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Wang G, Li Y, Wang T, Wang J, Yao J, Yan G, Zhang Y, Lu H. Multi-comparative Thermal Proteome Profiling Uncovers New O-GlcNAc Proteins in a System-wide Method. Analytical chemistry 2023 95(2) 36580660
Among diverse protein post-translational modifications, O-GlcNAcylation, a simple but essential monosaccharide modification, plays crucial roles in cellular processes and is closely related to various diseases. Despite its ubiquity in cells, properties of low stoichiometry and reversibility are hard nuts to crack in system-wide research of O-GlcNAc. Herein, we developed a novel method employing multi-comparative thermal proteome profiling for O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT) substrate discovery. Melting curves of proteins under different treatments were profiled and compared with high reproducibility and consistency. Consequently, proteins with significantly shifted stabilities caused by OGT and uridine-5'-diphosphate N-acetylglucosamine were screened out from which new O-GlcNAcylated proteins were uncovered.
Species: Homo sapiens
He J, Fan Z, Tian Y, Yang W, Zhou Y, Zhu Q, Zhang W, Qin W, Yi W. Spatiotemporal Activation of Protein O-GlcNAcylation in Living Cells. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2022 144(10) 35138101
O-linked N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) is a prevalent protein modification that plays fundamental roles in both cell physiology and pathology. O-GlcNAc is catalyzed solely by O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT). The study of protein O-GlcNAc function is limited by the lack of tools to control OGT activity with spatiotemporal resolution in cells. Here, we report light control of OGT activity in cells by replacing a catalytically essential lysine residue with a genetically encoded photocaged lysine. This enables the expression of a transiently inactivated form of OGT, which can be rapidly reactivated by photo-decaging. We demonstrate the activation of OGT activity by monitoring the time-dependent increase of cellular O-GlcNAc and profile glycoproteins using mass-spectrometry-based quantitative proteomics. We further apply this activation strategy to control the morphological contraction of fibroblasts. Furthermore, we achieved spatial activation of OGT activity predominantly in the cytosol. Thus, our approach provides a valuable chemical tool to control cellular O-GlcNAc with much needed spatiotemporal precision, which aids in a better understanding of O-GlcNAc function.