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Huynh VN, Wang S, Ouyang X, Wani WY, Johnson MS, Chacko BK, Jegga AG, Qian WJ, Chatham JC, Darley-Usmar VM, Zhang J. Defining the Dynamic Regulation of O-GlcNAc Proteome in the Mouse Cortex---the O-GlcNAcylation of Synaptic and Trafficking Proteins Related to Neurodegenerative Diseases. Frontiers in aging 2021 2 35822049
Abstract:
O-linked conjugation of ß-N-acetyl-glucosamine (O-GlcNAc) to serine and threonine residues is a post-translational modification process that senses nutrient availability and cellular stress and regulates diverse biological processes that are involved in neurodegenerative diseases and provide potential targets for therapeutics development. However, very little is known of the networks involved in the brain that are responsive to changes in the O-GlcNAc proteome. Pharmacological increase of protein O-GlcNAcylation by Thiamet G (TG) has been shown to decrease tau phosphorylation and neurotoxicity, and proposed as a therapy in Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, acute TG exposure impairs learning and memory, and protein O-GlcNAcylation is increased in the aging rat brain and in Parkinson's disease (PD) brains. To define the cortical O-GlcNAc proteome that responds to TG, we injected young adult mice with either saline or TG and performed mass spectrometry analysis for detection of O-GlcNAcylated peptides. This approach identified 506 unique peptides corresponding to 278 proteins that are O-GlcNAcylated. Of the 506 unique peptides, 85 peptides are elevated by > 1.5 fold in O-GlcNAcylation levels in response to TG. Using pathway analyses, we found TG-dependent enrichment of O-GlcNAcylated synaptic proteins, trafficking, Notch/Wnt signaling, HDAC signaling, and circadian clock proteins. Significant changes in the O-GlcNAcylation of DNAJC6/AUXI, and PICALM, proteins that are risk factors for PD and/or AD respectively, were detected. We compared our study with two key prior O-GlcNAc proteome studies using mouse cerebral tissue and human AD brains. Among those identified to be increased by TG, 15 are also identified to be increased in human AD brains compared to control, including those involved in cytoskeleton, autophagy, chromatin organization and mitochondrial dysfunction. These studies provide insights regarding neurodegenerative diseases therapeutic targets.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
TANC2, AMRA1, CAMP1, SKT, AGRIN, KANL3, TTLL3, NHSL2, CTTB2, CCDC6, SHAN1, SYGP1, DPYL2, STXB1, CLOCK, NOTC2, VIAAT, CTND2, TPD53, REPS1, NLK, ACK1, SYUA, ATX2, PDLI1, ZFR, HCN1, BSN, TOM1, SYN1, GCR, EGR1, NFL, NFM, ATX1L, DERPC, KCC2A, CNTN1, HSPB1, MAP1B, G3P, ATF2, MTAP2, RS2, FOXK1, STAT3, AINX, EPB41, RFX1, LMNA, INPP, VATA, DVL1, CNBP, ATX1, NCAN, GOGA3, PTPA, GCP3, TB182, GMEB2, YTHD1, PI5PA, MRTFB, LIPA3, NACAM, TNIK, WNK1, NPTN, NEO1, S30BP, ZEP1, APOC2, EMAL1, RELCH, PRC2C, YETS2, FUBP2, QRIC1, LIMC1, DAB2P, ZEP2, AAK1, TNR6A, FCHO2, DRC1, SRBS2, GRM5, PACS2, OXR1, PHAR4, LIN54, MLIP, UNKL, SMG7, RBM27, CYFP2, SYNRG, SRC8, SKIL, NCOR1, LAMA5, HCFC1, P3C2A, SAP, APC, TOB1, AP180, FXR1, HS71A, LASP1, MAFK, M3K7, TAF6, ASPP1, SRBS1, DBNL, SH3G1, TLE4, IF4G2, MINT, ZYX, NUP62, OMGP, TFE3, SYN2, TBR1, RBL2, SBNO1, SLAI1, PKP4, SH3R1, JHD2C, ABLM3, ARMX2, LAR4B, HELZ, S23IP, RBM26, BCR, AHDC1, PAPD7, MFF, KMT2D, ERC2, NFRKB, WDFY3, GGYF2, TEX2, CNOT1, IF2A, PICAL, PLPR3, PRC2B, C2CD5, TPPP, ATX2L, MAP6, NAV3, AUXI, RIMB2, AVL9, NU214, AP4E1, UBP2L, C2C2L, IF4G3, ZN598, SHAN2, LPP, MYPT2, PHIPL, TB10B, CCD40, ZC3HE, DLGP2, ZC21A, BAIP2, EMSY, CLAP2, LIPA2, SRRM2, PAMR1, GEPH, YTHD3, POGZ, EPC2, SI1L1, RBM14, F126B, ANK2, CDAN1, SYNPO, VCIP1, TAB1, MEF2C, F193A, OGT1, EP400, EPN2, P66A, PDLI5, GTPBA, ZBT20, RTN1, BRD3, AGFG1, ABLM1, MRTFA, DC1L1, SPART, RFIP5, NUP35, WASF1, SC6A8, SGIP1, AGAP3, P66B, TAF9, WDR13, LRP5, UBAP2, BASP1, DCP1A, SYUB, TRFE, TRIM7, CIC, S12A6, GORS2, TAB2, EPN4, RNF34, ANR17, NECP1, FLIP1, ROA0, RBM33, TPD54, ODO2, DLGP1, FIP1, TM263, PLIN3, LNEBL, KC1D, NBEA, INP4A, RIMS2, RBP2, RTN3, NUDT3, ATR, ADRM1, FMN2, NCOA6, SON, ULK2, ADDA, MAGD1, MAP1A, GRM3, PCLO, GAB1, FBX6, NPAS3, GUAD, NCOR2, ATRN, NFAT5, DEMA, E41L3, SLIT3, CARM1, DYR1B, MECP2, E41L1, HDAC6
Species: Mus musculus
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Qin K, Zhu Y, Qin W, Gao J, Shao X, Wang YL, Zhou W, Wang C, Chen X. Quantitative Profiling of Protein O-GlcNAcylation Sites by an Isotope-Tagged Cleavable Linker. ACS chemical biology 2018 13(8) 30059200
Abstract:
Large-scale quantification of protein O-linked β- N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) modification in a site-specific manner remains a key challenge in studying O-GlcNAc biology. Herein, we developed an isotope-tagged cleavable linker (isoTCL) strategy, which enabled isotopic labeling of O-GlcNAc through bioorthogonal conjugation of affinity tags. We demonstrated the application of the isoTCL in mapping and quantification of O-GlcNAcylation sites in HeLa cells. Furthermore, we investigated the O-GlcNAcylation sensitivity to the sugar donor by quantifying the levels of modification under different concentrations of the O-GlcNAc labeling probe in a site-specific manner. In addition, we applied isoTCL to compare the O-GlcNAcylation stoichiometry levels of more than 100 modification sites between placenta samples from male and female mice and confirmed site-specifically that female placenta has a higher O-GlcNAcylation than its male counterpart. The isoTCL platform provides a powerful tool for quantitative profiling of O-GlcNAc modification.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
A0A0A6YVU8, A0A1B0GSG7, RBM47, ZN335, A2A8N0, TITIN, SBNO1, CNOT1, PHRF1, ZN462, TAGAP, D3YUK0, E9PUR0, E9PVW1, E9PWI7, PARP4, E9PZS2, E9Q2C0, E9Q3G8, E9Q616, BD1L1, E9Q732, ARHG5, E9Q7N9, E9Q842, E9Q9B4, E9Q9Q2, E9QA22, E9QAE1, F6Y6L6, F8VQ29, F8VQM5, J9JI28, PDLI1, SPT5H, TAF4, ARI1A, ABLM1, KMT2D, MYPT1, ZN609, SET1A, SYNEM, PUR4, TNC18, KDM6A, DPOD2, M3K7, TPD54, SYNJ1, ZN207, SRPK2, ACK1, SYUA, MYPT2, KIF1B, HBP1, OGA, VINEX, PLIN3, MAFK, BRD4, PDLI1, KDM6A, SRPK1, N4BP1, ANR17, NCOR1, CREG1, CRTAP, MYO1A, MTR1L, CREG1, TOX4, SUN1, M3K6, PSMG1, SC24B, CNOT4, ABL1, ABL1, EGFR, LAMC1, LMNA, GLCM, GCR, HSPB1, PPBT, RLA2, ITB1, K1C18, K2C8, SAP, CATL1, LAMB1, ENPL, BGLR, NFIC, VIME, SNRPA, ROA1, ATX1L, TGAP1, GLI2, HLAC, CATB, TAU, BIP, FINC, K2C8, TPR, MSH3, ENPL, PO2F1, ATF2, GNS, ZEP1, RS2, MUC1, JUNB, ATF7, CATD, SON, SERPH, NELFE, BIP, ROA2, CBL, IF4B, APC, ARNT, MAP4, TEAD1, RXRA, RXRB, RXRG, CLIP1, AIMP1, HXA11, ELF1, NU214, MP2K2, VATA, CUX1, PBX2, MLH1, STAT3, SSRB, KI67, STT3A, RFX5, LMNA, DPOD2, PAXI, CDK8, YLPM1, NU153, RBP2, TAF6, EMD, PPT1, FXR1, ICAL, HCFC1, AGFG1, NUP98, ATX1, ATN1, PTN5, AF17, DSRAD, AMRP, ACYP2, NU107, ACOT8, S26A1, TB182, YTHD1, ASXL1, PI5PA, RIN3, MRTFB, RL37, KCNA2, RALA, STIM1, PITX1, IF4G2, SRPK2, RENBP, COG7, WNK1, SERF2, RPTN, SPSY, DAB2, RBM10, HNRPU, SPTB2, FOXK2, EWS, MEF2A, SP2, CO7A1, S30BP, NUCB1, ENL, IF4G1, K1C17, TLE3, TLE4, TOP1, SUH, CBG, ACK1, DEMA, AHNK, FOXO1, TROAP, BPTF, NFIA, ROA0, G3BP1, PABP4, ATM, PICAL, MAMD1, RIPK1, STIM1, MTMR1, CUL4B, ASPP2, KLF5, NFYC, CDK13, VEZF1, DSG2, TRI29, UBP2L, SRC8, PUM1, EPN4, RRP1B, NCOA6, DIP2A, MEF2D, NUMA1, R3HD1, KIF14, EBP, RCN1, KS6A1, RBMS2, TAF1C, NCOA2, SF01, JHD2C, MARE1, ELF2, TAB1, ZFHX3, ZYX, ADRM1, CCDC6, TAF9, STX1A, RFX7, QSER1, QRIC1, PRC2C, PBIP1, GSE1, TNR6A, CEAM5, Q3UKP4, COBL1, ARH40, SC31A, PEG3, SRBS2, Q3UU43, Q3UUE0, F91A1, ARBK2, Q497W2, Q4KL65, PHAR4, EPC2, CRTC2, BCORL, K2026, TGO1, PRC2B, TOIP1, SPG17, SHRM1, ZN362, LRIF1, RHG21, UBAP2, RBM26, RPRD2, ZN318, NCOR1, LAMA5, HCFC1, P3C2A, SAP, AP180, MAFK, SPTB2, SH3G1, ZYX, TSH3, INADL, WAPL, KAZRN, SBNO1, ARID2, DYH17, SAM9L, CDK13, LAR4B, BICRL, RHG21, HELZ, TTLL5, PANX2, PKHG2, NIPBL, LIN54, F135A, RPRD2, IF4G1, SPIC, SCYL2, NFRKB, INT1, ZN182, UGGG1, MDEAS, ZC3HE, RICTR, FIP1, CRTC3, SAS6, MCAF1, BCOR, GGYF2, NU188, CO039, UBN2, HAKAI, ASXL2, SPT6H, DDX46, KDM3B, PICAL, PRC2B, OOG2, ZIC5, NRK, POGZ, MAVS, CLAP1, EMSY, I2BP2, SRGP1, SH3R1, HUWE1, YTHD3, NU214, UBP2L, TMC5B, ZN598, TOPRS, SHAN2, Q80ZX0, ZNF18, Q810G1, BCL9L, LUZP1, PRSR1, DDX42, PALB2, P66A, GNS, LPP, TB10B, TGO1, Q8BIB6, ZN771, ZNT6, AAPK2, CNOT4, SP110, IFFO1, YTHD3, NCBP3, DEFI6, RBM14, CNOT2, CABS1, Q8C6L9, TCAL5, TAB1, SCYL2, ASPP2, PHC3, EPN2, PDLI5, I2BP1, RN135, AHNK2, NAV2, MISP, MGAP, ANKH1, PHAR4, XRN1, PELP1, Q8JZK6, Q8K0U8, AGFG1, TXD11, IL23R, ARHG6, SPART, SPICE, NUP93, CLASR, ZN786, SYNPO, FNBP4, ARFG1, ENAH, TNR6A, PHC3, SP20H, NAV1, VP37A, KMT2C, BD1L1, NUP35, STXB6, KNL1, TCAL3, MTSS1, SPART, NUP35, PUM2, STT3B, ALMS1, GEMI5, WIPF2, MAVS, UTP6, PI3R4, AMOT, P66B, STAG1, PCNP, LMO7, ATX2L, CSKI2, P66B, BBX, TITIN, HNMT, UBAP2, DCP1A, NRIF1, SMG7, RTF1, MAML1, ZN592, LAR4B, TAF4B, SHIP1, DDX17, RENT1, GPKOW, FUBP2, LPP, TTC28, PF21A, INT12, RCN3, CERS2, PDLI5, FUBP3, MY15B, ANCHR, CLP1L, Z512B, ZFR, EP400, NOL4L, RBM14, CIC, MED15, PIGS, DCR1C, SIN3A, MINT, EYA3, TEAD3, ATX2, RFC4, DHX58, ANX13, GORS2, TAB2, EPN4, ANR17, DPH2, WAC, DIDO1, YTHD1, AMRA1, TANC1, TXD12, F133B, RBM33, GPI8, Q9D2U0, ZC21B, FUND2, F162A, APMAP, Q9D809, FIP1, CNPY3, Q9DAV5, Q9DB24, ALG2, PLIN3, MYPT1, WWTR1, Q9EQC8, SALL1, RBP2, GILT, MFF, SP130, APC1, I2BPL, RBNS5, EPC1, ADNP, ZN106, TM245, CPVL, PTN23, WNK1, E41L1, ZHX3, ZN335, PKHG2, CCSE2, CQ10B, MLXIP, PKHA5, RC3H2, TAF9B, ZBT20, NCOA5, ZN532, APMAP, HYOU1, ADRM1, GIT2, BAG3, UBN1, PDLI7, DIAP3, RBM12, CARF, ETAA1, HXC10, TAB2, UGGG1, CDK12, ITSN2, CNOT2, TMEM9, DAPLE, NYAP2, KANL3, SON, LIMD1, KI21B, KI21A, PPIE, PCM1, GALK1, MRP5, SE1L1, LIMD1, TCF20, SUN2, AFF4, UBQL2, S30BP, NRBP, SIX4, TASOR, GMEB2, PARP4, NUP50, ZHX1, YETS2, HECD1, SCAF8, SRRM2, SCML2, S22AL, NCOR2, DEMA, POLH, R3HD2, ZN281, FBX7, RPGF2, IRS2, HYOU1, PRC2C, NCOR2, GMEB1, S23IP, SRPK3, Q9Z0I7, VNN1, KLK4, SE1L1, RGS6, E41L1
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Chuh KN, Batt AR, Zaro BW, Darabedian N, Marotta NP, Brennan CK, Amirhekmat A, Pratt MR. The New Chemical Reporter 6-Alkynyl-6-deoxy-GlcNAc Reveals O-GlcNAc Modification of the Apoptotic Caspases That Can Block the Cleavage/Activation of Caspase-8. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2017 139(23) 28528544
Abstract:
O-GlcNAc modification (O-GlcNAcylation) is required for survival in mammalian cells. Genetic and biochemical experiments have found that increased modification inhibits apoptosis in tissues and cell culture and that lowering O-GlcNAcylation induces cell death. However, the molecular mechanisms by which O-GlcNAcylation might inhibit apoptosis are still being elucidated. Here, we first synthesize a new metabolic chemical reporter, 6-Alkynyl-6-deoxy-GlcNAc (6AlkGlcNAc), for the identification of O-GlcNAc-modified proteins. Subsequent characterization of 6AlkGlcNAc shows that this probe is selectively incorporated into O-GlcNAcylated proteins over cell-surface glycoproteins. Using this probe, we discover that the apoptotic caspases are O-GlcNAcylated, which we confirmed using other techniques, raising the possibility that the modification affects their biochemistry. We then demonstrate that changes in the global levels of O-GlcNAcylation result in a converse change in the kinetics of caspase-8 activation during apoptosis. Finally, we show that caspase-8 is modified at residues that can block its cleavage/activation. Our results provide the first evidence that the caspases may be directly affected by O-GlcNAcylation as a potential antiapoptotic mechanism.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
A2A4A6, A2A5R8, GPTC8, SPD2B, A2ACG7, A2AFQ9, A2AFW6, A2AG46, CKAP5, A2AH75, A2AJ72, MA7D1, A2AL12, A2AMW0, A2AMY5, TPX2, PPIG, LAS1L, A5A4Y9, A6PWC3, A6PWK7, UBP36, B1AT03, B1AT82, B1AU75, B2RQG2, OTUD4, B7ZCP4, B7ZP47, D3YUW8, D3YWF6, D3YWK1, D3YX62, SAFB1, D3YXM7, D3YZ06, D3YZP6, D3Z069, D3Z158, D3Z3F8, D3Z6W2, E0CYM1, E9PUH7, E9PVM7, E9PWG6, E9PWV3, E9PWW9, E9PY48, E9PYT3, E9PZM7, E9Q066, E9Q2X6, E9Q3G8, E9Q450, E9Q4K7, E9Q4Q2, KIF23, BD1L1, NUMA1, E9Q7M2, E9Q986, E9Q9E1, E9Q9H2, E9QKG3, E9QKG6, E9QKZ2, E9QLA5, E9QP49, E9QP59, E9QPI5, F2Z3X7, F6S5I0, F7AA26, F7BQE4, FARP1, F8VQ93, F8VQC7, F8VQE9, F8VQK5, F8WI30, G3UZ44, G3UZX6, G3X8R0, G3X8Y3, G3X928, G3X963, G3X972, G3X9V0, G5E896, G5E8E1, H3BJU7, H3BK31, H3BKK2, H7BX26, I1E4X0, I7HIK9, J3QNW0, DPYL2, GTPB1, AKAP1, TCOF, AIP, HDAC1, RL21, GSH0, KIF1C, DHX15, SC6A6, IF6, ILK, ATX2, NMT1, E41L2, DHB12, SRPK1, ZN326, ZFR, PARG, SPD2A, SP1, CASP8, HPRT, LDHA, G6PI, TYSY, RIR1, GNAI2, ITB1, 4F2, H2B1F, MAP1B, HMOX1, LEG1, G3P, KS6A3, COF1, GNAO, IFRD1, VIME, TPM3, UBL4A, CBX3, CXA1, CATA, IMDH2, IL1RA, MCM3, CDK4, NKTR, FKBP4, CBX2, HMGB2, AIMP1, KAP3, MP2K1, SYWC, KIF4, NEDD1, DPOLA, RANG, UBP4, PTN11, RAB18, PTN1, PTN12, LDLR, DNLI1, CAP1, STAT3, STA5B, PURA, ALD2, RAGP1, NEDD4, STT3A, ALDH2, GSHR, GFPT1, PCY1A, MCM4, ICAL, PLCB3, CDN2A, HDGF, UBP10, KPYM, CCHL, IDHP, DDX6, GOGA3, COX17, ACTN4, GCP3, TB182, EIF3E, ABCE1, PFD3, HNRPK, 1433E, RAP1A, RS25, TCTP, DNJA1, HMGB1, IF5A1, RS17, RS12, UB2L3, HXD13, HDAC2, ELAV1, TP53B, CASP3, PYRG1, TCPB, STIM2, SRSF3, CSRP2, SPTC2, BOP1, SMAD4, M4K4, HNRL2, MARK3, LARP7, CNN2, PP4R2, PEPD, CDCA2, Q3TFP0, GUAA, PDE12, Q3TL72, PRC2C, NOL9, FUBP2, TRADD, CTU2, ZN865, Q3U4W8, Q3UG37, NAT9, NOL8, Q3UJQ9, SC31A, NCBP1, LRRF1, DDX17, LRC47, JIP4, EHMT1, CA050, AAPK1, NSRP1, Q5RL57, Q5SQB0, TENS3, PUR4, Q5UE59, SRC8, SAMH1, KHDR1, GRB10, HELLS, SPB6, RIPK1, CAPR1, ASNS, LAP2A, CDC37, TS101, SNTB2, FNTA, BAP31, PLPP1, FSCN1, FXR1, DDX5, ATRX, HS105, DDX3Y, DDX3X, TGFI1, DBNL, SH3G1, CYTB, SMAD2, NDRG1, ZYX, SQSTM, TPP2, ZN512, LAR4B, F120A, CNDG2, NOP58, LTV1, Q6NV52, Q6NXL1, Q6NZD2, ANKL2, Q6P5B5, XPO1, KIF15, FHOD1, TXLNA, PTN23, JUPI2, NUDC1, TACC1, UBE2O, LARP1, ACAP2, 2AAA, MTCH2, ZN503, CYFP1, HNRPQ, SPAG7, DEK, ACTN1, ATX2L, CKP2L, ZN516, ERBIN, SEPT9, PGRC2, Q80VB6, UBP2L, PI42B, ZN598, SAFB2, Q80ZX0, DLG1, LPP, PEF1, IF4B, Q8BGJ5, FTO, TIPRL, Q8BH80, MISSL, ERC6L, CARF, PRUN1, NUP93, FBX30, HBAP1, AHSA1, RCC2, IPO5, SYLC, CKAP4, MAP11, PALM2, CPNE3, SENP7, CSN7B, NSD2, DPP9, Q8BWW3, KANK2, PXK, PIGT, ITPK1, NHLC2, MAP1S, GWL, PKHH2, CND2, THOP1, SEP11, SKA3, CA198, SEP10, AROS, UBA6, LIPB1, SMAG1, Q8CCM0, ZN276, NAA30, SNX8, SYEP, OGT1, GNL3, PDLI5, FERM2, AGO2, HMCS1, AMERL, SCNM1, DNM1L, NEK9, ANLN, EDC3, MATR3, CHAP1, MEPCE, ERF3A, CC137, TDIF2, VPS18, RFC3, MCMBP, HEXI1, LUZP1, SNP47, TMX1, MAVS, UBXN4, Q8VCQ8, ACSF2, PARN, VIGLN, PSMD2, NAA40, F1142, CBWD1, PAXI, SFPQ, CPIN1, RAB14, IPYR2, PUS7, CSDE1, PIP30, RABE2, CISD1, Q91X76, DUS3L, KCC1A, TTC1, SRGP2, SNX18, RISC, HNRLL, Q921K2, PP6R3, LRC59, UBXN1, DBR1, KCC2G, Q924B0, WAC, SMC6, PAWR, SIAS, STML2, PSIP1, NXF1, PDXD1, NONO, PLST, RRAGC, VMA5A, MAOM, DCTN2, ZN281, CT2NL, GRPE1, ABD12, RTN4, NU155, OGFR, NPM3, NOP16, GLOD4, Q9CQ43, MTAP, IFM3, CYB5B, PAF15, PSMD9, WIPI3, SKA2, VATG1, CHSP1, LRC40, RANB3, SMC1A, MFR1L, ARHGP, DDX47, TBC15, PPIL4, MPPB, CYBP, TECR, PAIRB, ZCHC8, SPCS2, Q9CZP3, CD37L, SSBP3, MMS19, MGRN1, ARPIN, HNRPM, SYRC, MCES, Q9D4G5, ATAD1, F162A, TRIR, IPYR, PHF10, ARFG3, ORN, BOLA1, CNN3, KAP0, PLIN3, AKAP8, XRN2, GNAI3, PUR6, RAI14, SENP3, ARFG1, SIL1, VPS35, DGCR8, SYCC, ELP4, LIMA1, XPO2, RBP2, RTN3, PALLD, TMOD3, STK3, COPB, NUP50, DDX21, SH3L1, DDX20, MBNL1, BAG3, GKAP1, ZN207, TRXR1, PPCE, CAF1A, LIMD1, NDRG3, DNJC7, NFU1, COPG1, NUBP1, SMAP, DEST, ACOT9, PR40A, FOXO1, FIZ1, NFKB2, KAD2, AKA12, PRKRA, PDC6I, CHIP, COR1C, VAPA, NDKM, E41L3, TAGL2, CARM1, MTNB, BCL10, IF2G, P5CS, COG1, MD2L1, EIF3G, SAE2, ILF3, TRIP6, USO1, BAZ1B, HNRPF, KEAP1
Species: Mus musculus
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Chuh KN, Zaro BW, Piller F, Piller V, Pratt MR. Changes in metabolic chemical reporter structure yield a selective probe of O-GlcNAc modification. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2014 136(35) 25153642
Abstract:
Metabolic chemical reporters (MCRs) of glycosylation are analogues of monosaccharides that contain bioorthogonal functionalities and enable the direct visualization and identification of glycoproteins from living cells. Each MCR was initially thought to report on specific types of glycosylation. We and others have demonstrated that several MCRs are metabolically transformed and enter multiple glycosylation pathways. Therefore, the development of selective MCRs remains a key unmet goal. We demonstrate here that 6-azido-6-deoxy-N-acetyl-glucosamine (6AzGlcNAc) is a specific MCR for O-GlcNAcylated proteins. Biochemical analysis and comparative proteomics with 6AzGlcNAc, N-azidoacetyl-glucosamine (GlcNAz), and N-azidoacetyl-galactosamine (GalNAz) revealed that 6AzGlcNAc exclusively labels intracellular proteins, while GlcNAz and GalNAz are incorporated into a combination of intracellular and extracellular/lumenal glycoproteins. Notably, 6AzGlcNAc cannot be biosynthetically transformed into the corresponding UDP sugar-donor by the canonical salvage-pathway that requires phosphorylation at the 6-hydroxyl. In vitro experiments showed that 6AzGlcNAc can bypass this roadblock through direct phosphorylation of its 1-hydroxyl by the enzyme phosphoacetylglucosamine mutase (AGM1). Taken together, 6AzGlcNAc enables the specific analysis of O-GlcNAcylated proteins, and these results suggest that specific MCRs for other types of glycosylation can be developed. Additionally, our data demonstrate that cells are equipped with a somewhat unappreciated metabolic flexibility with important implications for the biosynthesis of natural and unnatural carbohydrates.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
A1BN54, A2A4Z1, A2A6U3, A2AFJ1, A2AG83, A2AL12, A2AMW0, A2AMY5, LAS1L, B1AU75, OTUD4, B7FAU9, B7ZP47, D3YUC9, D3YVJ7, SAFB1, D3Z4W3, E9PVC5, E9PZM7, E9Q066, E9Q2X6, E9Q310, E9Q5L7, E9Q7M2, E9Q986, F6T2Z7, G3UZ44, G3UZI2, G3X8Q0, G3X8Y3, G3X928, G3X972, G3X9V0, G5E8E1, H3BKK2, J3JS94, CAN2, DPYL2, AIP, HDAC1, MP2K3, GSH0, DHX15, ZW10, AKAP2, SLK, NMT1, E41L2, SRPK1, PARG, SPD2A, LDHA, ANXA2, RIR1, ANXA1, LMNB1, LEG1, G3P, TPIS, COF1, FAS, CBX3, BCAT1, MCM3, MAP4, FKBP4, HMGB2, AIMP1, MP2K1, SYWC, RANG, UBP4, PTN11, RAB5C, DNLI1, CAP1, STAT3, EPS15, PURA, MSH2, ALD2, PURA2, NEDD4, GFPT1, PCY1A, ICAL, HDGF, UBP10, ACTN4, EF2, TB182, SF3B6, PCBP1, PSME3, PFD3, HNRPK, MTPN, DNJA1, SUMO1, IF5A1, UB2L3, 1433T, HDAC2, ELAV1, 4EBP2, PYRG1, TCPB, BOP1, DAB2, XDH, UBA1, LARP7, CNN2, PP4R2, PSA, Q3TFP0, GUAA, METK2, FA98A, Q3TT92, UAP1L, NOL9, FUBP2, Q3U4W8, YRDC, NOL8, COBL1, CSTOS, LRRF1, Q3V3Y9, DDX17, MDC1, TENS3, Q5UE59, SRC8, SAMH1, KHDR1, SPB6, CAPR1, PAPS1, ASNS, LAP2B, LAP2A, PPM1G, CDC37, FXR1, HS105, PCBP2, KPCI, DDX3X, TSN, DBNL, CYTB, ZYX, RALY, SQSTM, TPP2, PUR2, PEAK1, NOP58, TPM4, LTV1, ZC11A, Q6P5B5, SMHD1, GGA2, TXLNA, JUPI2, UBE2O, LARP1, 2AAA, MTCH2, DEK, MBB1A, ATX2L, OTUB1, MAP6, AFTIN, FLNB, PI42B, ZN598, SAFB2, GRWD1, CPPED, LPP, PEF1, IF4B, Q8BGJ5, SYAC, RUFY1, PRUN1, CTF18, AHSA1, RCC2, IPO5, CKAP4, PPR18, HEAT3, SRRM2, HAT1, MAP1S, TLK1, CND2, THOP1, SEP11, TBL3, SEP10, UBA6, SYEP, GNL3, PDLI5, HMCS1, PKHO2, NEK9, ANLN, MATR3, CBR3, MEPCE, ERF3A, SPART, TDIF2, MCMBP, UBP15, MAVS, Q8VCQ8, PSMD2, FLNC, CPIN1, ACLY, MK67I, RINI, PUS7, CSDE1, DUS3L, KCC1A, TTC1, TADBP, RIN1, NONO, RRAGC, SERB, UBQL4, OGFR, NPM3, GLOD4, MTAP, CYB5B, PSMD9, CHSP1, OCAD1, RANB3, MFR1L, TBC15, CYBP, ZCHC8, GARS, CD37L, UB2V1, HNRPM, Q9D4G5, NOP56, IPYR, CNN3, KAP0, PLIN3, AKAP8, XRN2, MYPT1, PUR6, WDR4, SENP3, LIMA1, ANM1, NUP50, DDX20, IQGA1, MBNL1, ELOV1, DCLK1, BAG3, PPCE, CAF1A, LIMD1, DREB, TOM40, DEST, FOXO1, NFKB2, PDC6I, COR1C, TAGL2, CARM1, MTNB, GBP2, P5CS, EIF3G, SAE2, USO1, HNRPF, KEAP1
Species: Mus musculus
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