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Xu S, Sun F, Wu R. A Chemoenzymatic Method Based on Easily Accessible Enzymes for Profiling Protein O-GlcNAcylation. Analytical chemistry 2020 92(14) 32574038
Abstract:
O-GlcNAcylation has gradually been recognized as a critically important protein post-translational modification in mammalian cells. Besides regulation of gene expression, its crosstalk with protein phosphorylation is vital for cell signaling. Despite its importance, comprehensive analysis of O-GlcNAcylation is extraordinarily challenging due to the low abundances of many O-GlcNAcylated proteins and the complexity of biological samples. Here, we developed a novel chemoenzymatic method based on a wild-type galactosyltransferase and uridine diphosphate galactose (UDP-Gal) for global and site-specific analysis of protein O-GlcNAcylation. This method integrates enzymatic reactions and hydrazide chemistry to enrich O-GlcNAcylated peptides. All reagents used are more easily accessible and cost-effective as compared to the engineered enzyme and click chemistry reagents. Biological triplicate experiments were performed to validate the effectiveness and the reproducibility of this method, and the results are comparable with the previous chemoenzymatic method using the engineered enzyme and click chemistry. Moreover, because of the promiscuity of the galactosyltransferase, 18 unique O-glucosylated peptides were identified on the EGF domain from nine proteins. Considering that effective and approachable methods are critical to advance glycoscience research, the current method without any sample restrictions can be widely applied for global analysis of protein O-GlcNAcylation in different samples.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
SBNO1, CNOT1, SWAHB, P121C, PDLI1, TAF4, RNT2, PODXL, KMT2D, MYPT1, ZN609, SC16A, SET1A, ZN185, TNC18, PRPF3, TPD54, SYNJ1, PLIN3, MAFK, BRD4, N4BP1, ICOSL, ANR17, ZN217, NCOR1, ATRN, TOX4, ERLN2, AGFG2, VAPB, SC24A, SC24B, CNOT4, BAG3, LMNA, GCR, HSPB1, IF2A, K1C18, K2C8, K1C19, ROA1, TACD2, ATX1L, LYAG, PPAL, TPR, K1C13, ZEP1, SDC1, ATF1, CBL, GATA3, ARNT, MAP4, CLIP1, HXC9, NU214, MP2K2, CUX1, PBX2, MLH1, STAT3, LAP2A, KI67, RFX5, SOX2, NU153, RBP2, TAF6, HCFC1, AFF3, AGFG1, ATX1, AF17, DSRAD, FOXA1, NU107, FOXK1, SPTB2, TFAP4, EWS, SP2, KMT2A, IF4G1, NOTC2, TLE3, TLE4, REL, ACK1, LG3BP, AHNK, ARHG5, FOXO1, BPTF, RIPK1, NFYC, CDK13, UBP2L, LAGE3, MDC1, EPN4, RRP1B, NCOA6, GSE1, MEF2D, NUMA1, R3HD1, JHD2C, TRIP6, ELF2, TAB1, ZFHX3, ZYX, ADRM1, TAF9, RFX7, QSER1, QRIC1, TB10B, CRTC2, PRC2B, ZN362, UBAP2, RPRD2, ZN318, TASO2, ARID2, ANR40, BICRL, ABLM2, GRHL2, NIPBL, LIN54, TET2, NFRKB, KCD18, MDEAS, ZC3HE, FIP1, SAS6, MCAF1, BCOR, HAKAI, SPT6H, KDM3B, POGZ, MAVS, EMSY, RAI1, SRGP1, SH3R1, YTHD3, CASZ1, P66A, I2BP1, RB6I2, FOXP4, NAV2, GID4, MGAP, CDAN1, SUGP1, MILK2, NUP93, ZN687, FNBP4, ARFG1, ENAH, PHC3, SP20H, KMT2C, STT3B, DLG5, WIPF2, ZFN2B, LMO7, ATX2L, CSKI2, P66B, SMG7, CBP, SEM4D, FUBP2, LPP, PF21A, INT12, CERS2, GWL, PDLI5, CHAP1, ANCHR, Z512B, ZFR, EP400, RBM14, CIC, MINT, S29A1, DPH2, WAC, DIDO1, HNRL1, YTHD1, CEP44, SP130, I2BPL, FOXP1, WNK1, E41L1, ZHX3, GORS2, PKHA5, RC3H2, TAF9B, NCOA5, TANC2, CELR2, UBN1, PDLI7, RBM12, CARF, TAB2, CNOT2, KANL3, STAP2, TCF20, UBQL2, S30BP, SIX4, TASOR, GMEB2, ZHX1, YETS2, PKCB1, NOTC3, TRI33, SRRM2, CHM2B, SCML2, POLH, R3HD2, ZN281, WNK2, PRC2C, NCOR2, GMEB1, ZHX2
Species: Homo sapiens
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Liu Y, Chen Q, Zhang N, Zhang K, Dou T, Cao Y, Liu Y, Li K, Hao X, Xie X, Li W, Ren Y, Zhang J. Proteomic profiling and genome-wide mapping of O-GlcNAc chromatin-associated proteins reveal an O-GlcNAc-regulated genotoxic stress response. Nature communications 2020 11(1) 33214551
Abstract:
O-GlcNAc modification plays critical roles in regulating the stress response program and cellular homeostasis. However, systematic and multi-omics studies on the O-GlcNAc regulated mechanism have been limited. Here, comprehensive data are obtained by a chemical reporter-based method to survey O-GlcNAc function in human breast cancer cells stimulated with the genotoxic agent adriamycin. We identify 875 genotoxic stress-induced O-GlcNAc chromatin-associated proteins (OCPs), including 88 O-GlcNAc chromatin-associated transcription factors and cofactors (OCTFs), subsequently map their genomic loci, and construct a comprehensive transcriptional reprogramming network. Notably, genotoxicity-induced O-GlcNAc enhances the genome-wide interactions of OCPs with chromatin. The dynamic binding switch of hundreds of OCPs from enhancers to promoters is identified as a crucial feature in the specific transcriptional activation of genes involved in the adaptation of cancer cells to genotoxic stress. The OCTF nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor-1 (NRF1) is found to be a key response regulator in O-GlcNAc-modulated cellular homeostasis. These results provide a valuable clue suggesting that OCPs act as stress sensors by regulating the expression of various genes to protect cancer cells from genotoxic stress.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
RBM47, SBNO1, CNOT1, RGPD3, P121C, PDLI1, MYO1C, AIP, PSD11, PGRC1, TAF4, CLIC1, IPO5, IF2B3, AGRIN, PLOD2, HMGN4, IMA4, PESC, NOP56, DDX3X, PODXL, IMA3, NFIB, ARI1A, G3PT, PDCD5, TCRG1, PSA7, SCAM3, HGS, MYPT1, HNRDL, XPO1, ZN609, SC16A, SR140, SET1A, NPC1, TBX3, ARC1B, TIF1A, PGRC2, PFD6, NKRF, ZN185, OGT1, HMGB3, PPM1G, EIF3D, IPO8, RPA34, NUP42, DHX15, PRP4, SERA, PSMD3, RFOX2, PAPS1, MCA3, HNRPR, PRPF3, TPD54, IF4G3, KLF4, E41L2, DENR, XPOT, PRC1, ZN207, GET3, BUB3, ACTN4, BUD23, SYNC, KRT86, CPSF5, U3IP2, CALU, SAHH2, MED14, SMCA5, ZN862, GANP, KDM1A, ACSL4, SNX3, OGA, HNRPQ, PLOD3, MAFK, IMA7, UGDH, PQBP1, DKC1, IF2P, EDF1, DNJA2, BRD4, PFD1, WDR1, CPNE3, ZC11A, CLU, T22D2, PP6R2, CREST, ANR17, PDCD6, TBCA, H2AY, FLNB, NCOR1, SC22B, PR40A, PSIP1, SRS10, SF3B1, CSDE1, NPM3, U520, NU155, WDHD1, CRTAP, IDHC, CCNK, PIAS2, SPF27, DNJC8, RL1D1, SRP72, MTA2, TOM70, TOX4, SC24D, SUN1, NFAT5, AP2A2, SC31A, SEM3D, AGFG2, ZRAB2, LC7L3, LYPD3, FKBP9, SMC2, IPO7, AHSA1, PSMG1, SC24A, SC24B, CNOT4, OXSR1, HS74L, AP2A1, BAG3, CLPT1, ACL6A, LDHA, AATM, EGFR, PGK1, ASSY, LDLR, K1C14, LMNA, APOA2, FINC, ALBU, TFR1, PROC, ALDOA, CYTB, ANXA1, GCR, KITH, THY1, K2C1, G3P, HSPB1, RPN1, GNAI2, AT1A1, AT1B1, ADT2, IF2A, HMGN2, ICAM1, RLA2, JUN, LA, ITB1, K1C18, K2C8, CDK1, ATPB, S10A6, ENOA, PYGL, G6PI, NPM, TPM3, ITAV, ACBP, LDHB, PDIA1, H10, CATD, ANXA2, TBB5, PROF1, SYEP, HS90A, HNRPC, TSP1, SP1, ANXA6, RHOC, DAF, MDR1, 4F2, HS90B, SRPRA, ASNS, CY1, RU17, ITA5, NFIC, VIME, RS17, K2C7, ANXA5, K1C16, RSSA, SNRPA, GSTP1, LEG1, HMGB1, TPM1, ROA1, RU2A, PARP1, PPBI, UCHL1, ALDOC, ATX1L, HS71B, CALM3, RO60, H14, PTPRF, THIO, ESTD, CH60, BIP, HSP7C, LAMP1, TOP1, TOP2A, PYC, C1TC, MPRI, ADHX, PABP1, PCNA, HARS1, IMDH2, TPR, KCRB, ACTN1, XRCC6, XRCC5, RINI, EF2, K1C10, K2C5, PDIA4, P4HA1, PLST, T2FB, CD59, MIF, GLU2B, CBPM, AK1A1, KPYM, ENPL, CCNB1, PO2F1, HNRPL, SYDC, PLAK, ALDR, AMPN, ERF3A, EZRI, FOSL1, FOSL2, MCP, NQO1, GNS, ZEP1, RS2, DESP, MUC1, CD44, CBR1, CREB1, H15, H13, H12, NCPR, AT2A2, CD36, STMN1, HSP76, HMGA1, JUNB, UBF1, JUND, ATF7, CEBPB, PYRG1, DDX5, PFKAL, LEG3, TCPA, PTN1, RL35A, RL7, VINC, SON, RL17, PGAM1, RCC1, ATF1, ML12A, NUCL, SPEE, RXRA, NFKB1, IF2B, ANXA7, BTF3, PSB1, MPRD, LMNB1, CSRP1, FLNA, 5NTD, VDAC1, CD9, TGM2, PIMT, FBRL, PUR2, PUR6, UBA1, NDKB, ROA2, RFX1, CBL, TCEA1, ITA6, SFPQ, PPIB, SYWC, RS3, NFYA, SAHH, COF1, IF4B, KTHY, EF1B, PPAC, CDK2, MCM3, RS12, BRD2, DNJB1, ATPA, PSA1, PSA3, PSA4, S100P, ITA3, MOES, DDX6, DNMT1, PAX6, U2AF2, RL13, S10A4, HMGB2, PTBP1, SYTC, SYVC, EF1G, STOM, 1433T, ARNT, RL10, RFA1, APEX1, PYR1, CALR, MAP4, CALX, TEAD1, GRN, EPHA2, 3MG, TKT, RBMS1, PML, EF1D, ERP29, PRDX6, RL12, KCY, PEBP1, PDIA3, 2AAA, NMT1, PURA2, UFO, SORCN, ILEU, RPB2, METK2, TIA1, ZEP2, DNJA1, PUR9, HNRH3, HNRH1, 1433B, 1433S, STIP1, S10AB, L1CAM, PRDX2, CDD, ELF1, RL9, CD70, KINH, CSTF2, MCM4, MCM5, MCM7, GLYM, HSP74, PROF2, PHB, SPB6, RFC4, RL22, K1C9, MYH9, MYH10, COPB2, BASI, FUS, NU214, DEK, K22E, PRS7, ATPG, RL4, PP1G, GNL1, SRP14, NUP62, TAGL2, TALDO, RBMX, VKGC, GRP75, IF4A3, RS19, RL3, OST48, FEN1, CAPG, TXLNA, TCPZ, RL13A, STAT3, MDHC, MDHM, IF2G, GARS, SYIC, LAP2A, LAP2B, STAT1, MTREX, RS27, LPPRC, RL35, CDN2A, ECE1, LIS1, MUC18, MATR3, MSH2, SSRA, RANG, VDAC2, CBX5, UBP5, KI67, RAGP1, RECQ1, NOP2, BAG6, NOTC1, RL27A, RL5, RL21, RL28, RS9, RS5, RS10, IQGA1, CAPZB, IF1AX, RL29, SOX9, COPD, GSH0, PSMD8, PRC2A, TCPE, PTSS1, K2C6C, AGRE5, PAXI, RL34, LMAN1, NASP, FAS, CDK8, TCPG, EFTU, SYAC, SYSC, MCM2, ACADV, YLPM1, TMEDA, RBM25, HINT1, NU153, RBP2, TAF6, GUAA, CRIP1, GDIB, EMD, SERPH, F10A1, MAP2, RL14, TCPQ, TCPD, ANX11, PAPOA, FXR1, FXR2, RAB7A, SMCA4, SSRD, HCFC1, HDGF, ROA3, 6PGD, HNRPM, IMA1, GDIR1, AGFG1, HNRPF, MSH6, CAZA1, CRIP2, NUP98, ACLY, COPA, SC24C, TCP4, SYRC, ATX1, ATN1, SYYC, UBP14, AT1B3, RD23B, SNAA, IF5, PSMD4, XPO2, TERA, AF10, AF17, NP1L1, ADK, DSRAD, SEC13, NH2L1, PSA, EIF3B, SYMC, IF6, CTBP2, TMM33, NU107, EPIPL, TPIS, EIF3E, SC61B, MYL6, ACTB, IF4A1, RS20, PRPS1, PSA6, S10AA, CDC42, DEST, RAB10, UBC12, UBE2N, ARP3, ABCE1, RS3A, RL26, PSME3, RL15, RL27, RL37A, S61A1, PFD3, B2MG, DAD1, SUMO2, WDR5, NTF2, HNRPK, 1433G, RS7, PP1A, PP1B, RS8, RS15A, RS16, 1433E, RS14, RS23, RS18, RS29, RS13, RS11, RUXE, SMD1, SMD2, SMD3, PRS10, RL7A, ERF1, CNBP, RS4X, RL23A, RS6, H4, RAN, RL23, RAP1A, RS24, RS25, RS26, RS30, GBB2, RL30, RL31, RL10A, RL32, RL11, RL8, PPIA, FKB1A, RS27A, TRA2B, AP2B1, 1433Z, RSMN, SUMO1, DYL1, RL38, RS21, RACK1, UBC9, YBOX1, CSK2B, TPM4, EF1A1, ACTS, TBA1B, TBA4A, TBB4B, CSK21, PA1B2, HBB, HBA, PITX1, GTF2I, PHC1, TCPB, RAE1L, PRKDC, SARNP, RL24, ARF1, ERH, RL19, SRSF3, FOXK1, DAB2, EFNB1, RBM10, RBM3, CYC, MPCP, VIGLN, CLH1, FKBP3, HNRPU, U2AF1, SPTB2, TIAR, SRSF2, FOXK2, RUNX1, FABP5, LAT1, TFAP4, OTUD4, PFKAP, XPC, EWS, MEF2A, SP3, H11, RL18A, FKBP4, PLOD1, RL6, M2OM, DYST, KMT2A, LMNB2, TF65, UBXN1, GLGB, IF4G1, K1C17, TLE3, REL, 1433F, PLP2, CSTF1, SRS11, EF1A2, SUH, GABPA, PAX8, FMR1, PRDX1, RL18, CKAP4, KHDR1, LRP1, SRSF1, DHX9, LG3BP, PPID, SSRP1, NSUN2, RBBP4, EP300, AHNK, HSP7E, GALT2, BST2, NU160, TBL3, ASPH, TROAP, BPTF, NFIA, SF3A3, AIMP1, ILF2, ILF3, LMAN2, TRAP1, FOXC1, MYO1E, CSTF3, ECH1, ACACA, CAF1B, RED, MTAP, TADBP, ROA0, PRDX4, CBX3, PSMD2, GPS2, SRSF9, SRSF5, SRSF6, TIF1B, G3BP1, PTK7, PABP4, EIF3I, TCOF, SF3B2, HAP28, FKBP5, SMAD4, PICAL, TBB3, PRP4B, PIN1, RIPK1, HDAC1, DCTN2, SNW1, TRA2A, CUL4B, DYR1A, TPBG, FHL1, MOGS, CD166, SPTN1, DX39B, TBB2A, KLF5, BYST, RUNX2, CDK13, CKAP5, CIRBP, HNRPD, SCRB2, DAG1, VEZF1, DSG2, EIF3A, UBP2L, SCRIB, TTL12, FHL2, DPYL3, DYHC1, IF4A2, SRC8, TRI25, FLNC, FA50A, CAPR1, RBM39, MCM6, ITPR1, PUM1, MDC1, EPN4, SMC1A, RRP1B, NCOA6, GSE1, UBP10, GANAB, LBR, MEF2D, CHD4, LASP1, ZN638, IMB1, NOLC1, NUMA1, SEPT2, SART3, CND1, ACAP1, U5S1, SYK, IF4H, PDIA6, PLEC, NOMO1, PON2, IPYR, TEBP, NONO, PWP2, RNPS1, PCBP1, PCBP2, SF3B3, KS6A1, SAFB1, SF3A2, RBMS2, SC23A, SC23B, SF3A1, SSXT, NCOA2, TRAM1, SF01, MED1, HMGN3, JHD2C, TRIP6, MARE1, ELAV1, ELF2, TAB1, AAAT, TOM34, UB2V2, NEDD8, ZYX, SEPT7, ADRM1, UAP1, PSMD5, DDB1, CDC37, DPYL2, RBBP7, TAF9, SRSF7, CPSF6, NRF1, FSCN1, IF16, KYNU, H2A2C, H2B2E, TRXR1, HNRL2, PDS5A, QSER1, TSR1, SMU1, P3H1, LSM12, CRTC2, GLE1, H90B2, ZN326, BCORL, TGO1, PRC2B, RRP12, TOIP1, PCID2, NU188, HP1B3, CE170, ZN362, ZC3HD, LRIF1, UBR4, UBAP2, KPRP, RBM26, AHDC1, CROCC, RPRD2, ECM29, MBNL2, ZMYM4, AR6P4, STEA4, ARID2, BICRL, CPIN1, LIN54, TM214, CAVN1, CDC73, EDC4, PRP8, SCYL2, GOLM2, NFRKB, NCEH1, MDEAS, ZC3HE, LARP1, FIP1, CRTC3, SAS6, CSPG4, WDR82, MCAF1, PACS1, SRCAP, RIPR1, UBN2, FBX50, IKIP, H32, LARP4, H2AV, RS27L, HAKAI, SPT6H, SND1, DDX46, BZW1, CYFP1, KDM3B, PHF5A, ZCCHV, NUP54, POGZ, NUFP2, HEAT3, EMSY, RAI1, I2BP2, RBBP6, SH3R1, HUWE1, YTHD3, KHDC4, CENPV, KAISO, MYPN, PEG10, PABP2, KTN1, THOC4, GP180, CAND1, CARM1, PRSR1, DDX42, DAAF5, P66A, RB6I2, CHERP, ANKH1, CCAR1, RAVR1, SPB1, SMAP1, PHAR4, MAML2, PORIM, CCAR2, NUP93, LRC47, MT1M, FNBP4, CPSF7, PR38A, GT251, TXND5, PAIRB, FA98A, TNR6A, PHC3, ABCF1, VP37A, NUP43, NUP37, NUP35, RLA0L, THOC2, WDR36, SMRC2, PUM2, SPP2A, ALMS1, C99L2, DDX54, DLG5, BRX1, DOT1L, PO210, GEMI5, ZN384, SCRB1, ZC3HF, NU133, PDC6I, NUDC2, GLMP, LMO7, ATX2L, PALLD, PSPC1, P66B, DNJC9, ELYS, DDX1, H1X, NICA, TM131, MAML1, HS105, CNOT9, ZN592, LAR4B, GCN1, NU205, TFG, TAF4B, STAM1, CBP, RBP56, DDX17, CELF1, OSTF1, RENT1, SMRC1, SMRD2, FUBP2, TNPO1, NEP1, UBP7, STMN2, LPP, MED12, H2A1C, SMCE1, RL36L, NCLN, FERM2, FUBP1, LRC59, FKB10, PF21A, INT12, FWCH2, AP2M1, REPS1, CMBL, SNR40, SEH1, DAZP1, RBM33, S10AG, OTUB1, HMCES, DDX27, P121A, PDLI5, FUBP3, WNK4, CHAP1, ZC3HA, CLP1L, CNDP2, ZFR, EP400, PRRC1, NOL4L, RBM14, QKI, PLIN4, S38A2, VPS35, CIC, MED15, MCCA, WRIP1, STRBP, TM209, SIN3A, MINT, UHRF1, HTF4, CDC5L, PFD5, RING2, EYA3, NUP88, POP1, MNT, SCAFB, EIF3C, DNJC7, PHB2, ATX2, ROAA, NP1L4, TS101, CPNE1, TCPH, EBP2, ANM1, H2B1M, RNZ2, TBA1C, MBB1A, TXD17, ERP44, ESYT1, WAC, DIDO1, AN32E, TMM43, TBB6, HNRL1, DDX23, TBB2B, TM109, TMED9, NUP58, GNL3, KIFC1, NUP85, RBM4, NAA15, SRRT, PDIP3, YTHD1, WNK3, NOG1, UNK, SLIRP, IF5A2, NAT10, ILKAP, XRN2, SP130, RGAP1, DDX47, I2BPL, PININ, BOLA2, PTN23, WNK1, FA83D, ZHX3, STEEP, RPF2, ZN703, GORS2, JUPI2, MLXIP, CYBP, RC3H2, TENS1, EMAL4, NCOA5, TNR6C, CHD8, APMAP, ENY2, CD320, UBN1, DCP1A, LUC7L, RTN4, RPR1B, NIT2, ANLN, PDLI7, DDX21, SIAS, SHLB2, MBNL1, OSTC, RAB6B, PHP14, SYFB, RBM12, DD19A, LYAR, CARF, BCLF1, TAB2, TMOD3, CDK12, IF2B1, MAT2B, MYOF, ITSN2, BICRA, CNOT2, SEP10, RCC2, BCCIP, RRBP1, RBM27, KANL3, ATX10, MRC2, SAE2, NXF1, ABCF2, TES, TCF20, SUN2, LIMA1, CHRD1, SEPT9, UBQL2, S30BP, MED13, PFD2, PUF60, XPO7, SIX4, DDX41, CCNL1, JUPI1, MRT4, GPTC8, NUDT5, RALY, ACINU, AGO2, NUP50, ZHX1, CDV3, TRPC5, MRTFB, ZMIZ1, YETS2, HECD1, PKCB1, COR1C, TPX2, AKP8L, PRP19, UBQL1, G3BP2, CHIP, PACN2, SSRG, EPCR, SCAF8, TRI33, SRRM2, PA2G4, CD11A, SMC3, RTRAF, RUVB2, EIF3L, RUVB1, NUDC, SYFA, DRG1, E41L3, RRP44, TR150, WBP11, NOP58, ZN281, SGT1, NOSIP, LSM2, LC7L2, SBDS, STRAP, RTCB, NOC2L, RL36, CHTOP, TLN1, ARIP4, HYOU1, PRC2C, PPME1, YTHD2, SP16H, TNPO3, SRPRB, RBM8A, ZN706, NCOR2, NPTN, COPG1, CLIC4, MD1L1, BZW2, IF2B2, SCC4, ZHX2, S23IP
Species: Homo sapiens
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Li J, Li Z, Duan X, Qin K, Dang L, Sun S, Cai L, Hsieh-Wilson LC, Wu L, Yi W. An Isotope-Coded Photocleavable Probe for Quantitative Profiling of Protein O-GlcNAcylation. ACS chemical biology 2019 14(1) 30620550
Abstract:
O-linked N-acetylglucosamine ( O-GlcNAc) is a ubiquitous post-translational modification of proteins and is essential for cell function. Quantifying the dynamics of O-GlcNAcylation in a proteome-wide level is critical for uncovering cellular mechanisms and functional roles of O-GlcNAcylation in cells. Here, we develop an isotope-coded photocleavable probe for profiling protein O-GlcNAcylation dynamics using quantitative mass spectrometry-based proteomics. This probe enables selective tagging and isotopic labeling of O-GlcNAcylated proteins in one step from complex cellular mixtures. We demonstrate the application of the probe to quantitatively profile O-GlcNAcylation sites in 293T cells upon chemical induction of O-GlcNAc levels. We further applied the probe to quantitatively analyze the stoichiometry of O-GlcNAcylation between sorafenib-sensitive and sorafenib-resistant liver cancer cells, which lays the foundation for mechanistic investigation of O-GlcNAcylation in regulating cancer chemoresistance. Thus, this probe provides a powerful tool to profile O-GlcNAcylation dynamics in cells.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
A0A0B4J203, A0A0C4DFX4, SBNO1, P121B, CX028, RGPD3, AN36A, P121C, GG6L6, S31C2, E9PCH4, H0YAE9, H0YHG0, GG6LV, H3BMH7, PDLI1, TAF4, BCL9, ABLM1, CHD2, KMT2D, RGPD8, OPLA, HGS, MYPT1, ZN609, SC16A, SET1A, TIF1A, EIF3H, TET3, M3K7, PRPF3, TPD54, IF4G3, E41L2, AKAP8, TM11D, MYPT2, GANP, PLIN3, MAFK, BRD4, MITF, N4BP1, ATG13, PP6R2, ANR17, NCOR1, SPAG7, SRS10, SF3B1, CSDE1, TOX4, PCF11, AGFG2, SMC2, M3K6, SC24B, ZBT11, CNOT4, EYA4, OXSR1, ZMYM6, CCNE2, ANGT, LMNA, ALDOA, GCR, HSPB1, F13B, RLA2, K1C18, K2C8, ZFY, SRPRA, RU17, VIME, RU2A, ATX1L, RGPD1, S31C1, GLI3, LYAG, PABP1, COBA1, CO6A3, MYH7, ENPL, ZEP1, RS2, ZFX, ZNF30, ANPRC, ATF7, EGR1, SON, RCC1, ATF1, ATF6A, HXA5, ROA2, CBL, IF4B, GATA2, RIR1, RAE1, APC, ATPA, ARNT, MAP4, HXD9, HLAF, CLIP1, ZEP2, MYH10, TIE1, NU214, DEK, PDE6B, SRP14, CUX1, LPPRC, GATA4, KI67, YAP1, RFX5, SOX2, PRC2A, NASP, CDK8, NU153, RBP2, TAF6, EMD, PAPOA, HCFC1, NEK4, AGFG1, NUP98, INHBC, CADH6, F193A, RT36, RT34, SARNP, LACTB, COG7, FOXK1, DAB2, PLIN5, SPTB2, SP2, NRG1, IF4G1, K1C17, TLE1, TLE3, TLE4, UBE3A, ACK1, AHNK, FCHO2, FOXO1, TROAP, BPTF, IRAG2, BFSP1, FOXC1, PRDM2, DDX10, G3BP1, PABP4, GRB10, PPIG, MADCA, PICAL, MAMD1, CUL4B, ASPP2, SPTN1, CDK13, CYLC2, DSG2, UBP2L, SRC8, ITPR3, PUM1, MDC1, EPN4, RRP1B, NCOA6, RRP5, RFTN1, R3HD1, WDR43, EEA1, MTFR1, SF3B3, RYR3, SF01, JHD2C, ELF2, MYLK, TAB1, ZYX, ADRM1, QSER1, CL16A, RHG31, AAK1, TMM44, AMOT, IF44L, YIF1B, AG10A, CD048, FSIP2, ESCO1, S2553, BCORL, AN36C, MTUS2, PRC2B, CEP78, SAMD9, TSBP1, LRIF1, CXG2, SKT, ZN648, UBAP2, RBM26, RC3H1, EFCB6, CE350, RPRD2, S31A6, TASO2, ECM29, RN123, PLCX3, ARID2, DEN2C, K0930, LIN54, M18BP, SCYL2, NFRKB, KLH35, ZC3HE, ANR11, FIP1, SBSN, S49A3, FAT4, MCAF1, BCOR, DUSTY, GGYF2, BNC2, CO039, SRCAP, UBN2, FOXNB, UBP54, HAKAI, ASXL2, KNDC1, SPT6H, TAOK1, KDM3B, RGPD4, POGZ, NUFP2, EMSY, I2BP2, SH3R1, HUWE1, YTHD3, FLIP1, KAISO, MYPN, TTC6, LDB1, TM135, TBC26, ZFHX4, ANGL5, SPAS2, DZIP1, P66A, AHNK2, FMNL3, NAV2, ARI3B, MGAP, RP1L1, CC28A, Z3H7A, CDAN1, ANKH1, SUGP1, PHAR4, KMT2E, XRN1, SPART, NUP93, ZN687, CMTR1, THMS1, AN36B, TMTC2, SYNPO, FNBP4, GG6L1, ENAH, GG6L2, SLAI1, PHC3, BD1L1, NUP35, DDX55, NEIL3, GSDMB, ALMS1, STK35, GEMI5, RPGF6, SMCR8, WIPF2, TM171, RN133, TEKT4, LMO7, CKAP2, ATX2L, ACO11, P66B, DAAF4, BBX, FIG4, ZN516, RREB1, FUBP2, LPP, E2F7, TTC28, TOM6, ASTRA, OTUB2, PGBD4, LEG12, ELP4, RBM33, MYEOV, SMRD1, DDX27, P121A, TONSL, PDLI5, THOC3, VCIP1, LRIQ1, ZFR, EP400, CBPC4, RBM14, IPP2L, QKI, PLIN4, JMJD8, RBM15, MINT, SEC62, AGAP2, RGPD5, ATX2, MYD88, ARI3A, SPI2A, SPI2B, DPH2, MCMBP, TMPSD, YTHD1, WNK3, PP12C, TB182, TANC1, CEP44, SENP6, BRD8, RGAP1, ALX4, KI13A, KCNH6, ZN106, FOXP1, PABP3, SMOC2, WNK1, ZHX3, CP095, REEP4, DOCK5, ZN703, GORS2, MLXIP, PKHA5, FOH1B, RC3H2, TANC2, TRPM3, SYTL2, CP4FC, GAK5, JPH1, APMAP, DMAP1, GP108, KMT5A, GPR84, DUOX2, DUOX1, PCDBG, MDN1, NALP2, CARF, HXC10, TAB2, CDK12, ADA2, ITSN2, F135A, SI1L2, RBM27, KANL3, ZN219, DYH17, AFF4, NB5R1, S30BP, NRBP, BAZ2A, SIX4, HOOK1, TASOR, GMEB2, ZHX1, TAOK2, CFA92, MRTFB, ZBT21, PRR12, YETS2, HECD1, MYO6, ICAM5, MAGD2, SCAF8, TRAK1, SHAN2, SRRM2, EXO1, SCML2, POK19, POLH, NCKP1, AT11B, NOP58, ZN281, UB2J1, GRIP1, SALL2, ARIP4, RPGF2, HYOU1, TTLL3, PRC2C, PCDB4, NCOR2, CP46A, BZW2, CABIN, NCOA3, S23IP, U3KPZ7
Species: Homo sapiens
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Hao Y, Fan X, Shi Y, Zhang C, Sun DE, Qin K, Qin W, Zhou W, Chen X. Next-generation unnatural monosaccharides reveal that ESRRB O-GlcNAcylation regulates pluripotency of mouse embryonic stem cells. Nature communications 2019 10(1) 31492838
Abstract:
Unnatural monosaccharides such as azidosugars that can be metabolically incorporated into cellular glycans are currently used as a major tool for glycan imaging and glycoproteomic profiling. As a common practice to enhance membrane permeability and cellular uptake, the unnatural sugars are per-O-acetylated, which, however, can induce a long-overlooked side reaction, non-enzymatic S-glycosylation. Herein, we develop 1,3-di-esterified N-azidoacetylgalactosamine (GalNAz) as next-generation chemical reporters for metabolic glycan labeling. Both 1,3-di-O-acetylated GalNAz (1,3-Ac2GalNAz) and 1,3-di-O-propionylated GalNAz (1,3-Pr2GalNAz) exhibit high efficiency for labeling protein O-GlcNAcylation with no artificial S-glycosylation. Applying 1,3-Pr2GalNAz in mouse embryonic stem cells (mESCs), we identify ESRRB, a critical transcription factor for pluripotency, as an O-GlcNAcylated protein. We show that ESRRB O-GlcNAcylation is important for mESC self-renewal and pluripotency. Mechanistically, ESRRB is O-GlcNAcylated by O-GlcNAc transferase at serine 25, which stabilizes ESRRB, promotes its transcription activity and facilitates its interactions with two master pluripotency regulators, OCT4 and NANOG.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
A0A087X1C1, A0A0B4J203, A0A0C4DFX4, SRCRL, SBNO1, CNOT1, IQCAL, RGPD3, LRIQ3, P121C, YU005, H0YHG0, H3BMQ9, H8Y6P7, I3L521, PDLI1, TAF4, P3C2A, DDX3X, NFIB, ARI1A, ABLM1, KMT2D, ZN197, RGPD8, MYPT1, ZN609, ZN646, SET1A, SYNEM, ZN185, NUP42, SI1L1, TGFI1, VIP2, M3K7, TPD54, SYNJ1, IF4G3, WIPF1, SMAD6, MYPT2, PLIN3, MAFK, N4BP1, ANR17, NCOR1, GGYF1, PRDM1, STAM2, TOX4, AGFG2, UNC5C, VENTX, SC24B, PCNT, ZBT11, CNOT4, BAG3, TXD12, TTLL1, APCL, NSD2, EGFR, IGF2, CRYAB, LMNA, ALDOA, GCR, HSPB1, PCCA, RLA2, JUN, HEP2, K1C18, ANXA2, ADRB2, NFIC, VIME, 5HT1A, SNRPA, ROA1, CO4B, ATX1L, FMAS1, GRL1A, DERPC, C1C1L, GLI2, TPR, GYS1, MYL6B, PO2F1, ATF2, ZEP1, RS2, ITB4, JUNB, JUND, ATF7, SON, ATF1, NEBU, CSRP1, NF1, ROA2, RFX1, CBL, COF1, IF4B, ARNT, MAP4, CALX, TEAD1, PDIA3, CDC27, CLIP1, ZEP2, ELF1, TTK, PCKGC, ADDA, NU214, MP2K2, NUP62, VKGC, VATA, CUX1, TXLNA, PBX2, HELZ, UTRO, RFX5, PAXI, NR2C2, NASP, CENPF, YLPM1, NU153, RBP2, TAF6, EMD, PAPOA, HCFC1, AGFG1, NUP98, ATX1, MYOM2, AF10, AF17, DSRAD, NU107, RL8, F193A, PITX1, PHC1, RT36, SARNP, FOXK1, HTD2, DAB2, RHG04, VIGLN, HNRPU, SPTB2, SCN7A, FOXK2, EWS, MEF2A, SP2, NUCB1, IF4G1, NOTC2, TLE3, TLE4, NMDZ1, GABPA, ZO1, ACK1, CACB2, EP300, AHNK, MGAT2, GALT2, FOXO1, SNF5, BPTF, NFIA, DPYD, TP53B, ZN155, FOXC1, AKAP6, ROA0, GPS2, G3BP1, KCAB2, PABP4, PLD1, PICAL, MAMD1, RIPK1, SNW1, MTMR1, CUL4B, ASPP2, NFYC, CDK13, TOB2, DAG1, VEZF1, DSG2, UBP2L, GIT2, SRC8, PUM1, MDC1, EPN4, RRP1B, NCOA6, GSE1, MEF2D, ARI5B, NUMA1, PSME4, SART3, KIF14, BRD3, EBP, PLEC, RBMS2, TAF1C, SF01, MED1, JHD2C, MARE1, ELF2, TAB1, ZFHX3, ZYX, ADRM1, TAF9, RFX7, QSER1, QRIC1, ZN800, LR75B, EPC2, CRTC2, YIF1B, ZN326, K2026, PRC2B, SYAM, CE170, NHSL1, ZN362, ZEP3, LRIF1, UBR4, SKT, RHG21, UBAP2, RBM26, RC3H1, VP13D, RPRD2, ZN318, TASO2, TTC23, ERR2, KAZRN, ARID2, RHG17, ANR40, BICRL, NIPBL, LIN54, NFRKB, ZN449, RSBNL, MDEAS, ZC3HE, CRTC3, SAS6, MCAF1, BCOR, MPRIP, GGYF2, BNC2, FGD5, CO039, SRCAP, YJ005, UBN2, RAPH1, UBP54, PREX2, HAKAI, ASXL2, SPT6H, KDM3B, ZCCHV, RGPD4, POGZ, SZRD1, MAVS, EMSY, RAI1, I2BP2, SRGP1, SH3R1, YTHD3, STRA8, MYPN, TLK2, ZFHX4, BCL9L, IQCH, SNX32, PRSR1, MEX3D, DDX42, CACL1, P66A, CC125, KCC1D, HID1, AHNK2, FOXP4, NAV2, MGAP, RP1L1, PHF6, ANKH1, SUGP1, CCAR1, RPAP2, MILK2, EFC13, PHAR4, XRN1, TBC3A, TENS4, SPART, NUP93, ZN687, SYNPO, FNBP4, TAB3, CPSF7, ARFG1, ENAH, XXLT1, CHSTE, TNR6A, PHC3, SP20H, NAV1, VP37A, KMT2C, ARI1B, NUP35, TDRD7, NEDD1, PUM2, ALMS1, DLG5, ZN384, WIPF2, FRS2, F222B, SMAP2, IASPP, ZFN2B, TWST2, PCNP, LMO7, ATX2L, STAB2, PALLD, CSKI2, SRS12, P66B, BBX, SMG7, RTF1, PHF3, MAML1, LAR4B, PRP16, PRCC, CBP, EVPL, DDX17, GPKOW, FUBP2, LPP, FUBP1, TTC28, PF21A, KLH29, RBM33, MMAB, EF2KT, GWL, P121A, PDLI5, INT4, FUBP3, PAWR, ANCHR, Z512B, ZFR, EP400, COG8, RBM14, QKI, LENG8, CIC, MED15, ERBIN, MINT, HTF4, TEAD3, RGPD5, CGRE1, ATX2, CTIP, SH3G1, DPH2, WAC, DIDO1, TBCD, HNRL1, HIRP3, CAR11, YTHD1, NOG1, AMRA1, TANC1, CEP44, MFF, SP130, BRD8, RGAP1, I2BPL, RBNS5, ADNP, FOXP1, PTN23, CA198, WNK1, E41L1, ZHX3, ILRUN, PEAK1, PKHG2, ECT2, JUPI2, PKHA5, RC3H2, TAF9B, ZBT20, NCOA5, TANC2, ZN532, ARFG3, PLPL8, UBN1, PCD12, INCE, PDLI7, 4ET, DIAP3, PDS5B, RBM12, CCD87, CARF, TAB2, MS18A, CDK12, ITSN2, WHRN, DAPLE, SLAI2, BAHC1, BCCIP, C2D2A, RBM27, KANL3, ZN219, LIMD1, TCF20, UBQL2, S30BP, NRBP, CTNA3, BAZ2B, HERC5, SIX4, TASOR, GMEB2, PARP4, NUP50, ZHX1, MRTFB, PRR12, YETS2, HECD1, SPAT2, SCAF8, LIMC1, ZC3H4, SRRM2, SCML2, ZN148, ZFP30, WDR37, MYH15, R3HD2, ZN281, COQ6, DCAF1, RPGF2, CRBG1, PRC2C, RBM7, CD2AP, TSSC4, HCFC2, NCOR2, GMEB1, DC1L1, NCOA3, ZHX2, S23IP, U3KPZ7
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Song H, Ma J, Bian Z, Chen S, Zhu J, Wang J, Huang N, Yin M, Sun F, Xu M, Pan Q. Global profiling of O-GlcNAcylated and/or phosphorylated proteins in hepatoblastoma. Signal transduction and targeted therapy 2019 4 31637018
Abstract:
O-linked-β-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) glycosylation (O-GlcNAcylation) and phosphorylation are critical posttranslational modifications that are involved in regulating the functions of proteins involved in tumorigenesis and the development of various solid tumors. However, a detailed characterization of the patterns of these modifications at the peptide or protein level in hepatoblastoma (HB), a highly malignant primary hepatic tumor with an extremely low incidence in children, has not been performed. Here, we examined O-GlcNAc-modified or phospho-modified peptides and proteins in HB through quantitative proteomic analysis of HB tissues and paired normal liver tissues. Our results identified 114 O-GlcNAcylated peptides belonging to 78 proteins and 3494 phosphorylated peptides in 2088 proteins. Interestingly, 41 proteins were modified by both O-GlcNAcylation and phosphorylation. These proteins are involved in multiple molecular and cellular processes, including chromatin remodeling, transcription, translation, transportation, and organelle organization. In addition, we verified the accuracy of the proteomics results and found a competitive inhibitory effect between O-GlcNAcylation and phosphorylation of HSPB1. Further, O-GlcNAcylation modification of HSPB1 promoted proliferation and enhanced the chemotherapeutic resistance of HB cell lines in vitro. Collectively, our research suggests that O-GlcNAc-modified and/or phospho-modified proteins may play a crucial role in the pathogenesis of HB.
Species: Homo sapiens
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Qin W, Qin K, Fan X, Peng L, Hong W, Zhu Y, Lv P, Du Y, Huang R, Han M, Cheng B, Liu Y, Zhou W, Wang C, Chen X. Artificial Cysteine S-Glycosylation Induced by Per-O-Acetylated Unnatural Monosaccharides during Metabolic Glycan Labeling. Angewandte Chemie (International ed. in English) 2018 57(7) 29237092
Abstract:
The unexpected, non-enzymatic S-glycosylation of cysteine residues in various proteins by per-O-acetylated monosaccharides is described. This artificial S-glycosylation greatly compromises the specificity and validity of metabolic glycan labeling in living cells by per-O-acetylated azido and alkynyl sugars, which has been overlooked in the field for decades. It is demonstrated that the use of unacetylated unnatural sugars can avoid the artifact formation and a corrected list of O-GlcNAcylated proteins and O-GlcNAc sites in HeLa cells has been assembled by using N-azidoacetylgalactosamine (GalNAz).
O-GlcNAc proteins:
RBM47, SBNO1, CNOT1, PDLI1, TAF4, AGRIN, ABLM1, CSKP, MYPT1, ZN609, SC16A, NUP42, KDM6A, MSI1H, HNRPR, TPD54, SYNJ1, KLF4, RA51C, ZN207, NPA1P, DIAP1, PLIN3, MAFK, ANR17, LIPA2, NCOR1, SC24B, CNOT4, TXD12, EGFR, LMNA, GCR, HSPB1, RLA2, K1C18, VIME, ROS1, SNRPA, ROA1, IFIT2, ATX1L, CJ052, SP9, TPR, MYH1, XRCC6, GLU2B, PO2F1, ATF2, ZEP1, RS2, ITB4, JUNB, UBF1, ATF7, DESM, SON, EFNA1, CSRP1, CBL, ARNT, MAP4, CLAT, MPIP1, CLIP1, NU214, NUP62, VKGC, VATA, CUX1, PEX19, LMAN1, NASP, CDK8, NU153, RBP2, TAF6, EMD, PAPOA, HCFC1, AGFG1, VAV2, NUP98, AF10, F193A, PITX1, RT36, FOXK1, DAB2, HNRPU, SPTB2, IF4G1, TLE3, TLE4, ZO1, AHNK, BPTF, TP53B, PTN13, G3BP1, OS9, PICAL, RIPK1, MTMR3, CUL4B, NCOA4, CDK13, VEZF1, DSG2, UBP2L, DYHC1, SRC8, DHX8, PUM1, MDC1, RRP1B, NCOA6, MEF2D, EBP, RBMS2, TAF1C, NCOA2, SF01, JHD2C, ELF2, TAB1, ZFHX3, ZYX, ADRM1, TAF9, QSER1, PRSR3, FBX43, EPC2, CRTC2, YIF1B, ESCO1, BCORL, TGO1, PRC2B, RHG21, UBAP2, RBM26, SPD2A, AHDC1, RPRD2, ZN318, CCD30, TASO2, ARID2, DEN2C, ANR40, BICRL, NIPBL, LIN54, NFRKB, MDEAS, ZC3HE, FIP1, CRTC3, SAS6, MCAF1, BCOR, GGYF2, RBM44, CO039, UBN2, HAKAI, ASXL2, SPT6H, KDM3B, ATG9A, MAVS, EMSY, I2BP2, SH3R1, HUWE1, YTHD3, OSTA, VS10L, CHD1L, PRSR1, DDX42, P66A, SAM9L, NAV2, TEX2, MGAP, ANKH1, SUGP1, SUGP2, CKP2L, SRRM1, CPNE9, XRN1, SPART, T132C, SYNPO, FNBP4, KASH5, ARFG1, ENAH, MLKL, TNR6A, PHC3, NAV1, VP37A, NUP35, NEDD1, AGR3, UBS3B, C2C4C, ZN384, WIPF2, TM263, LMO7, ATX2L, CSKI2, P66B, BBX, TITIN, SMG7, ZN592, LAR4B, CBP, GPKOW, LPP, TTC28, PF21A, ARL8A, ROP1L, RBM33, PDLI5, FUBP3, COG3, VCIP1, MY15B, Z512B, ZFR, EP400, DRC1, H6ST2, RBM14, LENG8, KI20B, CIC, MINT, NELL2, TEAD3, LYST, ATX2, DPH2, WAC, DIDO1, HNRL1, TIM21, T121B, GPR87, YTHD1, ABCA2, TANC1, SP130, F234A, I2BPL, SPTN4, ADNP, FOXP1, PTN23, WNK1, E41L1, ZHX3, ES8L2, MLXIP, PKHA5, RC3H2, TAF9B, SPON1, NCOA5, TANC2, ZN532, SYTL2, ZDBF2, UBN1, BIRC6, ARGL1, CARF, CELR3, CDK12, ITSN2, SELN, KCMF1, DAPLE, KANL3, VTI1B, TCF20, UBQL2, S30BP, TASOR, GMEB2, MUC12, ZHX1, PRR12, YETS2, HECD1, TRI33, LIMC1, ZC3H4, SRRM2, SCML2, AMOL2, RPGF2, PRC2C, SRPRB, NCOR2, S23IP
Species: Homo sapiens
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Woo CM, Lund PJ, Huang AC, Davis MM, Bertozzi CR, Pitteri SJ. Mapping and Quantification of Over 2000 O-linked Glycopeptides in Activated Human T Cells with Isotope-Targeted Glycoproteomics (Isotag). Molecular & cellular proteomics : MCP 2018 17(4) 29351928
Abstract:
Post-translational modifications (PTMs) on proteins often function to regulate signaling cascades, with the activation of T cells during an adaptive immune response being a classic example. Mounting evidence indicates that the modification of proteins by O-linked N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc), the only mammalian glycan found on nuclear and cytoplasmic proteins, helps regulate T cell activation. Yet, a mechanistic understanding of how O-GlcNAc functions in T cell activation remains elusive, partly because of the difficulties in mapping and quantifying O-GlcNAc sites. Thus, to advance insight into the role of O-GlcNAc in T cell activation, we performed glycosite mapping studies via direct glycopeptide measurement on resting and activated primary human T cells with a technique termed Isotope Targeted Glycoproteomics. This approach led to the identification of 2219 intact O-linked glycopeptides across 1045 glycoproteins. A significant proportion (>45%) of the identified O-GlcNAc sites lie near or coincide with a known phosphorylation site, supporting the potential for PTM crosstalk. Consistent with other studies, we find that O-GlcNAc sites in T cells lack a strict consensus sequence. To validate our results, we employed gel shift assays based on conjugating mass tags to O-GlcNAc groups. Notably, we observed that the transcription factors c-JUN and JUNB show higher levels of O-GlcNAc glycosylation and higher levels of expression in activated T cells. Overall, our findings provide a quantitative characterization of O-GlcNAc glycoproteins and their corresponding modification sites in primary human T cells, which will facilitate mechanistic studies into the function of O-GlcNAc in T cell activation.