTF1, SRS11, EF1A2, PTN11, PUR1, GFPT1, C1QBP, BAX, SRSF4, RBBP4, ASPH, GRSF1, AIMP1, ILF3, CSN1, RED, MTAP, TADBP, ROA0, STX5, SRSF9, SRSF5, IFIT5, EIF3I, DC1I2, PICAL, ULA1, SNW1, FHL1, BOP1, UBP2L, DYHC1, EI2BA, TRI25, FLNC, GNA13, CAPR1, KPRA, UBP10, CHD4, NUMA1, GAPD1, EMC2, SEPT2, IF4H, IPYR, CNN3, SC23B, SF01, TRIP6, MARE1, ELAV1, TOM34, VAMP3, ADRM1, PKN2, CSRP2, DPYL2, RBBP7, H2B2E, PCKGM, TRXR1, TIM50, FA98B, ZN326, PREP, RRP12, SYAM, EXOS6, CAF17, UBR4, NT5D1, PDE12, JMJD6, CDC73, EDC4, PRP8, RL22L, SYDM, GGYF2, HSDL2, TM10C, ZCCHV, DHX29, DCXR, HUWE1, ACOT1, KTN1, CARM1, STX12, HORN, SPB1, SRRM1, SUV3, TXND5, SCPDL, FA98A, PCAT1, FAD1, UBA3, NEK9, BRX1, ZC3HF, SCFD1, HNRLL, ATX2L, PSPC1, P66B, DNJC9, DDX1, H1X, PSMF1, RT27, LAR4B, ARC1A, RENT1, FUBP1, P5CR2, TRM61, ZCCHL, PGAM5, FUBP3, SPF45, THOC3, ZFR, SNX27, RBM14, PRPK, TBCB, CDC5L, PARK7, HCD2, ROAA, EBP2, VRK1, NIPS1, MEP50, TBA1C, ERP44, NTPCR, DDX23, MTNA, NTM1A, TM109, SYTM, THIC, RBM4, HDHD5, ITPA, EIF2A, PDIP3, MK67I, GTPB4, REN3B, API5, UBE2O, WDR12, SLIRP, NAA50, ILKAP, SLK, PININ, YTDC2, RPF2, QTRT2, ARMT1, CSN7B, ELP3, KT3K, MRM3, GLOD4, MCCB, CWC22, WDR6, VTA1, EXOS4, INO1, LUC7L, TIGAR, XPP1, SIAS, PHP14, HELLS, ECHD1, RBM12, DD19A, SEP11, TBC13, ATD3A, DDX18, PNPO, RBM28, LYAR, DPP3, BCLF1, F120A, HPBP1, MAT2B, RRBP1, GMPR2, GRHPR, TES, CHRD1, SEPT9, EI2BD, DBNL, DDX41, APC7, STML2, MRT4, ACINU, NUP50, PSME2, MYO6, CHIP, CSN3, SRRM2, CD11A, SMC3, RTRAF, PIN4, PLAP, NUDC, COF2, AP3M1, TR150, NOP58, SGT1, SYYM, SBDS, EXOS1, SF3B6, RRP15, RT23, STRAP, CHTOP, SAMH1, TLN1, HYOU1, ATG4B, TBL2, PRC2C, PPME1, YTHD2, SNX9, SERC, CLIC4, DC1L1, S23IP
Species: Homo sapiens
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Ramirez DH, Aonbangkhen C, Wu HY, Naftaly JA, Tang S, O'Meara TR, Woo CM. Engineering a Proximity-Directed O-GlcNAc Transferase for Selective Protein O-GlcNAcylation in Cells. ACS chemical biology 2020 15(4) 32119511
Abstract:
O-Linked β-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) is a monosaccharide that plays an essential role in cellular signaling throughout the nucleocytoplasmic proteome of eukaryotic cells. Strategies for selectively increasing O-GlcNAc levels on a target protein in cells would accelerate studies of this essential modification. Here, we report a generalizable strategy for introducing O-GlcNAc into selected target proteins in cells using a nanobody as a proximity-directing agent fused to O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT). Fusion of a nanobody that recognizes GFP (nGFP) or a nanobody that recognizes the four-amino acid sequence EPEA (nEPEA) to OGT yielded nanobody-OGT constructs that selectively delivered O-GlcNAc to a series of tagged target proteins (e.g., JunB, cJun, and Nup62). Truncation of the tetratricopeptide repeat domain as in OGT(4) increased selectivity for the target protein through the nanobody by reducing global elevation of O-GlcNAc levels in the cell. Quantitative chemical proteomics confirmed the increase in O-GlcNAc to the target protein by nanobody-OGT(4). Glycoproteomics revealed that nanobody-OGT(4) or full-length OGT produced a similar glycosite profile on the target protein JunB and Nup62. Finally, we demonstrate the ability to selectively target endogenous α-synuclein for O-GlcNAcylation in HEK293T cells. These first proximity-directed OGT constructs provide a flexible strategy for targeting additional proteins and a template for further engineering of OGT and the O-GlcNAc proteome in the future. The use of a nanobody to redirect OGT substrate selection for glycosylation of desired proteins in cells may further constitute a generalizable strategy for controlling a broader array of post-translational modifications in cells.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
SBNO1, CNOT1, P121C, DX39A, GTPB1, AP3B1, PGRC1, TAF4, EIF3F, IPO5, IF2B3, NOP56, DDX3X, ARI1A, IRS4, ANM5, TCRG1, PSA7, HGS, MYPT1, HNRDL, XPO1, SET1A, PUR4, NPC1, TIF1A, NKRF, OGT1, PPM1G, EIF3D, EIF3H, DHX15, SERA, HNRPR, IF4G3, E41L2, ZN207, BUB3, ACTN4, HTSF1, AP1G1, SYNC, AKAP8, CALU, SMCA5, JIP4, OGA, HNRPQ, DIAP1, TSN3, SNX2, DKC1, CLAP2, CPNE3, PHF2, ANR17, H2AY, FLNB, NCOR1, CISY, PR40A, SF3B1, CSDE1, U520, EIF3G, PRAF3, SRP72, MTA2, TOX4, SC24D, SC31A, SCAF4, ZRAB2, LC7L3, VAPB, IPO7, SC24B, ACSL3, AP2A1, AIFM1, LDHA, COX2, HPRT, AATM, PGK1, LMNA, TFR1, ALDOA, OAT, G3P, RPN1, RPN2, AT1A1, ADT2, PCCA, IF2A, RLA0, ITB1, ATPB, ENOA, PYGL, G6PI, NPM, LDHB, PDIA1, H10, TBB5, HEXB, PROF1, SYEP, HS90A, HNRPC, 4F2, HS90B, ASNS, ODPA, RU17, RSSA, SNRPA, GSTP1, HMGB1, DLDH, ROA1, PARP1, LKHA4, HS71B, H14, ODP2, THIO, CH60, BIP, HSP7C, EPB41, ODPB, LAMP1, ACADM, TOP1, TOP2A, PYC, C1TC, MPRI, PRPS2, PABP1, PCNA, HARS1, IMDH2, TPR, KCRB, XRCC6, XRCC5, EF2, PDIA4, PLST, GLU2B, KPYM, ENPL, PO2F1, HNRPL, SYDC, PLAK, ALDR, EZRI, GNS, RS2, CREB1, H12, AT2A2, JUNB, PYRG1, DDX5, PRS6A, TCPA, RL35A, RL7, VINC, SON, RCC1, NUCL, HXK1, E2AK2, SPEE, IF2B, ANXA7, LMNB1, FLNA, VDAC1, FBRL, PUR2, PUR6, UBA1, NDKB, ROA2, RFX1, TCEA1, SFPQ, PPIB, RS3, NFYA, SAHH, COF1, IF4B, EF1B, MCM3, BRD2, ATPA, PSA1, PSA3, PSA4, PAX6, U2AF2, RL13, PTBP1, SYTC, SYVC, EF1G, RFA1, APEX1, PYR1, CALR, MAP4, CALX, PSB5, TKT, PRDX6, PRDX5, PRDX3, RL12, PEBP1, PDIA3, 2AAA, CDC27, AMRP, SDHA, QCR1, PUR9, HNRH1, STIP1, PRDX2, RL9, CSTF2, MCM4, MCM5, MCM7, GLYM, HSP74, PHB, MYH9, COPB2, ADDA, BASI, FUS, NU214, DEK, MP2K2, ATPG, RL4, SRP14, NUP62, RBMX, GRP75, IF4A3, RS19, RL3, TXLNA, TCPZ, MDHC, MDHM, ECHA, IF2G, GARS, SYIC, LAP2A, LAP2B, MTREX, RS27, LPPRC, MATR3, RANG, VDAC2, UBP5, KI67, RAGP1, NOP2, CRKL, BAG6, RL27A, RL5, RL21, RL28, RS9, STT3A, COPD, PRC2A, TCPE, AL9A1, RL34, NASP, FAS, TCPG, EFTU, SYAC, SYSC, PSB3, MCM2, YLPM1, TMEDA, RBM25, NU153, RBP2, GSK3A, TAF6, GUAA, MRE11, GDIB, EMD, F10A1, LRBA, RL14, TCPQ, TCPD, ANX11, PAPOA, RAB7A, SMCA4, HCFC1, DHB4, ROA3, 6PGD, HNRPM, IMA1, AGFG1, HNRPF, MSH6, RBM5, NUP98, ACLY, COPB, COPA, MOT1, SC24C, SYRC, SYYC, AT1B3, RD23B, P5CS, IF5, XPO2, TERA, AFAD, DSRAD, PSA, SYMC, CTBP2, NU107, TPIS, ACTB, IF4A1, PSA6, ARF3, ABCE1, RAP1B, RS3A, RL26, RL15, S61A1, HNRPK, RS7, RS8, 1433E, RS14, RS23, RS11, SMD1, RL7A, RS4X, H4, RAN, RL23, GBB2, RL10A, RL11, RL8, PPIA, RL40, TRA2B, AP2B1, IF5A1, RACK1, YBOX1, EF1A1, TBB4B, CSK21, IF4G2, GTF2I, TCPB, PRKDC, RL24, RL19, SRSF3, FOXK1, RBM10, MPCP, CLH1, HNRPU, SPTB2, FOXK2, CAP1, LAT1, EXOSX, EWS, RL18A, FKBP4, RL6, TOP2B, KMT2A, LMNB2, TF65, IF4G1, TLE3, SRS11, PUR1, SUH, GABPA, PRDX1, RL18, C1QBP, KHDR1, SRSF1, DHX9, CD47, SSRP1, RBBP4, AHNK, AP1B1, NU160, BPTF, TP53B, AIMP1, ILF2, ILF3, LMAN2, TRAP1, PP1R8, ACACA, ROA0, PRDX4, CBX3, PSMD2, SRSF6, TIF1B, PTK7, PABP4, EIF3I, TCOF, SF3B2, TMED1, PICAL, RIPK1, HDAC1, CUL4B, CD166, IDI1, NFYC, CKAP5, HNRPD, SCRB2, DSG2, EIF3A, UBP2L, SCRIB, TTL12, DCTN1, DYHC1, SRC8, CAPR1, RBM39, MCM6, MDC1, EPN4, SMC1A, RRP1B, UBP10, GANAB, LBR, ZN638, IMB1, NUMA1, SEPT2, SART3, U5S1, SYK, BRD3, PDIA6, IPYR, TEBP, NONO, PWP2, RCN1, PCBP1, PCBP2, SF3B3, SAFB1, SF3A1, NCOA2, SF01, MARE1, NSDHL, TAB1, AAAT, VAS1, ZYX, CCDC6, PKN2, DDB1, CDC37, SRSF7, CPSF6, NRF1, H31T, QSER1, QRIC1, P3H1, TB10B, AMOT, DHB12, PRC2B, H2B2F, HP1B3, CE170, ZC3HD, RBM26, RIF1, RPRD2, ZN318, ECM29, ZMYM4, MAP1S, LIN54, EDC4, PRP8, SCYL2, NFRKB, ZC3HE, LARP1, FIP1, MCAF1, GGYF2, SPT6H, SND1, DHX30, KDM3B, ZCCHV, NUP54, POGZ, NUFP2, MAVS, I2BP2, RBBP6, HUWE1, YTHD3, CENPV, LYRIC, ZN598, GP180, CAND1, CARM1, DDX42, P66A, ARI3B, MGAP, PHF6, CHERP, ANKH1, SUGP1, CCAR1, SPB1, PHAR4, SPART, CCAR2, NUP93, S11IP, FNBP4, CPSF7, ARFG1, ENAH, AFG2H, TXND5, LS14A, Z280C, TNR6A, SMRC2, TBC15, PNPT1, HM13, PO210, GEMI5, ZN384, SMAP2, NU133, PDC6I, PCNP, CKAP2, ATX2L, P66B, ELYS, DDX1, GBF1, NICA, UBXN4, HS105, LAR4B, NU205, AKAP1, TFG, CBP, DDX17, CELF1, RENT1, SMRC1, FUBP2, TNPO1, UBP7, NCLN, FUBP1, FKB10, KBP, PDLI5, FUBP3, CHAP1, Z512B, ZFR, PRRC1, DOCK7, RBM14, VPS35, CIC, EFGM, SIN3A, MINT, CDC5L, PSMD1, EYA3, ATX2, HCD2, ACON, TS101, TCPH, ANM1, SH3G1, COR1B, DIDO1, HNRL1, DDX23, TMED9, NUP58, RBM4, NAA15, B2L13, YTHD1, UNK, ILKAP, SP130, BRD8, I2BPL, SLK, S6A15, PININ, NELFA, PTN23, WNK1, AMPB, GORS2, CYBP, TAF9B, GLOD4, CBX8, NCOA5, CHD8, APMAP, DCP1A, RTN4, ANLN, GEPH, PDLI7, DDX21, SYFB, SYIM, SMC4, RBM12, DDX18, CARF, UGGG1, CDK12, TECR, IF2B1, HPBP1, ITSN2, CNOT2, HACD3, RCC2, SYLC, SUCB1, UBQL2, PCYOX, S30BP, PUF60, NRBP, DACH1, BAZ2A, BAZ1B, CDC23, TASOR, ACINU, CDV3, MRTFB, YETS2, HECD1, PKCB1, DD19B, PRP19, MAGD2, FAF1, TRI33, SRRM2, PA2G4, RUVB2, RUVB1, VDAC3, E41L3, TR150, NOP58, SHLB1, LC7L2, TMED7, STRAP, RTCB, HBS1L, TLN1, HYOU1, PRC2C, SP16H, COPG1, DC1L1, S23IP
Species: Homo sapiens
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Zhang W, Liu T, Dong H, Bai H, Tian F, Shi Z, Chen M, Wang J, Qin W, Qian X. Synthesis of a Highly Azide-Reactive and Thermosensitive Biofunctional Reagent for Efficient Enrichment and Large-Scale Identification of O-GlcNAc Proteins by Mass Spectrometry. Analytical chemistry 2017 89(11) 28510447
Abstract:
O-linked β-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) is a ubiquitous post-translational modification of proteins in eukaryotic cells. Despite their low abundance, O-GlcNAc-modified proteins play many important roles in regulating gene expression, signal transduction, and cell cycle. Aberrant O-GlcNAc proteins are correlated with many major human diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease, diabetes, and cancer. Because of the extremely low stoichiometry of O-GlcNAc proteins, enrichment is required before mass spectrometry analysis for large-scale identification and in-depth understanding of their cellular function. In this work, we designed and synthesized a novel thermosensitive immobilized triarylphosphine reagent as a convenient tool for efficient enrichment of azide-labeled O-GlcNAc proteins from complex biological samples. Immobilization of triarylphosphine on highly water-soluble thermosensitive polymer largely increases its solubility and reactivity in aqueous solution. As a result, facilitated coupling is achieved between triarylphosphine and azide-labeled O-GlcNAc proteins via Staudinger ligation, due to the increased triarylphosphine concentration, reduced interfacial mass transfer resistance, and steric hindrance in homogeneous reaction. Furthermore, solubility of the polymer from complete dissolution to full precipitation can be easily controlled by simply adjusting the environmental temperature. Therefore, facile sample recovery can be achieved by increasing the temperature to precipitate the polymer-O-GlcNAc protein conjugates from solution. This novel immobilized triarylphosphine reagent enables efficient enrichment and sensitive detection of more than 1700 potential O-GlcNAc proteins from HeLa cell using mass spectrometry, demonstrating its potential as a general strategy for low-abundance target enrichment.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
A0A024R5Q9, A0A0B4J1V8, A0A0B4J203, GAL3B, RBM47, UBA6, ESYT2, SHOT1, NDUF8, VWA8, GTPBA, A5Y5A3, CNOT1, PGP, TBAL3, SMHD1, LR14B, NCF1B, A8K005, B4DLC0, B4DLN1, B4DQP1, B4E259, EIFCL, B7Z2B5, B7Z532, B7Z5W1, DSA2D, D7RF68, E9PL57, E9PLN8, I1VE18, L0R5A1, S35U4, ADAS, KIF2A, PDLI1, AIP, SMAP, NDUS8, PSD12, PSMD9, SPT5H, DFFA, HIP1, EIF3F, IPO5, SAP18, IF2B3, DNM1L, NDUA4, PSDE, BIN1, NOP56, DDX3X, IMA3, TRI38, SCD, DHSD, TXND9, ACPM, UBFD1, AP3D1, DVL2, CHD1, TOR1A, PTGES, ACOT8, NHRF1, TPP1, RPC1, PSA7, MGST3, HAT1, QCR8, HGS, S27A2, HNRDL, BTAF1, SR140, PUR4, NPC1, DEGS1, SCAM2, ARPC2, ARPC3, BET1, RPAC1, PGRC2, NDUA1, RER1, OGT1, PMM2, HMGB3, EIF3H, ARPC5, DHX15, CYB5B, PRP4, SERA, NDUS4, PAPS1, ZW10, SNUT1, RIPK2, PRPF3, PPIH, E41L2, XPOT, DNPH1, PSCA, TSN6, ZN207, NDUB5, BUB1, BUD23, GATC, HTSF1, SGTA, SYNC, PM34, CPSF5, SCO2, ORC5, TIM8A, DHX16, SMCA5, MAST3, OPA1, TBCD4, OGA, HNRPQ, DIAP1, MOT2, IMA7, CTND1, DPM1, Z354A, RT14, PQBP1, TI17B, DKC1, IF2P, EDF1, MCE1, ABCB7, WDR1, BRE1B, ZC11A, CLU, ANR17, COQ9, NDUS7, NIPS2, VPS4B, CISY, PR40A, NDK6, VP26A, MPPB, PSIP1, ECI2, BAF, SF3B1, CSDE1, PRKRA, NPM3, ERAL1, TIPRL, KS6A4, NU155, XRP2, WDHD1, CRTAP, CMC1, RNH2A, EIF3G, AP1G2, IDHC, CCNK, SPF27, FLOT1, GLRX3, RL1D1, CLPX, CIAO1, SRP72, LTN1, UFL1, UBXN7, PRP6, PCF11, GLSK, SC31A, RPP14, YIF1A, AGFG2, NDUB6, UBE4B, ELP1, NDUB8, LC7L3, KIF4A, MPZL1, 6PGL, PAPS2, TRI16, ARI2, PSMG1, MPC2, ASML, RPP29, HS74L, AP2A1, TTC4, TM50A, BAG2, EMAL2, BPNT1, NDUBA, ACL6A, COX1, COX2, PNPH, AATM, EGFR, ADA, ATP6, RASN, LDLR, HLAB, LMNA, ALBU, NU1M, NU3M, NU4M, KITH, K2C1, G3P, HLAA, TYSY, RPN2, HMGN1, ISG15, LA, K1C18, DCUP, CDK1, NPM, TPM3, HEXA, HYEP, H10, SAP, SYEP, HNRPC, YES, SP1, DAF, PFKAM, HEM3, CY1, RU17, ITA5, RS17, RSSA, RM03, SRP19, RU1C, HMOX1, RU2A, PARP1, LKHA4, ALDOC, F86B2, GSTT2, ST1A3, HS71B, CBSL, RPAC2, ECE2, EFMT4, EFCE2, MYBA, HLAC, ARAF, H14, ODP2, MGST1, ESTD, GTR3, UMPS, ODB2, ACADM, TOP1, TOP2A, G6PD, PYC, C1TC, ADHX, PRPS2, PABP1, ADT1, TPR, KCRB, RINI, K2C5, ACPH, GYS1, ENOB, CD59, MTDC, MIF, CX7A2, CCNB1, CX6B1, PO2F1, SYDC, PLAK, QCR7, ERF3A, EZRI, UCHL3, MCP, PHKG2, RS2, RFA2, CBR1, BGAL, EPCAM, NCPR, AT2A2, UBF1, NDUB7, KAPCA, CAN2, PYRG1, DDX5, LEG3, TCPA, PTN1, RL7, NELFE, PGAM1, RCC1, XRCC1, RPAB1, NDUV2, SPEE, IF2B, BTF3, H2A1D, COX5A, LMNB1, IMDH1, FLNA, ACOC, ODBB, MUTA, OSBP1, PIMT, FBRL, PUR2, HEMH, TCEA1, AT2B4, CPT2, KTHY, RIR1, EF1B, AT5F1, THIL, CDK2, APC, MCM3, THTM, RS12, TYY1, ITA3, DDX6, DNMT1, U2AF2, HMGB2, SYVC, EF1G, AOFB, RL10, RFA1, APEX1, MAP4, CALX, PSA5, NDUS1, RXRB, AMPL, T2EA, T2EB, IMPA1, 3MG, CO4A5, SPB3, ATPD, PDIA3, 2AAB, CDC27, NMT1, PURA2, AMRP, PUR8, CLIP1, GSTT1, SL7A1, AL1B1, RPB2, METK2, RIR2, HNRH3, HNRH1, STIP1, L1CAM, P5CR1, TF2H1, ACSL1, CSTF2, MCM4, MCM5, MCM7, RFC4, RFC2, RL22, T2FA, GDE, SOAT1, BASI, NU214, DEK, K22E, PRS7, HEM6, RL4, LONM, SRP14, NUP62, TALDO, RBMX, COIL, RS19, FEN1, CAP2, TCPZ, NNMT, PSB10, RL13A, PEX19, MDHM, RFC5, RFC3, BUD31, GARS, SYIC, EIF1, LAP2A, LAP2B, MTREX, AK1C3, LPPRC, THIM, MATR3, GPDM, SSRA, SSRB, RANG, PRS6B, EFTS, VDAC2, UBP5, RECQ1, ATRX, IF2M, MP2K3, BRCC3, RL27A, RS10, GNPI1, CAPZB, IF1AX, SYQ, RL29, MAOX, PTSS1, IDHP, PIPNB, DPOD2, TCPG, RM19, INPP, SRP09, SYCC, PSB2, MCM2, ACADV, TMEDA, RBM25, NU153, RBP2, NDUV1, GSK3B, 5NTC, SPS1, GUAA, DNLI3, GDIB, CPT1A, F10A1, DYN2, MAP2, CDK7, CDK9, LRBA, RL14, PAPOA, FXR1, FXR2, RAB7A, RB27A, RT29, SMCA4, SSRD, TPMT, HCFC1, SSDH, DHB4, PSMD7, STA5B, UBP11, DYLT3, CCNH, ROA3, HNRPM, IMA1, NCBP2, MP2K6, KIF11, HXK2, BIEA, PLK1, NUBP1, MAP11, SUCA, MVD1, PGTB2, CATC, CCHL, IST1, TCP4, PMS2, SYYC, UBP14, RD23A, P5CS, IF5, PSMD4, BI1, MFAP1, AFAD, NP1L1, CASP9, ADK, DSRAD, SEC13, HNRH2, SCOT1, EIF3B, ATP5E, IF6, CF298, TMM33, CORO7, SELB, MTPN, YBEY, ARPC4, CD81, SC61B, ROMO1, MYL6, ACTB, IF4A1, PRPS1, PSA6, CDC42, DEST, GMFB, RAB8A, SPCS3, SRP54, RAB5B, UBC12, UBE2K, RAB14, TM258, CSN2, RAP1B, RS3A, VA0D1, NAA20, S61A1, B2MG, COPZ1, UFM1, AP1S1, HNRPK, TIM10, PRS4, RS15A, RS23, RUXE, SMD3, PRS10, ERF1, RS6, RAN, RL23, RS15, RS24, RS25, RS26, RBX1, RL39, RL31, RL10A, RL32, PPIA, TRA2B, AP2B1, DYL1, DYLT1, RL38, SKP1, ACTG, UBC9, CSK2B, UB2L3, EF1A1, CSK21, SERB, IF4G2, RPP38, GTF2I, RAE1L, GSTO1, PRKDC, IN35, RT25, RT35, RT05, RT11, RT15, RT06, RT09, LACTB, RL36A, ARF5, ERH, H33, FOXK1, PRR5, RBM10, TFAM, PIPNA, TF2B, CDK16, NFKB2, FKBP3, HNRPU, U2AF1, SET, GALK2, FABP5, CAP1, HMCS1, IFM3, RL18A, NUCB1, RL6, M2OM, LMNB2, TAP1, TAP2, CEBPZ, TF65, UBXN1, IF4G1, ATP7A, CSTF1, FAK1, SRS11, EF1A2, PUR1, PSME1, GABPA, FMR1, RL18, C1QBP, KHDR1, KLC1, SRSF1, QOR, LG3BP, PPID, SSRP1, CAMP2, NSUN2, RBBP4, NCBP1, HSP7E, BST2, MPPA, WASC5, TBL3, SNF5, STX4, GRSF1, NFIA, SF3A3, TP53B, ILF2, ILF3, PTPRJ, TRAP1, TRAF2, MYO1E, PP1R8, BNIP2, CSTF3, STRN3, RM28, ACACA, CSN1, CAF1B, TADBP, ROA0, AIMP2, PAK2, CBX3, STK3, STX5, SRSF5, SRSF6, TIF1B, PABP4, EIF3I, 2A5G, UB2V1, RM49, DC1I2, ILK, SNTB2, PPIG, TCOF, SF3B2, HAP28, ROCK1, PICAL, SQSTM, PRP4B, HDAC1, DCTN2, SNW1, STIM1, PWP1, MTMR2, CUL2, CUL4A, FCL, RAB31, RAB32, NOG2, TBB2A, BYST, PEBB, HNRPD, IL18, VEZF1, TRI29, TTL12, DPOA2, ICT1, DCTN1, ELOA1, TRI25, FASTK, PDE3A, RBM39, HLTF, MCM6, ITPR1, TRIPC, PUM1, EPN4, SMC1A, RRP1B, PSF1, UBP10, GANAB, LBR, CHD4, NOLC1, NUMA1, PSME4, GAPD1, CND2, SPCS2, EMC2, FL2D, PSMD6, ABRX2, SART3, CND1, EXOS7, U5S1, SYLM, WDR43, ACOX1, EBP, PCM1, NOMO1, PON2, TEBP, NONO, RAB35, RNPS1, PCBP2, ELOC, UBE3C, DHC24, SF3B3, RSU1, SF3B4, SF3A1, SKIV2, MARE2, NHRF2, TSN, SF01, CIP4, TRIPB, PCH2, ELAV1, SMAD2, TBCE, VAMP3, ZYX, SEPT7, CCDC6, UAP1, PSMD5, MK14, RM23, DPYL2, SYPL1, RBBP7, IF16, KYNU, CAH9, NDUA9, PCKGM, HCDH, UGPA, MIC60, HNRL2, INF2, PDS5A, TSR1, ALG11, QRIC1, SMU1, LRRF1, RPA43, LSM12, ACSF3, PPCEL, TB10B, MIX23, RHG29, PDCD4, Q53FH6, DHB12, SNUT2, LACB2, EIPR1, H90B4, TM41B, HERC4, PP6R3, PREP, PSMG4, RRP12, TOIP1, SYAM, PCID2, S27A3, SAMD9, CYTSB, TDIF2, TTC38, EXOS6, NU188, CE170, SNPC4, CHCH9, DDX59, GPTC4, HECD3, SKT, RM02, UBAP2, LCE1C, ACBD5, F102B, RBM26, DCAF8, ATPF1, DDI2, NT5D1, LYRM7, EMC10, RIF1, OBSCN, CE350, AXA81, PR38B, BRE1A, ARHGG, LYPL1, ECM29, MIC13, MAP1S, UTP25, TENS3, INT3, C19L1, CPIN1, SMYD5, PTRD1, CNDH2, MRM1, P4R3A, ACD10, DE10B, SCMC1, TM214, HIBCH, TTI2, DHX57, CDC73, RM14, L2GL2, MET2B, PRP8, TTC27, TTC37, RICTR, LCLT1, WDR82, HACD2, GGYF2, KAT3, UBR3, LARP4, SPT6H, SND1, COX15, DDX46, TM10C, BZW1, EIF3M, MEPCE, CYFP1, ENOF1, FAKD5, MOB1B, KDM3B, HS2ST, K2C74, TRM1L, ZCCHV, NUP54, MAVS, DHX29, COMD6, HDDC2, LIMS2, I2BP2, PATL1, SETD3, PABP2, MTA70, ZN598, AACS, LUZP1, GP180, CAND1, CMTD1, PRSR2, CARM1, COMD2, DDX42, SPAS2, CONA1, NDUAB, DAAF5, STX12, DLP1, P66A, HORN, RB6I2, FABD, CEP97, CTL2, PHF6, UBR1, CHERP, ANKH1, DJC10, NELFD, MIRO1, RB12B, RAVR1, SPB1, SRRM1, CA174, MICU2, TRM2A, PELP1, ABI1, CCAR2, NDUF2, NUP93, LRC47, GPD1L, TOM5, OGFD1, TTC9C, JAGN1, CPSF7, PAF1, ZN433, F241A, ENAH, CL029, NHLC2, SUMF2, UBAC2, RDH13, UXS1, FA98A, NNRE, LS14A, PAPD5, CNNM3, MCU, FBX22, FAD1, NUP35, Q8NFH9, ABHDB, KNL1, OR1M1, ATLA2, MSPD2, DDX55, NCOA7, THOC2, WDR36, G45IP, CX038, FBX30, S35B2, PUM2, KLDC4, UBA3, KISHA, TBC15, RM30, PNPT1, SSH3, GEMI5, IPO4, ABHD5, ZC3HF, TF3C2, TM263, PTPM1, NU133, CHAC2, THEM6, LEO1, CPLX3, NUDC2, TFB1M, SCFD1, HNRLL, CD003, SEN15, SPRY4, TRUB1, LMO7, ARAP3, PRP31, PALLD, CTBL1, DDB2, DDX1, DHB8, PSMF1, RTF1, RT27, AP3S1, LAR4B, GCN1, PRP16, NU205, TFG, RBP56, DDX17, RAD50, CELF1, OSTF1, ARHG1, UFD1, RENT1, SMRC1, FUBP2, ARHG2, UBP13, USP9X, SCAM4, OSBP2, F162A, RM24, SYAP1, EXOC4, FERM2, PBIP1, RPE, EXOS8, OTUL, CHCH1, PPWD1, COA7, TAM41, F136A, P5CR2, DCPS, FAF2, FXRD1, AP2M1, GCP3, F241B, NMD3, RMD1, MSI2H, SNR40, RM38, RRFM, SIR1, YIPF6, KBP, GNA1, RT24, MOCOS, DAZP1, SAAL1, SIM12, DNJA3, TMA16, PTCD3, OTUB1, TRM61, HMCES, DUS3L, OTUD5, VMP1, DCNL1, SMRD1, TOE1, DDX27, MTNB, ZC21A, PGAM5, FUBP3, SPF45, SUCB2, HPDL, ATPMK, BT3L4, CLP1L, SCYL1, SNX27, YTDC1, ZN830, NSUN5, RBM14, UHRF2, PUS7, TRNT1, TEFM, EFGM, NUDC1, PRPK, PIGS, WRIP1, RANB9, NEB2, IWS1, SIN3A, OSBL9, INT14, ZSC10, RUFY1, MMS19, UHRF1, NIBA2, YMEL1, MYCBP, TBCB, PSB7, CNN2, CDC5L, PSMD1, PFD5, MPH6, TSNAX, TTC1, CSN8, KIF2C, MGLL, HCD2, NP1L4, ACON, TCPH, ANM1, VRK1, CND3, ARP5L, DDX50, RNZ2, GRWD1, MACD1, CMS1, MEP50, RT63, TBA1C, MBB1A, FERM1, CG050, PDD2L, MIC25, UQCC2, UTP23, LXN, NTPCR, TACO1, GCP2, SEN34, ALG1, PSMG3, CSN4, DIDO1, RBM42, MCMBP, AASD1, DCNL5, AN32E, P4K2A, MMTA2, TBB6, PAXX, HNRL1, MTNA, WDR18, THUM3, NTM1A, ASHWN, TM109, GNL3, NUP85, ELOV1, IFT27, SYTM, THIC, FUND2, SF3B5, SFXN3, CARD6, OSB10, B2L13, SRRT, HDHD5, HDAC8, RTF2, EIF2A, PDIP3, RM13, RM04, RM01, MK67I, YTHD1, RT26, NEUL, ABCA2, RM37, UACA, WDR11, CRNL1, TBL1R, UBL5, API5, FTO, UBE2O, XPO4, S39A8, WDR12, YIPF3, DERL2, WDR61, SLIRP, EGLN1, UBA5, MKRN2, T126A, PAIP1, CLPB, LSG1, NAT10, ILKAP, XRN2, NSRP1, CSTFT, 5NT3A, GBRL1, DDX47, RM18, SNAB, ATG5, GAN, DPH5, DHX36, IPYR2, SPNS1, RM46, PININ, GPT, GHITM, NELFA, OSGP2, HEAT1, TFB2M, YTDC2, RPAP3, WDR26, CH033, UBE2Z, ANKZ1, ZWILC, MED20, ARMT1, L2HDH, ELP3, RPA2, KT3K, SYCM, PPCS, NJMU, XPO5, GRPE1, RHOF, POPD2, EMAL4, GLOD4, MCCB, MOV10, SYF1, TM9S3, WDR6, TRXR2, SYSM, RT30, M1IP1, UBE2T, NOP10, OSGEP, MED4, RM40, RTN4, RPR1B, RRAGD, PFD4, EXOS3, ANLN, XPP1, BIRC6, ACSA, DBLOH, DDX21, SAR1A, DPOE4, SIAS, SHLB2, EI2BG, MBNL1, PYRG2, DPOE3, CHRC1, COXM2, ABC3C, PNO1, RM17, HELLS, SYFB, SYIM, ATG3, SMC4, OLA1, CUTC, ECHD1, RBM12, MDN1, DECR2, ABHDA, LIN7C, TXLNG, SPS2L, ABCF3, DD19A, UQCC1, EXD2, DJC11, FANCI, ATD3A, ARL8B, ANM7, FAIM1, RT18A, ARMC1, RPC5, SDA1, RBM28, RBM22, DMAC2, WDR70, PK1IP, RM22, CZIB, BABA1, NDUBB, RM16, NHP2, OCAD1, ADPRS, LYAR, MIC19, THUM1, TRM1, PP4R2, DPP3, BCLF1, FKB11, TMOD3, ELOV5, GTSE1, TECR, ERAP1, ARP10, CISD1, F120A, IF2B1, COQ3, HPBP1, MAT2B, CNOT2, OGFR, CNIH4, RM15, THYN1, KCMF1, TM14C, HM20B, RCC2, RELCH, BCCIP, STK26, FPRP, IBTK, RRBP1, SYLC, SUCB1, DPM3, ATX10, TFP11, SAE1, COMD3, MTRR, ASH2L, DHCR7, EIF3K, SAE2, WNT16, CSN7A, QCR9, ZO2, LRWD1, ABCF2, SYWM, SEC63, SRP68, CHRD1, BAP29, S30BP, PFD2,