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Yang Y, Yan Y, Yin J, Tang N, Wang K, Huang L, Hu J, Feng Z, Gao Q, Huang A. O-GlcNAcylation of YTHDF2 promotes HBV-related hepatocellular carcinoma progression in an N(6)-methyladenosine-dependent manner. Signal transduction and targeted therapy 2023 8(1) 36765030
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a major risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but its pathogenic mechanism remains to be explored. The RNA N6-methyladenosine (m6A) reader, YTH (YT521-B homology) domain 2 (YTHDF2), plays a critical role in the HCC progression. However, the function and regulatory mechanisms of YTHDF2 in HBV-related HCC remain largely elusive. Here, we discovered that YTHDF2 O-GlcNAcylation was markedly increased upon HBV infection. O-GlcNAc transferase (OGT)-mediated O-GlcNAcylation of YTHDF2 on serine 263 enhanced its protein stability and oncogenic activity by inhibiting its ubiquitination. Mechanistically, YTHDF2 stabilized minichromosome maintenance protein 2 (MCM2) and MCM5 transcripts in an m6A-dependent manner, thus promoting cell cycle progression and HBV-related HCC tumorigenesis. Moreover, targeting YTHDF2 O-GlcNAcylation by the OGT inhibitor OSMI-1 significantly suppressed HCC progression. Taken together, our findings reveal a new regulatory mechanism for YTHDF2 and highlight an essential role of YTHDF2 O-GlcNAcylation in RNA m6A methylation and HCC progression. Further description of the molecular pathway has the potential to yield therapeutic targets for suppression of HCC progression due to HBV infection.
O-GlcNAc proteins:
Hao Y, Li X, Qin K, Shi Y, He Y, Zhang C, Cheng B, Zhang X, Hu G, Liang S, Tang Q, Chen X. Chemoproteomic and Transcriptomic Analysis Reveals that O-GlcNAc Regulates Mouse Embryonic Stem Cell Fate through the Pluripotency Network. Angewandte Chemie (International ed. in English) 2023 36852467
Self-renewal and differentiation of embryonic stem cells (ESCs) are influenced by protein O-linked β-N-acetylglucosamine (O-GlcNAc) modification, but the underlying mechanism remains incompletely understood. Herein, we report the identification of 979 O-GlcNAcylated proteins and 1340 modification sites in mouse ESCs (mESCs) by using a chemoproteomics method. In addition to OCT4 and SOX2, the third core pluripotency transcription factor (PTF) NANOG was found to be modified and functionally regulated by O-GlcNAc. Upon differentiation along the neuronal lineage, the O-GlcNAc stoichiometry at 123 sites of 83 proteins-several of which were PTFs-was found to decline. Transcriptomic profiling reveals 2456 differentially expressed genes responsive to OGT inhibition during differentiation, of which 901 are target genes of core PTFs. By acting on the core PTF network, suppression of O-GlcNAcylation upregulates neuron-related genes, thus contributing to mESC fate determination.