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Massman LJ, Pereckas M, Zwagerman NT, Olivier-Van Stichelen S. O-GlcNAcylation Is Essential for Rapid Pomc Expression and Cell Proliferation in Corticotropic Tumor Cells. Endocrinology 2021 162(12) 34418053
Abstract:
Pituitary adenomas have a staggering 16.7% lifetime prevalence and can be devastating in many patients because of profound endocrine and neurologic dysfunction. To date, no clear genomic or epigenomic markers correlate with their onset or severity. Herein, we investigate the impact of the O-GlcNAc posttranslational modification in their etiology. Found in more than 7000 human proteins to date, O-GlcNAcylation dynamically regulates proteins in critical signaling pathways, and its deregulation is involved in cancer progression and endocrine diseases such as diabetes. In this study, we demonstrated that O-GlcNAc enzymes were upregulated, particularly in aggressive adrenocorticotropin (ACTH)-secreting tumors, suggesting a role for O-GlcNAcylation in pituitary adenoma etiology. In addition to the demonstration that O-GlcNAcylation was essential for their proliferation, we showed that the endocrine function of pituitary adenoma is also dependent on O-GlcNAcylation. In corticotropic tumors, hypersecretion of the proopiomelanocortin (POMC)-derived hormone ACTH leads to Cushing disease, materialized by severe endocrine disruption and increased mortality. We demonstrated that Pomc messenger RNA is stabilized in an O-GlcNAc-dependent manner in response to corticotrophin-releasing hormone (CRH). By affecting Pomc mRNA splicing and stability, O-GlcNAcylation contributes to this new mechanism of fast hormonal response in corticotropes. Thus, this study stresses the essential role of O-GlcNAcylation in ACTH-secreting adenomas' pathophysiology, including cellular proliferation and hypersecretion.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
GPTC8, ITB4, PTPRF, VIR, HMCN2, SETX, RTF1, MYH7B, FSIP2, TITIN, ARGAL, CO6A5, MMRN2, STOX1, PLXB2, AGRG4, F25A2, LOXH1, HMCN1, TM233, PIEZ1, TOPZ1, CE350, M3K19, RYR2, ACACB, RN213, CF251, ARHG5, BICRA, FOXM1, DLDH, PEX5, WRN, CELR1, PROM1, STK10, MYPC3, DTNB, IKKB, ACTN3, ALDOC, RPB1, LMNB1, MAP1B, HVM57, PAI1, MCM3, MIS, RGRF1, MSRE, CTND1, RB22A, ZO1, QOR, ANXA5, MSH6, EVC, KCNN2, DEPD5, NOE3, TBB4B, ROCK1, GSH1, G3BP1, ATS1, TBB5, NF1, PGBM, IF2P, FA8, GDF3, KCMA1, ZCH18, TANC1, NSUN7, SHRM4, FAT4, IGFN1, HMHA1, FA98A, SCRN3, CH048, K22E, SHLD2, BIG3, SDK1, BAHC1, SLMAP, TBCD9, RIMB3, DYH12, ITAD, CKAP2, IGS10, A3LT2, ITA1, HERC2, XIRP2, TR150, IQEC2, LRC8B, FAT2, S39AC, VP13A, MTUS1, GSTCD, TENS3, ACACA, UTP20, KLRA4, PAPOA, STAR3, EWS, KTN1, GRID1, DDX5, CP131, SEM3B, TLL1, MINT, CCPG1, BTF3, TPP2, RBL1, COBA2, TASOR, PDS5A, CE290, NAL14, A2MG, ZZZ3, FREM2, CPSF6, RPRD2, HEAT6, P4R3A, FIL1L, SNX6, GAPD1, PTN23, TRI37, MON1A, MSL1, SARM1, CENPE, DAPLE, TIAM2, UBE2O, KDM3B, SYNE1, CMYA5, FHOD3, TBB2A, MYCB2, SGO2, MCAF1, STAR9, CAPS1, PHF8, CUL9, CLAP1, ST18, SGSM2, TAF1, M18BP, UBP2L, FLNB, OFD1, PTHB1, PDK1, TMCO3, NRDC, MARF1, TM87B, UNC80, TCAF1, KTU, UBP43, CAPS2, ZN609, DOCK2, RHG24, NAKD2, LENG8, UFL1, CD158, CLASR, SSPO, SLTM, NAV1, FBX4, RFWD3, MICA3, STAU2, NEIL3, CCD14, DDX18, UBP45, AL1L1, CCD80, TF2H3, FYCO1, HNRPU, DYH5, DHX36, AGRV1, FLNC, REST, NDUS1, CREL1, CELR3, DYST, BRWD1, GOGA2, PDIA6, TM1L1, RT4I1, CSTN3, PRP19, TARA, UBP16, NOG2, MYO7B, BCDO2, RTN4, RRBP1, ZN318, DHX30, MITOS, RBM33, NARF, KLH35, ACSL3, SYRC, C16L2, NBEA, TBB3, XPO4, RBCC1, LRP1B, CAC1F, PRG4, BIR1B, SRCN1, SHRM3, ING1, MACF1, ACL7A, SMK2B, H17B6, RPGR, RHG07, MAST1, ADA11, TIM, PFKAP, IRAG1, DEMA, P2R3D, SETBP, NEK4, PLD1
Species: Mus musculus
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Burt RA, Dejanovic B, Peckham HJ, Lee KA, Li X, Ounadjela JR, Rao A, Malaker SA, Carr SA, Myers SA. Novel Antibodies for the Simple and Efficient Enrichment of Native O-GlcNAc Modified Peptides. Molecular & cellular proteomics : MCP 2021 20 34678516
Abstract:
Antibodies against posttranslational modifications (PTMs) such as lysine acetylation, ubiquitin remnants, or phosphotyrosine have resulted in significant advances in our understanding of the fundamental roles of these PTMs in biology. However, the roles of a number of PTMs remain largely unexplored due to the lack of robust enrichment reagents. The addition of N-acetylglucosamine to serine and threonine residues (O-GlcNAc) by the O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT) is a PTM implicated in numerous biological processes and disease states but with limited techniques for its study. Here, we evaluate a new mixture of anti-O-GlcNAc monoclonal antibodies for the immunoprecipitation of native O-GlcNAcylated peptides from cells and tissues. The anti-O-GlcNAc antibodies display good sensitivity and high specificity toward O-GlcNAc-modified peptides and do not recognize O-GalNAc or GlcNAc in extended glycans. Applying this antibody-based enrichment strategy to synaptosomes from mouse brain tissue samples, we identified over 1300 unique O-GlcNAc-modified peptides and over 1000 sites using just a fraction of sample preparation and instrument time required in other landmark investigations of O-GlcNAcylation. Our rapid and robust method greatly simplifies the analysis of O-GlcNAc signaling and will help to elucidate the role of this challenging PTM in health and disease.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
IQIP1, A0A0A6YWG7, A0A0G2JF55, A0A0N4SW93, A0A0R4J060, A0A0U1RPL0, A0A140LIW3, A0A140T8K9, A0A1B0GS41, A0A1B0GS91, A0A1D5RMI8, A0A1L1M1J8, A0A1L1SR84, A0A1N9NPH8, A0A1Y7VNZ6, A0A286YDB3, A0JNY3, A2A482, A2A654, TANC2, LZTS3, AJM1, BCORL, A2AUD5, A2AWN8, B1ASA5, B1ATC3, B1AUX2, B2RQL0, CSPP1, B2RY58, B7ZNA5, CTTB2, D3YU22, D3YUV1, D3YWX2, D3YZ21, SHAN1, D3Z5K8, E0CXZ9, E9PU87, E9PUL3, PRRT2, E9PUR0, E9PV26, E9PVY8, SET1A, E9Q0N0, E9Q3E2, E9Q3G8, E9Q4K0, ARI1B, SETD2, E9Q6H8, E9Q6L9, E9Q828, E9Q9C0, E9Q9Y4, E9QAQ7, E9QAU4, E9QAU9, E9QKI2, E9QLZ9, E9QM77, F2Z3U3, F6RQA2, SYGP1, F7C376, BICRA, F8VQL9, F8WIS9, G3UZM1, G3X8R8, G3X928, RFIP2, H3BKF3, H3BKP8, H9KV00, J3QNT7, DPYL2, PRDX6, MNT, NUMBL, PEX5, BMPR2, CTND2, PITM1, ACK1, CAC1B, SYUA, DSG2, SPT5H, E41L2, SP3, KDM6A, CPNS1, ZFR, HCN1, CTBP1, BSN, STAM2, SYN1, MBP, EGR1, NFL, NFM, ITB1, RC3H2, ATX1L, RL7A, MAP1B, VIME, EIF3A, RGRF1, PABP1, FOXK1, EAA2, CBP, RFX1, SOX2, KPYM, CTBP2, GCP3, TB182, GMEB2, PI5PA, DOCK4, PCBP1, LIPA3, RS3, PAX6, KCNJ3, PP2BA, TBA4A, STAM1, NCOA1, CXB6, WNK1, PSME2, WBP2, SHPS1, NRSN1, CTNB1, PLAK, S30BP, NFIA, ZEP1, YES, CAPR2, MITF, GRD2I, Q0VF59, HDX, MA6D1, F171B, ZFHX2, MLXIP, PDLI7, PRC2C, CIART, YETS2, SRBP2, Q3U2K8, GSE1, RREB1, WNK2, DAB2P, ZEP2, AAK1, TNR6A, GRIN1, SRBS2, GRM5, Q3UZG4, RBM44, Q3ZB57, PHAR4, RESF1, Q5EBP8, UNKL, VP13A, COBL, KDM6B, PRSR1, Q5RIM6, SMG7, RBM27, TM1L2, Q5SVJ0, Q5SXC4, SIN3A, GAS7, CAPR1, KLF3, SIX4, AP180, GRID2, PACN1, LASP1, RAI1, NOTC3, SALL3, SPTB2, ARI3A, NUP62, PHC1, TFE3, PAN3, TIF1A, SF01, SYN2, SBNO1, CRTC1, RIPR1, GIT1, PKP4, ABLM3, ARMX2, CE170, Q6AXD2, NIPBL, FBX41, RPRD2, WWC2, Q6P1J1, Q6P5E3, UGGG1, SPRE3, Q6P9N8, AHDC1, PTN23, TRAK1, DLGP3, NYAP1, DHX29, NFRKB, MAGI1, Q6XZL8, CNOT1, SYNE2, IF2A, PICAL, PLPR4, PLPR3, CCNT2, PRC2A, MAP6, MCAF1, RERE, NU214, SESD1, UBP2L, C2C2L, CNKR2, SLIK5, RHG32, LPP, NELFA, C42S2, TB10B, TGO1, RFOX3, SP130, ANS1B, ZC3HE, ZC21A, BAIP2, EMSY, KAT6B, RELL2, LIPA2, CNOT4, TOX4, GASP2, CREST, KDM4A, GRIN3, KAT6A, ZN609, PAK5, A16L1, SI1L1, SH3R3, SKA3, RBM14, Q8C5J0, CNOT2, WDR26, UBA6, ANK2, DIDO1, SYNPO, VCIP1, FHI2A, NUP88, NED4L, SET1B, TNS2, OGT1, NAV1, STAU2, AFG32, S4A8, ZBT20, HS12A, GLT18, UNC5A, AGFG1, FRRS1, KCNQ3, PO121, T2FB, MTSS1, Q8R2E1, NUP35, MAVS, SGIP1, HNRL1, PP16B, CCG8, SFPQ, UBAP2, NCOA5, AJUBA, DCP1A, TWF1, ALS2, ETFD, CIC, GRIP1, GORS2, NONO, ZN281, CT2NL, RN111, ANR17, RTN4, PPP6, RBM7, CYGB, SARNP, DLGP1, SUN1, TM263, GON4L, PLIN3, MYPT1, NBEA, RENT1, ZN704, RBP2, ARHG7, RTN3, NUDT3, TULP4, Q9JIZ5, PAR6G, SCAM5, PRG4, ZN207, SRCN1, ASAP1, DREB, ULK2, ADDA, PCLO, UBQL2, FBX6, PCM1, SYT7, CRY2, FOXO1, MAST1, LYPA2, TEN3, GANP, DEMA, E41L3, ZO2, BAG6, E41L1, RM40, GRIA3, S4R294, V9GWU7, V9GX40
Species: Mus musculus
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Alfaro JF, Gong CX, Monroe ME, Aldrich JT, Clauss TR, Purvine SO, Wang Z, Camp DG 2nd, Shabanowitz J, Stanley P, Hart GW, Hunt DF, Yang F, Smith RD. Tandem mass spectrometry identifies many mouse brain O-GlcNAcylated proteins including EGF domain-specific O-GlcNAc transferase targets. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2012 109(19) 22517741
Abstract:
O-linked N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) is a reversible posttranslational modification of Ser and Thr residues on cytosolic and nuclear proteins of higher eukaryotes catalyzed by O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT). O-GlcNAc has recently been found on Notch1 extracellular domain catalyzed by EGF domain-specific OGT. Aberrant O-GlcNAc modification of brain proteins has been linked to Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, understanding specific functions of O-GlcNAcylation in AD has been impeded by the difficulty in characterization of O-GlcNAc sites on proteins. In this study, we modified a chemical/enzymatic photochemical cleavage approach for enriching O-GlcNAcylated peptides in samples containing ∼100 μg of tryptic peptides from mouse cerebrocortical brain tissue. A total of 274 O-GlcNAcylated proteins were identified. Of these, 168 were not previously known to be modified by O-GlcNAc. Overall, 458 O-GlcNAc sites in 195 proteins were identified. Many of the modified residues are either known phosphorylation sites or located proximal to known phosphorylation sites. These findings support the proposed regulatory cross-talk between O-GlcNAcylation and phosphorylation. This study produced the most comprehensive O-GlcNAc proteome of mammalian brain tissue with both protein identification and O-GlcNAc site assignment. Interestingly, we observed O-β-GlcNAc on EGF-like repeats in the extracellular domains of five membrane proteins, expanding the evidence for extracellular O-GlcNAcylation by the EGF domain-specific OGT. We also report a GlcNAc-β-1,3-Fuc-α-1-O-Thr modification on the EGF-like repeat of the versican core protein, a proposed substrate of Fringe β-1,3-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferases.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
ZEP3, CAMP1, FRPD1, SKT, DLGP4, DPYL2, STXB1, MAP2, NUMBL, M3K5, NOTC2, CTND2, CSK22, ACK1, SYUA, ATX2, ZFR, BSN, GCR, EGR1, NFL, NFM, RC3H2, MAMD1, ATX1L, DERPC, NCAM1, MAP1B, G3P, ATF2, MAP4, KCC2B, AIMP1, FOXK1, STAT3, AINX, NEDD4, RP3A, DVL1, GOGA3, FOXP1, TB182, GMEB2, PI5PA, MRTFB, DOCK4, ABI2, KCNJ3, NCOA1, RGRF2, TNIK, WNK1, G3BP2, MPRIP, XRN1, RLA2, S30BP, NFIA, MARK3, ENAH, PGBM, CDK12, MA6D1, PHAR1, PSD3, NELL1, PRC2C, YETS2, FOXK2, WNK2, LIMC1, TNR6C, AGAP2, ZEP2, AAK1, TNR6A, CAMKV, PKHA7, GRIN1, FCHO2, GARL3, STOX2, UBN1, ABL2, CDV3, PHAR4, TAB3, NUFP2, UNKL, OSBP2, RBM27, CYFP2, TM1L2, ANR40, NACAD, SIN3A, NCOR1, LAMA5, NCOA2, AP180, RAI1, M3K7, TAF6, SRBS1, SH3G1, TLE4, MINT, ZYX, SF01, SYN2, TBR1, SBNO1, CRTC1, GIT1, SLAI1, PKP4, CDK13, RHG23, SH3R1, JHD2C, HECD1, ABLM3, ARMX2, LAR4B, RHG21, FBX41, RPRD2, WWC2, ZN532, BCR, DLGP3, NYAP1, GMIP, NFRKB, MAGI1, CNOT1, NU188, PICAL, SMAP2, SPAG7, PRC2B, ATX2L, MAP6, MCAF1, PHF24, NAV3, AUXI, RERE, RIMB2, PUM1, NU214, KCMF1, EPN1, AGFG2, UBP2L, C2C2L, CNKR2, ZN598, SHAN2, MAST4, RHG32, MYPT2, TB10B, FRM4A, SP130, DLGP2, ZNT6, ABLM2, EMSY, CLAP2, CNOT4, PAMR1, CREST, IFFO1, OSBL6, YTHD3, TM266, SI1L1, SH3R3, RBM14, CNOT2, ANK2, DIDO1, SYNPO, VCIP1, TAB1, SCYL2, ASPP2, F193A, OGT1, NAV1, SYNJ1, RPGF2, EP400, P66A, PDLI5, SCAM1, HS12A, AGFG1, I2BPL, PO121, ABLM1, SPART, RFIP5, CS047, SIR2, AMOT, CCG8, ZCH14, WDR13, UBAP2, NCOA5, FRS3, ZFN2B, BASP1, DCP1A, SRGP2, SRGP1, SYUB, CLIP1, UBXN1, GORS2, EPN4, RB6I2, ANR17, RTN4, TXD12, NECP1, DLGP1, FIP1, F135B, TM263, PLIN3, MYPT1, CRIP2, TSC1, NBEA, RIMS2, ZN704, RBP2, RTN3, 4ET, ELF2, NUDT3, FMN2, NCOA6, SRCN1, ASAP1, RAD1, SON, PLEC, ULK2, ADDA, PCLO, HIPK2, SH2D3, YLPM1, RHG07, TEN1, NCOR2, COR1B, TNIP1, DEMA, E41L3, SYUG, APCL, MECP2, E41L1
Species: Mus musculus
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Myers SA, Panning B, Burlingame AL. Polycomb repressive complex 2 is necessary for the normal site-specific O-GlcNAc distribution in mouse embryonic stem cells. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2011 108(23) 21606357
Abstract:
The monosaccharide addition of an N-acetylglucosamine to serine and threonine residues of nuclear and cytosolic proteins (O-GlcNAc) is a posttranslational modification emerging as a general regulator of many cellular processes, including signal transduction, cell division, and transcription. The sole mouse O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT) is essential for embryonic development. To understand the role of OGT in mouse development better, we mapped sites of O-GlcNAcylation of nuclear proteins in mouse embryonic stem cells (ESCs). Here, we unambiguously identify over 60 nuclear proteins as O-GlcNAcylated, several of which are crucial for mouse ESC cell maintenance. Furthermore, we extend the connection between OGT and Polycomb group genes from flies to mammals, showing Polycomb repressive complex 2 is necessary to maintain normal levels of OGT and for the correct cellular distribution of O-GlcNAc. Together, these results provide insight into how OGT may regulate transcription in early development, possibly by modifying proteins important to maintain the ESC transcriptional repertoire.
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