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Xu S, Zheng J, Xiao H, Wu R. Simultaneously Identifying and Distinguishing Glycoproteins with O-GlcNAc and O-GalNAc (the Tn Antigen) in Human Cancer Cells. Analytical chemistry 2022 35132862
Abstract:
Glycoproteins with diverse glycans are essential to human cells, and subtle differences in glycan structures may result in entirely different functions. One typical example is proteins modified with O-linked β-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) and O-linked α-N-acetylgalactosamine (O-GalNAc) (the Tn antigen), in which the two glycans have very similar structures and identical chemical compositions, making them extraordinarily challenging to be distinguished. Here, we developed an effective method benefiting from selective enrichment and the enzymatic specificity to simultaneously identify and distinguish glycoproteins with O-GlcNAc and O-GalNAc. Metabolic labeling was combined with bioorthogonal chemistry for enriching glycoproteins modified with O-GlcNAc and O-GalNAc. Then, the enzymatic reaction with galactose oxidase was utilized to specifically oxidize O-GalNAc, but not O-GlcNAc, generating the different tags between glycopeptides with O-GlcNAc and O-GalNAc that can be easily distinguishable by mass spectrometry (MS). Among O-GlcNAcylated proteins commonly identified in three types of human cells, those related to transcription and RNA binding are highly enriched. Cell-specific features are also revealed. Among glycoproteins exclusively in Jurkat cells, those involved in human T-lymphotropic virus type 1 (HTLV-1) infection are overrepresented, which is consistent with the cell line source and suggests that protein O-GlcNAcylation participated in the response to the virus infection. Furthermore, glycoproteins with the Tn antigen have different subcellular distributions in different cells, which may be attributed to the distinct mechanisms for the formation of protein O-GalNAcylation.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
RBM47, E2F8, SBNO1, CNOT1, HMX3, BTBDB, RHG32, P121C, PDLI1, SNP23, PSMD9, TAF4, ARI1A, ABLM1, STX16, HGS, MYPT1, SC16A, SR140, SET1A, FYB1, TIF1A, PPM1G, SHIP2, EIF3D, NUP42, KDM6A, TET3, SI1L1, DC1L2, HNRPR, PRPF3, TPD54, E41L2, ZN207, BUB3, AKAP8, ZNRD2, MYPT2, GANP, HNRPQ, DIAP1, PLIN3, MAFK, TBL1X, MITF, N4BP1, ZC11A, T22D2, PP6R2, ANR17, BCAS1, NCOR1, SPAG7, TIPRL, SPF30, TOX4, TOX, PCF11, AGFG2, ZFPL1, KIF4A, SC24A, SC24B, CNOT4, ASML, M4K4, BPNT1, PX11B, CHK2, LMNA, GLPA, TFR1, ALDOA, GCR, HSPB1, GNAI2, RLA1, RLA2, RLA0, K1C18, K2C8, RB, CATD, SYEP, PTPRC, VIME, GSTP1, HMGB1, ROA1, ATX1L, DERPC, ZN865, TPR, LAMP2, EF2, PLSL, PLST, GLU2B, HCLS1, PO2F1, RAC2, ATF2, ZEP1, TFE2, MUC1, CREB1, JUNB, ATF7, PTN2, DDX5, SON, ATF1, CSK22, NFKB1, FLNA, PUR2, RFX1, CBL, COF1, PTBP1, ARNT, DCK, PYR1, MAP4, CALX, 3MG, PRDX6, CDC27, AMRP, CLIP1, ZEP2, HNRH1, 1433S, ELF1, LSP1, PTN7, IRS1, ADDA, NU214, CUX1, TXLNA, MLH1, ECHA, IF2G, HNF4A, LAP2B, GPDM, RANG, KI67, CRKL, CAPZB, RFX5, SOX2, CAMLG, NASP, FAS, CDK8, SRP09, YLPM1, NU153, RBP2, TAF6, EMD, LRBA, PAPOA, HCFC1, HDGF, AGFG1, HNRPF, HXK2, NUP98, ATX1, RD23B, AF10, AF17, DSRAD, FOXA1, HNRH2, NU107, TPIS, PSME3, TPM4, F193A, GTF2I, PHC1, PRKDC, MAP1A, SARNP, FOXK1, FBLN2, FAM3A, EM55, NFKB2, HNRPU, SPTB2, FOXK2, RUNX1, FLI1, SATB1, SP2, MP2K1, NUCB1, KMT2A, IF4G1, TLE3, TLE4, KPCT, PSME1, GABPA, PRDX1, ACK1, AHNK, IFFO1, GALT2, SRBP2, TROAP, BPTF, TP53B, CBX3, NFAC2, PICAL, CUL4B, ASPP2, NFYC, CDK13, VEZF1, UBP2L, SRC8, CAPR1, LAGE3, PUM1, MDC1, EPN4, RRP1B, NCOA6, GSE1, UBP10, 2A5D, MEF2D, LASP1, NUMA1, CND1, TEBP, PCBP1, RBMS2, SF3A1, TSN, SF01, MED1, TRIP6, ELF2, TAB1, ZFHX3, ZYX, ADRM1, DPYL2, TAF9, MAPK3, CSPP1, PDS5A, QSER1, AAK1, LRRF1, VP26B, ACSF3, TPRN, CRTC2, PAN3, YIF1B, PRC2B, CEP78, ZN362, FKB15, LRIF1, CAF17, UBAP2, NT5D1, AHDC1, LYRM7, RPRD2, ZN318, TASO2, TBC9B, ARID2, C19L1, ABLM2, TWF2, GRHL2, CPZIP, NIPBL, LIN54, ZCHC8, C2D1A, SCYL2, NFRKB, RSBNL, MDEAS, ZC3HE, LARP1, SAMD1, FIP1, CRTC3, SAS6, MCAF1, BCOR, GGYF2, NBEL2, CO039, SRCAP, UBN2, TM1L2, ASXL2, SPT6H, MEPCE, BOP, KDM3B, ERMP1, TRM1L, ZCCHV, KANL1, POGZ, ZFY16, NUFP2, MAVS, EMSY, RAI1, I2BP2, SRGP1, RHG30, SH3R1, HUWE1, YTHD3, GALT7, LYRIC, BCL9L, CASZ1, TSYL5, DDX42, CACL1, P66A, I2BP1, VRK3, FOXP4, ARI3B, TEX2, MGAP, ANKH1, SUGP1, MILK2, ERF3B, K2013, PHAR4, XRN1, ZN687, FNBP4, ARFG1, ENAH, NHLC2, AVL9, XXLT1, GOLM1, TXND5, PAIRB, CHSTE, SLAI1, TNR6A, PHC3, SP20H, VP37A, KMT2C, ARI1B, KNL1, NEDD1, ALMS1, PREX1, DLG5, GEMI5, PIGO, UBS3B, WIPF2, FRS2, PDC6I, ZFN2B, TPC12, SEN15, PCNP, LMO7, ATX2L, CSKI2, PSPC1, P66B, GBF1, SMG7, RTF1, TOPB1, PHF3, MAML1, TTC9A, PRCC, RREB1, CBP, DDX17, SEM4D, ARHG1, GPKOW, FUBP2, LPP, TTC28, PF21A, FAF2, ESS2, EDC3, A7L3B, P121A, PDLI5, FUBP3, VCIP1, PDLI2, Z512B, ZFR, EP400, PRRC1, NOL4L, RBM14, PURB, NACC1, CIC, MED15, NUDC1, SIN3A, AEDO, MINT, HTF4, CNN2, RGPD5, ATX2, HCD2, S29A1, ARI3A, SH3G1, TRIR, DPH2, MGME1, ERP44, ESYT1, CCM2, CNPY3, WAC, DIDO1, HGH1, MMTA2, PAXX, NTM1A, RBM4, SGPP1, HEMGN, HDHD5, YTHD1, FTO, CEP44, BC11B, PITH1, SP130, BRD8, RGAP1, I2BPL, ADNP, DHX36, FOXP1, CENPH, WNK1, E41L1, ZHX3, YTDC2, RANB3, PHAX, ECT2, CNO10, MLXIP, PKHA5, PKHA1, RC3H2, LY9, RDH14, TAF9B, NCOA5, TANC2, TNR6C, CHD8, SDF2L, ARFG3, UBN1, RTN4, PDLI7, CHSTC, STRN4, PNO1, BMP2K, RBM12, STAU2, TXLNG, PNPO, CARF, TAB2, TMOD3, CDK12, F120A, HPBP1, ITSN2, CNOT2, CHMP5, VAPA, CAMP3, RBM27, KANL3, RERE, ZN219, SE1L1, STAP2, LIMD1, TCF20, SEPT9, UBQL2, TRPS1, S30BP, NRBP, EI2BD, SIX4, APC7, TASOR, GMEB2, PARP4, MA1B1, ACINU, ZHX1, CDV3, MRTFB, ZBT21, YETS2, HECD1, PKCB1, SCAF8, PP6R1, TRI33, TNR6B, ZC3H4, SHAN2, SRRM2, CTND2, SCML2, ZN148, T3JAM, VDAC3, AKAP2, DDX52, NOP58, GIT1, ZN281, SIT1, SALL2, ARIP4, CRBG1, HYOU1, KLF12, PRC2C, YTHD2, CD2AP, TNPO3, SRPRB, TSSC4, NUBP2, HCFC2, FHOD1, NCOR2, GMEB1, NCOA3, S23IP
Species: Homo sapiens
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Shen B, Zhang W, Shi Z, Tian F, Deng Y, Sun C, Wang G, Qin W, Qian X. A novel strategy for global mapping of O-GlcNAc proteins and peptides using selective enzymatic deglycosylation, HILIC enrichment and mass spectrometry identification. Talanta 2017 169 28411811
Abstract:
O-GlcNAcylation is a kind of dynamic O-linked glycosylation of nucleocytoplasmic and mitochondrial proteins. It serves as a major nutrient sensor to regulate numerous biological processes including transcriptional regulation, cell metabolism, cellular signaling, and protein degradation. Dysregulation of cellular O-GlcNAcylated levels contributes to the etiologies of many diseases such as diabetes, neurodegenerative disease and cancer. However, deeper insight into the biological mechanism of O-GlcNAcylation is hampered by its extremely low stoichiometry and the lack of efficient enrichment approaches for large-scale identification by mass spectrometry. Herein, we developed a novel strategy for the global identification of O-GlcNAc proteins and peptides using selective enzymatic deglycosylation, HILIC enrichment and mass spectrometry analysis. Standard O-GlcNAc peptides can be efficiently enriched even in the presence of 500-fold more abundant non-O-GlcNAc peptides and identified by mass spectrometry with a low nanogram detection sensitivity. This strategy successfully achieved the first large-scale enrichment and characterization of O-GlcNAc proteins and peptides in human urine. A total of 474 O-GlcNAc peptides corresponding to 457 O-GlcNAc proteins were identified by mass spectrometry analysis, which is at least three times more than that obtained by commonly used enrichment methods. A large number of unreported O-GlcNAc proteins related to cell cycle, biological regulation, metabolic and developmental process were found in our data. The above results demonstrated that this novel strategy is highly efficient in the global enrichment and identification of O-GlcNAc peptides. These data provide new insights into the biological function of O-GlcNAcylation in human urine, which is correlated with the physiological states and pathological changes of human body and therefore indicate the potential of this strategy for biomarker discovery from human urine.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
TX13C, ESYT2, BICL2, ODAM, SRCRL, SYTC2, Z804B, O2A25, XIRP2, NKX26, SMCO2, MFS2B, O51F1, NCF1B, BTBDB, SRRM4, D11L8, YV023, LEUTX, MEIOS, RB27B, CACB4, SOCS6, CHD1, NDC80, KIF3C, MYPT1, IPP2C, MUSK, MRP3, PA2GX, ARPC5, P2RX6, ZW10, ZN749, KCAB3, ACTN4, VEGFD, BNI3L, ZN292, PI51C, MABP1, CCG3, NOBOX, REV3L, TBL1X, NBN, KI21B, PX11A, UBP2, CAN15, ATRN, SPF30, MYO1D, SUN1, ENDD1, M4K4, CFAB, LV151, K1C14, K2C1, HSPB1, CHLE, SAP, SRPRA, GNAI3, IL6RA, VILI, AT8OS, GLI3, RNAS2, LYAG, SPTB1, PSG2, LAMP2, CSPG2, SC5A1, F261, DPEP1, EPB42, ITB6, LMNB1, NEBU, RYR1, TENX, SP100, ANX13, ADH6, GNA11, NMT1, CPSM, GBRA5, AKT2, I5P2, MYH11, HMGCL, PGM1, CDN1A, MLH1, SATT, DCC, MAGAA, MMP13, ABCG1, MP2K3, UTRN, IDHP, PSB3, RBP2, MRE11, ETV1, IRAK1, ARSD, NEK4, SPSY, COPA, SMTN, ATN1, PMS1, PMS2, ATNG, PRRX1, AF17, NXPH1, NAL12, IF4A1, STX1B, KCNJ2, HPCA, PKD1, REEP5, CAC1D, MMSA, SEMG2, ACY1, P, ZNF91, LG3BP, PDE4C, SCAP, PO4F2, NMDE1, OVGP1, ANK3, NFAC3, AKAP6, CENPR, SF3B2, TRA2A, CUL4B, ALKB1, CO9A2, FA53B, WRN, SLBP, GOGB1, ZN169, ODFP1, FRPD4, MELT, SART3, IF4H, KIF14, PLCL1, PLEC, PSG5, DLGP5, MARE2, ENOX2, CNGA2, AINX, HCDH, CSPP1, QSER1, ZN423, SPKAP, PRSR3, F214A, K2C71, GON4L, GNPTA, LEGL, PAR14, PCDP1, PLCH1, AARD, RHG29, SPIN4, FA76B, CX066, BRM1L, ODR4, SZT2, SYRM, F102B, CE162, CL060, MYOME, ARHGG, CA140, CARL1, ZMYM4, EST4A, F219B, WDR25, F90A2, LAR1B, ATG9B, ARID2, FTM, USF3, KCD16, ZNF57, K1C39, Z518A, URFB1, CV042, RTL6, CAPR2, ADAM5, ZNT6, CA094, VIP1, AGRD1, CC171, KLH24, ABRX1, PAMR1, TM14E, ITIH6, RFIP1, IGS10, WDR87, SHSA6, FGD6, RGMC, NEK10, UBP31, NOL8, MARK2, BEND5, PCAT2, EPMIP, DPH6, OLIG3, TRPM8, CC186, MYCPP, TMC7, Z804A, TAF8, RALYL, RBM23, CC190, PKHL1, GA2L3, TCAM2, STX12, KI18B, RB6I2, ARMC8, K0825, STH, RP1L1, TPH2, F217A, PLPL6, EFC13, CJ067, PSYR, TBC21, DOCK3, AGRF4, SYCE1, CADM3, CP4Z2, CLASR, ZN786, CLIP4, CBPA6, NKAP, TM156, CPSF7, EFNMT, IGS22, LMBL4, ZFP62, PHC3, DDHD1, EXPH5, NAV1, BD1L1, BPIB6, TET1, MYRIP, FBH1, O10K1, ST3L4, CHD6, DMXL2, MIPT3, ES8L3, DOT1L, NAT14, CKAP2, ARAP3, CSKI1, ATRIP, MUC16, ELYS, TITIN, LZIC, PHF3, TBCD5, K0232, PRCC, TFG, SFRP3, COR2A, ARHG2, TATD2, LENG9, FAM3D, ALKB8, CHM4C, LRC58, REPS1, PGBD4, P3IP1, CDCA5, HMCES, DMAC1, IGS21, PAWR, ITCH, M4A14, CLMN, S41A2, HSH2D, TM87B, ZN514, P12L2, C295L, CQ10A, ROBO3, WWAS2, DB118, KI20B, PHF12, SPAG5, OR2M4, HMCN1, RANB9, CCNL2, IWS1, K1C12, NPY6R, S1PR3, LYST, CDC6, EBP2, NIPS1, DDX50, FA83C, PIMRE, NDC1, MTNA, UT14A, NUP85, TDRD1, MSTRO, SETD2, OSBL8, UACA, TSG10, TB182, EGLN1, CRLD2, CSTFT, NKX24, CT191, ESF1, PIEZ2, RANB3, CSR2B, UCK1, ZN556, MLXIP, TNR6C, HMX1, EQTN, PRDM9, TLR8, HELLS, TOPRS, KIF15, RAD18, HOME2, BRWD1, TEN2, CCM2L, FGOP2, MCUB, MIC19, KCTD5, CARF, FAT2, DTL, SACS, KLHL8, CE126, WDR35, NRX2A, DNM3B, COPG2, GCP4, PARP2, TCF20, ASIC3, RABX5, STAG3, NGAP, FBX5, MKLN1, ZBT21, PKHH1, SOX13, LIMC1, EXOC7, CBPC1, TUTLB, XCT, SHOC2, RUVB2, PDE10, PRLD1, FBW1A, DLGP4, WDR37, ZBTB1, NSG2, LSM2, DOP2, C170B, SAM50, PCDBB, PCDA3, TF3C3, CCG2, BIG1, S4A4, PCLO
Species: Homo sapiens
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