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Song H, Ma J, Bian Z, Chen S, Zhu J, Wang J, Huang N, Yin M, Sun F, Xu M, Pan Q. Global profiling of O-GlcNAcylated and/or phosphorylated proteins in hepatoblastoma. Signal transduction and targeted therapy 2019 4 31637018
O-linked-β-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) glycosylation (O-GlcNAcylation) and phosphorylation are critical posttranslational modifications that are involved in regulating the functions of proteins involved in tumorigenesis and the development of various solid tumors. However, a detailed characterization of the patterns of these modifications at the peptide or protein level in hepatoblastoma (HB), a highly malignant primary hepatic tumor with an extremely low incidence in children, has not been performed. Here, we examined O-GlcNAc-modified or phospho-modified peptides and proteins in HB through quantitative proteomic analysis of HB tissues and paired normal liver tissues. Our results identified 114 O-GlcNAcylated peptides belonging to 78 proteins and 3494 phosphorylated peptides in 2088 proteins. Interestingly, 41 proteins were modified by both O-GlcNAcylation and phosphorylation. These proteins are involved in multiple molecular and cellular processes, including chromatin remodeling, transcription, translation, transportation, and organelle organization. In addition, we verified the accuracy of the proteomics results and found a competitive inhibitory effect between O-GlcNAcylation and phosphorylation of HSPB1. Further, O-GlcNAcylation modification of HSPB1 promoted proliferation and enhanced the chemotherapeutic resistance of HB cell lines in vitro. Collectively, our research suggests that O-GlcNAc-modified and/or phospho-modified proteins may play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of HB.
Species: Homo sapiens
Malaker SA, Penny SA, Steadman LG, Myers PT, Loke JC, Raghavan M, Bai DL, Shabanowitz J, Hunt DF, Cobbold M. Identification of Glycopeptides as Posttranslationally Modified Neoantigens in Leukemia. Cancer immunology research 2017 5(5) 28314751
Leukemias are highly immunogenic, but they have a low mutational load, providing few mutated peptide targets. Thus, the identification of alternative neoantigens is a pressing need. Here, we identify 36 MHC class I-associated peptide antigens with O-linked β-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) modifications as candidate neoantigens, using three experimental approaches. Thirteen of these peptides were also detected with disaccharide units on the same residues and two contain either mono- and/or di-methylated arginine residues. A subset were linked with key cancer pathways, and these peptides were shared across all of the leukemia patient samples tested (5/5). Seven of the O-GlcNAc peptides were synthesized and five (71%) were shown to be associated with multifunctional memory T-cell responses in healthy donors. An O-GlcNAc-specific T-cell line specifically killed autologous cells pulsed with the modified peptide, but not the equivalent unmodified peptide. Therefore, these posttranslationally modified neoantigens provide logical targets for cancer immunotherapy. Cancer Immunol Res; 5(5); 376-84. ©2017 AACR.
Species: Homo sapiens
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