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Hao Y, Li X, Qin K, Shi Y, He Y, Zhang C, Cheng B, Zhang X, Hu G, Liang S, Tang Q, Chen X. Chemoproteomic and Transcriptomic Analysis Reveals that O-GlcNAc Regulates Mouse Embryonic Stem Cell Fate through the Pluripotency Network. Angewandte Chemie (International ed. in English) 2023 36852467
Abstract:
Self-renewal and differentiation of embryonic stem cells (ESCs) are influenced by protein O-linked β-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) modification, but the underlying mechanism remains incompletely understood. Herein, we report the identification of 979 O-GlcNAcylated proteins and 1340 modification sites in mouse ESCs (mESCs) by using a chemoproteomics method. In addition to OCT4 and SOX2, the third core pluripotency transcription factor (PTF) NANOG was found to be modified and functionally regulated by O-GlcNAc. Upon differentiation along the neuronal lineage, the O-GlcNAc stoichiometry at 123 sites of 83 proteins-several of which were PTFs-was found to decline. Transcriptomic profiling reveals 2456 differentially expressed genes responsive to OGT inhibition during differentiation, of which 901 are target genes of core PTFs. By acting on the core PTF network, suppression of O-GlcNAcylation upregulates neuron-related genes, thus contributing to mESC fate determination.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
AMRA1, SETX, SKT, BCORL, AGRIN, MGAP, ARI1A, KANL3, CHD6, PHRF1, ZCH24, EP300, KIF7, KI67, CE350, ANR11, NUMA1, TPR, MORC3, TAF4B, KMT2B, EMD, AKAP1, TCOF, DCTN1, MNT, NCOA3, ATN1, ECP3, DPOD2, CTND2, PIAS3, AF10, ACK1, GET3, DSG2, ESS2, ATX2, PDLI1, ULK1, BARD1, KDM6A, ZN106, NSD1, ZFR, HIPK1, SETB1, LAMC1, MYCN, GCR, EGR1, RC3H2, ATX1L, DERPC, K2C8, HSPB1, JUND, FGFR1, G3P, ATF2, COF1, HEXB, VIME, PO5F1, CBL, CCNB1, PO2F1, RS2, NFKB1, MAX, PABP1, NEDD1, PTN12, FMR1, ELK1, FOXK1, STAT3, SOX15, PLIN2, CBP, NEDD4, YAP1, RFX1, SOX2, LMNA, ROA1, S1PR2, ARNT, RD23A, PLTP, KMT2A, KLF16, FOXP1, TB182, GMEB2, SENP1, YTHD1, MRTFB, DOCK4, STIM1, TBX3, NCOA1, ERF, SIAE, NACAM, ATF1, WNK1, G3BP2, DNLI3, G3BP1, RLA2, GABPA, S30BP, ZEP1, ENAH, SOX13, CAPR2, APLP2, CLUS, TLE3, GATA4, MITF, CHD8, ZCH18, TANC1, CDK12, SAP25, LIN41, MLXIP, HROB, VRTN, CO039, PDLI7, SMCA4, PRC2C, MILK2, MIDN, YETS2, PBIP1, FUBP2, TFPT, SRBP2, GSE1, F117B, ZN865, WDR62, QRIC1, FOXK2, RREB1, TNR6C, DAB2P, TNR6A, RHG17, PKHA7, COBL1, FCHO2, TET1, ARMX5, GARL3, TET2, CDV3, PHAR4, C2CD3, LIN54, NPA1P, TAB3, TASO2, RESF1, NUFP2, UNKL, COBL, KDM6B, PRSR1, SMG7, RBM27, PHF12, ZDBF2, PUR4, SYNRG, UIMC1, SIN3A, NFAC2, SRC8, SKIL, ELF1, KLF4, NCOR1, KLF3, NCOA2, FOXD3, PAPOA, HCFC1, P3C2A, SIX4, ZFHX3, TOB1, AP180, GLI3, ATRX, MAFK, NPM, M3K7, DAG1, SPTB2, TAF6, TIF1B, SPT6H, SH3G1, ARI3A, TLE1, TLE4, IF4G2, MINT, ZIC3, ZYX, NUP62, PHC1, TFE3, TIF1A, SF01, DAZL, RBL1, KNL1, BCL9L, SBNO1, SLAI1, PKP4, CDK13, SH3R1, JHD2C, HECD1, ARMX2, LAR4B, RHG21, HELZ, SCAF8, UTF1, PKHG2, NIPBL, CCD66, F135A, RPRD2, WWC2, ZN532, KRBA1, TAF9B, RBM26, INT1, BCR, AHDC1, PTN23, PAPD7, KDM3A, KMT2D, CHD4, RN220, NUP98, NFRKB, GGYF2, LCOR, TEX2, PF21A, KDM3B, FNBP4, CNOT1, LARP1, RHG26, NU188, CNDD3, PICAL, SPAG5, HUWE1, SMAP2, CPEB3, MYCB2, PRC2B, PRR14, MACOI, ATX2L, CKP2L, PRC2A, MCAF1, SI1L2, KANL1, ERBIN, R3HD2, RERE, PUM2, PUM1, NU214, WNK4, TCAM1, SAS6, CAMP3, UBN2, TNC18, AGFG2, UBP2L, WNK3, ZN598, CTIP, SHAN2, NANOG, DDX42, RHG32, VGLU3, LPP, TET3, MYPT2, IF4B, CNO10, MISSL, TB10B, CARF, TGO1, ZN879, SP130, ZC3HE, ZNT6, SUN2, TNR6B, ARI5B, EMSY, BNC2, KAT6B, KMT2C, CLAP2, CNOT4, SRRM2, TOX4, GEPH, SYP2L, LARP4, KANK2, SALL4, YTHD3, TOIP2, KAT6A, ASXL2, POGZ, SREK1, TAF5, ZHX2, EPC2, SI1L1, CND2, RBM14, SUCO, CNOT2, DIDO1, SMAG1, LENG8, CDAN1, DPPA4, LRIF1, VCIP1, MB214, TAB1, SCYL2, ASPP2, LS14B, SYEP, F193A, BCOR, OGT1, SUGP1, NAV1, SYNJ1, ADNP2, RPGF2, BICRL, EP400, PHC3, VP37A, EPN2, P66A, PDLI5, ELYS, ZBT20, ANLN, AGFG1, MATR3, CASC3, I2BPL, PO121, ALMS1, SF3A1, GRHL2, ATF7, CACL1, DC1L1, MTSS1, SPART, TDIF2, HBP1, NUP58, RFIP5, BRD8, WIPI1, CDK8, CS047, ATX7, NUP35, LUZP1, RPAP2, NDC1, MAVS, AMOT, CSKI2, P66B, TAF9, IPO4, ZCH14, UBAP2, NCOA5, FUBP1, RBM47, AJUBA, VPS36, DCP1A, EGLN2, YTHD2, SRGP2, GRHL1, BCL7B, P4R3B, PLRG1, CIC, WAC, TRPS1, MED1, ACATN, NRBP, RP25L, NONO, TAB2, RBM10, EPN4, DDAH2, NOG2, ZN281, HGS, NASP, ARIP4, ANR17, ZN318, TRI33, MZT2, ZWINT, ECD, YIF1B, ROA0, DHRS7, TPD54, SSBP3, PSRC1, SARNP, BCL9, SP2, NOP56, SH24A, FIP1, PLIN3, MYPT1, KC1D, TCF20, TOR3A, SALL1, ZN704, RBP2, UBE4B, TBX20, AFF4, RBCC1, 4ET, PALLD, ELF2, TSSC4, NUDT3, HAKAI, ADRM1, NCOA6, FANCA, GIT2, BAG3, TOB2, ZN207, SON, TBL1X, PLEC, MACF1, GOGA5, QKI, GAB1, DMRT1, YLPM1, PCM1, RHG07, TAF7, FOXO1, ADA23, AKA12, UXT, MAN1, NCOR2, AKT3, COR1B, TNIP1, GANP, DEMA, CARM1, RGAP1, ITSN2, ZO2, KLF5, ADNP, ARI3B, BCL3, SE1L1, E41L1, ZN292
Species: Mus musculus
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Shu XE, Mao Y, Jia L, Qian SB. Dynamic eIF3a O-GlcNAcylation controls translation reinitiation during nutrient stress. Nature chemical biology 2022 18(2) 34887587
Abstract:
In eukaryotic cells, many messenger RNAs (mRNAs) possess upstream open reading frames (uORFs) in addition to the main coding region. After uORF translation, the ribosome could either recycle at the stop codon or resume scanning for downstream start codons in a process known as reinitiation. Accumulating evidence suggests that some initiation factors, including eukaryotic initiation factor 3 (eIF3), linger on the early elongating ribosome, forming an eIF3-80S complex. Very little is known about how eIF3 is carried along with the 80S during elongation and whether the eIF3-80S association is subject to regulation. Here, we report that eIF3a undergoes dynamic O-linked N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) modification in response to nutrient starvation. Stress-induced de-O-GlcNAcylation promotes eIF3 retention on the elongating ribosome and facilitates activating transcription factor 4 (ATF4) reinitiation. Eliminating the modification site from eIF3a via CRISPR genome editing induces ATF4 reinitiation even under the nutrient-rich condition. Our findings illustrate a mechanism in balancing ribosome recycling and reinitiation, thereby linking the nutrient stress response and translational reprogramming.