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Lee BE, Kim HY, Kim HJ, Jeong H, Kim BG, Lee HE, Lee J, Kim HB, Lee SE, Yang YR, Yi EC, Hanover JA, Myung K, Suh PG, Kwon T, Kim JI. O-GlcNAcylation regulates dopamine neuron function, survival and degeneration in Parkinson disease. Brain : a journal of neurology 2020 143(12) 33300544
Abstract:
The dopamine system in the midbrain is essential for volitional movement, action selection, and reward-related learning. Despite its versatile roles, it contains only a small set of neurons in the brainstem. These dopamine neurons are especially susceptible to Parkinson's disease and prematurely degenerate in the course of disease progression, while the discovery of new therapeutic interventions has been disappointingly unsuccessful. Here, we show that O-GlcNAcylation, an essential post-translational modification in various types of cells, is critical for the physiological function and survival of dopamine neurons. Bidirectional modulation of O-GlcNAcylation importantly regulates dopamine neurons at the molecular, synaptic, cellular, and behavioural levels. Remarkably, genetic and pharmacological upregulation of O-GlcNAcylation mitigates neurodegeneration, synaptic impairments, and motor deficits in an animal model of Parkinson's disease. These findings provide insights into the functional importance of O-GlcNAcylation in the dopamine system, which may be utilized to protect dopamine neurons against Parkinson's disease pathology.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
BIG2, F1712, VIR, AJM1, RPGP1, UBR4, SCN1A, AGRIN, TITIN, KALRN, STPG3, FXL16, TT23L, PTPRS, GRIK3, SCN2A, DLGP4, OSBL8, PTPRZ, PGBD5, GLSK, GCN1, CE350, PI4KA, RYR2, AGRF2, UBE4A, NRX2A, FRY, SYGP1, OTOGL, AT2B1, ANK3, CA2D1, DPYL2, STXB1, DCTN1, U5S1, GFRA2, GALT1, SEM4D, KIF3C, PLCA, PHB2, NCAM2, GRAK, PURB, IMA3, IMA7, PLD3, FOLH1, FKBP8, STX1A, PSDE, VIAAT, AP1B1, C1QBP, SYT3, HNRH1, SATT, CTND2, SDC4, AP3D1, RGS9, RGS7, CSK22, OX2G, AAKG1, CRYM, PROM1, CNTP1, ENTP2, BCKD, SNG1, NIPS1, NIPS2, SEPT7, AT2A2, DHX9, PI51C, PI42A, ITB5, GPX4, NPTX2, GNAZ, WDR1, S4A4, MTX2, CNTFR, ZFR, CSN3, HCN2, HCN1, CTBP1, BSN, MPP3, NOE1, CBPD, LGMN, COR1A, CYB, COX1, COX2, COX3, HPRT, ATP6, THY1, H3C, LAMC1, NU1M, NU2M, NU4M, NU5M, ATP8, GFAP, MBP, PRIO, ALDOA, KAPCA, AATM, TBA1B, TBA3, KIT, LDHA, G6PI, MDR1B, ENPP1, HS90A, ENPL, KCC4, NFL, NFM, RASN, PGK2, ITB1, PPBT, NUCL, PGK1, ACE, LRC4B, UBB, UBC, EF1A1, IF4A2, GSTM1, 4F2, H10, LAMP1, HS90B, L1CAM, ITA5, KCC2A, ITB2, ITPR1, TCPA, PFKAL, CNTN1, NCAM1, AT1B1, C1QB, RS16, RL7, AT1B2, PSMD3, MAP1B, GLNA, CADH2, INSR, NTRK2, KCNC1, SPTB1, H12, KPCE, LDHB, CN37, DDX3L, KCNA1, KCNA3, AMPE, ASSY, SPTN1, G3P, LAMP2, ENOA, AP2A1, AP2A2, HXK1, GTR1, PTPRA, COF1, GNAO, FAS, LAMA1, NFH, COX41, BIP, HEXB, VIME, MTAP2, MAG, GNA11, GNAQ, MDR1A, ACES, GBRG2, AP1G1, GBRD, EIF3A, CXA1, GRIA1, GRIA2, TY3H, RS2, GBRA2, RL3, BRAF, KCC2B, NP1L1, NCKP1, SNAB, KIF2A, KIF3A, PABP1, GBB4, KCRU, GNA14, KAP3, SC6A1, S6A11, MP2K1, GTR3, LA, RASK, SYWC, KIF1A, HYES, RAB3D, RAB5C, RAB6A, RAB21, NMDZ1, ODPA, RET, FBRL, KCNJ2, CD81, GPM6A, GPM6B, GNL1, DYN1, DYN2, GRIK2, CAP1, ABCA2, PURA, HD, EAA2, H14, H15, H13, ITAV, SYT1, NSF, RB11B, AINX, MYO1B, NEDD4, ALDH2, GRM8, CAZA2, CAPZB, MP2K4, PFKAM, RL6, RL29, RL5, GLRB, DCE1, DCE2, CBR1, GSTM5, ADT1, INPP, CDK5, SAHH, GDIA, VATA, VATE1, GBRB1, RAB7A, ACADL, VA0D1, ADT2, EAA3, KCNJ4, KPYM, RAB2A, PRS6B, PTN5, NCAN, ABCD3, RAB8A, ATPK, ATP5E, UBP5, ATPB, CTBP2, EAA1, WFS1, FUS, NICA, ACTN4, ASM3B, EF2, OPA1, DOCK4, IRPL1, ARPC4, MYPR, PLPP, ACTB, MDGA2, NEUG, RAC3, IF4A1, MEGF8, RAB5B, RAB10, RAB8B, ARP2, ACTZ, CSN2, ARF3, ARL1, CAH10, RAP2B, STX1B, RAB6B, RL27, ARF4, GABT, HNRPK, 1433G, RS7, PP1A, RS8, SMD1, KCAB2, ABI2, RB11A, EF1A2, RS4X, PP2AB, RL18A, ACTA, AP2S1, RL23A, VISL1, H4, GBRA1, VATB2, RAB1A, RAB3C, RAN, RAP1A, RS24, GBB1, GBB2, RS3, RL8, RS27A, RL40, RAC1, RAB3A, HSP7C, CH60, VAMP2, NOE3, GBRB3, VATL, PP1G, 1433Z, GBRB2, KCNA2, KCAB1, CRNL1, DYL1, ACTG, ACTH, KPCG, PP2BA, PP2AA, PHB, CSK2B, ACTC, RACK1, ACTS, KAPCB, TBA4A, TBA1A, TBB4B, KPCB, H31, IMB1, PLXA1, PLXA2, PLXA3, DCC, ITPR3, NCHL1, HNRH2, ELAV1, USP9X, IDHG1, LYAG, AT8A1, TCPH, TCPB, TCPD, TCPE, TCPZ, TCPG, TNIK, WNK1, RL36A, ARF1, ARF5, AP2M1, H32, H33, ADCY5, NPTN, RS3A, AT1B3, DPYL1, ZNT3, GRM1, SHPS1, NEO1, FUMH, M4K4, C1QA, TBB5, PDE4D, PDE1B, NMDE2, SC23A, TERA, C1QC, CTNB1, PLAK, EPHA4, MARK3, ATPA, CHLE, KCND1, KCRB, NF1, CDK18, RAC2, MARK2, PGBM, PTPRG, PYC, KCMA1, PADI2, INF2, TRIO, MDGA1, CTP5A, ITB8, PSA, GRM2, PTCD3, PHAR1, LRFN1, SPP2B, HP1B3, NLRX1, PRC2C, TM38A, VGLU1, BIG3, PLXD1, AGAP2, AAK1, TEN4, CAMKV, DOP2, RMD3, SMU1, MCCB, GPD1L, LIGO2, SRBS2, CDKL5, K22O, VPS51, GRM5, CBAR2, SHAN3, UN13A, SE6L2, KCTD8, KCD16, LRC8B, VP13A, C2C4C, S2551, MRS2, DIRA2, CYFP2, TM1L2, RHG44, MYO1D, RABL6, DJC11, UIMC1, ICAM5, FLOT2, HNRPD, PTPRN, CSK21, KHDR1, IGF1R, CLD11, SPB6, ARHG2, VDAC2, VDAC3, VDAC1, ABCB7, ASTN1, P3C2A, CAC1E, LAMB2, CTNA2, SC6A3, CNTN2, PGCB, NEP, KCNA4, CD166, 5NTD, GSLG1, EWS, AP180, FSCN1, GDIB, GRIK5, GRID1, DDX5, HS105, ITIH3, IL1AP, CD47, KINH, KIF3B, LASP1, MYH10, MOG, NPM, PCBP2, CSPG2, DDX3Y, DLG4, RHOC, DAG1, DDX3X, SYPH, TICN1, NDUA4, NPTX1, NUP62, OMGP, HECAM, AOFA, ARP3B, SURF4, SYN2, CP3AD, H2B1H, GLPK, SDC3, GPDM, H2A2C, H2B2B, GRM7, GRM4, CLH1, K1549, GIT1, PKP4, PPR29, CNTN4, NLGN2, SV2C, THS7A, CE170, UBP7, BRNP2, SCMC3, LIGO3, DGKB, RPRD2, DPP10, S23IP, PPRC1, 2ABA, TNPO3, SIK3, U520, S39AA, TTYH3, XPO1, SPCS, KCRS, CSKI1, NRX3A, BCR, SARM1, PRRT3, TEFF1, RAB35, CA2D2, KCC2D, AT1A3, AT1A2, GNAS1, SDK2, WDFY3, NTRK3, RAD9B, DGLA, KCD12, MTMR5, UBE2O, CAND1, UBP34, RS9, 2ABB, H2B1C, TLN2, CSPG5, 2AAA, NP1L4, MTCH2, OPALI, CYFP1, TBB2A, HUWE1, IGS21, ROBO2, ACTN1, IGSF1, TR143, TPPP, OTUB1, KPBB, PP6R1, MAP6, ELP1, RRAGD, MRCKB, GABR2, CSMD3, EPT1, VAT1L, LRRC7, CAPS1, CYLD, AGRL1, AGRL3, CLAP1, AUXI, DAAM2, MADD, MFN2, NU214, UBE3C, PLXA4, FBX2, KCMF1, CBPM, GSTM7, AGFG2, LRC8A, HPLN4, VAC14, UBP2L, C2C2L, LRRT4, BDH, MK15, CNKR2, TENA, ASTN2, NEGR1, RAP2A, THEM6, SLIK5, SLIK4, SLIK3, SLIK2, NFASC, NRCAM, RHG32, SRGP3, EFTU, VGLU3, ERLN2, ROA3, SV2B, MIRO1, EFR3A, LRRT2, U2AF4, ENPP6, SYAC, FLRT3, CBLN2, LRTM2, HPCL4, COR2B, CMC1, ATLA1, NU107, RB39B, RB39A, ZN526, ANS1B, DLGP2, AHSA1, IPO5, NCEH1, LSAMP, CADM2, NOE2, ODP2, RBGPR, ECHA, SPA2L, SYNC, RL24, DAAM1, DMXL2, RLGPB, CLAP2, VMAT2, ARF2, NDRG4, ENPP4, HSDL1, RAP2C, GEPH, VATH, PMGT2, TTC12, AOFB, LRFN5, PIGT, CTL2, TENR, NLGN3, LRRT3, DYN3, LRC4C, ARHGA, SYFA, SI1L1, LCAP, EXOG, CERS6, SEP11, IKZF4, GP158, CWC22, VPS52, SCAI, ANK2, PDE10, PGM2L, SHFL, MIC60, WDR37, ABI1, SYNPO, T132C, GLT13, NED4L, RPB2, TCRG1, GNAL, H2B1K, H2B1P, H2A1F, H2A1H, H2A1K, OGT1, SYNJ1, SEPT8, MBOA7, PGP, NGEF, PYGB, COPA, MARK4, DOCK3, PLXB1, TXTP, AGRL2, TRHDE, R4RL1, RTN1, HS12A, K319L, DNM1L, AGRG1, PACS1, ABCF3, SDHA, HACD3, AGFG1, PAF1, IPO11, CCM2, MATR3, ATAT, LRRT1, LGI3, RPTOR, COL12, NAC2, THIL, EIF3L, MARE2, HNRPL, K0513, IQEC1, CACB4, SCPDL, BPHL, SNG3, EIF3C, H2AJ, DC1L1, S35A3, AP3M2, MUC18, UBQL1, PSPC1, NUP58, IGSF8, EXOC1, CACB1, CADM4, NUP85, SNP47, ACTY, WASF1, AMPB, MICU1, PSMD2, AT1A1, CDIPT, GD1L1, CC50A, HNRPU, REM2, MPCP, MARK1, CSPG4, SORC3, IPO4, SFPQ, BACH, S12A5, RAB14, SFXN3, ACLY, NDUS1, ITM2C, RMXL1, MIC25, ATPG, DDX1, MLP3A, UBAP2, ACSL6, NDUS2, ERLN1, DLG2, PI42C, IPO9, NDUV1, GRHPR, SRGP2, SRGP1, RAB4B, LRP1, WDR7, BRNP1, SYDC, TBB6, PDK3, TSN2, PDE2A, RPAB3, CSMD1, KCC2G, 2ABD, ATAD3, SFXN5, MYO5A, G37L1, RAP1B, SFXN1, NLGN1, NONO, RRAGC, TIP, MLF2, GAK, CDS2, NDUAA, ETFA, TNPO2, PTPRT, DNJA3, T121B, SF3B1, RIMS1, CNTP4, NTRI, PRP8, COX6C, MGST3, CNTP2, 6PGL, QCR8, NDUB4, RAB5A, GLRX3, AT5F1, S2546, MLP3B, 1433B, RL14, M2OM, UCRI, MIC19, PRPS2, NRX1A, MICU3, ARPC2, TBB2B, ROA0, CENPV, RL11, ILF2, TECR, RN181, BIEA, QCR1, OLA1, RL15, AL1B1, TOM70, MPC2, ODPB, MMS19, MGRN1, HNRPM, SCOT1, DYL2, RM28, RAB1B, LIGO1, RUFY3, MEII1, ATAD1, CUL5, GBRA4, TBB4A, GHC1, IDH3A, PRPS1, U2AF1, RL4, PSD12, SNAA, ATPO, BTBDH, QCR2, ALG2, AP2B1, RPN2, SUSD2, NDUA9, NDUS7, 6PGD, EIF3F, NDUS3, RAB13, XPO7, IPO7, NBEA, SORC2, VPS35, RPGF4, TBB3, XPO2, RTN3, LRBA, SPN90, TRIM2, DYHC1, LRP1B, LGI1, PRAF2, SV2A, SCAM5, NECT1, HYOU1, EXTL1, SORC1, DCLK1, MTOR, MINK1, ZN207, AP3B2, MY18A, RHOA, HPLN1, FAK2, NAGAB, COPG2, KI21A, SHRM3, PLEC, DREB, CMC2, EHD3, PLXB3, ADDA, DNJA2, GRM3, PCLO, SIA7A, ARP10, DCTN5, PLXC1, COPG1, GPC1, UBQL2, FBX6, SRR, AT2B2, CELR2, DEST, ARC1A, KAD1, GBRG1, GUAD, CBLN1, DGKE, VAS1, ADA22, ADA23, PEPL, CAD13, TEN1, TEN2, CUL1, ATRN, GLPK2, PDC6I, PFKAP, PYGM, SUCA, RBMX, GABR1, GSK3B, FPRP, E41L3, BUB3, CARM1, PSD13, CP46A, APC7, NCDN, ITB6, KCND2, NU160, HNRDL, SAE2, VATC1, VPP1, ARI1, CA2D3, SEPT3, AP3B1, STK39, HNRPC, DPP6, E41L1, SUCB1, SEPT5, GRIA4, GRIA3, HOME1
Species: Mus musculus
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Qin K, Zhu Y, Qin W, Gao J, Shao X, Wang YL, Zhou W, Wang C, Chen X. Quantitative Profiling of Protein O-GlcNAcylation Sites by an Isotope-Tagged Cleavable Linker. ACS chemical biology 2018 13(8) 30059200
Abstract:
Large-scale quantification of protein O-linked β- N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) modification in a site-specific manner remains a key challenge in studying O-GlcNAc biology. Herein, we developed an isotope-tagged cleavable linker (isoTCL) strategy, which enabled isotopic labeling of O-GlcNAc through bioorthogonal conjugation of affinity tags. We demonstrated the application of the isoTCL in mapping and quantification of O-GlcNAcylation sites in HeLa cells. Furthermore, we investigated the O-GlcNAcylation sensitivity to the sugar donor by quantifying the levels of modification under different concentrations of the O-GlcNAc labeling probe in a site-specific manner. In addition, we applied isoTCL to compare the O-GlcNAcylation stoichiometry levels of more than 100 modification sites between placenta samples from male and female mice and confirmed site-specifically that female placenta has a higher O-GlcNAcylation than its male counterpart. The isoTCL platform provides a powerful tool for quantitative profiling of O-GlcNAc modification.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
A0A0A6YVU8, A0A1B0GSG7, RBM47, ZN335, A2A8N0, TITIN, SBNO1, CNOT1, PHRF1, ZN462, TAGAP, D3YUK0, E9PUR0, E9PVW1, E9PWI7, PARP4, E9PZS2, E9Q2C0, E9Q3G8, E9Q616, BD1L1, E9Q732, ARHG5, E9Q7N9, E9Q842, E9Q9B4, E9Q9Q2, E9QA22, E9QAE1, F6Y6L6, F8VQ29, F8VQM5, J9JI28, PDLI1, SPT5H, TAF4, ARI1A, ABLM1, KMT2D, MYPT1, ZN609, SET1A, SYNEM, PUR4, TNC18, KDM6A, DPOD2, M3K7, TPD54, SYNJ1, ZN207, SRPK2, ACK1, SYUA, MYPT2, KIF1B, HBP1, OGA, VINEX, PLIN3, MAFK, BRD4, PDLI1, KDM6A, SRPK1, N4BP1, ANR17, NCOR1, CREG1, CRTAP, MYO1A, MTR1L, CREG1, TOX4, SUN1, M3K6, PSMG1, SC24B, CNOT4, ABL1, ABL1, EGFR, LAMC1, LMNA, GLCM, GCR, HSPB1, PPBT, RLA2, ITB1, K1C18, K2C8, SAP, CATL1, LAMB1, ENPL, BGLR, NFIC, VIME, SNRPA, ROA1, ATX1L, TGAP1, GLI2, HLAC, CATB, TAU, BIP, FINC, K2C8, TPR, MSH3, ENPL, PO2F1, ATF2, GNS, ZEP1, RS2, MUC1, JUNB, ATF7, CATD, SON, SERPH, NELFE, BIP, ROA2, CBL, IF4B, APC, ARNT, MAP4, TEAD1, RXRA, RXRB, RXRG, CLIP1, AIMP1, HXA11, ELF1, NU214, MP2K2, VATA, CUX1, PBX2, MLH1, STAT3, SSRB, KI67, STT3A, RFX5, LMNA, DPOD2, PAXI, CDK8, YLPM1, NU153, RBP2, TAF6, EMD, PPT1, FXR1, ICAL, HCFC1, AGFG1, NUP98, ATX1, ATN1, PTN5, AF17, DSRAD, AMRP, ACYP2, NU107, ACOT8, S26A1, TB182, YTHD1, ASXL1, PI5PA, RIN3, MRTFB, RL37, KCNA2, RALA, STIM1, PITX1, IF4G2, SRPK2, RENBP, COG7, WNK1, SERF2, RPTN, SPSY, DAB2, RBM10, HNRPU, SPTB2, FOXK2, EWS, MEF2A, SP2, CO7A1, S30BP, NUCB1, ENL, IF4G1, K1C17, TLE3, TLE4, TOP1, SUH, CBG, ACK1, DEMA, AHNK, FOXO1, TROAP, BPTF, NFIA, ROA0, G3BP1, PABP4, ATM, PICAL, MAMD1, RIPK1, STIM1, MTMR1, CUL4B, ASPP2, KLF5, NFYC, CDK13, VEZF1, DSG2, TRI29, UBP2L, SRC8, PUM1, EPN4, RRP1B, NCOA6, DIP2A, MEF2D, NUMA1, R3HD1, KIF14, EBP, RCN1, KS6A1, RBMS2, TAF1C, NCOA2, SF01, JHD2C, MARE1, ELF2, TAB1, ZFHX3, ZYX, ADRM1, CCDC6, TAF9, STX1A, RFX7, QSER1, QRIC1, PRC2C, PBIP1, GSE1, TNR6A, CEAM5, Q3UKP4, COBL1, ARH40, SC31A, PEG3, SRBS2, Q3UU43, Q3UUE0, F91A1, ARBK2, Q497W2, Q4KL65, PHAR4, EPC2, CRTC2, BCORL, K2026, TGO1, PRC2B, TOIP1, SPG17, SHRM1, ZN362, LRIF1, RHG21, UBAP2, RBM26, RPRD2, ZN318, NCOR1, LAMA5, HCFC1, P3C2A, SAP, AP180, MAFK, SPTB2, SH3G1, ZYX, TSH3, INADL, WAPL, KAZRN, SBNO1, ARID2, DYH17, SAM9L, CDK13, LAR4B, BICRL, RHG21, HELZ, TTLL5, PANX2, PKHG2, NIPBL, LIN54, F135A, RPRD2, IF4G1, SPIC, SCYL2, NFRKB, INT1, ZN182, UGGG1, MDEAS, ZC3HE, RICTR, FIP1, CRTC3, SAS6, MCAF1, BCOR, GGYF2, NU188, CO039, UBN2, HAKAI, ASXL2, SPT6H, DDX46, KDM3B, PICAL, PRC2B, OOG2, ZIC5, NRK, POGZ, MAVS, CLAP1, EMSY, I2BP2, SRGP1, SH3R1, HUWE1, YTHD3, NU214, UBP2L, TMC5B, ZN598, TOPRS, SHAN2, Q80ZX0, ZNF18, Q810G1, BCL9L, LUZP1, PRSR1, DDX42, PALB2, P66A, GNS, LPP, TB10B, TGO1, Q8BIB6, ZN771, ZNT6, AAPK2, CNOT4, SP110, IFFO1, YTHD3, NCBP3, DEFI6, RBM14, CNOT2, CABS1, Q8C6L9, TCAL5, TAB1, SCYL2, ASPP2, PHC3, EPN2, PDLI5, I2BP1, RN135, AHNK2, NAV2, MISP, MGAP, ANKH1, PHAR4, XRN1, PELP1, Q8JZK6, Q8K0U8, AGFG1, TXD11, IL23R, ARHG6, SPART, SPICE, NUP93, CLASR, ZN786, SYNPO, FNBP4, ARFG1, ENAH, TNR6A, PHC3, SP20H, NAV1, VP37A, KMT2C, BD1L1, NUP35, STXB6, KNL1, TCAL3, MTSS1, SPART, NUP35, PUM2, STT3B, ALMS1, GEMI5, WIPF2, MAVS, UTP6, PI3R4, AMOT, P66B, STAG1, PCNP, LMO7, ATX2L, CSKI2, P66B, BBX, TITIN, HNMT, UBAP2, DCP1A, NRIF1, SMG7, RTF1, MAML1, ZN592, LAR4B, TAF4B, SHIP1, DDX17, RENT1, GPKOW, FUBP2, LPP, TTC28, PF21A, INT12, RCN3, CERS2, PDLI5, FUBP3, MY15B, ANCHR, CLP1L, Z512B, ZFR, EP400, NOL4L, RBM14, CIC, MED15, PIGS, DCR1C, SIN3A, MINT, EYA3, TEAD3, ATX2, RFC4, DHX58, ANX13, GORS2, TAB2, EPN4, ANR17, DPH2, WAC, DIDO1, YTHD1, AMRA1, TANC1, TXD12, F133B, RBM33, GPI8, Q9D2U0, ZC21B, FUND2, F162A, APMAP, Q9D809, FIP1, CNPY3, Q9DAV5, Q9DB24, ALG2, PLIN3, MYPT1, WWTR1, Q9EQC8, SALL1, RBP2, GILT, MFF, SP130, APC1, I2BPL, RBNS5, EPC1, ADNP, ZN106, TM245, CPVL, PTN23, WNK1, E41L1, ZHX3, ZN335, PKHG2, CCSE2, CQ10B, MLXIP, PKHA5, RC3H2, TAF9B, ZBT20, NCOA5, ZN532, APMAP, HYOU1, ADRM1, GIT2, BAG3, UBN1, PDLI7, DIAP3, RBM12, CARF, ETAA1, HXC10, TAB2, UGGG1, CDK12, ITSN2, CNOT2, TMEM9, DAPLE, NYAP2, KANL3, SON, LIMD1, KI21B, KI21A, PPIE, PCM1, GALK1, MRP5, SE1L1, LIMD1, TCF20, SUN2, AFF4, UBQL2, S30BP, NRBP, SIX4, TASOR, GMEB2, PARP4, NUP50, ZHX1, YETS2, HECD1, SCAF8, SRRM2, SCML2, S22AL, NCOR2, DEMA, POLH, R3HD2, ZN281, FBX7, RPGF2, IRS2, HYOU1, PRC2C, NCOR2, GMEB1, S23IP, SRPK3, Q9Z0I7, VNN1, KLK4, SE1L1, RGS6, E41L1
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Lopez Aguilar A, Gao Y, Hou X, Lauvau G, Yates JR, Wu P. Profiling of Protein O-GlcNAcylation in Murine CD8+ Effector- and Memory-like T Cells. ACS chemical biology 2017 12(12) 29125738
Abstract:
During an acute infection, antigenic stimulation leads to activation, expansion, and differentiation of naïve CD8+ T cells, first into cytotoxic effector cells and eventually into long-lived memory cells. T cell antigen receptors (TCRs) detect antigens on antigen-presenting cells (APCs) in the form of antigenic peptides bound to major histocompatibility complex I (MHC-I)-encoded molecules and initiate TCR signal transduction network. This process is mediated by phosphorylation of many intracellular signaling proteins. Protein O-GlcNAc modification is another post-translational modification involved in this process, which often has either reciprocal or synergistic roles with phosphorylation. In this study, using a chemoenzymatic glycan labeling technique and proteomics analysis, we compared protein O-GlcNAcylation of murine effector and memory-like CD8+ T cells differentiated in vitro. By quantitative proteomics analysis, we identified 445 proteins that are significantly regulated in either effector- or memory-like T cell subsets. Furthermore, qualitative and quantitative analysis identified highly regulated protein clusters that suggest involvement of this post-translational modification in specific cellular processes. In effector-like T cells, protein O-GlcNAcylation is heavily involved in transcriptional and translational processes that drive fast effector T cells proliferation. During the formation of memory-like T cells, protein O-GlcNAcylation is involved in a more specific, perhaps more targeted regulation of transcription, mRNA processing, and translation. Significantly, O-GlcNAc plays a critical role as part of the "histone code" in both CD8+ T cells subgroups.
Species: Mus musculus
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Lee A, Miller D, Henry R, Paruchuri VD, O'Meally RN, Boronina T, Cole RN, Zachara NE. Combined Antibody/Lectin Enrichment Identifies Extensive Changes in the O-GlcNAc Sub-proteome upon Oxidative Stress. Journal of proteome research 2016 15(12) 27669760
Abstract:
O-Linked N-acetyl-β-d-glucosamine (O-GlcNAc) is a dynamic post-translational modification that modifies and regulates over 3000 nuclear, cytoplasmic, and mitochondrial proteins. Upon exposure to stress and injury, cells and tissues increase the O-GlcNAc modification, or O-GlcNAcylation, of numerous proteins promoting the cellular stress response and thus survival. The aim of this study was to identify proteins that are differentially O-GlcNAcylated upon acute oxidative stress (H2O2) to provide insight into the mechanisms by which O-GlcNAc promotes survival. We achieved this goal by employing Stable Isotope Labeling of Amino Acids in Cell Culture (SILAC) and a novel "G5-lectibody" immunoprecipitation strategy that combines four O-GlcNAc-specific antibodies (CTD110.6, RL2, HGAC39, and HGAC85) and the lectin WGA. Using the G5-lectibody column in combination with basic reversed phase chromatography and C18 RPLC-MS/MS, 990 proteins were identified and quantified. Hundreds of proteins that were identified demonstrated increased (>250) or decreased (>110) association with the G5-lectibody column upon oxidative stress, of which we validated the O-GlcNAcylation status of 24 proteins. Analysis of proteins with altered glycosylation suggests that stress-induced changes in O-GlcNAcylation cluster into pathways known to regulate the cell's response to injury and include protein folding, transcriptional regulation, epigenetics, and proteins involved in RNA biogenesis. Together, these data suggest that stress-induced O-GlcNAcylation regulates numerous and diverse cellular pathways to promote cell and tissue survival.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
A2BIE1, E9Q3G8, ATX2, PTN23, NU214, UBP2L, EMSY, CNOT2, ANR17, CILK1
Species: Mus musculus
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Nagel AK, Schilling M, Comte-Walters S, Berkaw MN, Ball LE. Identification of O-linked N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc)-modified osteoblast proteins by electron transfer dissociation tandem mass spectrometry reveals proteins critical for bone formation. Molecular & cellular proteomics : MCP 2013 12(4) 23443134
Abstract:
The nutrient-responsive β-O-linked N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) modification of critical effector proteins modulates signaling and transcriptional pathways contributing to cellular development and survival. An elevation in global protein O-GlcNAc modification occurs during the early stages of osteoblast differentiation and correlates with enhanced transcriptional activity of RUNX2, a key regulator of osteogenesis. To identify other substrates of O-GlcNAc transferase in differentiating MC3T3E1 osteoblasts, O-GlcNAc-modified peptides were enriched by wheat germ agglutinin lectin weak affinity chromatography and identified by tandem mass spectrometry using electron transfer dissociation. This peptide fragmentation approach leaves the labile O-linkage intact permitting direct identification of O-GlcNAc-modified peptides. O-GlcNAc modification was observed on enzymes involved in post-translational regulation, including MAST4 and WNK1 kinases, a ubiquitin-associated protein (UBAP2l), and the histone acetyltransferase CREB-binding protein. CREB-binding protein, a transcriptional co-activator that associates with CREB and RUNX2, is O-GlcNAcylated at Ser-147 and Ser-2360, the latter of which is a known site of phosphorylation. Additionally, O-GlcNAcylation of components of the TGFβ-activated kinase 1 (TAK1) signaling complex, TAB1 and TAB2, occurred in close proximity to known sites of Ser/Thr phosphorylation and a putative nuclear localization sequence within TAB2. These findings demonstrate the presence of O-GlcNAc modification on proteins critical to bone formation, remodeling, and fracture healing and will enable evaluation of this modification on protein function and regulation.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
NUCB2, WNK1, S30BP, NFIA, NUCB1, SBNO1, RPRD2, NFRKB, PF21A, NU214, UBP2L, MAST4, LPP, CNOT4, TAB1, TAB2, PLIN3
Species: Mus musculus
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Alfaro JF, Gong CX, Monroe ME, Aldrich JT, Clauss TR, Purvine SO, Wang Z, Camp DG 2nd, Shabanowitz J, Stanley P, Hart GW, Hunt DF, Yang F, Smith RD. Tandem mass spectrometry identifies many mouse brain O-GlcNAcylated proteins including EGF domain-specific O-GlcNAc transferase targets. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2012 109(19) 22517741
Abstract:
O-linked N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) is a reversible posttranslational modification of Ser and Thr residues on cytosolic and nuclear proteins of higher eukaryotes catalyzed by O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT). O-GlcNAc has recently been found on Notch1 extracellular domain catalyzed by EGF domain-specific OGT. Aberrant O-GlcNAc modification of brain proteins has been linked to Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, understanding specific functions of O-GlcNAcylation in AD has been impeded by the difficulty in characterization of O-GlcNAc sites on proteins. In this study, we modified a chemical/enzymatic photochemical cleavage approach for enriching O-GlcNAcylated peptides in samples containing ∼100 μg of tryptic peptides from mouse cerebrocortical brain tissue. A total of 274 O-GlcNAcylated proteins were identified. Of these, 168 were not previously known to be modified by O-GlcNAc. Overall, 458 O-GlcNAc sites in 195 proteins were identified. Many of the modified residues are either known phosphorylation sites or located proximal to known phosphorylation sites. These findings support the proposed regulatory cross-talk between O-GlcNAcylation and phosphorylation. This study produced the most comprehensive O-GlcNAc proteome of mammalian brain tissue with both protein identification and O-GlcNAc site assignment. Interestingly, we observed O-β-GlcNAc on EGF-like repeats in the extracellular domains of five membrane proteins, expanding the evidence for extracellular O-GlcNAcylation by the EGF domain-specific OGT. We also report a GlcNAc-β-1,3-Fuc-α-1-O-Thr modification on the EGF-like repeat of the versican core protein, a proposed substrate of Fringe β-1,3-N-acetylglucosaminyltransferases.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
ZEP3, CAMP1, FRPD1, SKT, DLGP4, DPYL2, STXB1, MAP2, NUMBL, M3K5, NOTC2, CTND2, CSK22, ACK1, SYUA, ATX2, ZFR, BSN, GCR, EGR1, NFL, NFM, RC3H2, MAMD1, ATX1L, DERPC, NCAM1, MAP1B, G3P, ATF2, MAP4, KCC2B, AIMP1, FOXK1, STAT3, AINX, NEDD4, RP3A, DVL1, GOGA3, FOXP1, TB182, GMEB2, PI5PA, MRTFB, DOCK4, ABI2, KCNJ3, NCOA1, RGRF2, TNIK, WNK1, G3BP2, MPRIP, XRN1, RLA2, S30BP, NFIA, MARK3, ENAH, PGBM, CDK12, MA6D1, PHAR1, PSD3, NELL1, PRC2C, YETS2, FOXK2, WNK2, LIMC1, TNR6C, AGAP2, ZEP2, AAK1, TNR6A, CAMKV, PKHA7, GRIN1, FCHO2, GARL3, STOX2, UBN1, ABL2, CDV3, PHAR4, TAB3, NUFP2, UNKL, OSBP2, RBM27, CYFP2, TM1L2, ANR40, NACAD, SIN3A, NCOR1, LAMA5, NCOA2, AP180, RAI1, M3K7, TAF6, SRBS1, SH3G1, TLE4, MINT, ZYX, SF01, SYN2, TBR1, SBNO1, CRTC1, GIT1, SLAI1, PKP4, CDK13, RHG23, SH3R1, JHD2C, HECD1, ABLM3, ARMX2, LAR4B, RHG21, FBX41, RPRD2, WWC2, ZN532, BCR, DLGP3, NYAP1, GMIP, NFRKB, MAGI1, CNOT1, NU188, PICAL, SMAP2, SPAG7, PRC2B, ATX2L, MAP6, MCAF1, PHF24, NAV3, AUXI, RERE, RIMB2, PUM1, NU214, KCMF1, EPN1, AGFG2, UBP2L, C2C2L, CNKR2, ZN598, SHAN2, MAST4, RHG32, MYPT2, TB10B, FRM4A, SP130, DLGP2, ZNT6, ABLM2, EMSY, CLAP2, CNOT4, PAMR1, CREST, IFFO1, OSBL6, YTHD3, TM266, SI1L1, SH3R3, RBM14, CNOT2, ANK2, DIDO1, SYNPO, VCIP1, TAB1, SCYL2, ASPP2, F193A, OGT1, NAV1, SYNJ1, RPGF2, EP400, P66A, PDLI5, SCAM1, HS12A, AGFG1, I2BPL, PO121, ABLM1, SPART, RFIP5, CS047, SIR2, AMOT, CCG8, ZCH14, WDR13, UBAP2, NCOA5, FRS3, ZFN2B, BASP1, DCP1A, SRGP2, SRGP1, SYUB, CLIP1, UBXN1, GORS2, EPN4, RB6I2, ANR17, RTN4, TXD12, NECP1, DLGP1, FIP1, F135B, TM263, PLIN3, MYPT1, CRIP2, TSC1, NBEA, RIMS2, ZN704, RBP2, RTN3, 4ET, ELF2, NUDT3, FMN2, NCOA6, SRCN1, ASAP1, RAD1, SON, PLEC, ULK2, ADDA, PCLO, HIPK2, SH2D3, YLPM1, RHG07, TEN1, NCOR2, COR1B, TNIP1, DEMA, E41L3, SYUG, APCL, MECP2, E41L1
Species: Mus musculus
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Trinidad JC, Barkan DT, Gulledge BF, Thalhammer A, Sali A, Schoepfer R, Burlingame AL. Global identification and characterization of both O-GlcNAcylation and phosphorylation at the murine synapse. Molecular & cellular proteomics : MCP 2012 11(8) 22645316
Abstract:
O-linked N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) is a dynamic, reversible monosaccharide modifier of serine and threonine residues on intracellular protein domains. Crosstalk between O-GlcNAcylation and phosphorylation has been hypothesized. Here, we identified over 1750 and 16,500 sites of O-GlcNAcylation and phosphorylation from murine synaptosomes, respectively. In total, 135 (7%) of all O-GlcNAcylation sites were also found to be sites of phosphorylation. Although many proteins were extensively phosphorylated and minimally O-GlcNAcylated, proteins found to be extensively O-GlcNAcylated were almost always phosphorylated to a similar or greater extent, indicating the O-GlcNAcylation system is specifically targeting a subset of the proteome that is also phosphorylated. Both PTMs usually occur on disordered regions of protein structure, within which, the location of O-GlcNAcylation and phosphorylation is virtually random with respect to each other, suggesting that negative crosstalk at the structural level is not a common phenomenon. As a class, protein kinases are found to be more extensively O-GlcNAcylated than proteins in general, indicating the potential for crosstalk of phosphorylation with O-GlcNAcylation via regulation of enzymatic activity.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
A0JNY3, A2A653, A2A654, TANC2, ZEP3, MA7D2, CKAP5, CAMP1, LZTS3, A2AJ19, AJM1, MA7D1, A2ALK6, RPGP1, UBR4, A2AP92, SKT, ANR63, A2ATK9, A2AUD5, A2BI30, A6H6J9, A6MDD2, A8DUV1, B1AQX6, B1AR09, GRIK3, B1ATI9, B1AWT3, NHSL2, FRS1L, UBP24, DLGP4, B2RQ57, B2RQ80, PYR1, B2RQL0, B2RQQ5, GNAI1, B2RUE8, OTU7B, B2RWX1, B6ZHC4, B6ZHC5, B7ZCA7, B7ZMP8, B7ZNA4, B7ZNF6, B7ZWM6, B9EHE8, CTTB2, B9EKL9, PTPRZ, D1FNM8, D3YU59, D3YWX2, DGKH, D3YXR8, PGBD5, SHAN1, D3Z0V7, D3Z2J5, D9HP81, E0CYT1, E9PU87, E9PUA3, E9PUC4, DGKD, E9PUR0, E9PV14, E9PV26, KI67, E9PWL1, E9PWM3, E9PY55, E9PZP8, E9Q1M1, E9Q2B2, E9Q3D6, E9Q3G8, E9Q3M9, E9Q4N6, E9Q616, E9Q6T8, E9Q6Y8, NUMA1, E9Q828, E9Q9I2, E9Q9J6, E9QA16, E9QAP7, E9QAR5, SC16A, E9QJU8, E9QMJ1, RFIP2, HXK2, CAN2, SC22B, DPYL2, STXB1, TCOF, DCTN1, GLU2B, EF2K, PRDX4, AIP, NUMBL, GSTO1, GSH0, M3K5, PSMD4, DHX15, NPC1, BMPR2, VIAAT, BCAT2, CTND2, PITM1, CSK22, REPS1, ACK1, SLK, CAC1B, PGRC1, IMPA1, SYUA, AKA7A, STRN, RL35A, AT2A2, PGAM2, ATX2, NMT1, E41L2, GPX4, EMC8, DHB12, HCN4, KDM6A, ZN326, SORL, GRPE2, KLC1, ZFR, O88568, HCN2, HCN1, BSN, TOM1, RPP30, DNJB5, COX1, HA1D, HBA, K2C1, MBP, ALDOA, PGFRB, LDHA, G6PI, ENPP1, NEUM, ANXA2, RIR1, HS90A, EGR1, MDHM, KCC4, NFL, NFM, GNAI2, PDIA1, NUCL, CADH1, RC3H2, LRC4B, IGS11, DERPC, UBB, IFI5B, IFI4, ANXA1, EF1A1, H2B1F, PARP1, HS90B, DMD, KCC2A, TCPA, A4, COX5A, GELS, UMPS, NCAM1, GPDA, MDHC, SRP54, RLA0, GLNA, H12, LEG1, DDX3L, SPTN1, AP2A2, TPIS, KS6A3, COF1, GNAO, NFH, SERPH, VIME, MTAP2, TPM3, EIF3A, CBX3, IMDH2, MCM3, CTNA1, MAP4, GNA12, GNA13, PDIA3, PSB8, NCKP1, PABP1, FKBP4, HMGB2, AIMP1, LA, ACM4, SYWC, RANG, RAB5C, RAB18, CALX, PRDX1, RL12, PPM1B, DNLI1, CAP1, STAT3, PURA, OPRM, TCPQ, CX6A1, MSH2, H14, H11, ALDR, ALD2, CBP, AINX, NEDD4, RP3A, CAPZB, SRPRB, RL36, SOX2, HS74L, ADT1, ROA1, INPP, PCY1A, MCM4, CSRP3, RAB7A, CDN2A, HDGF, ADT2, IMA1, UBP10, KPYM, RIDA, HMGA2, RL10A, CCHL, SOX1, RAB2A, ATX1, CACB3, HMCS2, GOGA3, ATPK, ATPB, ACTN4, IDI1, ACOT8, PTPA, KCNN2, KCNN3, TB10A, TB182, SF3B6, MRTFB, DOCK4, MYPR, EIF3E, PCBP1, LIPA3, ACTB, IF4A1, SNP25, RAB10, CSN2, HNRPK, RRAS2, PRS8, RS15A, 1433E, RS18, RS11, SMD1, ABI2, EF1A2, ACTA, VATB2, RL23, RS24, GBB1, HSP7C, TCTP, GNAS2, 1433Z, HMGB1, IF5A1, ACTG, RS17, RS12, UB2L3, RACK1, ACTS, 1433T, TBA4A, TBA1A, TBB4B, PLXA2, DCC, EBP, NFIX, EM55, HNRH2, NCOA1, ELAV1, RGRF2, USP9X, TCPB, TCPE, TCPZ, NUCB2, IRS2, WNK1, RL36A, CSRP1, SEPR, RS3A, DPYL1, MPRIP, CAC1A, ATP5J, BOP1, RS5, WBP2, CXAR, PLPL9, G3BP1, RBBP6, CDS1, TBB5, IL6RB, NMDE2, NMDE3, TOP2A, NOTC1, NDKB, AQP1, UBA1, CTNB1, S30BP, NFIA, NUCB1, MARK3, APLP1, ENAH, ATPA, TF65, YES, MARK2, PGBM, PYC, CAPR2, EMAL1, LARP7, BAX, CNN2, LYAR, CHD8, CNNM1, INF2, TT21B, Q0IJ77, TRIO, VGF, TANC1, CDK12, Q14B66, MA6D1, NSUN2, MCM9, PHAR1, PSD3, Q2Q7P0, FILA2, Q3TAD4, NB5R4, GUAA, METK2, PRC2C, Q3TRG3, PLPL6, K22E, YETS2, Q3TY93, FUBP2, F117B, Q3U882, LBR, TM109, FOXK2, Q3UFK1, Q3UGZ4, TNR6C, DAB2P, ZEP2, AAK1, Q3UHT7, DTX3L, EDC4, PARP3, WASC4, GRIN1, Q3UQ23, SRBS2, THSD4, MRCKA, SPRY3, KSR2, GRM5, TBCD9, LRRF1, ARMX5, STOX2, SHAN3, UBN1, OXR1, DDX17, PHAR4, ANR28, ZN608, Q571B7, PRAG1, TAB3, Q58DZ3, IQEC2, Q5DU62, AAPK1, NUFP2, UNKL, SMG7, RBM27, CYFP2, TM1L2, PSME4, ANR40, Q5SUH6, GGNB2, SYNRG, Q5SVJ0, RPGP2, TBC9B, ACACA, Q5SXC4, Q5XJV5, LMTK3, RN123, ZDHC8, SRC8, MYL6, SKI, SAMH1, IRGM1, CLD11, NPT2A, SPB6, VDAC2, VDAC3, VDAC1, STYX, RBBP4, ASNS, NCOA2, LAP2A, PPM1G, ASTN1, PRDX2, HCFC1, APC, KCNA4, AP180, FXR1, GDIB, GRID2, GRID1, CBX5, HS105, SERA, LASP1, NPM, PCBP2, M3K7, SRBS1, DBNL, SH3G1, CYTB, IF4G2, MINT, ZYX, RALY, TFE3, Q640L6, AR13B, HECAM, NPDC1, SYN2, TBR1, ISG15, ABCG1, ATP4A, MRC2, G3PT, PTN13, TPP2, PUR2, CTNA3, SBNO1, BEGIN, K1549, GIT1, SLAI1, PKP4, PEAK1, CDK13, SH3R1, MYOF, ABLM3, ARMX2, CE170, LAR4B, NOP58, Q6GR78, TPM4, NIPBL, RRP5, FBX41, Q6NVA3, RPRD2, WWC2, ZN532, Q6NXW0, S23IP, SMHD1, NEST, CSKI1, Q6P9N8, MTSS2, AHDC1, PTN23, TRAK1, SRSF1, CHD4, DLGP3, NUP98, NYAP1, KCC2D, AT1A3, AT1A2, NFRKB, DDX58, MAGI1, WDFY3, TACC1, GGYF2, PF21A, KDM3B, CNOT1, LARP1, Q6ZQB7, NU188, Q6ZQJ9, Q6ZQK4, RS9, RL10, IF2A, SC6A5, SEM6D, 2AAA, F102A, MTCH2, PICAL, MRO2B, SCN4B, PLPR4, HNRPQ, TBB2A, SMAP2, Q7TNS5, PLPR3, MBB1A,